2Classroom Rules….No personal stories (talking about classmates, friends, using names)BE RESPECTFUL of others in the classroomYou have the right to passStress… Not having on the answers but willing to find out and feel free to share with classmates in a respectful way.
3DRUGS!! What is a drug? Why would students experiment with drugs? Most common among Highschool students in Manitoba?Why would students experiment with drugs?Why wouldn’t students experiment with drugs?Brainstorm with the class create a list on the board…..
4Drug-Any substance, other than food, that when taken into the body changes the way that the body or mind functions.Most Common:AlcoholCannabisTobaccoCompare previous answers to list…..
5DRUGS:Peer pressureEnjoying the feelingEscapismCuriosityEmotional factorsLow self-esteem, high stress, social statusNO DRUGS:Not interestedAddictiveBad for you healthOther priorities/interests in life (sports, clubs, school)
6Levels of Involvement Non-involved Irregular Regular Harmful Dependent ExperimentedRegularMore patterned use (i.e. every pay day)HarmfulPatterned useAffecting aspects of life (attendance, grades, work)DependentTried to quit but with no real successFeel uncomfortable when sober or notAsk students to reflect on where they feel like they fit… Do not share with the class….. Personal Reflection
7**All drugs have the potential to be harmful** Harmful events can occur in just one use
9What do you know about drugs? Types?How they effect the body?
10Type of drugs CNS Depressant Drugs CNS Stimulant Drugs Slow down the body and brainWithdrawal symptoms are oppositeCause many physical dependenciesCNS Stimulant DrugsSpeed up the body and brain
11Types of Drugs….. Hallucinogenic Drugs Other: Distort the senses and info to the brainWithdrawal symptoms:Agitation, flashbacks, anxiety and psychotic episodesOther:Medical purposes and are non mind altering e.g. PenicillinNon medical uses and are non mind altering e.g. Anabolic steriods
14Alcohol What constitutes a drink? Which contains more alcohol? 1 can of beer (12 oz. 5%)?5 oz of wine (12%)?1.5 oz shot of hard liquor (40%)?Let students know we aren’t going to talk about EVERY drug but let them know you do have resources and if they want a specific question answered we can both look it up and present answers to the class the next day…. All constitute 1 drink….
15Alcohol Short Term Effects Slurred speech, vomiting, diarrhea, drowsinessUpset stomach, headaches and breathing difficultiesDistorted vision and hearingImpaired judgmentDecreased perception and coordinationUnconsciousnessBlackouts and coma
16Long Term EffectsInjuriesDifficulties in relationships and family problemsAlcohol poisoningHigh blood pressure, stroke and heart related diseasesLiver disease and nerve damagePermanent brain damageVitamin B1 deficiencyMalnutrition, ulcers, gastritis and cancer of throat and mouth
17Tobacco Types: Cigarettes Cigars and Pipes Smokeless Tobacco Snuff – powdered tobacco sniffed up noseDipping Tobacco- placed between cheek and gumChewing Tobacco- like dip but must be chewed
18Negative Effects of Tobacco Short Term EffectsIncreased risk of respiratory illnessImpaired lung growth and functionShortness of breathBad breath and smelly clothesLong Term EffectsCancer of mouth, throat, lung, kidney, and stomachEmphysemaHeart diseaseSignificantly reduced lifespan – If teens continue their habit into adulthood:Over $75,000 in medical care as a result of smokingLife expectancy up to 20 years shorter than non-smokersMay increase depression symptoms in teens (contradicts popular beliefs)
19Anti-Smoking Ads…. Are they effective? How would design an ad to make it more effective in reaching teens?Brainstorm with the class… Remind students of the popular ads: voice boxes, cancerous lungs on cigarette packs…..
20Steroids Man- made version of male sex hormone By mouth or injection Short Term EffectsAble to exercise longer and harderFeelings of confidence and enthusiasmAggressive, irritable and mood swings (“roid rage”)Anxious, unable to sleep well and depressedHeadaches, stomach aches and nose bleedsHigh blood pressure and a faster heart rate
21Long Term EffectsIncrease in muscle size and rapid weight gainAcne“moon face”- becomes roundDecreased flexibilityJaundiceIncurable liver damageStroke or heart attack (blood clots and hardening of arteries)Paranoid feelingsViolent behaviour
22Over the Counter Drugs OTC Drugs Examples: Gravol, Benadryl, Tylenol PM, Excedrin PM, Robitussin, Vicks Nyquil etc.No laws regarding the purchasing of these drugs, but illegal to use any substance with the purpose of getting high.Short Term EffectsDrowsiness, dizziness, problems with physical coordination and judgement.Numbness, nausea, vomiting, racing heart, hallucinations and increased blood pressure.Mixing with other medications and alcohol can be fatal.
23Long Term EffectsDepression, confusion, loss of energy, vomiting and difficulty thinking and socializing.Loss of coordination and reduced ability to learn.Can develop psychogical and physical dependence.
24OxyContin Pain medication prescribed by a doctor Has become one of the most abused prescription drugs in the U.S. and CanadaAbusers crush the tablet to ingest or snort, or dilute in water and inject.Short Term Effects (if abused)Constipation, loss of appetite, sweatingNausea and vomitingSlight decrease in breathing rateConstricted pupils
25Long Term EffectsDepression, difficulty concentrating and sleeping, sexual problemsConstipationDisrupted menstrual cyclesBody stops making natural painkillers (severe pains when drug leaves the body)Lower heart rate, blood pressure and breathingDisorientation, convulsions and hallucinationsPossible death from high dosesPsychological and physical dependence
26Inhalants Solvents, aerosols, inhale to get high Also known as “sniff” Gasoline, automobile fluids, lighter fluid, paint etc.Also known as “sniff”Quickly travel to heart, heart, lungs, bloodstream, central nervous system and brain (is not filtered through digestive system, kidneys and liver like other drugs)Short Term EffectsDeath can occur after only one use!Irregular heartbeat resulting in heart attackBreathing stops due to suffocation from choking on vomit
27Short high (few min-half hour) followed by sleepiness Short Term EffectsShort high (few min-half hour) followed by sleepinessMuscle weakness, clumsiness and slowing of movementsDizzy, giddy, headache and sensitive to lightChest and stomach painSlurred speech, blurred vision, ringing in earsLoss of appetite, nauseam throwing up, bad breath and droolingNosebleeds, sores on mouth and noseNervousness, disorientationAggressiveness, violent behaviour, loss of judgementHearing and seeing things that are not there
28Long Term EffectsMood swings and personality changesLack of energyMemory loss, attention, thinking and learning problemsMovement and coordination problemsSevere and permanent brain damageUncontrollable eye movements, loss of hearing and sense of smellNerve damage starting in hands and feetSevere damage to lungs, kidneys, liver, heart, blood, immune system and senses
29Caffeine and Energy Drinks What has the greatest amount of caffeine?In your table, order the following drinks:NOS (473 ml)Wired (710 ml)Can of coke (355 ml)Red Bull (250 ml)Rockstar (473 ml)Full Throttle (473 ml)Coffee (273 ml)
30Caffeine…. Wired-----------505 mg of caffeine NOS mg of caffeineRockstar mg of caffeineFull Throttle mg of caffeineCoffee mg of caffeine (brew)Red Bull mg of caffeineCan of Coke—36-46 mg of caffeine
31Energy Drinks Short Term Effects- 1 Energy Drink/day Feel less drowsy, improved mood, more alert, attentive and able to concentrateIncreased blood pressure and body temperatureNeed to urinate and have problems sleepingMore than 1 drinkIrritable, nervous, restless and agitatedHeadache, nauseous and rapid heart beat
32Long Term Effects- more than 600 mg daily May cause depression, upset stomach, anxiety and chronic sleep problems
33Cocaine/Crack Same drug Cocaine: white crystal powder and can be smoked, snorted or injectedCrack: rock like form of cocaine and is usually smokedShort Term EffectsEnlarged pupils, dry mouth and stuffy noseMore energy, alertness, less of a need to eat/sleep and feelings of euphoriaIncreased heart rate, breathing and blood pressureAnxiety, unpredictable behaviour and hallucinationsSingle dose can contribute to seizures, heart attack or death from stroke
34Long Term EffectsChapped and damaged noseHeadaches and problems experiencing pleasure when not under the influenceSexual dysfunction in menAttention, memory and behavioural problemsWeakened immune systemTooth decay, weight and appetite lossSeizures, health problems and strokeDepression and paranoia
35EcstasyMade in illegal labs, effects usually begin minutes after taken and last 3-6 hoursShort Term EffectsPleasure, confidence and increased sociabilityIncreased energy, feeling more alert and awakeDilated pupils, rapid eye movement and blurred visionRapid heart rate, breathing and blood pressureClenching jaw muscles and teeth grindingDehydration, dry mouth and throatNausea, vomiting and lack of appetiteDistortions in thinking and timeHallucinations
36Long Term EffectsDepression, forgetfulness, poor concentration and thoughts of suicideSleeping problems, paranoia, tiredness and panicLiver damageAcne-like rashTeeth and jaw damage from clenchingAggressive behaviourDeath from heart or kidney failure (caused by dehydration or abnormally high body temp)
37Cannabis Contains THC and used to produce MarijuanaHashish (brown/black and chunky looking)Hash oil (sticky oil, brown, black, red or clear)Smoked or eaten, if smoked (effects felt within a few minutes and lasts 3-4 hours if eaten may take more than an hour to be felt and may continue to effect uses the next day)
38Short Term EffectsLowered skin temperature, red eyes, drowsiness and slurred speechIncreased heart rate and blood pressureSlow reaction time and poor coordinationConcentration and memory problemsFeelings of extreme pleasure (giddy)Strong desire for food and feeling that time is going slowly or quicklyFeeling of being separated from realityPanicky feelings or paranoia
39Long Term EffectsShort term memory problemsDifficulty problem solving and learningBreathing problems and increased risk of cancerReproductive system problemsDecreased energy, motivation and interest in lifeFearfulness and anxiety after a high dose
40Magic Mushrooms Hallucinogenic mushrooms Found in the wild or harvested indoorsShort Term EffectsRelaxed and tired feelingsMood swings and changed sense of space, time and consciousnessFeeling heavy or very light and changes in sight, smell, hearing, taste and touchHallucinations and feeling confused or paranoid and dilated pupilsMild increase in BP, heart beat and breathingNumbness of tongue, lips and mouthLong Term EffectsLittle research, not much known……
41Anti- Drug Ad….Create an Anti- Drug advertisement/poster based on one of the drugs discussed (or one that is approved by Miss H.)Can use any medium you choose (Glogster is a great program to use)Be creative! What would stop you from doing drugs?See Rubric for outlineDue on Test day!Library…..
42MADD Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uu-FteOghes Changing the World Relationship with Alcohol- TED Talkshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJSLZGJaQdc
43Legal Issues/Consequences of Drug Use and Abuse: Blood Alcohol ConcentrationLegal Limit is 0.08%- charges laid80 milligrams of alcohol in 100 millilitres of bloodOver 0.05%- suspended license0.0% BAC- graduated licenseControlled Drugs and Substances ActList of illegal drugsPunishments for possession, use and distribution
44Legal Issues continued: Class Debate ActivityGroups 1 & 2: Marijuana for personal use is ethical.Groups 3 & 4: Professional athletes need to use performance enhancing drugs to win (think Lance Armstrong).Groups 5 & 6: Cigarette Manufacturers should compensate all costs associated with the medical care of smokers.Class in groups of 4…. Each group is either pro or con… Have 2 groups for each question (one for each side). Have to state their case (each side), rebuttal, then closing argument.. Remaining groups vote to see which side they agree with. Stress that it may be difficult to argue for some cases, are no real winners or losers (learning together).
45How to Say No… DECIDE MODEL (decision making process): D- define the problemE- establish the criteriaC- consider all the alternativesI- identify the best alternativeD- develop and implement a plan of actionE- evaluate and monitor the solution and feeback when necessary
46Case study #1:What would you do in this situation? With a partner use the DECIDE model to discussHow would you say no to drugs or alcohol in the first place to not put yourself in this situation?
47Case Study #2…… Elizabeth’s Story With a partner discuss strategies Elizabeth could have used to chance the course of her life.Share with class
48Test Review: “Family Feud” 4 TeamsDesignate team captainDecide on family nameSplit the class into 4 teams… have one student from each team come up and ask a question. Have to steal the object in the middle (ball, pen, whatever) if they do they can answer the question if they get it right they get a point and then their team gets to answer the next listing question for more points. If at any point they get it wrong team to the right gets to try and steal the points have 10 seconds to answer collectively as a group. Continue to all the questions are done.
49Test Format 10 Multiple Choice Questions 5 True/False 1 “Listing-Type” Question1 Short Answer- Reflection on decision making/applying to your life *hint/hint*