Presentation on theme: "By Bradley Hasegawa. The Russian Revolution is a collective term for a series of revolution the Russians had that lasted from 1917 to 1920. The first."— Presentation transcript:
By Bradley Hasegawa
The Russian Revolution is a collective term for a series of revolution the Russians had that lasted from 1917 to 1920. The first revolution occurred right before the 20's in occurred in 1917. Most of Russia had lost faith in their current leader Czar Nicholas II. The Russian government was completely corrupt, the economy was horrible, and Nicholas kept dissolving the Duma, the Russian parliament. Although the immediate cause of the first phase of the revolution was the disastrous involvement in World War I. Militarily, imperial Russia was no match for industrialized Germany, and Russian casualties were greater than those sustained by any nation in any previous war. While all this is happening the economy is getting worse and worse because the war is sapping away at their money.
On March 8 th people were hungry for food and started to protest against the current government and went to the Russian capital Petrograd. This strike was supported by many industrial workers and civilians all wanting to their demands met The protesters even clashed with the police but that did not discourage them at all and they still kept protesting On March 10 th the workers started destroying police station On March 11 th the local military were sent in to stop them, they even had to open fire on people to stop them but that still didn't discourage them. On March 12 th soldier after soldier defected and because of this the imperial government was forced to resign. A new leader named Lenin became the dictator of Russia and also made Russia the first Marxist state in the world.
The next revolution happens in 1918 between the Bolsheviks (Reds) and the anti- Bolsheviks (Whites). This was a civil war between Communism (Reds) and anti-Communism (Whites) and lasted until 1920. The Red Army came about by making workers join the war, but they soon realized that just having workers didn't supply them with enough soldiers. Due to that they decided to force peasants to join the war, if they refused they would be taken hostage and be killed. The people that made up the anti-Bolsheviks were a loose confederation of anti- Bolshevik forces aligned against the Communist government voluntarily united only in their opposition to Bolshevik rule. This included land-owners, republicans, conservatives, middle-class citizens, pro- monarchists, liberals, army generals, non-Bolshevik socialists who still had grievances and democratic reformists.
Anti-Bolshevik weren't the only ones who didn't like the Bolsheviks, the western allies also hated them for many reason like: They are that upset at the withdrawal of Russia from the war effort. They are worried about a possible Russo-German alliance, and perhaps most importantly. Also they have a massive foreign debt that they cannot pay off. During all this there was brutal warfare as well as a horrible winter were people froze to death from hypothermia. In the end the Bolshevik have victory over the anti-Bolshevik and the establishment of the Soviet Union comes about.
Even though the Bolshevik won the war they still suffered heavy casualties and losses There were droughts of 1920 and 1921, as well as the 1921 famine Disease had reached a pandemic, with 3,000,000 dying of typhus alone in 1920. Millions more were also killed by widespread starvation and wholesale massacres by both sides. By 1922, there were at least 7,000,000 street children in Russia as a result of nearly 10 years of devastation from the Great War and the civil war.