9Fur traders and trappers who moved west were known as mountain men In the early 1800s, beaver furs were highly sought after; used in making hatsWhole population killed off in the eastTrappers began to move west in order to find moreFur traders and trappers who moved west were known as mountain menAdopted Native American clothing and living
10Bringing furs out of the mountains to buyers in the east was expensive As a result, many fur companies moved west to save moneyBrought more people to the West; eventually began moving into Oregon Territory
11The Oregon Trail2,000 mile trail from the Midwest to Oregon & CaliforniaExpensive journey; many dangersFood shortagesWeather and landformsNative attacksThe Santa Fe Trail was similar and ended in present day NM
12QuestionWhat reasons can you think of that would explain why so many Americans would journey west?Why would they face so many threats and dangers?
13The MormonsOfficially belonged to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day SaintsLed by Joseph Smith & Brigham YoungSeeking religious freedom in Utah
14Who can translate this expression? F.O.A. (Bellwork)Who can translate this expression?
15What’s happening in this photo? F.O.A. (Bellwork)What’s happening in this photo?
16EQs Who is Sam Houston? (8.4 spi 9) What were the causes and effects of America’s war with Mexico? (8.4 spi 9)
17TodayKWL on TexasAlamo videosNotes on Texas RevolutionAssignment
20Texas Originally, the areas of TX and Mexico belonged to Spain 1821 – Mexico becomes independent and sets up a representative governmentThe new government hired empresarios (agents) to bring people to TX
21In exchange for free land, TX settlers had to obey Mexican laws Often didn’t happen; slavery is one exampleGeneral Santa Anna takes over MexicoWants to squash the unrest in TX
22In 1836, TX declares independence from Mexico Created a constitution like that of the U.S.These actions really upset Santa Anna and he begins getting the Mexican army ready to attack
23The AlamoSmall TX volunteer army fights for nearly two weeks against larger Mexican armyAll the defenders of the Alamo die“Remember the Alamo!” becomes the war cry of the TX military
24A New Nation Fighting ends at the Battle of San Jacinto Sam Houston, a TN native, is its first presidentDavy CrockettMany Americans wanted to annex TX as a state, but not Andrew JacksonNew Mexican government would not recognize the TX nation
25HomeworkRead pagesAnswer 1-3 all parts on page 353.
30Acquiring New LandsBy the 1840s, many Americans believed it was their manifest destiny (obvious fate) to control all the territory from the Atlantic to the PacificMost wanted to annex OR and TX
31In 1844, Democrat James K. Polk of TN becomes president Narrowly defeats Whig candidate Henry ClayImmediately sets out to gain OregonU.S. & Britain agree on the 49th Parallel for border
32America takes TX in 1845; Mexico upset because they see it as being “stolen” Couldn’t get too upset though, because Mexico still had large amounts of land to govern including California
33What Was California Like? Mexico got rid of the old mission system in its bordersMexico’s government began giving massive amounts of lands to its wealthiest settlersVaqueros – Mexican “cowboys”Herded animals and taught American settlers their lifestyle
34CaliforniosEarly settlers of CA territory; felt isolated from Mexican government because of the distance between them“Anglos” from America move in; begin calling for CA to become independent
35Mexican-American WarAmerica tries to buy Mexican lands of NM and CA for $30 millionDoesn’t work; Polk sends military to the border to secure itGen. Zachary Taylor invades Mexico; Polk tells Congress that Mexico invaded America
36Over 200,000 volunteer to fight for the U.S. Launch attacks in Mexico, NM, and CAAnglos in CA declare independence“Bear Flag Revolt”Ends with American army claiming CA
37End of the War Mexico City – Final battle Result – Treaty of Guadalupe HidalgoAlso known as the “Mexican Cession”U.S. gets land; gives Mexico $15 million
38HomeworkRead pages and answer 1-4 all parts on page 364.
39Americans wanted a southern railroad in all U.S. territory Gadsden Purchase – Mexico gave U.S. southern parts of modern-day AZ and NM for $10 million
40Culture ClashAs more Americans began to move into old Mexican lands, they began to clash with Mexican settlersLand rightsWater rights
42The California Gold Rush For years, the Oregon Trail had been bringing settlers to OR and CAIn 1839, Mexico gives John Sutter permission to start a colony in CA
431848 – Gold is discovered on Sutter’s land Wants to keep it a secret, but can’tPresident Polk doesn’t help1849 – More than 80,000 miners reach CA looking for gold; nicknamed “forty-niners”
44Results Mining towns began to spring up in CA San Francisco is where most miners went; its population increases from 800 to 25,000 in just two yearsIncoming miners began to prospect for gold; “staking a claim”
45Life As a MinerMining was hard work and very rarely did people get richPlacer miningSome stopped mining for gold and opened other businessesRestaurantsLaundromatsHotels
46ImmigrationNot all miners were American; many came from Europe, South America, and Asia24,000 Chinese in just four yearsImmigrants and Californios were often treated unfairly by American settlers
47Impact on CaliforniaDue to the population explosion over gold, CA is eligible for statehood just two years after becoming a U.S. territory (1850)Many Californians begin ranching and farming instead of mining; HARD work
48Westward Expansion CAUSES EFFECTS “Manifest Destiny” America acquires new lands in the westNew trails are discovered to the westGold is discovered in CAEFFECTSNative Americans forced off their landsAmericans travel west for new landU.S. stretches all the way to the Pacific OceanCA experiences a population boom