Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

R. Pulwarty, J. Verdin, L. Darby, C. McNutt and the NIDIS Implementation Team The National Integrated Drought Information System.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "R. Pulwarty, J. Verdin, L. Darby, C. McNutt and the NIDIS Implementation Team The National Integrated Drought Information System."— Presentation transcript:

1 R. Pulwarty, J. Verdin, L. Darby, C. McNutt and the NIDIS Implementation Team The National Integrated Drought Information System

2 o Overview of NIDIS o NIDIS Act of 2006 o NIDIS Objectives & Structure o Drought Portal o NIDIS Pilot Projects o Summary of the Lake Blackshear and Apalachicola River & Bay Meetings o Overview of Goals and Objectives of the Meeting o ACF Data Committee

3 National Integrated Drought Information System Public Law 109-430 (The NIDIS Act 2006) “Enable the Nation to move from a reactive to a more proactive approach to managing drought risks and impacts” “Drought is the most obstinate and pernicious of the dramatic events that Nature conjures up. It can last longer and extend across larger areas than hurricanes, tornadoes, floods and earth quakes…causing hundreds of millions of dollars in losses, and dashing hopes and dreams.” US National Drought Policy Commission Report, May 2000 “better informed and more timely drought-related decisions leading to reduced impacts and costs”

4 National Integrated Drought Information System VISION and GOALS “A dynamic and accessible drought information system that provides users with the ability to determine the potential impacts of drought and the associated risks they bring, and the decision support tools needed to better prepare for and mitigate the effects of drought.” Public Law 109-430 (Signed by the President December 2006) ( 4

5 5 NIDIS Objectives Creating a drought early warning information system o Coordinating national drought monitoring and forecasting systems o Providing an interactive drought information clearinghouse and delivery system for products and services—including an internet portal and standardized products (databases, forecasts, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), maps, etc) o Designing mechanisms for improving and incorporating information to support coordinated preparedness and planning

6 NIDIS: What it is and isn’t NIDIS isn’t……  a regulatory program and doesn’t establish minimum flow requirements  a decision maker that tells you how to plan for drought Will not dictate indicators and triggers that should be used  a mediator between conflicting interests  a mechanism for declaring drought NIDIS is charged with…..  providing better coordination for existing national drought monitoring and forecasting systems Also, informs how to improve these systems  providing data, products, and processes that inform existing planning and preparedness efforts  providing an interactive drought information clearinghouse and delivery system for products and services 6

7 NIDIS Governance: Executive Council NIDIS Program Office NIDIS Implementation Team: Over 50 Federal, state, tribal and private sector representatives NIDIS Technical Working Groups Integrated Drought Information Systems Drought Early Warning System Design-Information clearinghouse, Pilots, and Implementation WATERSHED/URBAN/LOCAL REGIONAL NATIONAL Public Awareness And Education Engaging Preparedness Communities Integrated Monitoring and Forecasting Interdisciplinary Research and Applications U.S. Drought Portal

8 Drought and Water Resources Federal Partnerships Monitoring & Forecasting Drought and Flood Impacts Assessments and Scenarios Communication and Outreach Engaging Preparedness & Adaptation NIDIS-Information Services in support of Adaptation

9 Key Clearinghouse Functions: Credible, Accessible, Timely Information on Where are drought conditions now? Does this event look like other events? How is the drought affecting me? Will the drought continue? Where can I go for help? The NIDIS U.S. Drought Portal ( Portlet example: NWS River Forecast Center Ohio River Water Resources Outlook- Ecosystem recovery Recovery

10 Missouri Oklahoma Montana Chesapeake Bay NIDIS Early Warning Systems Pilots Highlighted-first round prototypes; Others-Regional DEWS & transferability Southeast Colorado River Basin California Columbia River Basin Great Plains Great Lakes Tennessee Valley

11 From Pilots to a National DEWS Southeast Colorado River Basin California Prototyping approaches/methods Regional DEWS: Chesapeake Bay; Great Plains; Tennessee Valley; Montana; Columbia River Basin etc. National DEWS Transferability

12 o Categories of drought information users & scales of analysis Pilot Implementation Upper Colorado River Basin: o Upper Basin down to Lake Mead:  Large reservoir operations and triggers (full basin scale) o Large reservoir operations and triggers (Powell/Mead) o Sub-basin: o Inter- and Intra-basin transfers; Front range urban-agriculture-Changing water demand during drought o Ecosystem health/services including recreation and tourism impacts Kremmling

13 Federal  National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)  National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC)  USDA: Natural Resources Conservation Service  USFS: Region 2  USBR: Eastern Colorado Area Office, Great Plains Region, Office of Policy and Programs, Research and Development  USGS: Colorado Water Science Center, Central Region, Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center  NOAA: ESRL, NCEP, NCDC, NWS Pilot Implementation Upper Colorado River Basin: Scoping Workshop, Boulder CO, October 2008 State/Local  Colorado Division of Water Resources (CDWR)  Colorado State Climatologist  Colorado River Water Conservation District (CRWCD)  Colorado Water Conservation Board (CWCB)  CU – Western Water Assessment, CIRES, and CADSWES  Denver Water Board  Northern Colorado Water Conservancy District (NCWCD)  Wyoming State Engineer  Wyoming State Climatologist  Utah State Climatologist  Desert Research Institute/WRCC

14 Actions from the Scoping Workshop Inventory and assessment of drought indicators and triggers presently used in the UCRB Develop a UCRB-specific drought monitor Facilitate web access to indicator and trigger observational data and information products Perform a monitoring networks gap analysis for the UCRB Develop new/improved monitoring and impacts information NIDIS – Upper Colorado River Basin Pilot

15 Interviews and Focus Groups conducted by the Colorado Climate Center exploring drought indicators, triggers and data needs by sector USBR (Grand Junction and Loveland offices) Colorado Division of Wildlife Colorado DNR (state and local) Denver Water and other smaller water providers Northwest Council of Governments (water quality) Watershed protection groups USDI (BLM, NPS) and other resource managers Colorado River Water Conservation District Northern Colorado Water Conservancy District EXCEL Energy Grand County interest group Summit County interest group Fraser Experimental Forest Water Availability Task Force Winter Park Resorts and other ski area representatives Other (discussed with WY and UT State Climatologists, but no interviews with users outside Colorado)

16 General Findings Results vary by sector and by individual user based on “exposure to drought risk” and most (not all) users track available hydro-climatic data and projections from existing sources, at least at critical times of year Water rights and the prior appropriation doctrine dictates “exposure and potential risk and impacts” for pretty much all surface water users. River “calls” are the ultimate triggers and indicators Operators of the major reservoirs systematically said “our jobs are easiest during drought but our critical decisions and errors are made during high flows” Most surface water interests said “I’m not that worried about drought in this basin until it is at least a 3-year drought Drought indices are less likely to be used in decision making but more likely to be used for general comparison with other geographic regions and to communicate to the public or to non technical oversight groups (Boards) why drought actions like conservation or curtailment may be needed

17 Requested information by users More detailed local monitoring  better forecasts  “hand holding” for interpretation and application of complex drought information (including the use of available indexes)  better elevational knowledge of precip and anomalies  better historical perspective on streamflow and reservoir data  easier one-stop shopping for all information  inclusion of water demand  emphasis on “Familiar Analogs” “It is now as dry as 19__”


19 Other UCRB Activities NRCS Revised Surface Water Supply Index (SWSI) for Colorado Partnership with CUAHSI to Develop Drought Index System Architecture Integrate CPC objective climate forecasts into RFC Ensemble Streamflow Predictions (ESP) UCRB Water Demand Spatial Analysis Reconciling Projections of 21 st Century Colorado River Flows Coordination with Colorado Water Conservation Board and Revision of State Drought Mitigation and Response Plan

20 Year 2 Actions Prototyping/gaming: Given better data and information coordination, would responses have been improved for past events? Assess: 1.Value of improved information using past conditions 2.Responses for projections/scenarios (seasons, decadal, change) 3.Develop EWS Fora 4.Feedback on priorities (e.g. data gaps) to Executive Council Pilot Implementation Upper Colorado River Basin

21 UCRB Summary Identified set of common problems Assessing gaps in monitoring, forecasting, and data dissemination How do people in the UCRB think about drought Critical Research Questions Ways to Improve Coordination & Preparedness Evaluation: Do people make better decisions with better information

22 Southeast United States Pilot  Chapel Hill – July 2009  Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) Basin Scoping Workshop – Lake Blackshear, GA – Dec 2009 22 Pilot Implementation Southeast US Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint Catawba-Wateree Yadkin-Pee Dee

23 ACF Scoping Workshop Overview Lake Blackshear, GA Dec 2/3, 2009

24 24 ACF Stakeholders Organization Alabama Office of Water Resources Apalachicola Riverkeeper Auburn University Agriculture Extension Department of Natural Resource Environmental Protection Agency Georgia Environmental Protection Division Joseph W. Jones Ecological Research Center Muscogee Nation of Florida National Drought Mitigation Center, University of Nebraska NOAA Northwest Florida Water Management District Southeast Indigenous Peoples' Center Southern Co. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Geological Survey University of Alabama-Huntsville University of Georgia University of South Carolina Agencies represented at the Lake Blackshear meeting

25 Key issues for the Pilot to address, as determined by attendees at the Lake Blackshear meeting: Gaps in understanding  Water availability and demand  The role of groundwater in the basin water budget Gaps in measurements  Perform a data inventory for the basin (Led by Pam Knox)  Determine what data gaps need to be filled for adequate basin-scale coverage Presentation of information  Present water information with high visual impact (e.g., demonstrate the impacts of different lake levels or river flows on recreational use with easy to understand graphics)  Present water information at the basin scale  Data related to drought monitoring and forecasting should be made available at a single user-friendly web site 25

26 Key issues for the Pilot to address, as determined by attendees at the Lake Blackshear meeting (con’t): Education  Educate the public about the causes and impacts of drought throughout the basin  Educate the state legislatures so they understand drought adequately enough to make decisions that enhance the states' response to drought Drought Indicators  Develop drought indicators that accurately represent the current stage of drought (e.g., various lake levels at Lake Lanier can be tied to different stages of drought)  Make sure this drought indicator information is accessible and understandable to the public Forecasting  Ensemble Streamflow Prediction models need low-flow calibrations  Develop a low-flow data base and products for assessing and forecasting drought 26

27 27 Upper Chattahoochee Middle Chattahoochee-Flint Apalachicola River & Bay

28 ACF Basin Workshops & Meetings ACF Scoping Workshop – Lake Blackshear, GA: Dec 2009 Army Corps of Engineers – Mobile, AL: March 2010 Apalachicola Sub-basin – Apalachicola, FL: April 2010 Middle Chattahoochee & Flint Sub-basin - GA : May 2010 Intertribal Meeting – Tama Creek Reservation, GA: June/July 2010 Upper Chattahoochee - Sub-basin: June 2010 Full basin – Fall 2010? 28

29 29 Apalachicola River & Bay April 27/28, 2010

30 30 Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve Apalachicola Riverkeeper City of Apalachicola Florida Department of Environmental Protection Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission Florida Sea Grant Extension Franklin County Florida State University National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Northwest Florida Water Management District Southern Nuclear University of Florida Apalachicola River & Bay April 27/28, 2010 Agencies represented…

31 Recommended Actions or Items to Investigate 1.Data  Water balance by region and sector  Consolidate data across sources for streamflows, water table depth, reservoir evaporation and reservoir levels  Basin inflow information  Water use information, particularly agricultural use  Groundwater pumping rates from GA  QA/QC issues for the 3 gages on the Apalachicola that are maintained by the Corps  USGS has invited other agencies to submit well data to the US Climate Response Network; USGS will compute stats, etc.

32 Recommended Actions 2.Develop and provide general public with drought information -- data visualizations, historical comparisons, educational materials 3.Fill information gaps  Seasonal precipitation forecasts in November, reassess by mid-February  Improved forecasts for summer, northern basin  Assess stakeholders – information needs, possible applications  Value of water to natural ecosystems and ecosystem services and biological drought impacts  Plain English interpretations of technical products released by the NWS

33 Recommended Actions 4.Can we have input into the Corps water control manual?  Incorporation of ENSO phase effects  Drought recovery Refill issues once the rain has started again

34 Possible Tools & Mechanisms 5.Groundwater and Corps lake levels available at one web site, with enough data to provide historical context 6.Tri-state webinars to review ACF basin met and hydro data; could feed into the drought monitor via drought monitor author participation 7.Public discussion boards for drought  Something for the general public  Something for more technical folks 8.Climate outlook presentations to ACF Stakeholders 34

35 Possible areas for Research 9.Drought Indicators  Develop indicators for entering a dry period  Learn more about how to relate the timing of drought onset to impacts – connect to physical data 10.Flows needed for endangered species 35

36 Workshop Goals Middle Chattahoochee & Flint River Basins

37 Workshop Goals This is the second of 3 sub-basin meetings – we will be combining information learned from this meeting with information learned at the other two meetings  Information sharing Background about the Middle Chattahoochee & Flint River Basins Lessons learned during previous droughts  Brainstorming & discussions How can we make dealing with the next drought easier? Using your post-drought 20/20 vision, what would have made your job easier during the last drought?  Pulling it all together What are 3 or 4 activities or products that we should consider as key pieces in the design of a drought early warning information system for the ACF basin? 37

38 Steering Committee John Christy, AL State Climatologist, Univ. of Alabama Stan Cook, Chief of Fisheries, DCNR Keith Ingram, Univ. of Florida Inchul Kim, GA EPD Tom Littlepage, ADECA Mark Masters, H 2 O Policy Center Jim Phillips, Middle Chattahoochee Water Coalition Lynn Sisk, Chief, Water Quality Branch, Water Division, ADEM Puneet Srivastava, Assoc. Professor of Ecological Engineering, Auburn University 38

39 ACF Data Committee

40 NIDIS ACF Data Group Activities Group contains about 15 members Met three times by teleconference Set up a Google Docs spreadsheet of data sets that group can edit and enrich Currently discussing how to disseminate the dataset and solicit contributions from other user groups and stakeholders

41 Dataset Spreadsheet Categories of data collected: »Remotely sensed observations » satellite, lidar, radar »Surface-based observations »weather, hydrology, soils »Biological datasets »fish populations, plant surveys »Reanalysis and model datasets »PRISM climate, salinity models

42 Sample of database

43 Next steps We need additional input of data sets to improve the database We are exploring the development of a user group on Google or for ongoing dialog and suggestions We are developing informational material to bring to conferences and post online Identify who is using the data and information Identify monitoring and information gaps and how delivery could be improved Please help us expand our spreadsheet! Contact Pam Knox, 706-542-6067

Download ppt "R. Pulwarty, J. Verdin, L. Darby, C. McNutt and the NIDIS Implementation Team The National Integrated Drought Information System."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google