Presentation on theme: "Mining: devastating impact on water Minera San Xavier case in Cerro de San Pedro, SLP, México 5º World Water Forum E s t a m b u l 2009 Mario Martínez."— Presentation transcript:
Mining: devastating impact on water Minera San Xavier case in Cerro de San Pedro, SLP, México 5º World Water Forum E s t a m b u l 2009 Mario Martínez Ramos Frente Amplio Opositor a MSX
Situación Problemática: c) Consumo de grandes cantidades de agua para el proceso de lixiviación. 1 day of mining= daily consumption of people (based on 100lts/day/) Enviromental Impact: due to open pit mining Pollution of water resources, superficial and underground water Huge consumption of water through lixiviation process used
Legal tools: Decret (1962) prohibiting water extraction for industrial Decret (1993) prohibiting installation of enterprises using big amount of water Mexican ratification of Economical, Social and Cultural Human Rights (1981) recognizing the Human right to water access Legal Basis
Results: Superior Court of Criminal and Administrative Justice ( With legal force) Positive resolutions Latin American Court of Water (Recomendations to the Mexican Government) The mining project of Minera San Xavier continues at the margins of the law.
Conclusions: Legal defense to the right to water is insufficient even when the courts on your side. It requires raising the awareness and mobilization of citizens as an instrument to pressure the state to be accountable. It also requires mechanisms to ensure transparency, accountability and compliance with obligations.
Reflexión Final: “The authorities responsible to enforce and protect human rights, like the human right to water, have given priority to economic interests at the expense of the population”.
“ the human right to water in the constitution is important but must be accompanied by mechanisms to ensure accountability and transparency that will allow the right to be implemented” “el derecho humano de acceso al agua es importante pero necesitamos ir más allá para implementarlo” “le droit humain à l'eau est important mais doit être acompagné de transparence” Reflexión Final: