Presentation on theme: "High level conference « Space for the African Citizen »"— Presentation transcript:
1 High level conference « Space for the African Citizen » Perspectives on Space Technology for Africa’s socio-economic developmentUnited Nations Economic Commission for AfricaICT and Sciences & Technology Division (ISTD)Makane FayeOfficer-in-charge, Section-29High level conference « Space for the African Citizen »16 September 2010, Brussels
2 OutlineIntroductionSpace Technology & Applications for socio-economic developmentUNECA’s support to African countries on exploitation of Space technology for socio-economic developmentThe African ICT Ministers Abuja Declaration & RecommendationsThe Committee on Development Information, Science and Technology (CODIST)Challenges on Space Technology and Applications in AfricaThe Way Forward
3 IntroductionGlobalization and the emerging new global economy put emphasis on information as an economic assetA major imperative in each African country is the commitment to deliver relevant information that could promote and sustain socio- economic developmentWithin its programme of Harnessing Information for Development, UNECA supports Member States in the exploitation of spatially enabled information technologies for decision-making at all levels through advisory services, capacity building and development of common resources and online repositories.
4 Space Technology & Applications for Socio-economic development Geospatial technology is critical to the development of the Knowledge Economy and an equitable Information SocietyIts importance lies on the fact that Location affects nearly everything we do in life and is also at the heart of some of the world’s most pressing problemsNeed for Africa to acquire orbital locations to facilitate acquisition of data & development of suitable space applicationsService delivery industries that depend on location and spatial knowledge benefit from reduced transaction costs, thus, leading to up scaling of economic activities contributing to socio-economic development
5 Space Technology & Applications for Socio-economic development (ctd) ExamplesFood SecurityLand cover, soil, topography, hydrography, rainfall, demographics, infrastructure, yield, production etc.Water SupplyHydrography, topography, aquifers, waterbodies, land cover, soil types, vegetation, rainfall, etc.Resources ManagementEcosystems, biodiversity, vegetation, land cover, soils, water, wetlands, biomass etc.DroughtRainfall, temperature, evapo-transpiration, wind, aerosols etc.All the information products exemplified would not be complete without the location attributeThey need to be localized:Where are the features located?Where are the population involved in an activity, vis-à-vis location of the activity?Who will benefit from an activity or event ? Or at risk? Where are they?Where are the markets for the products? The input factors?Where are the infrastructure elements, utilities, etc?What areas are suitable (or unsuitable) for specific activities or events?How do we move (people, products, services) from source to destination?
6 Space Technology & Applications for Socio-economic development (ctd) Examples (ctd)Security and EmergencyLand cover, soil chemistry, topography, geology, mining, utilities, settlements, transport infrastructure, flood, etc.Health PlanningHospitals locations, settlements and demographics, disease vectors, environmental factors distribution, etc.E-Services for socio-economic developmentTelecom, market prices, demographics, e-edcuation, e-health, e-government, e-commerce, etc.All the information products exemplified would not be complete without the location attributeThey need to be localized:Where are the features located?Where are the population involved in an activity, vis-à-vis location of the activity?Who will benefit from an activity or event ? Or at risk? Where are they?Where are the markets for the products? The input factors?Where are the infrastructure elements, utilities, etc?What areas are suitable (or unsuitable) for specific activities or events?How do we move (people, products, services) from source to destination?
7 More examples on use of Space Technology for for Socio-economic development Various sectors of the economy benefit significantly from access to Spatial Applications, including:Communications in general;location/mobile services;travel and tourism;National defence;Environmental modelling; etc.370 million Africans subscribed to mobiles in 2009Most of the mobile are now embedded with spatial applications such as GPS and street mapsWeb-based GIS technology is also widely used in Africa
8 UNECA Vision on Space Technology and Applications Our Vision is to generate, share and disseminate knowledge:By ensuring that spatial data permeates every aspect of society and that they are available to people who need them, when they need them, and in a form that they can use them to make decisions with minimal pre-processingBy ensuring that generated information is put to the maximum possible uses by publicising their existence and making them easily available to the widest possible audience
9 Selected on-going activities The African Regional Spatial Data InfrastructureAdopt cooperative, multi-stakeholder approach to production, management, and dissemination of spatially enabled data: Regional and National levelImprove regional scale development decision-makingThe African Geodetic Reference Frame (AFREF) ProjectA scientific project using modern satellite based positioning with aim to To determine a continental reference system for Africa and to establish continuous, permanent GNSS base stations to ensure that data is freely available to all African nationsThe Mapping Africa for Africa (MAfA) InitiativeBased on the Durban Statement, it is a plan of action to provide the fundamental geo-spatial information for sustainable development in support of regional projects
10 Development of Interoperability & Standards: The Common Geodetic Reference (AFREF) Network of permanent GNSS base stations (CORS) covering the whole continentAt least one in every countryEventually, everywhere in Africa less than km from a base station.Salient Features5 GPS CORS Stations being installed in African Sub regions30 GPS Reference Stations to be installed, depending on availability of fundsOn-going inventory of existing and planned GNSS base stations in African countries
11 Development of Interoperability & Standards: The Harmonized Administrative Boundary Second Administrative Level Boundary (SALB)Produce a comprehensive digital database of Second Administrative Level BoundariesProvide a flexible and intuitive coding scheme that can be applied to any country, independently from administrative structurean international borders template developed by the UN Cartographic Section in order to be able to create a global data set that is cross-boundaryan editing protocol in order to insure the comparability between the countriesa coding scheme for the identification of each administrative unit through time and spacea metadata profile that is associated with the informationa validation process of all the information by an official entity (generally the National Mapping Agency
12 Creation of Regional Databases TheTransport Infrastructure Database (TIDB)The segments of the trans-African highway have been entered, together with proposed priority transport infrastructure projects of the various regional economic communities and specialized technical organizations. (http://geoinfo.uneca.org/afriquecentrale)Programme of Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA)The database covers all existing and planned infrastructure facilities in the continent. A compendium of maps was generated from the database and customized as an interactive digital atlas. (http://geoinfo.uneca.org/africaninfrastructure)The African Fiber optic connectivity data baseDescribes international Sea connectivity and current as well as planned connections within and between African countries. An African fiber optic map was generated. (http://geoinfo.uneca.org/downloads/Fiber%20Optic%20Network.pdf)
15 e-Services Delivery (Clearinghouse Services) To use data produced by another person/agency, potential users need to know:That the data resource existsHow the data was producedHow to access the dataThe metadata collections are best maintainedBy the producers of the dataAs an integral part of the data production processBut they should be accessible to potential usersAlways available and easy to accessResult: on-line metadata clearinghouse servicesSearch and discover what exists, where and how to accessPublish and advertise what you have and doField level, location and other criteria- based searches
16 e-Services Delivery (Online Mapping) Exploit the vast opportunities provided by the WebMake it easy and rapid to search, and access geospatial information from multiple locationsEnable standards and interoperable web-based exploitation of GeodataDevelop value-add products and servicesDecentralized Mapping…Previously unthinkable map themes now common at demand:Visualizing MDG ProgressDynamic maps and Statistics…
17 Meeting of African ICT Ministers, August 2010 3rd ordinary session of the African Union ICT Ministers, held in Abuja, Nigeria, from 6-7 August 2010, adopted The Abuja 2010 Declaration, which requests the AU Commission to, enter alia, :Conduct a feasibility study on the establishment of the African Space Agency and develop an African Space Policy in cooperation with the Regional Economic Communities (RECs), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU).
18 Meeting of African ICT Ministers, August 2010 (ctd) Also the ministers endorsed the following recommendations from the experts:Undertake awareness raising campaigns for policy makers;Promote the use of African Regional Centres of Excellence to build the capacity of Member States;Provide appropriate input to African members of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space; (COPUOS), in order to better take into account Africa’s concerns and needs, especially on Disaster Management, Emergency Response and peaceful use of satellite imagery;Improve communication and coordination among existing initiatives in African countries.
19 Regional Coordination: CODIST Committee on Development Information, Science and TechnologyUNECA’s parliamentary body to provide technical advice on, and oversight over the ICT, Science & Technology sub programmeReports to the African Ministers of Finance and Economic DevelopmentMeets every two yearsOfficial delegates are government official in areas of geographic information, space, ICT, Science and TechnologyGovernments encouraged to include wide representation of all stakeholders in their delegationsObservers from Private Sector, Academia, NGOs and non-African officials and industry partners
20 Challenges on Space Technology & Applications in Africa Communication infrastructure not yet fully developed to support remote access to data and servicesData not available at appropriate scale, and they are not up to dateHuman capacity: lack of critical mass and retention of staffComputing resources not always availableAwareness raising: decision-makers not aware of space benefitsPolicy environment not yet developed20
21 The Way ForwardImplement the Abuja 2010 Declaration and RecommendationsAfrican Stakeholders and decision-makers to capitalize on the regularly organized Committee on Development Information, Science and TechnologyUNECA & technical African organizations to secure funding from the EU to provide technical support to the AU for implementing the Abuja Declaration and the Experts recommendations21