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Bus 159 Presentation: Effectiveness Implications of Strategic HRM Dr. Stan Malos SJSU College of Business.

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Presentation on theme: "Bus 159 Presentation: Effectiveness Implications of Strategic HRM Dr. Stan Malos SJSU College of Business."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bus 159 Presentation: Effectiveness Implications of Strategic HRM Dr. Stan Malos SJSU College of Business

2 Article Presented High-Involvement Management and Workforce Reduction: Competitive Advantage or Disadvantage? Zatzick & Iverson, Simon Frazer Univ. Academy of Management Journal October, 2006

3 Overview of Article: -What are High-Involvement Management Practices [HIMPs] in the Strategic HRM context? -How can HIMPs impact Productivity or otherwise offer a source of Strategic Competitive Advantage? -How is the relationship between HIMPs and Productivity affected by Workforce Reductions? -What are the corresponding practical implications for Strategic Human Resource Management?

4 What are High-Involvement Management Practices [HIMPs] in the Strategic HRM context? -HIMPs: Systems of management practices giving employees skills, information, motivation, and latitude -Examples: Team-based training and incentives, flexible job design, and information sharing to facilitate effective interaction and improve productivity

5 How can HIMPs impact Productivity or otherwise offer a Strategic Competitive Advantage? -By generating and sustaining firm- specific human capital development -By developing dynamic capabilities to integrate, build, and reconfigure internal and external competencies based on that firm-specific human capital

6 How is the relationship between HIMPs and Productivity affected by Workforce Reductions? -Layoffs and other workforce reductions can be perceived as psychological contract violations that decrease motivation and commitment -Loss of firm-specific human capital and high- involvement competencies undercut gains otherwise realized through HIMPs

7 Hypotheses:  H1: Layoffs moderate the relationship between HIMPs and productivity (i.e., more extensive HIMPs will relate to greater productivity losses from RIFs)  H2: Continued investments in HIMPs after RIFs will lessen these effects

8 Methods: How this study was conducted -Archival survey data from Canadian government labor statistics used to assess Productivity, HIMPs, and layoffs -Productivity measured as log of revenues minus expenditures per employee -HIMP intensity measured as extent of flexible job design, problem-solving teams, self-directed work groups, training, employee information sharing, and gainsharing

9 Results: Support for the hypothesized relationships— Hierarchical Regression Results H1: Layoff rates negatively related to productivity as predicted H2: Interactions indicate effects are less when HIMPs are continued after RIFs [see Table 2 and Interaction Figures—hard copy]

10 Take-home message: P ractical implications for Strategic Human Resource Management 1)RIFs may cut short-term costs but also reduce productivity and overall performance 2)If RIFs do become necessary, consider unit-level retention to maintain work group synergies and other benefits of HIMPs 3)Don’t give up on HIMPs after RIFs; added training and investment in human capital development may be needed to reassure layoff survivors and reinstate motivation, commitment, and related productivity gains

11 Questions?


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