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Why do we have war?. Major Indian-White Conflicts.

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Presentation on theme: "Why do we have war?. Major Indian-White Conflicts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Why do we have war?

2 Major Indian-White Conflicts

3 What were the major differences between the American Indians and Pioneers?

4 Walker War ◊Date: 1853 ◊Groups: Utes and Mormons ◊Details: Pioneers taking over the land, fewer animals to hunt and a decline in Indian population from disease. Church settlers were stopping the slave trade. ◊Utes very upset and a war begins. ◊Ended when Brigham Young met with Walkara (Walker) and healed his child. ◊Date: 1853 ◊Groups: Utes and Mormons ◊Details: Pioneers taking over the land, fewer animals to hunt and a decline in Indian population from disease. Church settlers were stopping the slave trade. ◊Utes very upset and a war begins. ◊Ended when Brigham Young met with Walkara (Walker) and healed his child.

5 Goshute War ◊Date: 1860 ◊Groups: Goshutes, Shoshones against the U.S. Military (Army) ◊Details: Indians attacked stage coaches in Utah and Nevada U.S. Army fought back. 7 Stations destroyed 16 Whites and 100 Indians killed. ◊Date: 1860 ◊Groups: Goshutes, Shoshones against the U.S. Military (Army) ◊Details: Indians attacked stage coaches in Utah and Nevada U.S. Army fought back. 7 Stations destroyed 16 Whites and 100 Indians killed.

6 Black Hawk War ◊Date: Longest and most destructive war. ◊Groups: Utes, Paiutes, Navajos vs. U.S. Government ◊Signed a treaty to move to the Uinta Reservation and would get paid with animals, shelter, clothing, and food. ◊Trail of Tears = March to the Reservation ◊Congress rejected the treaty, but the Indians were still forced to move by Mormons. ◊Black Hawk (leader) fought back and stole Mormon horses. ◊Peace Treaty was finally signed. ◊16 unarmed Paiutes were killed with no investigation. ◊Date: Longest and most destructive war. ◊Groups: Utes, Paiutes, Navajos vs. U.S. Government ◊Signed a treaty to move to the Uinta Reservation and would get paid with animals, shelter, clothing, and food. ◊Trail of Tears = March to the Reservation ◊Congress rejected the treaty, but the Indians were still forced to move by Mormons. ◊Black Hawk (leader) fought back and stole Mormon horses. ◊Peace Treaty was finally signed. ◊16 unarmed Paiutes were killed with no investigation.

7 Bear River Massacre ◊Date: 1863 ◊Groups: Shoshone and U.S. Military ◊Details: U.S. Military wanted to teach the Shoshone a lesson. Planned an attack on their winter camp. ◊One Mormon settler was sickened by what he saw. ◊250 men, women and children were slaughtered. ◊Date: 1863 ◊Groups: Shoshone and U.S. Military ◊Details: U.S. Military wanted to teach the Shoshone a lesson. Planned an attack on their winter camp. ◊One Mormon settler was sickened by what he saw. ◊250 men, women and children were slaughtered.

8 Posey War ◊Date: 1923 ◊Groups: Utes and Paiutes ◊Details: 2 Utes escaped following the arrest of robbing a sheep camp, killing a calf and burning a bridge. ◊Indian community taken in custody and searched for the two men. ◊Posey (a Native American) fights back and is shot and killed. ◊Posey died, just one. ◊The two men are never found. ◊Date: 1923 ◊Groups: Utes and Paiutes ◊Details: 2 Utes escaped following the arrest of robbing a sheep camp, killing a calf and burning a bridge. ◊Indian community taken in custody and searched for the two men. ◊Posey (a Native American) fights back and is shot and killed. ◊Posey died, just one. ◊The two men are never found.

9 Were there problems between tribes? Why? ◊Some tribes were upset that other tribes would not fight against the whites ◊Those not fighting were upset that some tribes were causing problems and making life difficult ◊Some tribes were upset that other tribes would not fight against the whites ◊Those not fighting were upset that some tribes were causing problems and making life difficult

10 Why was Walkara so important in Native American History? ◊He originally befriended the Mormons because he thought they would be allies and fight against enemies. ◊Wrong. ◊Causes of the Walker War. ◊Eventual peace when child was healed. ◊He originally befriended the Mormons because he thought they would be allies and fight against enemies. ◊Wrong. ◊Causes of the Walker War. ◊Eventual peace when child was healed.

11 Future of the Indians ◊Forced to live on Indian Farms before Reservations Near areas that were farmed by Indians. ◊1861, President Abraham Lincoln, established the Uintah Valley Reservation--for Ute people Black Hawk War: Peace Treaty rejected by Congress, but Native Americans still forced to go ◊Jacob Hamblin (spoke their language) helped as a middle man. ◊In 1934, Indians gained the right to have tribal councils. ◊Forced to live on Indian Farms before Reservations Near areas that were farmed by Indians. ◊1861, President Abraham Lincoln, established the Uintah Valley Reservation--for Ute people Black Hawk War: Peace Treaty rejected by Congress, but Native Americans still forced to go ◊Jacob Hamblin (spoke their language) helped as a middle man. ◊In 1934, Indians gained the right to have tribal councils.

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