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Social and Emotional Development Babies first Year.

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Presentation on theme: "Social and Emotional Development Babies first Year."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social and Emotional Development Babies first Year

2 Emotional Development is the process of learning to recognize and express one’s feelings and learning to establish one’s identity.

3 Social Development is the process of learning to interact with others and to express oneself to others.

4 The two kinds of development are related because each influences the other. How you feel about yourself will influence how you react with others.


6 Three factors that can affect a childs’ emotional responses: 1. The baby’s individuality traits 2. The type of care the baby receives 3. The atmosphere of the home

7 Most babies find close, gentle contact very comforting. They feel secure when a caring parent holds, strokes, and pats them.  Holding the baby during feedings, rocking the baby when he/she is fussy, and taking the baby for a walk can help the baby develop a sense of comfort and trust.  The baby begins to trust the parents and caregivers to supply these needs.

8 The emotional climate of the home is how it makes the baby feel.  Babies will catch the feelings of others in the home. If there is a lot of stress and anxiety, the baby will be upset and fussy. If family members are playful and happy, the baby will be happy as well.  A baby can tell if it is genuinely loved and cared for.

9 Comforting techniques to quiet a crying baby -  Cuddle up with the baby in a rocking chair  Move the baby to a new position  Talk softly to the baby or sing to the baby.  Offer a toy to interest and distract the baby  Place the baby face down across your legs as you sit.  Offer the baby a pacifier, a favorite toy, or blanket.

10 A newborn experiences only two emotions  Contentment or pleasure  Pain or discomfort

11 Emotions in the first year =  Delight  Elation  Affection  Distress  Anger  Disgust  Fear


13 Social Development follows a general pattern. Most babies develop following the pattern at certain stages within a range of time.

14 Attachment  Around six months of age a baby understands they are a separate person  Then they begin to develop a special bond between themselves and parents and caregivers.  This is the baby’s first social relationship  Physical contact is vital to forming good social relationships as a baby but also affects socialization the rest of their life.

15 Harlow’s experiment with monkeys  Monkey shaped forms substituted for baby monkeys real mothers  All baby monkeys clung to the mothers even though they were just a form.  Once grown up the monkeys with a form mother did not relate or interact with other adult monkeys

16 Failure to Thrive  A condition in which the baby does not grow or develop properly when not given love or attention.  Rare

17 Stranger Anxiety – a fear of unfamiliar people.  An important sign of social development  Usually occurs around 8 months of age  Indicates improved memory

18 Influences on Personality – the total of all the specific traits that are consistent in an individual’s behavior

19 A child’s personality is influenced by their self-concept.  Self-concept – a persons feeling about himself  Self-concept is influenced by the way parents and others treat the child

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