4 The Iceberg Analogy What we see may be caused by what we cannot see.
5 What is Under the Waterline Problem Behaviors Anxiety Frustration ? Lack of understanding Lack of predictability Lack of structure
6 Understand Autism What is the reason for the behavior –Difficulties Communication –Difficulties Sensory –Difficulties Organizational Difficulties –Difficulties Need for Sameness –Difficulties Social Difficulties –Difficulty with Skill Mastery
7 Issues to consider Sensory Issues Rigidity Need for sameness Understanding Structure Predictability
8 TEACCH Interventions Teach Emotional Regulation by: Physical Structure Visual cues/schedules Sensory Strategies First then Strategies Understanding the Autism ?????
9 Does the student understand expectations: –What am I doing, where am I going? –How much, how long, how to? –When am I finished –What happens next?
10 Is it Visual Picture Demonstration Manipulate Writing Gesture Highlight
11 What is in it for Me Reinforcement –Tangible –Tokens –Social
13 Strategies to Help 1.Be Flexible and Offer Choices 2.Calm place/Develop routines when upset 3.Wait Card/Place to do things 4.If the child is upset stop talking and use nonverbal means to communicate. 5.Prepare ahead of time for transitions and changes 6.Make the beginnings and endings very clear 7.Make EXERCIZE part of the daily routine 8.Visual cues and schedules 9.Use child’s interest to motivate 10.Turn down lights and, keep noise to a minimum
14Ruth Fuller and Sue McCarther Autism Behavior PROBLEM: Adapted from form developed by Ruth Fuller and Sue McCarter TEACCH, North Carolina. How autism could effect this behavior: Communication Reciprocal Social Interaction Repetitive Behavior Sensory Issues Motor Planning Elements from structured teaching that could help: