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1 1 Current Trends in Storage Architecture Rob Peglar Corporate Architect XIOtech Corporation, a Seagate Company.

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Presentation on theme: "1 1 Current Trends in Storage Architecture Rob Peglar Corporate Architect XIOtech Corporation, a Seagate Company."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 1 Current Trends in Storage Architecture Rob Peglar Corporate Architect XIOtech Corporation, a Seagate Company

2 2 Agenda u Enterprise Storage Directions u Current Storage Trends SAN over WAN using IP SAN over WAN using DWDM SNIA examples of emerging technologies REDI SAN-Links D/R example  Virtualization u Building Enterprise Agility: Effective Storage Management u The Right Storage Design

3 3 SAN – What is it?  It is a high speed network, with both LAN and channel characteristics, that establishes a connection between filesystems (servers) and storage elements  It can be though of as an extended storage bus, interconnected using similar technologies as LANs and WANs, e.g. repeaters, hubs, bridges, switches, converters, extenders  SAN interfaces are typically Fibre Channel rather than Ethernet or ATM; FC is the best ‘cloud’ there is for storage

4 4 Why use SAN?  Reduce total cost of ownership 24x7 operations require efficient control of management of resources; centralized SAN model capitalizes on costly human resources  Gain competitive advantage Consolidations, acquisitions and mergers are counter-productive if system efficiencies cannot be achieved  Improve server and network efficiency Separate client-server (packet I/O) activities from server-storage (block I/O) activities to optimize bandwidth utilization

5 5 Nearly instantaneous recovery from failure by re-mapping LUN, utilizing mirror Vdisk image Creation of copies of data to protect against human error, machine failure, or catastrophic event Near-line or off-line data storage on less time-sensitive media Open and legacy access to common physical storage resources Extraction, movement and loading of data between environments Moving data from one storage system to another SAN Data Sharing Backup and Restore Archival and Retrieval Data Migration Shared Storage Disk Mirroring

6 6 Technology Innovations u > 1 Gb/sec medias – Fibre Channel/Ethernet u Denser/faster disk – e.g. 146GB/10K, 240 or 450 GB/7200, 73GB/15K, 18 and 36 GB/20K, U-640, 1280 u Denser/faster tape – e.g. > 15MB/s heads, >150 GB uncompressed media u Virtual subsystems, virtual appliances (middle layer), virtual switches, virtual HBAs, … u Way Out There – holographic storage, heat-assisted magnetic recording, multiple TB on a spindle, massive parallel subsystems (N x N)

7 7 Enterprise Storage Directions  Fibre Channel is mature and is the incumbent SAN media Installed base growing faster than expected; ~70% of enterprises have implemented FC to date InfiniBand will also be used as interconnect to FC SANs from high-end servers; IP from low, mid-range  Storage Area Networks are widespread Windows XP and future MS releases – integrated Unix OSes – layered (3 rd party)

8 8 Enterprise Storage Directions u Network Attached Storage NAS devices getting attention, good with Unix servers, but lack full capability provided with SAN by Windows 2000 or XP file servers (e.g. CIFS support for Exchange and SQL Server) Microsoft working with the SNIA on Device Resource Management and CIMOM IETF Drafts exist for iSCSI, FCIP & iFCP u Clustering Well-established solutions for Unix; upcoming Linux Windows 2000 DC and XP bring expanded implementations of clustering; four-node and multi-node support Clustering experience gives the coming SAN improvements (e.g. FC-SW-2) better positioning for current and future HW support

9 9 Current Storage Trends u Virtualization – abstraction of detail u 2Gig Fibre Channel HBAs/devices u Path failover in fabric mesh topologies u 100% fabric connectivity for both hosts and devices u No more FC-AL except inside the storage cabinet u Storage Clustering for five-nines HA u 3 rd party copy for server-less backup/restore

10 10 SAN over WAN using IP u Why? You know and understand IP Requires minimal training Maximizes use of your existing IP infrastructure Utilizes common switches and network management tools Mature IP standards and tools for QoS & Security (802.3ad Link Aggregation, IPsec, etc)

11 11 SAN over WAN using DWDM u Why? Extends native FC to 80Km Enables cost effective use of leased or private fiber Integrates Fibre Channel traffic with legacy services –ESCON, FDDI Integrates Storage traffic with LAN services –100Mb Ethernet, 1Gb Ethernet, upcoming 10Gb Ethernet

12 12 SNIA Example: SAN over WAN Brocade XIOtech IP Remote Disk with Veritas Volume Manager over IP NT Server CNT OSD SpectraLogic Tape Library ATM McData 1 McData 2 ATTO FibreBridge Remote Tape with Legato Networker NT Server Qlogic SANbox NT Server Optera Dark Fiber SpectraLogic Tape Library CommVault Galaxy Tape Backup ATM Crossroads 7100 XIOtech

13 13 REDI SAN Links Replicator – WAN (Multi-hop) 3000 Brocade Switch/Fabric WAN/MAN W2KNetWare Backup Server 1.Establish Mirror to RCV1 2.Quiesce the application 3.Break the mirror (5 seconds) 4.Activate the application 5.REDI Copy to RCV2 6.Backup RCV2 to tape (Automate with AutoScript) Solaris Brocade Switch/Fabric Tape Library MAGNITUDE PROCESS RSLR copies data from Source to Remote Copy Volume (RCV) Data RCV2 RCV1

14 14 Virtualization And Other Fun Topics

15 15 Virtualization “What does it really mean”?  SNIA Taxonomy Definitions: Block Virtualization: The act of applying virtualization to one or more block-based storage services for the purpose of providing a new block service to clients. Some examples of block virtualization are disk aggregation. (Most vendors fall under this definition) Storage Sub-System Virtualization: The implementation of virtualization in a storage subsystem such as a disk array. Storage Virtualization: The act of abstracting, hiding or isolating the internal function of a storage (sub) system or service from applications, host computers or general network resources for the purpose or enabling application, server, and network independent management of storage or data.

16 16 Storage Sub-System Virtualization  Storage element abstraction – make storage easy to add, remove, discover, manage, and secure – reduce operating costs by reducing administration & downtime  Storage should follow the computation model; we have virtual primary memory, why not virtual storage?  Hide physical device detail from the OS  Mixing & Matching any drive size or drive speed, within the same enclosure on same SCSI bus or FC_AL, without reducing capability to the lowest common denominator.

17 17 Advantages of Storage Virtualization  Decrease time spent to manage real storage by orders of Magnitude (e.g. copy, swap, mirror, d/b re-org, defrag, change protection level, change stripe size)  Eliminate server downtime needed to perform traditional storage management (add/change/delete/reconfigure LUNs)  Add servers online to storage; add storage online to servers; no downtime  Manage space, not drives

18 18 The Right Storage Design u Real-time Configuration Flexibility and Scalability Space management versus drive management l Add drives while online, allowing instant access to storage l Virtual drives are carved from pool amongst any/all spindles l Assign storage to heterogeneous servers, OS-independent l Assign servers in topology-independent connections online l Add physical space or reconfigure virtual drives while online l Connect new servers while online l Change data protection schemes while online l Mix and match drive sizes and speeds l Online upgrade to new physical technology

19 19 So How Does The Future Look? u Applications make direct API calls to manipulate storage u Networks provide independent transport u Storage subsystems have visible APIs u Break the relationship between the OS, filesystem and the underlying devices u Attribute-based storage, not storage-based attributes u Virtual Everything

20 20 Q & A THANK YOU

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