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1 Which of the following is true about primary sex characteristics? 1.They develop only after puberty. 2.They are only indirectly involved in reproduction.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Which of the following is true about primary sex characteristics? 1.They develop only after puberty. 2.They are only indirectly involved in reproduction."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Which of the following is true about primary sex characteristics? 1.They develop only after puberty. 2.They are only indirectly involved in reproduction. 3.They are present at birth and play a direct role in reproduction. 4.They serve as attractants to members of the opposite sex to assure reproduction. 5.They include characteristics such as deepening voice and growth of body hair. LO 10.1

2 2 Which of the following is true about primary sex characteristics? 1.They develop only after puberty. 2.They are only indirectly involved in reproduction. 3.They are present at birth and play a direct role in reproduction. (p. 372) 4.They serve as attractants to members of the opposite sex to assure reproduction. 5.They include characteristics such as deepening voice and growth of body hair. LO 10.1

3 3 According to gender schema theory, gender development occurs by: 1.Observing and imitating the behavior of same sex parents 2.Developing mental concepts of men and women over time and using these concepts to distinguish between the sexes 3.Learning gender roles through reinforcement and punishment 4.Exposure to male and female hormones during the fetal period 5.Differences in brain activity between boys and girls. LO 10.4

4 4 According to gender schema theory, gender development occurs by: 1.Observing and imitating the behavior of same sex parents 2.Developing mental concepts of men and women over time and using these concepts to distinguish between the sexes (p. 378) 3.Learning gender roles through reinforcement and punishment 4.Exposure to male and female hormones during the fetal period 5.Differences in brain activity between boys and girls. LO 10.4

5 5 Julie’s father became upset because she prefers to play with trucks instead of dolls. He told her, “Girls aren’t supposed to play with trucks.” This is a good example of what? 1.Gender stereotype 2.Benevolent sexism 3.Gender identity 4.Sexism 5.Gender typing LO 10.5

6 6 Julie’s father became upset because she prefers to play with trucks instead of dolls. He told her, “Girls aren’t supposed to play with trucks.” This is a good example of what? 1.Gender stereotype (p ) 2.Benevolent sexism 3.Gender identity 4.Sexism 5.Gender typing LO 10.5

7 7 All of the following are false about androgynous people EXCEPT: 1.They are less flexible in their everyday behaviors and career choices. 2.They are more susceptible to depression. 3.They fall into traditional stereotypical roles. 4.They usually make decisions based on the situation, regardless of gender. 5.They show extremes in a variety of characteristics, (e.g., either assertive and independent, or nurturing and sensitive). LO 10.6

8 8 All of the following are false about androgynous people EXCEPT: 1.They are less flexible in their everyday behaviors and career choices. 2.They are more susceptible to depression. 3.They fall into traditional stereotypical roles. 4.They usually make decisions based on the situation, regardless of gender. (p ) 5.They show extremes in a variety of characteristics, (e.g., either assertive and independent, or nurturing and sensitive). LO 10.6

9 9 Gender differences in cognitive and social skills suggest which of the following? 1.Men score higher in verbal ability than women. 2.Women score higher in mathematical ability than men. 3.Men are more responsive to the emotional tone of speech. 4.Women are more likely to interrupt one another during conversation and attempt to dominate the conversation. 5.Women score higher in verbal abilities than men. LO 10.7

10 10 Gender differences in cognitive and social skills suggest which of the following? 1.Men score higher in verbal ability than women. 2.Women score higher in mathematical ability than men. 3.Men are more responsive to the emotional tone of speech. 4.Women are more likely to interrupt one another during conversation and attempt to dominate the conversation. 5.Women score higher in verbal abilities than men. (p. 380) LO 10.7

11 11 Which of the following is true about intrasexed people? 1.They are born with sex organs of both sexes. 2.They are often transvestites and prefer to dress in the clothes of the opposite sex. 3.They are often homosexual and prefer romantic partners of the same sex. 4.They lack understanding of gender roles in their society. 5.They were exposed at birth to the same amounts of hormones at the same time as people who are not intrasexed. LO 10.8

12 12 Which of the following is true about intrasexed people? 1.They are born with sex organs of both sexes. (p ) 2.They are often transvestites and prefer to dress in the clothes of the opposite sex. 3.They are often homosexual and prefer romantic partners of the same sex. 4.They lack understanding of gender roles in their society. 5.They were exposed at birth to the same amounts of hormones at the same time as people who are not intrasexed. LO 10.8

13 13 Which of the following is the shortest stage of the sexual response cycle? 1.Excitement 2.Plateau 3.Orgasm 4.Resolution 5.Refractory period LO 10.9

14 14 Which of the following is the shortest stage of the sexual response cycle? 1.Excitement 2.Plateau 3.Orgasm (p. 384) 4.Resolution 5.Refractory period LO 10.9

15 15 Each of the following are potential criticisms of Kinsey’s survey methodology EXCEPT: 1.Too much attention to abnormal sexual behavior 2.Face-to-face interviews may not be accurate because subjects may not be truthful about their sexual experiences 3.A lack of a random sample (e.g., under-representation of people from rural regions and the less educated) 4.Use of only male interviewers 5.Lack of highly trained interviewers LO 10.11

16 16 Each of the following are potential criticisms of Kinsey’s survey methodology EXCEPT: 1.Too much attention to abnormal sexual behavior 2.Face-to-face interviews may not be accurate because subjects may not be truthful about their sexual experiences 3.A lack of a random sample (e.g., under-representation of people from rural regions and the less educated) 4.Use of only male interviewers 5.Lack of highly trained interviewers (p ) LO 10.11

17 17 Each of the following was a key finding on Janis and Janis’ (1993) surveys on sexual behavior EXCEPT: 1.46 % of females had premarital sex 2.22 % of men reported at least one bisexual experience 3.10 % of females reported masturbation 4.40% of married males reported having extramarital affairs 5.19% of men by age 14 had at least one sexual encounter LO 10.12

18 18 Each of the following was a key finding on Janis and Janis’ (1993) surveys on sexual behavior EXCEPT: 1.46 % of females had premarital sex 2.22 % of men reported at least one bisexual experience 3.10 % of females reported masturbation (p ) 4.40% of married males reported having extramarital affairs 5.19% of men by age 14 had at least one sexual encounter LO 10.12

19 19 The idea that homosexuality may be passed on genetically from parents to offspring is accounted for by what finding? 1.Homosexuality can be found on a segment of the Y chromosome. 2.Homosexuality can be found on a segment of the X chromosome. 3.Severe maternal stress during the 2 nd trimester when genitalia development occurs 4.If one identical twin is homosexual, chances are that his or her twin will not be homosexual. 5.Exposure to a primary caregiver who is homosexual increases a child’s chances of being homosexual. LO 10.13

20 20 The idea that homosexuality may be passed on genetically from parents to offspring is accounted for by what finding? 1.Homosexuality can be found on a segment of the Y chromosome. 2.Homosexuality can be found on a segment of the X chromosome. (p. 391) 3.Severe maternal stress during the 2 nd trimester when genitalia development occurs 4.If one identical twin is homosexual, chances are that his or her twin will not be homosexual. 5.Exposure to a primary caregiver who is homosexual increases a child’s chances of being homosexual. LO 10.13

21 21 __________________ is a sexual dysfunction disorder in which a man or woman experiences pain in the genital area during or after intercourse. 1.Sexual aversion disorder 2.Pedophilia 3.Orgasmic disorder 4.Dyspareunia 5.Paraphilia LO 10.14

22 22 __________________ is a sexual dysfunction disorder in which a man or woman experiences pain in the genital area during or after intercourse. 1.Sexual aversion disorder 2.Pedophilia 3.Orgasmic disorder 4.Dyspareunia (p. 393) 5.Paraphilia LO 10.14

23 23 A man who becomes sexually aroused by putting on women’s underwear is most likely suffering from which type of paraphilia? 1.Necrophilia 2.Fettishism 3.Transvestism 4.Pedophilia 5.Exhibitionism LO 10.15

24 24 A man who becomes sexually aroused by putting on women’s underwear is most likely suffering from which type of paraphilia? 1.Necrophilia 2.Fettishism (p. 394) 3.Transvestism 4.Pedophilia 5.Exhibitionism LO 10.15

25 25 A man derives pleasure from rubbing up against unsuspecting female subway passengers. He is likely to suffer from which paraphilia? 1.Voyeurism 2.Necrophilia 3.Fetishism 4.Exhibitionism 5.Frotteurism LO 10.15

26 26 A man derives pleasure from rubbing up against unsuspecting female subway passengers. He is likely to suffer from which paraphilia? 1.Voyeurism 2.Necrophilia 3.Fetishism 4.Exhibitionism 5.Frotteurism (p. 394) LO 10.15

27 27 Which of the following STDs causes warts to grow on the genitalia and may increase the risk of health complications, such as cancer? 1.Gonorrhea 2.Herpes 3.Human papillomavirus 4.HIV 5.Chlamydia LO 10.16

28 28 Which of the following STDs causes warts to grow on the genitalia and may increase the risk of health complications, such as cancer? 1.Gonorrhea 2.Herpes 3.Human papillomavirus (p. 396) 4.HIV 5.Chlamydia LO 10.16

29 29 The most common first sign of the HIV virus is ________________. 1.Pneumocystis pneumonia 2.Cytomegalovirus 3.HIV antibodies 4.Candida 5.Fever and flu

30 30 The most common first sign of the HIV virus is ________________. 1.Pneumocystis pneumonia 2.Cytomegalovirus 3.HIV antibodies 4.Candida 5.Fever and flu (p. 397)


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