Three factors that can affect a childs’ emotional responses: 1. The baby’s individuality traits 2. The type of care the baby receives 3. The atmosphere of the home
Most babies find close, gentle contact very comforting. They feel secure when a caring parent holds, strokes, and pats them. Holding the baby during feedings, rocking the baby when he/she is fussy, and taking the baby for a walk can help the baby develop a sense of comfort and trust. The baby begins to trust the parents and caregivers to supply these needs.
The emotional climate of the home is how it makes the baby feel. Babies will catch the feelings of others in the home. If there is a lot of stress and anxiety, the baby will be upset and fussy. If family members are playful and happy, the baby will be happy as well. A baby can tell if it is genuinely loved and cared for.
Comforting techniques to quiet a crying baby - Cuddle up with the baby in a rocking chair Move the baby to a new position Talk softly to the baby or sing to the baby. Offer a toy to interest and distract the baby Place the baby face down across your legs as you sit. Offer the baby a pacifier, a favorite toy, or blanket.
A newborn experiences only two emotions Contentment or pleasure Pain or discomfort
Emotions in the first year = Delight Elation Affection Distress Anger Disgust Fear
Social Development follows a general pattern. Most babies develop following the pattern at certain stages within a range of time.
Attachment Around six months of age a baby understands they are a separate person Then they begin to develop a special bond between themselves and parents and caregivers. This is the baby’s first social relationship Physical contact is vital to forming good social relationships as a baby but also affects socialization the rest of their life.
Harlow’s experiment with monkeys Monkey shaped forms substituted for baby monkeys real mothers All baby monkeys clung to the mothers even though they were just a form. Once grown up the monkeys with a form mother did not relate or interact with other adult monkeys
Failure to Thrive A condition in which the baby does not grow or develop properly when not given love or attention. Rare
Stranger Anxiety – a fear of unfamiliar people. An important sign of social development Usually occurs around 8 months of age Indicates improved memory
Influences on Personality – the total of all the specific traits that are consistent in an individual’s behavior
A child’s personality is influenced by their self-concept. Self-concept – a persons feeling about himself Self-concept is influenced by the way parents and others treat the child