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Ethernet Routing Switches Stackable

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Presentation on theme: "Ethernet Routing Switches Stackable"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ethernet Routing Switches Stackable
Version 2.0.0 Last updated: Mar 2011

2 Objectives Understand the difference between the ERS families
At the end of the training, you should be able to Understand the difference between the ERS families Understand basic setup for ERS Switches Know your way around Device Manager (EDM) and a little CLI Build a small converged network solution and have some fun!

3 Agenda Getting started Management Layer 2 – VLANs Layer 3 – Routing
Which ERS Standalone or Stack Management EDM and CLI Configuring Management Layer 2 – VLANs Creating VLANS Access or TAG Layer 3 – Routing IP interfaces DHCP Relay QoS Roles Typical settings Energy Saver

4 Getting Started ERS 5000 ERS 4500 ERS 2500 Ideal as:
Access Switch for Large Enterprises: high-performance Gigabit-to-the- Desktop Aggregation (Distribution) Switch Core Switching solution for small Enterprises Top-of-Rack/Horizontal Stacking for the Data Centre Where 10GbE is required today ERS 5000 Ideal as: Access Switch for mid-to-large Enterprise Environments with either FE or GbE connectivity at the Edge, or both Where 10GbE Uplinks will become important ERS 4500 Stackable Product Positioning To ensure that we’re starting from the same level of understanding it’s a good idea to correctly position each of the product lines within the Stackable part of the portfolio. The 5000 Series, featuring the new 5600 models. These products can be used in a number of demanding applications: The Wiring Closet – for high-performance Gigabit-to-the-Desktop As fibre aggregation Switch when there’s a need for the Distribution Layer To be the cost-effective option for the Core Switch in smaller networks And as a high-performance 1GbE/10GbE Top-of-Rack Switch in the Data Centre, integrating into a Horizontal Stacking/Switch Cluster solution The 4500 Series is the primary focus of the Stackable portfolio in terms of the Wiring Closet role – the default option that should satisfy 80% of the typical Enterprise requirements. It’s an extremely versatile product line, with a total of 10 different models available with options for Fast Ethernet – both Copper and Fibre, and Gigabit Ethernet, with additional options for 10GbE Uplinks, and of course a full PoE capability to support the high-intensity Convergence requirement. And to the 2500 Series are really focussed on the Branch Office or smaller Enterprise requirement where only Fast Ethernet if required and if PoE is needed it’s a fairly simple, low-intensity deployment scenario. Ideal as: Access Switch for Branch Office or smaller Enterprise Campus: when Fast Ethernet-only is appropriate Low-intensity convergence deployments Standard offering for the Small to Medium Enterprise ERS 2500

5 Ethernet Routing Switch 2500 Series
Workhorse solution to empower Convergence 10/100 to the Desktop Power-over-Ethernet & QoS high speed local switching & Layer 3 Routing entry-level FAST 32 Integrated Access Control 802.1X with Extensions 802.1AB auto discovery for network & devices Delivers flexibility to the Network Edge Enable the Converged Branch Highly-available local Stacking & connections to the Core Scalable, pay-as-you-grow Comprehensive QoS & access control capabilities The ERS 2500 Series is the new addition to the Stackable solutions currently available from Nortel; slotting in above the 425 and below the It offering entry-level performance for Convergence networking, a rich feature-set, and the good flexibility in terms of hardware form-factor. The fail-safe Stacking capabilities have always provided the greatest degree of protection at the Edge, and this will be introduced onto the 2500 via a future software update (no hardware change or addition required).

6 Features of the ERS 2500 Series
4 Switch options 2526T & 2526T-PWR – 24 10/100 Desktop ports, plus 2 active Uplinks, PoE option 2550T& 2550T-PWR – 48 10/100 Desktop ports, plus 2 active Uplinks, PoE option Uplink options of SFP, 1000T, or 10/100/1000T PoE available on 50% of Desktop ports – Green..! 32Gbps Stacking architecture Up to /100 ports Wire-speed local switching & integrated Stacking 802.3af-compliant PoE Auto-sensing 10/100 Auto-discovery of PoE devices Dynamic power management Endpoint access control 802.1X SHSA, Guest VLAN, RADIUS Authentication DiffServ & 802.1p Prioritisation Traffic Marking & Re-Marking Port Mirroring & Rate Limiting 802.3ad Link Aggregation (6 links) The ERS 2500 is a flexible platform ideally suited to entry-level Stackable Network Edge requirement. It supports a high-density of 10 and 100 Ethernet Copper interfaces, and Standards-based Power-over-Ethernet on 50% of the Desktop ports. With regards to Traffic Marking & Re-Marking, please note: the 2500 can remark the incoming 802.1p bit, to the p-bit configuration for port. DSCP re-marking is planned for a future release. DSCP recognition supported, as is the strict priority queue for real time applications. The (future-enabled) Stacking architecture is a variation of the tried & tested FAST (Flexible Advance Stacking Architecture) of the ERS 5000 Series. This is an Industry-leading solution for performance and reliability at the Edge; failed Units can be hot-swapped, and the Stack Master will automatically manage any update to operating software and then download the appropriate configuration file. During this time all other traffic operating over the Stack is totally unaffected and only the directly impacted user will be aware of any network problem. The zero-configuration feature of ARU means that units can be sourced and replaced by anyone capable of operating a screwdriver without the need for a specialist network engineer.

7 Hardware 26-port Switches 2526T 2526T-PWR 50-port Switches 2550T
Currently available in four variations of two types: the 2526 – non-PWR and PWR, and the 2650 – non-PWR and PWR. All are essentially 10/100 Ethernet Routing Switches with variations in terms of PoE and port density. All Switch have two dedicated 1000BASE-T ports on the rear which will be used for the future Stacking function, and two sets of dual-personality ports on the front. These are dual 1000BASE-x SFP and dual 10/100/1000BASE-T and either set are active (but not both). 50-port Switches 2550T 2550T-PWR

8 Flexible Advanced Stacking Architecture
Class-leading Stacking – the ERS Series implements FAST 32 4Gbps of Stacking capacity per Switch & up to 32Gbps for a Stack of 8 Scales up to 384 Ports of 10/100 Desktop plus up to 16 Ports for 10/100/1000 Combo Uplinks Auto Unit Replacement software & configuration control Virtual Hot Swap Consolidated Management via a single IP Address Low-cost Stack cabling Pre-enabled or field-upgradeable ERS 2500 Series with FAST 32 4Gbps Stacking per Switch & up to 32Gbps Up to 8 Switches & 400 Ports Uses low-cost Cat 5E UTP for Stacking

9 Getting Started Standalone or Stacking
The ERS 2500 delivers 3 flexible options to meet customer needs Use ERS 2500s as single units Standalone Ideal for smaller sites Budget-friendly option Flexible option to move to stacking No need to purchase additional hardware Stacking is enabled via a software license Grow your network when/if YOU want to Standalone Stacked Units with stacking pre-enabled are available Ready to stack immediately No need for a stacking license Stack Enabled Scalability from Day 1

10 Ethernet Routing Switch 2500 Series Stacking Implementation
ERS 2500s use the rear 1000BaseTX ports as stacking ports Rear ports offer the flexibility to be used as either normal Gigabit ports or as stacking ports. Gigabit grade (Cat5E/Cat6) RJ-45 cabling is used to create the stacking ring Stack up to 8 units high for /100 user ports and 16 Gigabit ports

11 Ethernet Routing Switch 2500 Series Stacking Functionality and Rear Ports
“Stacking Mode” must be configured on the rear ports before switches are connected together in a stack (there is no “auto-detection”). The Base unit must have Unit Select switch set to ON (one switch only) Each ERS2500 switch ships with a 46cm (1.5 foot) stack cable (black Cat5E cable). Additional cables of 1.5m (5’) and 3m (10’) are also be available for separate purchase from Avaya and are like “stack return” cables. Customers are permitted to use their own cables and longer lengths up to 100m (at customer’s risk, not “officially” supported by GNTS).

12 Ethernet Routing Switch 4500 Series
Scalable solution to empower Convergence 10/100 or 10/100/1000 to the Desktop, Fixed 100FX & SFP options Power-over-Ethernet & QoS fail-safe FAST 320 high-speed local switching & Layer 3 Routing Integrated Access Control 802.1X with extensions Delivers % reliability to the Network Edge Enable the Converged Desktop Comprehensive access control options High-availability locally & to the Core Scalable, pay-as-you-grow Can mix FE and GE Switches in a stack 10/100/1000 & 10G Switches 10/100 Switches

13 Features of the ERS 4500 Series
11 Switch options 4526FX 4526T & 4526T-PWR 4550T & 4550T-PWR 4524GT & 4524GT-PWR 4526GTX & 4526GTX-PWR 4548GT & 4548GT-PWR High density solution: 400/384 ports of 10/100 or 10/100/1000 with PoE & 10GbE options SFP & FX options 184Gbps of local switching & 40Gbps Stacking throughput per Switch 802.3af-compliant PoE Auto-sensing 10/100/1000 Auto-discovery of PoE devices Dynamic power management End-point access control 802.1X plus extensions (SHMA, MHMA, Guest VLAN, etc) Automatic Unit Replacement Traffic Policing, DiffServ & 802.1p Prioritisation IP Filtering, Policies, & Offset Redundant Power option

14 Hardware Fast Ethernet Switches 4526FX 4526T & 4526T-PWR
Gigabit Ethernet Switches 4524GT & 4524GT-PWR 4526GTX & 4526GTX-PWR 4548GT & 4548GT-PWR

15 Flexible Advanced Stacking Technology
Nortel Corporate Presentation Flexible Advanced Stacking Technology Evolution of redundant self-healing stacking first introduced in 1998 Support for up to 8 units in a stack Can mix any ERS4500 switch in the stack Maximum /100 ports in a stack Maximum /100/1000 ports in a stack Up to 32 SFP GBICs in a stack for uplinks Built-in Hi-Stack stacking ports come standard on the switch Stacking cable (46cm / 18”) included with each switch Loopback stacking cable for resilient stacking must be purchased separately True resilient stack IP Management Load-balancing and fail-over protection with Distributed MLT and 802.3ad Automatic Unit Replacement Functionality to automatically reconfigure any replaced unit Return Cable creates resilient configuration Grow as you Stack from 1 to 8 units as one reliable managed entity © 2004 Nortel

16 Agenda Getting Started Management EDM and CLI Configuring management
L2- VLANs L3 - Routing QOS Energy Saver

17 Enterprise Device Manager - EDM Feature Overview
EDM is a new embedded web based management system. EDM uses Web2.0 and J2EE framework – more up to date Improved workflows, selections and GUI configuration completeness EDM REPLACES both JDM and WebUI graphical configuration and element interfaces. Integrated into the agent code of the switch, no longer requiring the right version of JDM to support chosen platforms. HTTP and HTTPS browser support Tested and supported by: IE 7.0 and FireFox 3.0 and above. New on ERS / 4500 v5.4 / 5x00 v6.2

18 Enterprise Device Manager - EDM Main Screens
EDM Landing Page – Switch Summary Navigation Tree – “Configuration” folder already open with sub folders

19 Enterprise Device Manager - EDM Main Screens - II
EDM – Device Physical View tab can launch pull-down menu off ports

20 Enterprise Device Manager - EDM Main Screens - III
EDM – Edit > Chassis > Chassis General switch system information

21 Enterprise Device Manager - EDM Main Screens - IV
EDM – Configuration > VLAN > VLANs VLAN creation – white cells can be edited

22 Enterprise Device Manager - EDM Main Screens -V
EDM – QoS > QoS Devices NOTE: EDM opens new selections in new Tabs in the main view

23 Enterprise Device Manager - EDM EDM Help Files
The help files for EDM are not integrated into the switch agent code and are downloaded to the switch when required by the agent. Help file must be located on TFTP server or USB drive. EDM Help file configuration in CLI CLI commands: edm help-file-path <path> [tftp address <ip>] show edm help-file-path Set Help file path (config) (config)# edm help-file-path /help tftp address Show Help file path (config)# show edm help-file-path TFTP Server Address /help

24 Enterprise Device Manager - EDM EDM Help file configuration - EDM
EDM – Help File location configuration EDM uses TFTP to access Help File documents Setup the help files location on TFTP server Install the help files one directory below the root on the TFTP server

25 Enterprise Device Manager - EDM HELP Screens
EDM – MultiLink Trunks Help (example) NOTE: when you click on Help – the related documentation is TFTP’d to the switch. Help Sub-menu on setting up MLTs

26 Command Line Interface (CLI) Feature overview
Serial Console 9600 No parity No flow control Straight cable Ctrl Y to start Telnet SSH Requires ‘secure’ agent image i.e. 2500_431025s.img

27 Show running-config Enhancements Show and Copy commands - CLI
The default behavior of the ‘show running-config’ command has changed: it is now displaying only the CLI commands with non-default parameters. The new CLI syntax for ‘show running-module’ is: # show running-config [verbose][module {[802.1ab] [aaur] [adac] [arp-inspection] [aur] [banner] [core] [dhcp-relay] [dhcp-snooping] [eap] [interface] [ip] [ip-source-guard] [ipmgr] [ipv6] [l3] [l3-protocols] [lacp] [logging] [mac-security] [mlt] [poe] [port-mirroring] [qos] [rate-limit] [rmon] [rtc] [snmp] [ssh] [ssl] [stack] [stkmon] [stp] [vlacp] [vlan]}] The new CLI syntax for ‘copy running-config’ is: # copy running-config tftp [verbose] [module {[802.1ab] [aaur] [adac] [arp-inspection] [aur] [banner] [core] [dhcp-relay] [dhcp-snooping] [eap] [interface] [ip] [ip-source-guard] [ipmgr] [ipv6] [l3] [l3-protocols] [lacp] [logging] [mac-security] [mlt] [poe] [port-mirroring] [qos] [rate-limit] [rmon] [rtc] [snmp] [ssh] [ssl] [stack] [stkmon] [stp] [vlacp] [vlan]}] [address <XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX>] filename <WORD> Note: optional parameters shown in RED

28 Show running-config Enhancements Usage examples - CLI
Display the non-verbose configuration of a switch/stack: # show running-config ! Embedded ASCII Configuration Generator Script ! Model = Ethernet Routing Switch 2526T (Stack Enabled) ! Software version = v ! ! Displaying only parameters different to default !================================================ enable configure terminal ! *** CORE *** ! *** SNMP *** ! *** IP *** ! *** STACK MONITOR *** NOTE: the output above is for a switch/stack reset to default Copy the non-verbose configuration of a switch/stack to a TFTP server: # copy running-config tftp address filename stack.cfg

29 Show running-config Enhancements Usage examples – CLI (cont)
Display the non-verbose configuration for the specified applications: #show running-config module mlt stp vlan ! Embedded ASCII Configuration Generator Script ! Model = Ethernet Routing Switch 2526T (Stack Enabled) ! Software version = v ! ! Displaying only parameters different to default !================================================ enable configure terminal ! *** STP (Phase 1) *** ! *** VLAN *** ! *** MLT (Phase 1) *** ! *** STP (Phase 2) *** ! *** VLAN Phase 2*** ! *** MLT (Phase 2) *** NOTE: the output above is for a switch/stack reset to default Copy non-verbose configuration for the specified applications to a TFTP server: #copy running-config tftp module mlt stp vlan address filename mlt_stp_vlan.cfg

30 Show running-config Enhancements Usage examples – CLI (cont)
Display the verbose configuration of a switch/stack: # show running-config verbose ! Embedded ASCII Configuration Generator Script ! Model = Ethernet Routing Switch 2526T (Stack Enabled) ! Software version = v ! ! Displaying all switch parameters !==================================================== enable configure terminal ! *** CORE *** autosave enable mac-address-table aging-time 300 autotopology sntp server primary address sntp server secondary address ! *** STACK MONITOR *** no stack-monitor enable stack-monitor stack-size 2 stack-monitor trap-interval 60 Copy the verbose configuration of a switch/stack to a TFTP server: # copy running-config tftp verbose address filename stack_ver.cfg

31 Show running-config Enhancements Usage examples – CLI (cont)
Display the verbose configuration for the specified applications: # show running-config verbose module mlt stp vlan ! Embedded ASCII Configuration Generator Script ! Model = Ethernet Routing Switch 2526T (Stack Enabled) ! Software version = v ! ! Displaying all switch parameters !==================================================== enable configure terminal ! *** STP (Phase 1) *** spanning-tree cost-calc-mode dot1d spanning-tree port-mode auto spanning-tree priority 8000 spanning-tree hello-time 2 spanning-tree forward-time 15 max-age 20 no spanning-tree 802dot1d-port-compliance enable ! *** VLAN *** vlan ports 1/1-26,2/1-26 tagging unTagAll filter-untagged-frame disable filter- unregistered-frames enable priority 0 vlan configcontrol flexible vlan members 1 1/1-26,2/1-26 vlan ports 1/1-26,2/1-26 pvid 1 vlan igmp unknown-mcast-no-flood disable vlan igmp 1 snooping disable

32 Show running-config Enhancements Usage examples – CLI (cont)
vlan igmp 1 proxy disable robust-value 2 query-interval 125 vlan configcontrol strict auto-pvid ! ! *** MLT (Phase 1) *** no mlt mlt 1 name "Trunk #1" disable member NONE mlt 1 learning normal mlt 1 loadbalance basic mlt 2 name "Trunk #2" disable member NONE mlt 2 learning normal mlt 2 loadbalance basic mlt 3 name "Trunk #3" disable member NONE mlt 3 learning normal mlt 3 loadbalance basic mlt 4 name "Trunk #4" disable member NONE mlt 4 learning normal mlt 4 loadbalance basic mlt 5 name "Trunk #5" disable member NONE mlt 5 learning normal mlt 5 loadbalance basic mlt 6 name "Trunk #6" disable member NONE mlt 6 learning normal mlt 6 loadbalance basic

33 Show running-config Enhancements Usage examples – CLI (cont)
! *** STP (Phase 2) *** ! spanning-tree port-mode normal interface FastEthernet ALL spanning-tree port 1/1-26 learning normal spanning-tree port 2/1-26 learning normal spanning-tree port 1/1-24 cost 10 priority 80 spanning-tree port 1/25-26 cost 1 priority 80 spanning-tree port 2/1-24 cost 10 priority 80 spanning-tree port 2/25-26 cost 1 priority 80 spanning-tree bpdu-filtering port 1/1-26 timeout 120 no spanning-tree bpdu-filtering port 1/1-26 enable spanning-tree bpdu-filtering port 2/1-26 timeout 120 no spanning-tree bpdu-filtering port 2/1-26 enable exit ! *** VLAN Phase 2*** vlan mgmt 1 ! *** MLT (Phase 2) *** Copy the verbose configuration for the specified applications to a TFTP server #copy running-config tftp verbose module mlt stp vlan address filename mlt_stp_vlan_ver.cfg

34 Agenda Getting Started Management EDM and CLI Configuring management
L2- VLANs L3 - Routing QOS Energy Saver

35 Initial Switch/Stack Setup Quick Start
ERS2500> enable ERS2500# install Welcome to the 2550T-PWR setup utility. You will be requested for information to initially configure for the switch. When finished the information will be applied and stored in the switch NVRAM. Once the basic parameters are configured, additional configuration can proceed using other management interfaces. Press ^C to abort at any time. ############################################################################### Please provide the in-band IP Address[ ]: Please provide the in-band sub-net mask[ ]: Please provide the Default Gateway[ ]: Please provide the Read-Only Community String[**********]: Please provide the Read-Write Community String[**********]: Please provide the Quick Start VLAN <1-4094> [5]: Please provide the in-band IPV6 Address/Prefix_length[::/0]: Please provide the in-band IPV6 Default Gateway[::]: Basic switch parameters have now been configured and saved.

36 Initial Switch/Stack Setup Manual via CLI
ERS2500-Rack3# show running-config ! Embedded ASCII Configuration Generator Script ! Model = Ethernet Routing Switch 2550T-PWR ! Software version = v ! ! Displaying all switch parameters !==================================================== enable configure terminal ! *** IP *** ip default-gateway ip address stack ip address switch ip address netmask ! *** VLAN *** vlan mgmt 5

37 Extended IP Manager Feature Overview
IP Manager enables administrators to restrict access to network services such as web, snmp and telnet (for IPv4 & IPv6). The IP Manager function which controls management connectivity to the switch has been extended to support IPv6 and SSH in ERS2500 release v4.3. Example section of IP Manager in ACG: ! *** IP Manager *** ! telnet-access enable snmp-server enable web-server enable ssh-server enable ipmgr telnet ipmgr snmp ipmgr web ipmgr ssh ipmgr source-ip mask ipmgr source-ip mask ipmgr source-ip 51 ::/0 ipmgr source-ip 52 ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff/128 NOTE: new options are in RED (‘s’ agent image must be loaded to support ssl)

38 Agenda Getting Started Management L2- VLANs Creating Vlans
Access or Tag L3 - Routing QOS Energy Saver

39 VLAN Configuration Control*
VLAN Config Control Automatic AutoPVID Flexible Strict (default) Operations As you change the vlan the PVID changes accordingly As you add a Vlan the PVID changes to the new vlan As you add a Vlan the PVID remains set to the first vlan To change Vlan the port has to be removed from the previous vlan VLAN - PVID Set to the Vlan ID Set to the Last Vlan ID Set to the First Vlan ID # of VLANs /Access port One only Multiple One Only *Note: Applies to Untag All and Tag PVID Only ports

40 Vlan Configuration Control
Automatic :- VLAN Membership: Automatically adds an untagged port to a new VLAN and automatically removes it from any previous VLAN membership. PVID of the port: is automatically changed to the VID of the VLAN it joins. AutoPVID :- When an untagged port is added to a new VLAN, the port is added to the new VLAN and the PVID is assigned to the new VID without removing it from any previous VLAN memberships. Using this option, an untagged port can have membership in multiple VLANs

41 Vlan Configuration Control
Flexible:- Similar to AutoPVID. When this option is used, an untagged port can belong to an unlimited number of VLANs. Any new additions of an untagged port to a new VLAN does not change the PVID of that port Strict:- The factory default, this selection restricts the addition of an untagged port to a VLAN if it is already a member of another VLAN. To add an untagged port to a new VLAN, a port must be remove from all other VLANs of which it is a member before adding it to the new VLAN. The PVID of the port is changed to the new VID to which it was added.

42 Ethernet Ports modes Port Mode # Vlan Tagging Access
Depends on Config Ctrl No Tagging Tag All (Trunk) Multiple Tag all Vlans Untag PVID Tag all Vlans except the PVID (Default vlan) Tag PVID Tag only the PVID no other

43 L2 - VLANs Changing VlanConfigControl

44 L2 - VLANs Create VLAN

45 L2 - VLANs Create VLAN

46 L2 - VLANs Create VLAN

47 L2 - VLANs Removing Ports

48 L2 - VLANs Adding Ports

49 L2 - VLANs Adding Ports

50 L2 - VLANs Apply Changes

51 L2 - VLANs Support for Voice and Data on one port
Select and Right Click Port 18-24, Select Edit

52 L2 - VLANs Support for Voice and Data on one port

53 Agenda Getting Started Management L2- VLANs L3 – Routing IP Interfaces
DHCP Relay QOS Energy Saver

54 IP Local and Static Routing Feature Overview
Support up to 256 locally configured routing instances. Provides static route support Supports IP blocking (for different stack failures) Allows the switch to be managed through any IP address that has been assigned to any VLAN interface (not just the management VLAN). When IP routing is enabled, the existing Switch / Stack IP address is assigned to the management VLAN interface.

55 L3 Routing Enable IP forwarding

56 L3 Routing Adding an IP interface to a VLAN

57 L3 Routing Adding an IP interface to a VLAN

58 L3 Routing Adding an IP interface to a VLAN

59 L3 Routing Adding an IP interface to a VLAN

60 L3 Routing Adding an IP interface to a VLAN

61 L3 Routing Adding an IP interface to a VLAN

62 L3 Routing Adding an IP interface to a VLAN

63 L3 Routing IP Local and static Routing
Managing global IP config to enable / disable IP routing (config)# ip routing Enables IP routing globally (config)# no ip routing Disables IP routing globally Managing VLAN IP routing: (config)# interface vlan 7 (config-if)# ip address <IP> <mask> [<mac-offset>] Enables/disables IP routing on a VLAN Example: (config-if)# ip address (config-if)# no ip address

64 L3 Routing IP Local and static Routing
Creating a static route: (config)# ip route <IP> <dest-mask> <next-hop> [<cost: > | <weight: >] enable Example: (config)# ip route ena Change the weight (or cost) of a static route: (config)# ip route weight 40 Enable / disable / delete a static route: Examples: (config)# ip route enable (config)# ip route disable (config)# no ip route NOTE: In order for a static route to become active, the configured next-hop IP address must be reachable.

65 L3 Routing IP Local and Static Routing
# show ip routing IP Routing is enabled IP ARP life time is seconds # show vlan ip ============================================================================== Vid ifIndex Address Mask MacAddress Offset Routing Primary Interfaces :1D:42:36:EC: Enabled :1D:42:36:EC: Enabled :1D:42:36:EC: Enabled :1D:42:36:EC: Enabled :1D:42:36:EC: Enabled :1D:42:36:EC: Enabled % Total of Primary Interfaces: 6

66 L3 Routing Local and Static Routing
# show ip route =============================================================================== Ip Route DST MASK NEXT COST VLAN PORT PROT TYPE PRF /1 S IB 5 /1 S IB 5 C DB 0 C DB 0 C DB 0 C DB 0 C DB 0 C DB 0 Total Routes: 8 TYPE Legend: I=Indirect Route, D=Direct Route, A=Alternative Route, B=Best Route, U=Unresolv ed Route, N=Not in HW

67 L3 Routing IP Routing ARP Management
Create / remove a static ARP entry: (config)# ip arp <IP> <MAC> <unit/port> [vid < >] Example: (config)# ip arp :13:60:c2:62:ee 1/3 vid 3 (config)# no ip arp :13:60:c2:62:ee 1/3 vid 3 Enable / Disable ARP response per VLAN: (config-if)# ip arp response (config-if)# no ip arp response Configuring the ARP Aging time: (config)# ip arp timeout 720

68 L3 Routing IP Routing ARP Management
# show ip arp (or show arp) =============================================================================== IP ARP IP Address Age (min) MAC Address VLAN-Unit/Port/Trunk Flags ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB :15:60:c2:62:4d VLAN#1-1/ D :1d:42:36:ec:40 VLAN# L :13:60:c2:62:ee VLAN#3-1/ S :1d:42:36:ec:42 VLAN# L :1d:42:36:ec:43 VLAN# L :1d:42:36:ec:44 VLAN# L :1d:42:36:ec:45 VLAN# L :1d:42:36:ec:46 VLAN# L :13:49:4b:04:74 VLAN#1-1/ D ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff VLAN# LB Total ARP entries : 21 Flags Legend: S=Static, D=Dynamic, L=Local, B=Broadcast

69 Agenda Getting Started Management L2- VLANs L3 – Routing IP Interfaces
DHCP Relay QOS Energy Saver

70 L3 Routing BootP/DHCP Relay
In order to obtain an IP address a BootP or DHCP client will broadcast the request on the local subnet. When routing is enabled on the VLAN, these broadcasts are not forwarded by the router. This is where the Bootp/DHCP relay is applicable. The relay agent intercepts these Bootp/DHCP requests and forwards then to the specified host or broadcast address on another routed VLAN. Up to 10 DHCP/BootP servers may be identified as destinations to the relay.

71 L3 Routing DHCP Relay

72 L3 Routing DHCP Relay

73 L3 Routing DHCP Relay

74 L3 Routing DHCP Relay config commands
Enable / disable DHCP relay globally (config)# ip dhcp-relay fwd-path <agent-ip> <server-ip> <enable|disable> Example: (config)# ip dhcp-relay fwd-path enable (config)# ip dhcp-relay fwd-path disable Add / remove a bootp/DHCP server (config)# ip dhcp-relay fwd-path <agent-ip> <server-ip>[mode <bootp | bootp-dhcp | dhcp>] (config-if)# ip dhcp-relay fwd-path mode bootp (config-if)# no ip dhcp-relay fwd-path mode bootp IP VLAN DHCP-relay configuration options Examples: (config)#interface vlan 4 (config-if)#ip dhcp-relay ? broadcast enable DHCP relay broadcast on this vlan clear-counters Clear dhcp-relay counters min-sec configure the backup dhcp server minimum wait time mode dhcp mode

75 L3 Routing DHCP Relay show commands
(config)# show ip dhcp-relay DHCP relay is enabled (config)# show ip dhcp-relay fwd-path ============================================================= DHCP INTERFACE SERVER ENABLE MODE TRUE DHCP & BOOTP FALSE DHCP & BOOTP (config)# show ip dhcp-relay counters INTERFACE REQUESTS REPLIES

76 Agenda Getting Started Management L2- VLANs L3 – Routing QOS
IP Interfaces DHCP Relay Energy Saver

77 Avaya Ethernet Routing Switch 2500/4500 Intelligent Flexibility
Nortel Corporate Presentation Avaya Ethernet Routing Switch 2500/4500 Intelligent Flexibility 1 3 5 Low Priority Normal Priority Medium Priority High Priority Priorities 7 6 4 2 Hardware Queues 1 2 3 4 Outgoing Traffic Incoming Traffic DiffServ Code Point (DSCP) classification and prioritization Prioritizes, marks, remarks, filters and classifies DSCP markings within the IP packet to ensure different applications are prioritized within the switch and the network 802.1p Prioritization Provides basic traffic prioritization with p priorities QoS features are based on ERS5500 v4.2 functionality Same user-interface is supported: NNCLI, JDM & WEB Role-based and Port-based policies L2/IP/System Classifiers Simple Token Bucket Metering Interface Shaping Access Lists Changing the rules with intelligent flexibility © 2004 Nortel

78 Advanced QoS Feature Overview
QoS functions supported include: L2-L4 traffic classification, filtering (forward/drop), marking/remarking of DSCP, Policing/metering and egress Shaping. QoS configuration fully supported in CLI and EDM (GUI). Advanced QoS support across all current stackable switching families.

79 Advanced QoS QoS Concepts
DiffServ and 802.1p are the underlying technology for all QoS configurations. The ERS Series supports the following QoS classes: Critical and Network classes have the highest priority over all other traffic. Premium class is an end-to-end service functioning similarly to a virtual leased line. Traffic in this service class is normally guaranteed an agreed-upon peak bandwidth. Traffic requiring this service must be shaped at the network boundary in order to undergo a negligible delay and delay variance. This service class is suitable for real-time applications, such as video and voice over IP. The recommended PHB for this service is the Expedited Forwarding (EF) PHB. Platinum, Gold, Silver, and Bronze classes use the Assured Forwarding (AF) PHB. These classes are used for real-time, delay-tolerant traffic and non-real-time, mission-critical traffic. Standard class is the best-effort IP service with an additional, optional use of traffic classification that is used at the network boundary to request a better effort treatment for packets that are in-profile (packets that do not break the service agreements between the user & the service provider).

80 Advanced QoS QoS Concepts cont…
Port-based Quality of Service: policies are applied directly to individual ports. A port-based Quality of Service environment allows for the more direct application of Quality of Service policies and eliminates the need to group ports together when assigning policies. Role-based Quality of Service: individual ports are first assigned to a role and that role was assigned a policy. A role is a collection of ports defined within the same interface group. They share settings. For example, all ports are defined as untrusted. Port-based and role-based policies can be applied to same port; however the switch administrator is responsible for the proper division of resources across the individual policies. At factory default, ports are assigned to the default interface group (role combination), which is named allQoSPolicyIfcs.

81 Advanced QoS Interface Groups
Interface groups are used in the creation of role-based policies. Role-based policies differ from port-based policies in the fact that role-based policies group ports together to apply a common set of rules to them. Each port can belong to only one interface group. When you move a port to another interface group (role combination), the classification elements associated with the previous interface group are removed and the classifications elements associated with the new interface group are installed on the port. At factory default, ports are assigned to the default interface group (role combination), which is named allQoSPolicyIfcs. All ports must be removed from an interface group before it is deleted. An interface group cannot be deleted when it is referenced by a policy.

82 Advanced QoS Interface Types
The classifications of trusted, untrusted, and unrestricted actually apply to groups of ports (interface groups). Trusted interfaces — IPv4 traffic received on trusted interfaces is re-marked at the layer 2 level, that is, the 802.1p user priority value is updated based on the DSCP value in the packet at ingress and the installed DSCP-to-CoS mapping data. The DSCP value is not updated. Untrusted interfaces — IPv4 traffic received on untrusted interfaces is re-marked at the layer 3 level—that is, the DSCP value is updated. Unrestricted interfaces – Does not change DSCP or 802.1p setting.

83 Advanced QoS QoS Components
IP Element • IP address type • IP flow identifier • IP source address/mask • IP destination address/mask • IP protocol type/IPv6 next-header • IP DSCP value • IP L4 source port • IP L4 dest port L2 Element • Source MAC • Destination MAC VLAN ID number • VLAN tag • EtherType • IEEE 802.1p System Element Fully customized classifiers can be created to match non-IP-based traffic, as well as to identify IP-based traffic using non-typical fields in Layers 2, 3, 4, and beyond. Classifier Classifier Blocks Policy

84 Advanced QoS Configuration examples - CLI
Single Identification IP Elements - Traffic identification Rules & Classifiers (for Naming rules) Destination Layer 4 Port DNS # qos ip-element 1 protocol 6 dst-port-min 53 dst-port-max 53 # qos classifier 1 set-id 1 name DNS_DST element-type IP element-id 1 IPSEC with UDP Wrapper Destination # qos ip-element 3 protocol 17 dst-port-min dst-port-max 10001 # qos classifier 3 set-id 3 name IPSEC_UDP_DST element-type IP element-id 3 Source Layer 4 Port SSL # qos ip-element 2 protocol 6 src-port-min 443 src-port-max 443 # qos classifier 2 set-id 2 name SSL_SRC element-type IP element-id 2 Destination IP Address Specific server # qos ip-element 11 dst-ip /32 # qos classifier 11 set-id 11 name HTTP&IP element-type IP element-id 11

85 Advanced QoS Configuration examples - CLI
Multiple Identification IP Elements - Traffic identification Rules & Classifiers (for Naming rules) Destination IP Address & Layer 4 Port Web Traffic to specific server # qos ip-element 11 dst-ip /32 protocol 6 dst-port-min 80 dst-port-max 80 # qos classifier 11 set-id 11 name HTTP&IP element-type IP element-id 11 Source IP Address & Layer 4 Port SSL Traffic from specific server # qos ip-element 12 src-ip /32 protocol 6 src-port-min 443 src-port-max 443 # qos classifier 12 set-id 12 name SSL&IP element-type IP element-id 12 Important note on layer 4 port ranges: Port range specifications are limited due to the way bit masking operates on the switches. Example: ‘min’ port range set first then becomes the “bit boundary” for the ‘max’ range. If you start the ‘min’ at port 80 ( binary), the next ‘max’ range can be 81 ( ), or 83 ( ), or 87 ( ), or finally - 95 ( ). IE: bit mask/wildcards are added by column weight upto the first “1” set in the minimum range value.

86 Advanced QoS Configuration examples - CLI
Grouping “like” Classifiers and QoS marking per classifier Destination Layer 4 Port Block # qos classifier-block 11 block-number 10 name L4_DST set-id 11 in-profile-action 6 # qos classifier-block 12 block-number 10 name L4_DST set-id 12 in-profile-action 4 # qos classifier-block 13 block-number 10 name L4_DST set-id 13 in-profile-action 3 Destination IP Address and Layer 4 port Block # qos classifier-block 11 block-number 10 name L3&L4_DST set-id 11 in-profile-action 6 # qos classifier-block 12 block-number 10 name L3&L4_DST set-id 12 in-profile-action 4 # qos classifier-block 13 block-number 10 name L3&L4_DST set-id 13 in-profile-action 3

87 Advanced QoS Configuration examples - CLI
Applying Classifiers to Interface groups InBound Destination IP Address and Layer 4 Port Block # qos policy 10 name IN_L3&L4_DST if-group SGS clfr-type block clfr-name L3&L4_DST precedence 10 OutBound Source IP Address and Layer 4 Port Block # qos policy 11 name OUT_L3&L4_SRC if-group SGS clfr-type block clfr-name L3&L4_SRC precedence 11

88 Advanced QoS Additional Commands - CLI
Removing Rules - Remove in reverse order # no qos policy 17 # no qos classifier-block 17 # no qos classifier 17 # no qos ip-element 17 Showing QoS information # show qos ip-element # show qos classifier # show qos classifier-blocks # show qos policy

89 Advanced QoS QoS Configuration – EDM
EDM ‘QoS Devices’ Screen – Queues, Interface groups / ID’s, 802.1p & DSCP Mapping, Meters and Shapers.

90 Advanced QoS QoS Configuration – EDM
EDM ‘QoS Rules’ Screen – IP, L2 & System Classifier Elements, Classifiers and Classifier Blocks. Click “Insert” to add a L2 Classifier Element

91 Advanced QoS QoS Configuration – EDM
EDM ‘QoS’ Screen – Actions, Meters, Shapers and Policies. Pre-defined QoS Actions and service classes

92 Agenda Getting Started Management L2- VLANs L3 – Routing QOS
Energy Saver

93 Energy Saver POE – Access Ports

94 Energy Saver POE – Access Ports

95 Energy Saver Energy Saver – Access Ports

96 Energy Saver Energy Saver – Access Ports

97 Energy Saver Energy Saver – Access Ports

98 Q & A 98

99 Thank you


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