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Social Construction of Gender.  Night to His Day – Judith Lorber Social Construction of Gender.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Construction of Gender.  Night to His Day – Judith Lorber Social Construction of Gender."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Construction of Gender

2  Night to His Day – Judith Lorber Social Construction of Gender

3  One way of choosing people for the different tasks of society is on the basis of their talents, motivations and competence – their demonstrated achievements. The other way is on the basis of gender, race, ethnicity – ascribed membership in a category of people. Social Construction of Gender

4  When social scientists talk of society, we’re not (usually) talking about people  When social scientists talk of society, we’re referring to the relationships between people (or more accurately, the patterns of relationships)  The relationship of the father to the child  The relationship of the mother to the child Roles in Society

5  Now think of the relationship of the father to the child to the relationship of the mother to the child – it can get even more complicated  Relationships in societies can influence (and sometimes create) each other Roles in Society

6  Status – position one person has in the relationship (between people, groups, institutions, etc.)  Role – expected behavior of a person of a particular status  A father is a status in the father/child relationship  The same man might be a customer in the customer/clerk relationship Roles in Society

7  Roles are often based on ritual (regular, repeated and predictable action)  The use of ritual here is decidedly meant for secular life (although ritual in religious practices serves the same purpose)  While many of these roles seem inconsequential, they are often important for a smoothly operating society Roles in Society

8  When people break their roles, although it may appear to have no importance, it can upset society (remember, society is patterns of relationships) Roles in Society

9  Ritual is also the basis for “rites of passage”  Rites of passage move us from one status to another (from unmarried woman to married woman, for example)  These rites of passage are based on regular, repeated, predictable actions Roles in Society

10  Again, if something changes, and it’s no longer “predictable,” then society can become upset Roles in Society

11 1980s Androgyny and Pop Music

12

13  In many East African cultures, men wear make-up, rather than women  Some groups of Native American men traditionally wore make-up  In Elizabethan England, clothing was modeled after what was worn by the Queen  The acknowledgement of (physical) pain is much less acceptable in Japanese culture than in American (although in both cultures, men are more likely to acknowledge pain than women)  Sweden is the developed nation with the highest out-of-wedlock birthrate Gender Differences Between Cultures

14  How are people viewed that do not fit gender roles in a very obvious visual way? Transgendered

15  Five Genders of the Bugis (Indonesia)

16  The Social Construction of Sexuality – Ruth Hubbard The Social Construction of Sexuality

17  Western thinking about sexuality is based on the Christian equation of sexuality with sin, which must be redeemed through making babies  Sexuality must be intended for procreation The Social Construction of Sexuality

18 Intersexed People

19 The Gold Rush


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