Presentation on theme: "National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities/ Florida International University Latino HIV/AIDS Behavioral Science Center Mario De La Rosa,"— Presentation transcript:
National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities/ Florida International University Latino HIV/AIDS Behavioral Science Center Mario De La Rosa, PhD Director
FIU is among the top 50 leading research institutions serving minority communities. In 2000, FIU received the highest research university ranking conferred by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.
MISSION The Latino HIV/AIDS Behavioral Science Center aims to further the development of theory-based research on the extent and nature of the HIV/AIDS epidemic among Latinos. The Center is contributing to the advancement of knowledge in order to prevent the spread of the epidemic among Latinos in the Miami-Dade area.
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE To increase the number of researchers doing work on the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS and the development of effective theory-based intervention models to address the growing epidemic among Latino communities in Miami-Dade. To increase awareness among HIV care providers about the need for interventions that have been empirically proven to be effective in addressing Latino communities at risk for, or infected by, HIV. (i.e. men who have sex with men, or MSM; injection drug users, or IDU, women/IDU-bisexual males).
Need for the LHABSC: Miami Situation (2002) Second leading metropolitan area in AIDS cases (26,408). 33 % of reported new HIV and AIDS cases were Latinos. 34 % of estimated PLWA and 31 % of PLWH were Latinos. While the rates for Latinos are lower for new reported cases of HIV/AIDS or all reported cases of HIV, the rates of HIV infection and new reported have increased at a faster pace among Latinos than African-Americans. Sources: CDC (2003), Williams, Stern and Associates (2003)
Need for the LHABSC: Risk Factors Miami-Dade ranks as the 12 th highest poverty rate among the 100 largest counties. Miami ranks as the poorest large city in the United States. 60 % of Miami-Dade residents are Latino, many of them recent immigrants with little or no knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Miami has one of the largest illegal immigrant population (400,000+), from Colombia, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, and Haiti. Sources: The Miami Herald, (6/6/04); U.S. Census (2002); La Casa, (2004)
Need for the LHABSC: Risk Factors Only 22.2 % of Miami-Dade residents have a Bachelors Degree. Another concern is the increasing number of migrant young Latino MSM who have little knowledge about HIV/AIDS prevention. There are few investigators conducting research on the growing problem of HIV/AIDS with Latino populations in Miami-Dade. There are few HIV programs providing culturally competent services to Latinos at risk of HIV infection or seropositives. Sources: U.S. Census Bureau (2002)
CORES 1 Administration and Evaluation 2 Pilot Studies 3 Training 4 Community Outreach/Dissemination
ADMINISTRATION AND EVALUATION CORE Provides scientific leadership and maintains administrative oversight of the Center. Accomplishments: Hiring of appropriate staff in all four components of LHABSC Informing the FIU community about the presence of the LHABSC at FIU Initial development of Evaluation plan of action Initial development of a Website and brochure for the LHABSC
ADMINISTRATION AND EVALUATION CORE Funding Opportunities Efforts Undertaken: 1 Federal 4 R03- Doctoral Dissertation Research Transgendered and Gay-identified Youth 2 Local Latino Youth HIV Awareness Campaign Clearinghouse on Best Practices in HIV/AIDS Prevention and Interventions with Latinos
PILOT STUDIES CORE Provides start-up funds for new projects conducted by FIU faculty members. Projects: 1 The Impact of HIV/AIDS among Latina/o Suicide Victims. (Ramiro Martinez Jr., PhD) 2 Effectiveness and predictors of hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening and post-test counseling in HCV-positive clients taking action to prevent HCV transmission and liver disease progression. (Mary Jo Trepka, MD, MSPH, Fermin Leguen, MD, MPH, Guoyan Zhang, MD, MPH, Mario de la Rosa, PhD, Rob Malow, PhD)
TRAINING CORE Provides training experience for faculty and graduate students in the submission of research grants applications and papers to scientific journals. Accomplishments: A doctoral level course and a mentorship program to help doctoral students submit grants to NIH were developed. Currently, four doctoral students are enrolled in the course. A faculty mentorship program that helps faculty members involved with the LHABSC to submit grants to NIH.
TRAINING CORE Research paper writing laboratory Accomplishments: One paper accepted for publication: A comparison of African American and Cuban American adolescent juvenile offender’s risky sexual and drug use behaviors. Jessy G. Dévieux, Robert M. Malow, Emma Ergon-Pérez, Deanne Samuels, Patria Rojas, Sarah R. Khushal, and Michèle Jean-Gilles (In Press). Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions.
TRAINING CORE Papers under preparation: 1 Drug use and HIV risk behaviors among HIV–positive Latino MSM in a large urban setting. (J. Felizzola; M.De La Rosa) 2 Lessons learned from interviewing mono-lingual Spanish- speakers HIV-positive individuals. (J. Felizzola; S. Rajabiun, et al.)
TRAINING CORE Abstracts Submitted for Conference Presentations: 1 Opportunities, Challenges and Successes of International Research. (Miami Beach, Fl., August 25-27,2004. Drug Abuse and AIDS Research Center, UM) 2 Ryan White Care Act- All Grantees Meeting. (Washington D.C., August 23-24,2004. Health Resources Services Administration.)
COMMUNITY OUTREACH AND DISSEMINATION CORE Partner with health care and community-based organizations providing HIV/ AIDS services. Long-lasting relationship with HIV providers. Best practices in HIV prevention and intervention.
Community Outreach and Dissemination DomainAchievements/ Current Projects Collaborative efforts with local CBOs Care Resource; Union Positiva; Corazones Unidos; The Village South; Project Access Open ForumTown Hall Meeting – Sept 2004 Participation on BoardsCommunity Jail Linkage Coalition; HIV/AIDS Partnership TV and Radio Presentations Channel 22 (Descalzi Vs. Brown, 3/29/04; Maria Elvira Confronta, 4/14/04) Collaboration with National Organization LLEGO- National Latino/a Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Organization Attendance to Seminars Multicultural Conference on AIDS; National Conference on Latinos and AIDS
STRATEGIC AREAS Future Projects 1 Latino men who have sex with men and HIV/AIDS risk. Recent migrant adults/ drug users Young Latinos/ drug users 2 Latino women and their sexual partners (drug users/ men who have sex with men). Intergenerational relationships between mothers and daughters substance abusers and HIV/AIDS risk. Condom use/negotiation among Latinas with sexual partners who engage in HIV/AIDS risk behavior.