Presentation on theme: "Multi Crew Pilot’s Licence (MPL) in Europe Anthony Petteford."— Presentation transcript:
Multi Crew Pilot’s Licence (MPL) in Europe Anthony Petteford
MPL only lives with airline support
Airline Management – it’s up to you!
Enlightened Airline Management
Intrepid MPL Pioneers
High Barriers to entry into MPL training Initial Airline support New MPLIs TRIs to test MPLIs Appropriate EFIS FNPTII for Basic phase FFS and TRIs for Intermediate phase No jets in the regulations PLEASE!
MPL in EUROPE – R.I.P.
My 5 key points are: 1.To OUTLINE THE MPL for those still unfamiliar with the concept 2.To describe OUR MPL COURSE DESIGN (& a few words of advice!) 3.To dispel a few MPL ‘MYTHS’ 4.To describe an essential initiative to encourage MPL ENROLMENTS 5.To outline OPPORTUNITIES to further IMPROVE SAFETY under MPL
1. The MPL concept
... So why MPL? 1.Many accidents are proven to have occurred as a result of poor crew co-ordination and were avoidable 2.Modern MPA require less SPA ‘Stick & Rudder’ experience due to design and advanced automation 3.Traditional courses have extensive solo PIC hours in SPA which serve little value for MPA operations - where decisions are team based 4.Time spent in SPA training would be better spent on more relevant MPA training
PHASE 1CORE SKILLSAIRCRAFT – Single Pilot (SPA) PHASE 2BASICFNPTII MCC SIMULATOR PHASE 3INTERMEDIATEMPA FULL FLIGHT SIMULATOR PHASE 4ADVANCED FULL FLIGHT SIMULATOR & AIRCRAFT – Multi Pilot (MPA) MPL generic design - Competency Based (min 240 hours) PLUS: 1.ATPL Theoretical Knowledge 2.Type Theoretical Knowledge 3.Threat & Error Management (TEM) 4.Interactive ATC Communications
Gaining MPL approval – non generic! 1.MPL application may not be considered unless supported by BOTH an FTO and an airline 2.Application and approval is managed by the FTO 3.Approval is granted for a specific type of aircraft operated by that airline 4.MPL holders must fly with supporting airline when licensed 5.MPL status ceases once ATPL achieved
2. Our MPL Course - designed with our UK partner airline
Key MPL design characteristics 1.A training partnership 2.Relevant to Q400 Type 3.Incorporate flybe SOPs 4.MEP element for asymmetric 5.European ATC exposure 6.Price < = traditional ATPL 7.Include € ‘funding support’ 8.SPA reversion ‘Safety Net’
MPL Phase 1 – CORE skills in SPA Complex SEP retractable from day 1 58 Hours DUAL training Just 12 hours PIC SOLO MPA SOPs introduced after PIC SOLO hours completed European ATC
MPL Phase 1 – CORE skills in SPA 5 hours UPSET RECOVERY training Blend of SEP & MEP
MPL Phase 1 – CORE skills in SPA Complex MEP retractable to introduce asymmetric handling skills Again - Upset recovery Just 5 Hours DUAL training European ATC
MPL Phase 1 – CORE skills in SPA 10 Hours FNPTII Simulator Blend of SEP & MEP Again – Upset recovery training
Our words of advice... 1.ATPL theoretical knowledge DOES NOT need to be integrated in synchronicity with core skills training: It is not required by MPL regulations It’s pretty difficult to do anyway Requires ATPL TK and core skills training to be co-located Don’t let your regulator tell you otherwise! 2.Less than 70 hours of core skills training may meet with some cynicism... 3.All PIC SOLO flying must still be flown as a single pilot....so caution teaching MPA SOPs too early else you might just obtain some negative learning.....
Our words of advice… 1.The regulations DO PERMIT an FNPTII MCC to be used for this phase 2.The regulations DO NOT LIMIT how many hours you may deliver in this phase …maximize this phase in terms of: Cost efficiencies Capability and availability of instructors 3.CAUTION using a TRI to teach basic attitude flying, tracking and holding procedures - may present more challenges than you think. 4.‘CONVERT’ your SPA FIs - they will do a good job for you but you do need TRIs to test them. 5.Pick a SUITABLE MPA type – B200 MCC simulators are limiting! 6.Use GENERIC MPA SOPs in this phase
MPL Phases 3 & 4 - type specific MPA Skills Plus Base Training - 12 Landings
MPL Phases 3 & 4 - type specific MPA Skills Phase Activity DeviceHours 1 SEP Dual TB20 Aircraft58 1 SEP Solo TB20 Aircraft12 1 SEP Dual Upset Zlin 242L Aircraft5 1 MEP Dual PA34 Seneca Aircraft5 1 SEP & MEP Dual FNPTII Simulator10 2 MET Dual (PF/PNF) FNPTII MCC Simulator90 3 MET Dual (PF/PNF) Q400 Full Flight Simulator20 4 MET Dual (PF/PNF) Q400 Full Flight Simulator40 TOTAL240
Our words of advice 1.The regulations DO NOT stipulate how many hours must be completed in either of these 2 type specific phases – there is a myth that each phase must be a minimum of 60 hours 2.Both phases combined must meet type rating minimum hours requirements 3.Try and complete type specific ground training before commencing phase 3 4.Use airline specific SOPs in both of these phases
3. Some common MPL ‘Myths’
3 routes to become a licenced pilot... 1.Integrated ATPL(A) 2.Modular ATPL(A) 3.MPL(A)
The Modular ‘Baseline’ 1.ICAO PPL to enter 2.90% ATPL theory by post 3.Multiple FTOs permitted 4.No formal training reporting required 5.Many take years and multiple attempts to just achieve minimum standards!
Myth #1 - ATPL Theoretical Knowledge 1.“ATPL theory training must be INTEGRATED WITH professional flight training to become an effective airline pilot under an MPL training system”
2.“ATPL theory training MUST BE COMPLETED BEFORE professional flight training may commence to become an effective airline pilot under a MODULAR training system” Myth #1 - ATPL Theoretical Knowledge
1.“ATPL theory training must be INTEGRATED WITH professional flight training to become an effective airline pilot under an MPL training system” 2.“ATPL theory training MUST BE COMPLETED BEFORE professional flight training may commence to become an effective airline pilot under a MODULAR training system” Myth #1 - ATPL Theoretical Knowledge
SPA reversion ‘Safety Net’ Phase Activity Device Hours 1 SEP SPIC TB20 Aircraft20 1 SEP PIC Solo TB20 Aircraft38 1 MEP Dual MEP FNPTI Simulator35 1 MEP Dual PA34 Seneca Aircraft15 TOTAL108 Cost €30,000 Funded by either the FTO or Airline NOT the student
5. Opportunities to modernise
MODERNISE ATPL Theoretical Knowledge
MANDATE pre-assessment Personality Profiling Capacity & Motor skills
MANDATE pre-assessment Team Skills Evidence of Team Participation
MANDATE UPSET RECOVERY training
Message to our MPL Regulator: Mandate these 3 key improvements in MPL regulations and you WILL FURTHER ENHANCE FLIGHT SAFETY as a result!
In summary... 1.MPL has now started and must continue to live 2.MPL will deliver better airline pilots given airline support – PLEASE! 3.Don’t allow ‘legacy’ SPA attitudes to prevent further MPL progress 4.Don’t believe everything you are told about MPL – check for yourself! 5.Challenge the regulator to embrace further MPL evolution and MPL will DEFINITELY IMPROVE AIRLINE FLIGHT SAFETY – what more could one ask!