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Evelyn Comber, Brad Sagarin, Sarah Hanson, Valerie Burns, Tracy Tittelbach, & David Wietting.

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Presentation on theme: "Evelyn Comber, Brad Sagarin, Sarah Hanson, Valerie Burns, Tracy Tittelbach, & David Wietting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Evelyn Comber, Brad Sagarin, Sarah Hanson, Valerie Burns, Tracy Tittelbach, & David Wietting

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3  SM includes D/s, BDSM, bondage, discipline, leather, kink  Top = Master, Dominant, Daddy, Sir, Sadist  Bottom = slave, submissive, boi, masochist  SSC = RACK (Risk Aware Consensual Kink), RISSCK (Risk Informed Safe Sane Consensual Kink)

4 Sadism would … correspond to an aggressive component of the sexual instinct which has become independent and exaggerated and has been brought to the foreground by displacement. Freud (1938)

5 [Masochism is] nothing but a continuation of sadism directed at one’s own person in which the latter at first takes the place of the sexual object. Freud (1938)

6 [Masochism is] a peculiar perversion of the psychical sexual life in which the individual … is controlled by the idea of being completely and unconditionally subject to the will of a person of the opposite sex; of being treated by this person as by a master, humiliated and abused. Krafft-Ebing (1965)

7 Abused as children Irrational guilt Filled with unconscious rage and the desire for revenge Fragile sense of identity Indistinct personal boundaries between themselves and others Ross (1997)

8 Men Women “Pleasant thrills” from inflicting pain “Pleasant thrills” from receiving pain 51% 32% 28% 29%

9 Clinical CriminalConsensual

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11  Higher education and income  Higher divorce rate  No higher incidence of childhood abuse  Socially well adjusted

12  Many realize SM tendencies at an early age:  Gay men before straight men (all before 16 yrs)  Men before women

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14  Prediction:  Dominant men would have lower self-esteem than submissive men  Dominant men would have higher rates of sexism than submissive men  Findings:  Dominant men displayed higher self-esteem than submissive men  Dominant men had lower rates of sexism than submissive men Damon (2002)

15  Study of 184 members of 2 SM clubs:  51% from heterosexually-oriented Kinky Club  49% from gay male-oriented MSC-Finland  22 women, 162 men Alison et al. (2001)

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18 Stark et al. (2005)

19 Sagarin et al. (2009)

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22  Partner selection, power dynamics, and sexual bargaining in self-defined BDSM couples.  Compatibility ≠ identical kinks  Sexual gift-giving  Great diversity in relationships  Orientation  Exclusivity  Bedroom vs. 24/7 Cutler (2003)

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24 Your partner treated you as a sex object… response choices: N ever Rarely Sometimes Often How much did this hurt/upset you? versus How much did this hurt you? How much did this upset you? Comber (2007)

25  False positive items  “I feel like I am programmed to react a certain way to my partner”  “Your partner whipped you”  Accurate items  “Your partner kidnapped your children.”  “Your partner shot you with a gun”  Ambiguous items  “I insisted that my partner have oral or anal sex, but did not use physical force.” Comber (2007)

26  Asking clients to identify their safeguards, negotiation practices, and how they differentiate between abuse and consensual activities.  Every participant (56/56) mentioned consent when asked the question “What is the difference between BDSM and abuse?” Comber (2007)

27 While it is important to be diligent in regard to abuse probes when the individual is submissive, it is equally important to ensure that dominant individuals have safeguards in place to protect them from unwarranted abuse accusations as they are more at risk for false allegations. Comber (2007)

28 Clinical CriminalConsensual


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