Presentation on theme: "Diabetes Overview Have You Wondered About… What does “diabetes” mean? What is not “in balance”? How is energy used? What gives me energy ? How is energy."— Presentation transcript:
Have You Wondered About… What does “diabetes” mean? What is not “in balance”? How is energy used? What gives me energy ? How is energy moved around the body? Is there a “key”? What triggers diabetes? Are there high risk factors?
Define: “Diabetes Mellitus” Diabetes= siphon, to flow through (Greek) Mellitus= honey or sweet (Latin) Literal meaning: Sweet Urine! Sugar the body can’t use leaves the body as urine. History lesson: Doctors used to taste the urine to diagnose diabetes! The honey-sweet urine attracted flies and ants.
The Right Balance Eating food leads to sugar in the stomach Digestion leads to sugar in the blood Insulin helps take the sugar from the blood to the cell
The Upset Balance Eating food leads to sugar in the stomach Digestion leads to sugar in the blood NO insulin to take the sugar from the blood to the cell *Sugar is lost in urine and builds up in blood *No sugar for cells *Body cells “starve” *Wastes build up
Three main problems Pooped out pancreas: Not enough insulin Stubborn tissues: Body cells do not allow insulin to work Leaky liver: Liver dumps too much sugar (glucose) into the blood
Let’s Review! Digestion leads to sugar in the _______. Insulin is the ____ that allows glucose to enter the cell. What are the three main problems in diabetes? Pooped-out _______; Stubborn _______; Leaky _________.
How is energy used? Body cells need “fuel” for energy In muscles for movement In the brain for thinking In the eye for seeing What are some “fuel” sources? What happens if the fuel is not used for energy?
How is our body like a car? What happens if the fuel does not get burned up properly? What happens if the car runs out of fuel? What happens if there is fuel but no key for the ignition? Fuel can’t get into the body cells without a key. The key is insulin.
The Blood Transports Fuel 4. Glucose/sugar (fuel) must enter the cells to be used for energy 5. Insulin takes glucose/sugar into the cells 3. Glucose/sugar (fuel) is carried to the cells by the blood 2. In the intestines carbohydrates are turned into glucose 1. Carbohydrates that are eaten go to the stomach and intestines 6. Cells use glucose to do their work
Let’s Review! Body cells need a steady supply of ______. Our body changes carbohydrates that we eat into a form of sugar called ________. Insulin is the ____ that allows glucose to enter the cell. True or False? The blood takes the glucose (sugar) to the cells. True or False? Some of the sugar is stored in the stomach for later use.
Signs of Diabetes Thirsty Hungry More urine Tiredness Dry mouth
Diabetes Triggers “Why Me?” Being overweight Being older Accidents, serious illness Operations Emotional stress Medicines like steroids Pregnancy Inactivity, lack of physical fitness
High Risk Factors Woman with large baby (more than 9 lbs) Woman with diabetes in pregnancy Brother or sister with diabetes Parent with diabetes Overweight Little or no exercise Age 45 or older, 65+ Native American, Hispanic, African or Asian American
Let’s Review! Name 3 signs of diabetes. True or false: Emotional stress is a diabetes “trigger.” True or false: Men have a higher risk for diabetes than women. True or false: If you have a parent with diabetes, you will definitely eventually get it yourself.