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Asthma Medication Flashcards Created by Bao Le © 2002.

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Presentation on theme: "Asthma Medication Flashcards Created by Bao Le © 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 Asthma Medication Flashcards Created by Bao Le © 2002

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3 Aerobid ® Generic: flunisolide Type: corticosteroid (Metered Dose Inhaler) Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory; slow-acting; reduce hypersensitivity in airways; long- term control medication Side Effects/Suggestions: hoarseness; thrush; rinse mouth with water after use Also available in: mint flavor Similar to:Azmacort, Beclovent, Flovent, Pulmicort, Vanceril

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5 Aerobid mint flavor ® Generic: flunisolide Type: corticosteroid (Metered Dose Inhaler) Class: controller/preventer Functions:anti-inflammatory; slow-acting; reduce hypersensitivity in airways; long- term control medication Side Effects/Suggestions: hoarseness; thrush; rinse mouth with water after use Also available in: regular Similar to:Azmacort, Beclovent, Flovent, Pulmicort, Vanceril

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7 Advair ® Generic: fluticasone & salmeterol Type:combination, powder discus Class: controller/rescue Functions: anti-inflammatory; open airways for at least 12 hours Side Effects/Suggestions: hoarseness; rinse mouth with water after use; never increase the puffs unless directed Also available in: purple, blue; 100, 250, 500 mcg Similar to: Combivent (ipratropium bromide & albuterol sulfate)

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9 Albuterol (generic) Generic: Albuterol Type: corticosteroid MDI; fast/short acting beta-2 agonist Class: rescue/reliever Functions: bronchodilator, works in 5-15 minutes via inhaler or nebulizer, effects last 4-5 hrs Side Effects/Suggestions: shakiness of hands or legs, fast heart beat, anxiety, upset stomach, headache, metallic taste (rinse mouth) Similar to:Ventolin, Proventil

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11 Alupent ® Generic: metaproterenol sulfate Type: corticosteroid MDI; fast/short acting beta-2 agonist Class: rescue/reliever Functions: bronchodilator, works in 5-15 minutes via inhaler or nebulizer, effects last 4-5 hrs Side Effects/Suggestions: shakiness of hands or legs, fast heart beat, anxiety, upset stomach, headache, metallic taste (rinse mouth) Similar to: Metaprel, Ventolin, Proventil, Maxair, albuterol, Brethaire

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13 Atrovent ® Generic: ipratropium bromide Type: anti-cholinergic MDI Class: rescue/reliever Functions: bronchodilator (relaxes smooth muscle bands around bronchial tubes), works in 5-15 minutes Side Effects/Suggestions: dryness of mouth, metallic taste, avoid contact with eye Similar to:

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15 Azmacort ® Generic: triamcinolone acetonide Type: corticosteroid (Metered Dose Inhaler) Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory; slow-acting; reduce hypersensitivity in airways; long- term control medication Side Effects/Suggestions: hoarseness; thrush; rinse mouth with water after use Similar to: Aerobid, Beclovent, Flovent, Pulmicort, Vanceril

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17 Beclovent ® Generic: beclomethasone dipropionate Type: corticosteroid (Metered Dose Inhaler) Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory; slow-acting; reduce hypersensitivity in airways; long- term control medication Side Effects/Suggestions: hoarseness; thrush; rinse mouth with water after use Similar to: Aerobid, Azmacort, Pulmicort, Vanceril

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19 Brethaire ® Generic: terbutaline sulfate Type: MDI, fast/short acting beta2- agonist Class: rescue/reliever Functions: bronchodilator, works in 5-15 minutes via inhaler or nebulizer, effects last 4-5 hrs Side Effects/Suggestions: shakiness of hands or legs, fast heart beat, anxiety, upset stomach, headache, metallic taste (rinse mouth) Similar to: Ventolin, Alupent, Maxair, Proventil, Metaprel

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21 Combivent ® Generic: ipratropium bromide & albuterol sulfate Type: anticholinergic & beta2- agonist MDI Class: combination Functions: bronchodilator, works in 5-15 minutes via inhaler or nebulizer, effects last 4-5 hrs Side Effects/Suggestions: tremors,  heart rate, headache, dizziness, nausea, cough, dry mouth Similar to: (kind of similar to Advair)

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23 Flovent ® Generic: fluticasone propionate Type: corticosteroid MDI Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory; slow-acting; reduce hypersensitivity in airways; long- term control medication Side Effects/Suggestions: hoarseness; thrush; rinse mouth with water after use Similar to: Aerobid, Azmacort, Beclovent, Pulmicort, Vanceril

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25 Foradil aerolizer ® Generic: formoterol fumarate Type: formoterol aerolizer Class: controller/preventer Functions: long-acting bronchodilator; acts w/in 3 mins, effective for at least 12 hrs. Side Effects/Suggestions: tremors,  heart rate, headache; if sensitive to drug, may develop rash, itchiness, & bronchospasm; don’t use for quick relief Similar to: Oxeze (and related to Serevent)

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27 Intal ® Generic: Cromolyn sodium Type: non-steroidal MDI Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory, inhibits immediate & non- immediate bronchoconstrictive reactions to inhaled antigens; long- term control medication Side Effects/Suggestions: throat irritation, cough; use before exercise or contact with a known trigger Also available in: nebulizer form, Intal Forte Similar to: Tilade

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29 Intal Forte ® Generic: Cromolyn sodium Type: non-steroidal MDI Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory, inhibits immediate & non- immediate bronchoconstrictive reactions to inhaled antigens; long- term control medication Side Effects/Suggestions: throat irritation, cough; use before exercise or contact with a known trigger Also available in: nebulizer form, regular strength Intal Similar to: Tilade

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31 Maxair ® inhaler Generic: pirbuterol acetate Type: MDI; fast/short acting beta2- agonist Class: rescue/reliever Functions: bronchodilator, works in 5-15 minutes via inhaler or nebulizer, effects last 4-5 hrs Side Effects/Suggestions: shakiness of hands or legs, fast heart beat, anxiety, upset stomach, headache, metallic taste (rinse mouth) Also available in: Maxair autohaler Similar to:Ventolin, Alupent, Brethaire, Metaprel, Proventil

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33 Maxair autohaler ® Generic: pirbuterol acetate Type: autohaler; fast/short acting beta2-agonist Class: rescue/reliever Functions: bronchodilator, works in 5-15 minutes via inhaler or nebulizer, effects last 4-5 hrs Side Effects/Suggestions: shakiness of hands or legs, fast heart beat, anxiety, upset stomach, headache, metallic taste (rinse mouth) Also available in: Maxair inhaler Similar to:Ventolin, Alupent, Brethaire, Metaprel, Proventil

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35 Proventil ® Generic: albuterol Type: corticosteroid MDI; fast acting beta-2 agonist Class: rescue/reliever Functions: bronchodilator, works in 5-15 minutes via inhaler or nebulizer, effects last 4-5 hrs Side Effects/Suggestions: shakiness of hands or legs, fast heart beat, anxiety, upset stomach, headache, metallic taste (rinse mouth) Similar to:Ventolin, Alupent, Maxair, Brethaire, Metaprel

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37 Pulmicort ® Generic: budesonide Type: corticosteroid (Metered Dose Inhaler) Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory; slow-acting; reduce hypersensitivity in airways Side Effects/Suggestions: hoarseness; thrush; rinse mouth with water after use Similar to: Aerobid, Azmacort, Beclovent, Vanceril

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39 Serevent ® Generic: salmeterol xinafoate Type: MDI; long acting beta2- agonist Class: controller/preventer Functions: prevents tightening of muscles around lung tubes; takes mins to work, effective for at least 12 hrs. Side Effects/Suggestions: tremors,  heart rate, headache; if sensitive to drug, may develop rash, itchiness, & bronchospasm; don’t use for quick relief Also available in: Serevent discus Similar to: related to Foradil & Oxeze

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41 Serevent discus ® Generic: salmeterol xinafoate Type: dry powder discus; long acting beta2-agonist Class: controller/preventer Functions: prevents tightening of muscles around lung tubes; takes mins to work, effective for at least 12 hrs. Side Effects/Suggestions: tremors,  heart rate, headache; if sensitive to drug, may develop rash, itchiness, & bronchospasm; don’t use for quick relief Also available in: Serevent inhaler Similar to: related to Foradil & Oxeze

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43 Tilade ® Generic: Nedocromil sodium Type: non-steroidal MDI Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory, inhibits immediate & non- immediate bronchoconstrictive reactions to inhaled antigens; long- term control medication Side Effects/Suggestions: unpleasant taste, may cause stomach upset Similar to: Intal

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45 Vanceril ® Generic: beclomethasone dipropionate Type: corticosteroid (Metered Dose Inhaler) Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory; slow-acting; reduce hypersensitivity in airways Side Effects/Suggestions: hoarseness; thrush; rinse mouth with water after use Also available in: double strength Similar to:Azmacort, Beclovent, Aerobid, Pulmicort

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47 Vanceril double strength ® Generic: beclomethasone dipropionate Type: corticosteroid (Metered Dose Inhaler) Class: controller/preventer Functions: anti-inflammatory; slow-acting; reduce hypersensitivity in airways Side Effects/Suggestions: hoarseness; Also available in: regular strength Similar to:Azmacort, Beclovent, Aerobid, Pulmicort

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49 Ventolin ® Generic: albuterol/salbutamol (?) Type: corticosteroid MDI; fast/long (?) acting beta-2 agonist Class: rescue/reliever Functions: bronchodilator, works in 5-15 minutes via inhaler or nebulizer, effects last 4-5 hrs Side Effects/Suggestions: shakiness of hands or legs, fast heart beat, anxiety, upset stomach, headache, metallic taste (rinse mouth) Also available in: Ventolin rotahaler Similar to: Proventil, Alupent, Maxair, Brethaire, Metaprel

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51 Ventolin rotahaler ® Generic: albuterol/salbutamol (?) Type: corticosteroid rotahaler; fast/long (?) acting beta-2 agonist Class: rescue/reliever Functions: bronchodilator, works in 5-15 minutes via inhaler or nebulizer, effects last 4-5 hrs Side Effects/Suggestions: shakiness of hands or legs, fast heart beat, anxiety, upset stomach, headache, metallic taste (rinse mouth) Also available in: Ventolin inhaler Similar to: Proventil, Alupent, Maxair, Brethaire, Metaprel


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