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Substance, Abuse and Use. Classroom Rules….  No personal stories (talking about classmates, friends, using names)  BE RESPECTFUL of others in the classroom.

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Presentation on theme: "Substance, Abuse and Use. Classroom Rules….  No personal stories (talking about classmates, friends, using names)  BE RESPECTFUL of others in the classroom."— Presentation transcript:

1 Substance, Abuse and Use

2 Classroom Rules….  No personal stories (talking about classmates, friends, using names)  BE RESPECTFUL of others in the classroom  You have the right to pass

3 DRUGS!!  What is a drug?  Most common among Highschool students in Manitoba?  Why would students experiment with drugs?  Why wouldn’t students experiment with drugs?

4 Drug -  Any substance, other than food, that when taken into the body changes the way that the body or mind functions.  Most Common:  Alcohol  Cannabis  Tobacco

5 DRUGS:  Peer pressure  Enjoying the feeling  Escapism  Curiosity  Emotional factors  Low self-esteem, high stress, social status NO DRUGS:  Not interested  Addictive  Bad for you health  Other priorities/interests in life (sports, clubs, school)

6 Levels of Involvement 1. Non-involved 2. Irregular  Experimented 3. Regular  More patterned use (i.e. every pay day) 4. Harmful  Patterned use  Affecting aspects of life (attendance, grades, work) 5. Dependent  Tried to quit but with no real success  Feel uncomfortable when sober or not

7 **All drugs have the potential to be harmful** Harmful events can occur in just one use

8 Real Life Drug Story Video..  21bii-A 21bii-A

9 What do you know about drugs?  Types?  How they effect the body?

10 Type of drugs  CNS Depressant Drugs  Slow down the body and brain  Withdrawal symptoms are opposite  Cause many physical dependencies  CNS Stimulant Drugs  Speed up the body and brain  Withdrawal symptoms are opposite

11 Types of Drugs…..  Hallucinogenic Drugs  Distort the senses and info to the brain  Withdrawal symptoms:  Agitation, flashbacks, anxiety and psychotic episodes  Other:  Medical purposes and are non mind altering e.g. Penicillin  Non medical uses and are non mind altering e.g. Anabolic steriods

12 Types of drugs…….


14 Alcohol  What constitutes a drink? Which contains more alcohol?  1 can of beer (12 oz. 5%)?  5 oz of wine (12%)?  1.5 oz shot of hard liquor (40%)?

15 Alcohol Short Term Effects  Slurred speech, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsiness  Upset stomach, headaches and breathing difficulties  Distorted vision and hearing  Impaired judgment  Decreased perception and coordination  Unconsciousness  Blackouts and coma

16 Long Term Effects  Injuries  Difficulties in relationships and family problems  Alcohol poisoning  High blood pressure, stroke and heart related diseases  Liver disease and nerve damage  Permanent brain damage  Vitamin B1 deficiency  Malnutrition, ulcers, gastritis and cancer of throat and mouth

17 Tobacco Types:  Cigarettes  Cigars and Pipes  Smokeless Tobacco  Snuff – powdered tobacco sniffed up nose  Dipping Tobacco- placed between cheek and gum  Chewing Tobacco- like dip but must be chewed

18 Negative Effects of Tobacco Short Term Effects  Increased risk of respiratory illness  Impaired lung growth and function  Shortness of breath  Bad breath and smelly clothes Long Term Effects  Cancer of mouth, throat, lung, kidney, and stomach  Emphysema  Heart disease  Significantly reduced lifespan – If teens continue their habit into adulthood:  Over $75,000 in medical care as a result of smoking  Life expectancy up to 20 years shorter than non-smokers  May increase depression symptoms in teens (contradicts popular beliefs)

19 Anti-Smoking Ads….  Are they effective?  How would design an ad to make it more effective in reaching teens?

20 Steroids  Man- made version of male sex hormone  By mouth or injection Short Term Effects  Able to exercise longer and harder  Feelings of confidence and enthusiasm  Aggressive, irritable and mood swings (“roid rage”)  Anxious, unable to sleep well and depressed  Headaches, stomach aches and nose bleeds  High blood pressure and a faster heart rate

21 Long Term Effects  Increase in muscle size and rapid weight gain  Acne  “moon face”- becomes round  Decreased flexibility  Jaundice  Incurable liver damage  Stroke or heart attack (blood clots and hardening of arteries)  Paranoid feelings  Violent behaviour

22 Over the Counter Drugs OTC Drugs  Examples: Gravol, Benadryl, Tylenol PM, Excedrin PM, Robitussin, Vicks Nyquil etc.  No laws regarding the purchasing of these drugs, but illegal to use any substance with the purpose of getting high. Short Term Effects  Drowsiness, dizziness, problems with physical coordination and judgement.  Numbness, nausea, vomiting, racing heart, hallucinations and increased blood pressure.  Mixing with other medications and alcohol can be fatal.

23 Long Term Effects  Depression, confusion, loss of energy, vomiting and difficulty thinking and socializing.  Loss of coordination and reduced ability to learn.  Can develop psychogical and physical dependence.

24 OxyContin  Pain medication prescribed by a doctor  Has become one of the most abused prescription drugs in the U.S. and Canada  Abusers crush the tablet to ingest or snort, or dilute in water and inject. Short Term Effects (if abused)  Constipation, loss of appetite, sweating  Nausea and vomiting  Slight decrease in breathing rate  Constricted pupils

25 Long Term Effects  Depression, difficulty concentrating and sleeping, sexual problems  Constipation  Disrupted menstrual cycles  Body stops making natural painkillers (severe pains when drug leaves the body)  Lower heart rate, blood pressure and breathing  Disorientation, convulsions and hallucinations  Possible death from high doses  Psychological and physical dependence

26 Inhalants  Solvents, aerosols, inhale to get high  Gasoline, automobile fluids, lighter fluid, paint etc.  Also known as “sniff”  Quickly travel to heart, heart, lungs, bloodstream, central nervous system and brain (is not filtered through digestive system, kidneys and liver like other drugs) Short Term Effects  Death can occur after only one use!  Irregular heartbeat resulting in heart attack  Breathing stops due to suffocation from choking on vomit

27 Short Term Effects  Short high (few min-half hour) followed by sleepiness  Muscle weakness, clumsiness and slowing of movements  Dizzy, giddy, headache and sensitive to light  Chest and stomach pain  Slurred speech, blurred vision, ringing in ears  Loss of appetite, nauseam throwing up, bad breath and drooling  Nosebleeds, sores on mouth and nose  Nervousness, disorientation  Aggressiveness, violent behaviour, loss of judgement  Hearing and seeing things that are not there

28 Long Term Effects  Mood swings and personality changes  Lack of energy  Memory loss, attention, thinking and learning problems  Movement and coordination problems  Severe and permanent brain damage  Uncontrollable eye movements, loss of hearing and sense of smell  Nerve damage starting in hands and feet  Severe damage to lungs, kidneys, liver, heart, blood, immune system and senses

29 Caffeine and Energy Drinks  What has the greatest amount of caffeine?  In your table, order the following drinks:  NOS (473 ml)  Wired (710 ml)  Can of coke (355 ml)  Red Bull (250 ml)  Rockstar (473 ml)  Full Throttle (473 ml)  Coffee (273 ml)

30 Caffeine…. 1. Wired mg of caffeine 2. NOS mg of caffeine 3. Rockstar mg of caffeine 4. Full Throttle mg of caffeine 5. Coffee mg of caffeine (brew) 6. Red Bull mg of caffeine 7. Can of Coke—36-46 mg of caffeine

31 Energy Drinks Short Term Effects- 1 Energy Drink/day  Feel less drowsy, improved mood, more alert, attentive and able to concentrate  Increased blood pressure and body temperature  Need to urinate and have problems sleeping More than 1 drink  Irritable, nervous, restless and agitated  Headache, nauseous and rapid heart beat

32 Long Term Effects- more than 600 mg daily  May cause depression, upset stomach, anxiety and chronic sleep problems

33 Cocaine/Crack  Same drug  Cocaine: white crystal powder and can be smoked, snorted or injected  Crack: rock like form of cocaine and is usually smoked Short Term Effects  Enlarged pupils, dry mouth and stuffy nose  More energy, alertness, less of a need to eat/sleep and feelings of euphoria  Increased heart rate, breathing and blood pressure  Anxiety, unpredictable behaviour and hallucinations  Single dose can contribute to seizures, heart attack or death from stroke

34 Long Term Effects  Chapped and damaged nose  Headaches and problems experiencing pleasure when not under the influence  Sexual dysfunction in men  Attention, memory and behavioural problems  Weakened immune system  Tooth decay, weight and appetite loss  Seizures, health problems and stroke  Depression and paranoia

35 Ecstasy  Made in illegal labs, effects usually begin minutes after taken and last 3-6 hours Short Term Effects  Pleasure, confidence and increased sociability  Increased energy, feeling more alert and awake  Dilated pupils, rapid eye movement and blurred vision  Rapid heart rate, breathing and blood pressure  Clenching jaw muscles and teeth grinding  Dehydration, dry mouth and throat  Nausea, vomiting and lack of appetite  Distortions in thinking and time  Hallucinations

36 Long Term Effects  Depression, forgetfulness, poor concentration and thoughts of suicide  Sleeping problems, paranoia, tiredness and panic  Liver damage  Acne-like rash  Teeth and jaw damage from clenching  Aggressive behaviour  Death from heart or kidney failure (caused by dehydration or abnormally high body temp)

37 Cannabis  Contains THC and used to produce  Marijuana  Hashish (brown/black and chunky looking)  Hash oil (sticky oil, brown, black, red or clear)  Smoked or eaten, if smoked (effects felt within a few minutes and lasts 3-4 hours if eaten may take more than an hour to be felt and may continue to effect uses the next day)

38 Short Term Effects  Lowered skin temperature, red eyes, drowsiness and slurred speech  Increased heart rate and blood pressure  Slow reaction time and poor coordination  Concentration and memory problems  Feelings of extreme pleasure (giddy)  Strong desire for food and feeling that time is going slowly or quickly  Feeling of being separated from reality  Panicky feelings or paranoia

39 Long Term Effects  Short term memory problems  Difficulty problem solving and learning  Breathing problems and increased risk of cancer  Reproductive system problems  Decreased energy, motivation and interest in life  Fearfulness and anxiety after a high dose

40 Magic Mushrooms  Hallucinogenic mushrooms  Found in the wild or harvested indoors Short Term Effects  Relaxed and tired feelings  Mood swings and changed sense of space, time and consciousness  Feeling heavy or very light and changes in sight, smell, hearing, taste and touch  Hallucinations and feeling confused or paranoid and dilated pupils  Mild increase in BP, heart beat and breathing  Numbness of tongue, lips and mouth Long Term Effects  Little research, not much known……

41 Anti- Drug Ad….  Create an Anti- Drug advertisement/poster based on one of the drugs discussed (or one that is approved by Miss H.)  Can use any medium you choose (Glogster is a great program to use)  Be creative! What would stop you from doing drugs?  See Rubric for outline  Due on Test day!

42 MADD Video FteOghes Changing the World Relationship with Alcohol- TED Talks GJaQdc

43 Legal Issues/Consequences of Drug Use and Abuse:  Blood Alcohol Concentration  Legal Limit is 0.08%- charges laid  80 milligrams of alcohol in 100 millilitres of blood  Over 0.05%- suspended license  0.0% BAC- graduated license  Controlled Drugs and Substances Act  List of illegal drugs  Punishments for possession, use and distribution

44 Legal Issues continued:  Class Debate Activity  Groups 1 & 2: Marijuana for personal use is ethical.  Groups 3 & 4: Professional athletes need to use performance enhancing drugs to win (think Lance Armstrong).  Groups 5 & 6: Cigarette Manufacturers should compensate all costs associated with the medical care of smokers.

45 How to Say No…  DECIDE MODEL (decision making process):  D- define the problem  E- establish the criteria  C- consider all the alternatives  I- identify the best alternative  D- develop and implement a plan of action  E- evaluate and monitor the solution and feeback when necessary

46 Case study #1: 1. What would you do in this situation? With a partner use the DECIDE model to discuss 2. How would you say no to drugs or alcohol in the first place to not put yourself in this situation?

47 Case Study #2……  Elizabeth’s Story  With a partner discuss strategies Elizabeth could have used to chance the course of her life.  Share with class

48 Test Review: “Family Feud”  4 Teams  Designate team captain  Decide on family name

49 Test Format  10 Multiple Choice Questions  5 True/False  1 “Listing-Type” Question  1 Short Answer- Reflection on decision making/applying to your life *hint/hint*


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