Li Xiaojie Before Reading 1. A Brief Introdution to Fable 2. Two Famous Fable
Li Xiaojie A Brief Introduction to Fable The term fable refers to a short story in which animals or inanimate objects speak and behave like humans, usually to give a moral point. The term comes from the Latin fabula, “a telling.” The greatest teller of fables was Aesop. He was believed to be a Greek slave who lived in the 6th century B.C. Another great teller of fables was Jean de La Fontaine. He wrote in France in the 17th century. La Fontaine based many of his fables on those of Aesop.
Li Xiaojie A Brief Introduction to Fable Some of their best-known fables are The Lion and the Mouse, The Hare and the Tortoise, The Fox and the Grapes, The Shepherd Boy and the Wolf, The Fox and the Crow, The Dove and the Ant, and The Fox and the Stork. In the Chinese language, some idioms come from fables such as The Frog in the Shallow Well ( 井底之蛙 ), His Spear against His Shield ( 自相矛盾 ),Making His Mark ( 刻舟求剑 ), Ostrich Logic ( 掩耳盗铃 ) and Blessing or Bane( 塞翁失马 ).
Li Xiaojie Two Famous Fables Here are some pictures about two famous fables. One is an Aesop’s fable; the other is a Chinese one. In small groups, students are required to talk about the pictures and think of the following questions. 1.What are the names of the fables? 2.What lessons can we draw from the fables? Fables 1Fables 2
Li Xiaojie The Fox and the Grapes One day a fox passed under a vine. From the vine a lot of grapes were hanging. He was very hungry and thirsty. He said, “What a fine vine it is! The grapes on the vine look very nice and sweet.” The color of the grapes was green. The grapes were very big. And the grapes were so big and beautiful that the fox wanted to eat them. The fox said, “I am thirsty and hungry. I want to eat the grapes now.” The fox jumped. The grapes were too high. He tried everything to get the grapes. But it was in vain. At last the fox said, “The grapes are too sour to eat. I don’t want to get the poor grapes.”
Li Xiaojie Making His Mark A man from the state of Chu was crossing a river. In the boat, his sword fell into the water. Immediately he made a mark on the boat. “This is where my sword fell off,” he said. When the boat stopped moving, he went into the water to look for his sword at the place where he had marked the boat. The boat had moved but the sword had not. Is this not a very foolish way to look for a sword?
Li Xiaojie run out of: To our disappointment, our car ran out of gas halfway home. use up or finish a supply of (sth.)
Li Xiaojie “You did that in your head?” she asked in amazement.
Li Xiaojie 1. What does the word “that” refer to? 2. What can we infer from this sentence? It refers to “the author’s doing mental arithmetic.” The children like the girl in the text are very poor at calculations and they can never do mental arithmetic at all.
Li Xiaojie sum up: Alice summed up her Christmas holidays in one word: “Terrible.” give a brief summary (of sth.)
Li Xiaojie compete: vi. China is now competing with other countries for world market. try to be better than (sb. else)
Li Xiaojie accumulate: v. Dust quickly accumulates if we don’t sweep our room. collect, or gather together, esp.over a period of time; make or become greater in quantity or size
Li Xiaojie affect: vt. More than seven million people have been affected by the flood. 1) have an influence on
Li Xiaojie affect: vt. Martin Luther King’s speech deeply affected the audience. 2) cause feelings of sorrow, anger, love, etc, in (sb.)
Li Xiaojie function: The machine won’t function well if you don’t oil it. 1. vi. operate; act The function of an adjective is to describe or add to the meaning of a noun. 2. n. a usual purpose (of a thing) or special duty (of a person)
Li Xiaojie idle: adj. The boy is really idle; he just lies on the bed all day. 1) lazy Workers are left idle when machines break down. 2) not working
Li Xiaojie idle: adj. His words were just idle threats; he can’t harm us. 3) of no use
Li Xiaojie break down: The elevators in this building are always breaking down. 1) stop working Talks between the two countries broke down when the two sides failed to reach an agreement. 2) fail
Li Xiaojie break down: They broke the door down. 3) destroy; reduce or be reduced to pieces
Li Xiaojie luxury: n. Champagne is a luxury they cannot afford. 1) a pleasant thing that is expensive, but not necessary (used as a countable noun) He took over his father’s company and led a life of luxury. 2) great comfort, as provided by wealth (used as an uncountable noun)
Li Xiaojie better off: Nowadays Chinese people are better off than they used to be. richer than you were before; more comfortable
Li Xiaojie Kevin Hanley 1928 is far better off than either his father or his grandfather.
Li Xiaojie 1. What is the meaning of this sentence? 2. Why is he far better off than them? It means that he is much richer than both his father and grandfather. He is richer because he is literate. That’s to say, he can read and write.
Li Xiaojie Kevin 2020’s father, who is of course Kevin 1990 himself, works as a cleaner in a factory owned by the Japanese.
Li Xiaojie What can we infer from the fact that the factory in which Kevin 2020’s father works is owned by the Japanese not the Chinese or people from other countries? It can be inferred that in the author’s opinion the Japanese are the symbol of success because of their hard work, education and discipline.
Li Xiaojie complex: adj. The problem was so complex that there would be no easy solution. 1) difficult to understand or explain When I visited Shanghai for the first time I got lost in the rather complex network of roads. 2) consisting of many closely connected parts
Li Xiaojie decline: Some people are worried that there will be a great decline in the stock market. 1. n. a gradual decrease in the quality, quantity, or importance of sth. (followed by in)
Li Xiaojie decline: Because of the measures taken by the new mayor, the crime rate in our city sharply declined in the past two years. 2. v. 1) move from a better to a worse position, or from higher to lower 2. v. 2) refuse, usu. politely (formal) When he asked me to dance, I declined politely.
Li Xiaojie acquire: vt. Mr. Green acquired a lot of money in the oil business. gain or come to possess by one’s own work, skill, action, etc.
Li Xiaojie What can we infer from the sentence? We can infer from the sentence that Kevin 2050 is really very ignorant about history.
Li Xiaojie astonish: vt. surprise very much; amaze We were astonished to hear that he had passed his driving test.
Li Xiaojie work and study and learn and discipline themselves.
Li Xiaojie There are three words of “discipline” in this text (L.78, L.86, L.91). Tell the different meanings of them in Chinese. The first “discipline” (L.78) means “ 训 练 ”, the second (L.86) means “ 纪律 ” and the last one (L.91) means “ 约束 ”.
Li Xiaojie faculty: n. 1) mental and physical abilities For a woman of 85, she still has all her faculties. 2) all the teachers of a university or college After seven years of study, he succeeded in joining the faculty of Columbia University.