Presentation on theme: "Personality Disorders I (Chapter 12) April 14, 2014 PSYC 2340: Abnormal Psychology Brett Deacon, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:
1Personality Disorders I (Chapter 12) April 14, 2014 PSYC 2340: Abnormal Psychology Brett Deacon, Ph.D.
2Announcements Exam #3 returned today Remaining schedule: Personality disorders – 2 classesNo class this Friday (Easter break)3 classes on psychotic disordersExam #4 is coming up soon! April 28thI will you your exam grade by 5 PMYou have until Wednesday to let me know if you will be taking the final exam
3Announcements Reminder of final exam grading policy Exams 1-4 all countFinal exam is optional and cumulativeOnly four out of the scheduled five exams will count toward your final grade. Practically speaking, this means that the fifth exam is optional if you are satisfied with your grade after the first four exams.
4Personality Nature of personality Characteristic ways of thinking and behavingGenerally stable across situationsComprised of different traitsExist on continuumWhen is a trait “abnormal?”
5Example Personality Traits SuspiciousnessSociabilityEmpathyCompletelyTrustingParanoid/MistrustingVeryExtravertedPainfullyShyOverlyCaringNot at allCaring
6Personality and Abnormality A woman is careful to lock her car and house immediately after entering them because she fears intruders.Would you consider this behavior abnormal?
7Personality and Abnormality A car salesman lies to people to manipulate them into buying a car, and feels no guilt about making an unethical sale.Would you consider this behavior abnormal?
8Personality and Abnormality A woman does not socialize with other people. She communicates with people at her job, but outside of work she has no social contact with others, nor does she desire any.Would you consider this behavior abnormal?
9Personality and Abnormality A man becomes upset when his wife rearranges his shirt drawer, does not have dinner ready on schedule, or in any way interferes with his rigidly planned work schedule.Would you consider this behavior abnormal?
10Personality and Abnormality Personality characteristics are abnormal when:Inflexible and maladaptiveCause significant functional impairment, orCause subjective distress
11Personality and Abnormality Personality pervades every aspect of a person’s lifeIt’s who you arePersonality appears early in life, and is stable and chronic
12Personality and Abnormality Personality disorders pervade every aspect of a person’s lifeIt’s who you arePersonality disorders appear early in life, and are stable and chronic
13Personality and Abnormality Are personality disorders “problems” from which people “suffer,” like anxiety or depression?Can you change your personality?Can a personality disorder be “treated?”If a personality disorder can be overcome or successfully modified in therapy, does that mean it wasn’t a personality disorder after all?
14Personality Disorders Coded on Axis II of DSM-IVCategorical (DSM-IV) vs. dimensional approachProblems with categorical approachReliability and validity of “personality disorders”Personality science vs. DSM-defined personality disorders
15Gender and Personality Disorders Robert is 10 years old. He attends school, but is often in trouble because he is inattentive or rebellious towards the teacher. He has friends in class, but frequently gets into physical fights with them and on one occasion hurt a classmate. He teases his younger brother at home, and prefers to be outside playing baseball with friends rather than completing homework or chores.Is Robert’s behavior abnormal?
16Gender and Personality Disorders Karen is a 35-year-old single woman. She is depressed because she wants to have children but has not found a suitable partner. Karen has recently quit her job and spends most of her time talking with friends on the telephone. She has no immediate plans to return to work, and will look to her family to provide for her during this difficult time.Is Karen’s behavior abnormal?
17Gender and Personality Disorders Lisa is 10 years old. She attends school, but is often in trouble because she is inattentive or rebellious towards the teacher. She has friends in class, but frequently gets into physical fights with them and on one occasion hurt a classmate. She teases her younger brother at home, and prefers to be outside playing baseball with friends rather than completing homework or chores.Is Lisa’s behavior abnormal?
18Gender and Personality Disorders Mark is a 35-year-old single man. He is depressed because he wants to have children but has not found a suitable partner. Mark has recently quit his job and spends most of his time talking with friends on the telephone. He has no immediate plans to return to work, and will look to his family to provide for him during this difficult time.Is Mark’s behavior abnormal?
19Gender and Personality Disorders Gender bias and the stereotypical femaleAntisocial Personality Disorder – irresponsible and reckless behavior, lack of empathyHistrionic Personality Disorder – sexually seductive behavior, emotionally labile, overemphasis on physical appearance, dramatic emotional expression, easily influenced by others, thinks relationships are more intimate than they really areCriterion gender bias (Ford & Widiger, 1989): gender dramatically effects which personality disorder is diagnosed
20Personality Disorder Clusters Cluster A: Odd or EccentricParanoidSchizoidSchizotypal
23Personality Disorders and the DSM How do disorders make it into the DSM?A case study in the evolution of diagnoses: Axis II (personality) disorders throughout the 5 editions of the DSMWhat follows is a list of personality disorders in each DSM edition that were subsequently eliminated from the DSMDiagnoses disappear (and reappear) at a much higher rate in the personality disorder section than elsewhere in the DSM
24Personality Disorders and the DSM DSM-I (1952)Emotionally Unstable Personality DisorderPassive-Aggressive Personality DisorderInadequate Personality DisorderCyclothymic Personality DisorderAlternating periods of depression and elation not attributable to external factors
26Defunct Personality Disorders from Previous Versions of the DSM DSM-II (1968)Explosive Personality Disorderoutbursts of rage atypical of the individual’s normal personalityAsthenic Personality Disorderbeing easily fatigued, having low energy, an inability to enjoy life, and oversensitivity to stress
27Defunct Personality Disorders from Previous Versions of the DSM DSM-III (1980)Affective Personality DisorderDSM-III-R (1987)Personality Disorder Not Otherwise Specified:Immature Personality DisorderSadistic Personality DisorderSelf-Defeating Personality Disorder
28Personality Disorders and the DSM Personality disorders currently “under study in DSM-IV:Depressive Personality DisorderNegativistic Personality Disorder
29Personality Disorders and the DSM What can we learn from the evolution of personality disorder diagnoses in the DSM?What does it mean that so many disorders come and go with new editions of the DSM?Personality disorders in DSM-5?Massive overhaul of entire section originally plannedFinal version of DSM-5: no changes whatsoever