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MEGAPROJECT Case Study Cases compiled by: Rafaela Alfalla-Luque and Carmen Medina-López Contact details:

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Presentation on theme: "MEGAPROJECT Case Study Cases compiled by: Rafaela Alfalla-Luque and Carmen Medina-López Contact details:"— Presentation transcript:

1 MEGAPROJECT Case Study Cases compiled by: Rafaela Alfalla-Luque and Carmen Medina-López Contact details: Spanish High Speed Train (HST) cases: 1.Seville – Madrid HST line 2.Madrid – Barcelona – Figueres (French frontier) HST line

2 MEGAPROJECT Case Study Basic Project Information Case compiled by: Rafaela Alfalla-Luque and Carmen Medina-López Contact details: Project TitleHigh-Speed train in Spain: Seville-Madrid LocationSpain Purpose To joint two main cities in Spain through high speed train. Safe, punctual and comfortable means of transport. (Carried out between 1987 and 1993) ScopeTo improve the conection between cities Contractual Framework ( e.g. fixed price, cost-plus etc. ) Relevant Physical Dimensions (e.g. height, width, volume, length) SECTION 1 - BASIC PROJECT INFORMATION Max gradient, track system, tunnels,road bridges,stations,train control,…

3 SECTION 2 - PROJECT STAKEHOLDERS Stakeholder Category Case-Study Comments (e.g. maturity, previous experiences of stakeholders, skills, influence on project) Internal Supply-SideClient RENFE is the national rail passenger operator and is a state-owned company controlled by the ministry of public works (Ministerio de Fomento). Financiers Sponsors Client’s Customers Client’s Owners Other internal supply-side categories ( please specify) CategoryCase-Study Infrastructure Administrator (GIF- later ADIF) MEGAPROJECT Stakeholder Identification (Internal)

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5 SECTION 2 - PROJECT STAKEHOLDERS Stakeholder Category Case-Study Comments (e.g. maturity, previous experiences of stakeholders, skills, influence on project) Internal Demand SidePrincipal Contractor Siemens was awarded the electrification of the line high-speed [29] Alsthom Iberia (Maquinaria Terrestre y Marítima (MTM), Ateinsa and Meinfesa) builds the train machine [29] ACS, Ferrovial, FCC, Sacyr Vallehermoso and OHL (construction firms) build the track [12] First Tier Contractors Second Tier Consultants Professional Services Providers Other internal supply-side categories ( please specify) CategoryCase-Study Industrial producers of railway equipment [2] MEGAPROJECT Stakeholder Identification (Internal)

6 Stakeholder CategoryCase-Study Comments (e.g. maturity, previous experiences of stakeholders, skills, influence on project) External PublicRegulatory Agencies Ministry of Environment; Ministry of Development; Environment Agency from Madrid (Agencia de Medio Ambiente – AMA- de la Comunidad de Madrid) Local GovernmentAndalucía; Castilla - La Mancha and Madrid National GovernmentSpanish government Other internal supply-side categories ( please specify) CategoryCase-study public landowners Tourism board Industry & service associations Cities with HST stations PrivateLocal residents Local LandownersPrivate landowners EnvironmentalistsGreenpeace; Friends of the Earth Conservationists ArchaeologistsTaller de Investigaciones Arqueólogas S.L. Other External Private stakeholders (please specify) CategoryCase study Other transport operators MEGAPROJECT Stakeholder Identification (External) SECTION 2 - PROJECT STAKEHOLDERS

7 MEGAPROJECT Stakeholder Relationship Maps Key: - Project Actor - Project Relationship Name of Actor Description of relationship RENFE (client) ADIF / GIF SIEMENS (electrifica tion provider) ALSTHOM (Train Machine Provider) First tier subcontr actors 2nd tier subcontr actors First tier subcontr actors 2nd tier subcontr actors Local and regional government Spanish governm ent Service providers Owns 100% Licences the use of the train Contracts with ACS, Ferrovial, FCC, Sacyr Valleherm oso & OHL First tier subcontr actors 2nd tier subcontr actors Contracts with Owns 100% Numerous external stakeholde rs Contracts with Passengers in general (client’s customers) EU support Contracts with

8 SECTION 2 - PROJECT STAKEHOLDERS MEGAPROJECT External Stakeholder Attitude Analysis External StakeholderExternal Stakeholder’s Attitude to this Project External Stakeholder’s Influence on project Impact of Project on External Stakeholder Tourism board General ability to lobby government High. Contributes to achieving its overall aims EU Commission General ability to lobby government Contributes to achieving its overall aims Worried about effectsLimited For air transport between Madrid and Seville the introduction of the HRS reduced a demand downshift of 50%, diminishing the load factor and flight frequency. The Seville airport suffered a reduction of 25% in its use, as Madrid-Seville represented 50% of airport traffic. [30] Industry & services Associations MediumHigh Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth, Environment agenciy (AMA); Spanish Ministry of Environment; Worried about effects Ability to Lobby Government Effect on the river Manzares - deterioration of the avifauna of the area - noise barriers to mitigate the effects of the passage of the train next to residential areas [21] [25]. Archaeological prospection [24] Private landowners Worried about the lost of the land LimitedLost of the land cities with HST stations Highly Favourable.MediumHigh

9 MEGAPROJECT Project Management Project Organisation Client Project Team Size & Structure RENFE Contractor Project Team Size and Structure Sub-Contractor Project Team Involvement Firms of engineering, construction, manufacturing systems and trains Project Tools and Techniques Please √ if present, x if absent, leave blank if unknown Life-Cycle Costing Approaches □ Stakeholder Involvement □ Building Information Modelling (BIM) □ Project Management Software □ Relationship Management Tools □ Project Knowledge Management Tools □ Lessons Learnt Transfers □ Team Building Tools □ Competency framework □ Other Tools and Techniques or More Information SECTION 3 - PROJECT MANAGEMENT VERY DIFFICULT TO FIND WITHOUT PROJECT MANAGER INTERVIEWS

10 Risk Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ HR Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Procurement Management Processes Present (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Integration Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Scope Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Time Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Cost Management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ The main drawback of HST in corridors of low traffic density is its high cost. Infrastructure (generally not compatible with freight transport) is more expensive than that required by conventional railways, and its use is associated with decreasing average costs. Quality management ProcessesPresent (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Communications Management Processes Present (describe below) □Not Present □ No Information □ Project Processes SECTION 3 - PROJECT MANAGEMENT VERY DIFFICULT TO FIND WITHOUT PROJECT MANAGER INTERVIEWS

11 MEGAPROJECT Project Performance Aspects of Performance Concerned with Doing the Project Right Original Targets and changes to targetsActual Achievements Against Targets Performance relating to time Estimated project duration: 2 years Performance relating to cost Performance related to achieving specification Estimated number of passengers ? SECTION 4 - PROJECT PERFORMANCE

12 Aspects of Performance Concerned with Doing the Right Project Stakeholder or Stakeholder Grouping Original Aims of Project Involvement and Changes to these Aims Achievement of these Aims Tourism board Industry & Services Associations Passenger traffic increase City of MadridMADRID mobility enhancements City of SevilleSeville mobility enhancements To improve performance of Seville *HST in Seville has “stolen“ the air transport for 63% of the market. *Madrid has become a dynamic element of the outsourced economy. *It has been responsible for reshaping the city, ending the plight of urban bottlenecks and allowing to recover degradated areas and create new areas of expansion [15] GovernmentThe high speed line Madrid-Seville would revenues of 9,000 million pesetas (54.1 million euros) a year and a profit of 15% from 1992, according to a study by the Central Bank. [26] The high speed line Madrid-Seville has provided an income for Renfe in the first five months of 5,363 million pesetas (32.2 million euros). The high-speed line is serving Renfe profitability forecasts and even exceeding, the company [28] SECTION 4 - PROJECT PERFORMANCE

13 MEGAPROJECT Project Environment Legal and Regulatory Environment Legal and Regulatory Project Environment (regionally, nationally and Europe wide) Specific Legal and Regulatory events impacting on the project General Plan of Urban Development Real Decreto 1302/86 on environmental impact assessments for public works [25] Environment Agency (Agencia de Medio Ambiente-AMA): Effect on the river Manzares - deterioration of the avifauna of the area - noise barriers to mitigate the effects of the passage of the train next to residential areas [21] [25]- The work required to correct the environmental impact of Madrid-Seville line will cost about 4,000 million pesetas [23] Archaeological prospection- average cost of 20,000 pesetas per hectare [24] SECTION 5 - PROJECT ENVIRONMENT Economic Project Environment In the early 1990's developed countries were affected by an economic and financial crisis affecting inflation. The effects of this crisis took longer to arrive in Spain, given the huge public spending that was done between 1990 and 1992 to prepare the country for major events like the 1992 Universal Exposition in Seville (including large transport infrastructure of the Madrid-Sevilla HST) Specific Economic Events impacting on the project None identified Political Project Environment Specific Political Events impacting on the project None Identified Economic Environment Political Environment

14 Events and activities relating to project stakeholders Events and activities relating to project management Events and activities relating to project performance Events and activities relating to project environment MEGAPROJECT Project Key Events and Activities Timeline TIME SECTION 6 - PROJECT TIMELINE Construction of high-speed train Seville-Madrid Start Seville-Madrid line “Shuttle” Madrid-Ciudad Real-Puertollano “Shuttle” Córdoba-Seville 1 (1) Sinking of land in Córdoba (20,000m3) 100 million pesetas (0,6 million euros) cost of repairing the damaged section [21] Construction machines and train coach Delivery machines and train coach

15 Sustainability SECTION 7 – SUSTAINABILITY Sustainability Comments on the relationship of the project to issues of sustainability

16 MEGAPROJECT Case Study Basic Project Information Case compiled by: Rafaela Alfalla-Luque and Carmen Medina-López Contact details: Project Title High-Speed Train in Spain: Madrid-Barcelona-French frontier (Figueres) Location Spain Purpose Scope To improve the conection between cities Contractual Framework ( e.g. fixed price, cost-plus etc. ) Madrid-Barcelona: 6,611 million Euros (inaugurated on 20 February 2008) Barcelona-Figueres: 4,200 million de euros [22] Relevant Physical Dimensions (e.g. height, width, volume, length) SECTION 1 - BASIC PROJECT INFORMATION

17 Events and activities relating to project stakeholders Events and activities relating to project management Events and activities relating to project performance Events and activities relating to project environment MEGAPROJECT Project Key Events and Activities Timeline TIME SECTION 6 - PROJECT TIMELINE Cabinet approval Tender Madrid-Saragossa-Lerida Lerida-Camp de Tarragona Tarragona- Barcelona 2008 Barcelona- Figueres

18 To be considered... Related to the Spanish HST cases: 1.HST projects are divided into many sub-projects (connections between the various cities along the line), all of which are tendered separately, the information is scattered. 2.Consequencely, HST projects involve numerous companies. There appears to be more than just one project manager. 3.Access to the project manager is difficult. 4.These issues leads to difficulty in obtaining information of the projects. In general: A.It is possible to compare different projects with the information considered on the template? B.What is the added value of future papers? The objective is not to explain the cases but to compare them. C.Is it easy to compare cases within our working group? D.Is it possible to compare cases between working groups?

19 DATA SOURCES Rus G. and Inglada, V. (1997): "Cost-Benefit of the High-Speed Train in Spain". The Annals of Regional Science. Volume 31, Number 32, COMMISION FOR INTEGRATED TRANSPORT (2004) "Report on high-speed rail in the United Kingdom international comparisons. Appendix F. Spain | [Informe sobre la alta velocidad en inglaterra comparaciones internacionales. Apendice F. España]" Revista de Obras Publicas 151 (3444), pp Rus, G. and Nombela, G. (2005):Is Investment in High Speed Rail Socially Profitable? Journal of Transport Economics and Policy. Volume 41. Part I. January 2007, pp De La Fuente, R.S.; Antín, M.G.; Tordesillas, J.M.C.; Capdepón, F.P.; Francés, J.M.U. (2006) "Analysis of the territorial consequences of the HST (high speed train) in small cities: Ciudad Real and Puertollano | [Análisis de las consecuencias territoriales del AVE en ciudades pequeñas: Ciudad Real y Puertollano]" Estudios Geograficos (260), pp velocidad-espanola-entrar-eeuu htmlhttp://www.europapress.es/economia/transportes-00343/noticia-economia-ave-ampl-empresas-espanolas-unen-marca-alta- velocidad-espanola-entrar-eeuu html González Yanci, Ma.P.; Aguilera Arilla, Ma.J.; Borderías Uribeondo, Ma.P.; Santos Preciado, J.M. (2005) "Changes in the cities of de high speed line Madrid-Seville since its establishment | [Cambios en las ciudades de la línea de alta velocidad Madrid-Sevilla desde su implantación]" Cuadernos Geograficos (36 1), pp

20 DATA SOURCES 16- Bellet, C., Alonso, P., Casellas, A. (2010), "Transport infraestructure and territory. The structural effects of the high-speed train in Spain", Boletin de la Asociacion de Geografos Espanoles (52), pp López, E.; Monzón, A. (2010) "Integration of sustainability issues in strategic transportation planning: A multi-criteria model for the assessment of transport infrastructure plans" Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering 25 (6), pp Garmendia, M., Ureña, J.M., Coronado, J.M. (2011), "Long-distance trips in a sparsely populated region: The impact of high- speed infrastructures", Journal of Transport Geography 19 (4), pp High-Speed Rail Give Short -Haul Air a Run for the Money in Europe, With More Flexible Travel, Greater Comfort, Lower Environmental Impact 20- López, E.; Monzón, A. (2010) "Integration of sustainability issues in strategic transportation planning: A multi-criteria model for the assessment of transport infrastructure plans" Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering 25 (6), pp Ordaz, P. (1991)El hundimiento de tierras de Córdoba retrasará cuatro meses las obras del TAV. El país, 15/03/ Sanz, J.C. (1990):La Agencia de medio Ambiente advierte que el itinerario del TAV alterará el régimen hidrográfico del Manzanares. El País, 8/1/ Montoliú, P. (1989):”El trazado del TAV afectará gravemente al principal parque público de la zona”, El país, 25/10/ Busquets, J.(1989). “El trazado del TAV por Madrid será explorado para prevenir la pérdida de yacimientos arqueológicos”. El país, 20/11/ Caminas, T(1990). “Se destinan millones para corregir el impacto del TAV entre Madrid y Córdoba”, El País, 23/1/ El País (1988): La línea de alta velocidad Madrid-Sevilla ingresará unos millones. 20/12/ Carcar, S. (1991):”La lenta marcha de la alta velocidad”, El País, 20/5/ El País (1993): Los ingresos del AVE hasta mayo alcanzan los millones de pesetas. 14/6/ Carcar,S.(1990):Transportes teme posibles retrasos en la entrega de los TAV por parte de Alsthom. El País, 10/12/ Rus et al. (2009): Economic Analysis of High Speed Rail in Europe. BBVA Foundation (5 chapters. Some of them analysis the impact of Madrid-Barcelona line) Coto-Millán, P.; Inglada, V.; Rey, B. (2007) "Effects of network economies in high-speed rail: The Spanish case" Annals of Regional Science 41 (4), pp

21 DATA SOURCES General Information about High Speed Rail: institutions and reports European Commission Mobility and Transport: Trans-European Networks (TEN) European Commission Eurostat. Glossary: European Commission Eurostat. Passenger transport statistics: European Commission Eurostat. General statistics: International Union of Railways (UIC). Rail and Sustainable Development Spain. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica (INE). Statistics: Spain. Ministerio de Fomento. Statistics: Spain. Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF):


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