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Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

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1 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

2 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Report: Sewage, coastal destruction threaten oceans POSTED: 10:06 a.m. EDT, October 4, 2006 THE HAGUE, Netherlands (Reuters) -- Sewage is a growing threat to oceans and seas, putting at risk marine life and habitats as the pollution problem escalates, the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) said in a report on Wednesday. The "State of the Marine Environment" report found that substantial progress had been achieved in reducing oily wastes and organic pollutants such as long-lived industrial chemicals in the past two decades but other problems had grown worse. In many developing countries, between 80 and 90 percent of sewage entering coastal zones is estimated to be raw and untreated, said the report compiled by the UNEP global program of action for protection of marine environment (GPA). The pollution -- linked to rising coastal populations, inadequate treatment infrastructure and poor waste handling facilities -- is putting at risk human health and wildlife as well as livelihoods from fisheries to tourism, it said. "In the past we thought the ocean could be our sewage treatment plant," UNEP executive director Achim Steiner told a news conference in The Hague. "But we cannot do that any more as even in the Arctic we see two-three times increase in concentration of mercury in seals and whales," Steiner said. The report estimated that an additional $56 billion is needed annually to address the global sewage problem. UNEP said countries should make polluters contribute to the bill. There is also a rising concern over the increasing damage and destruction of essential and economically important coastal ecosystems like mangrove forests -- needed for coastal defenses and fisheries, as well as coral reefs and seagrass beds. Population pressure Growing coastal populations and overuse of marine resources are the main source of the problem, the UNEP said. Close to 40 percent of the world's population live on the coastal fringe. Threatened areas include the North Sea's bed, coral reefs in South East Asia, wetlands in North America, Southern and Western Africa, mangroves in many Caribbean countries, Ecuador and Colombia, and fisheries in Latin America. The report also noted increasing levels of pollutants from sources like agricultural fertilizer, manure, sewage and fossil fuel burning, with the problem spreading from developed to developing countries as well. This has led to doubling of the number of oxygen deficient coastal "dead zones" every decade since 1960, and degradation of seagrass beds and emergence of toxic algal blooms. The UNEP highlighted progress made in reducing global oil and chemicals pollution. The world has cut oil discharges from industry and cities by nearly 90 percent since the mid-1980s. But concerns of further oil pollution remain as climate change and the loss of ice is opening up the North East passage across the roof of the world to shipping and oil exploration. The findings will be given to more than 60 member governments of the GPA initiative at a meeting in Beijing on October to encourage a review of their planning and investment strategies to ensure they are genuinely marine-friendly, the UNEP said. "An estimated 80 percent of marine pollution originates from the land and this could rise significantly by 2050 if, as expected, coastal populations double in just over 40 years time and action to combat pollution is not accelerated," Steiner said. Copyright 2006 Reuters. All rights reserved.This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

3 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Report of the World Commission on Dams

4 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Dams and Development Presentation of the Commission’s Report About the Commission – why, who, whatAbout the Commission – why, who, what Findings from the Knowledge BaseFindings from the Knowledge Base The way forwardThe way forward

5 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams The WCD was an independent, international, multi-stakeholder process which addressed the controversial issues associated with large dams.The WCD was an independent, international, multi-stakeholder process which addressed the controversial issues associated with large dams. It provided a unique opportunity to bring into focus the many assumptions and paradigms that are at the centre of the search to reconcile economic growth, social equity, environmental conservation and political participation in the changing global context.It provided a unique opportunity to bring into focus the many assumptions and paradigms that are at the centre of the search to reconcile economic growth, social equity, environmental conservation and political participation in the changing global context. The Commission completed its work with the launch of its final report and disbanded.The Commission completed its work with the launch of its final report and disbanded. The Dams and Development ProjectThe Dams and Development Project A two-year follow-on to the process initiated by the Commission began in November A project of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Dams and Development Project (DDP) promotes dialogue on improving decision-making, planning and management of dams and their alternatives based on the WCD core values and strategic priorities. Visit for information about follow-up initiatives around the world, reactions to the WCD Report and submissions on good practice.A two-year follow-on to the process initiated by the Commission began in November A project of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the Dams and Development Project (DDP) promotes dialogue on improving decision-making, planning and management of dams and their alternatives based on the WCD core values and strategic priorities. Visit for information about follow-up initiatives around the world, reactions to the WCD Report and submissions on good practice.www.unep-dams.org

6 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Why a World Commission on Dams ? In response to escalating conflicts over the role of dams in development, all constituents came together to establish the Commission

7 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams The Debate Needs are intensifying – concerns are growingNeeds are intensifying – concerns are growing Major investments – significant impactsMajor investments – significant impacts Dam projects increasingly questionedDam projects increasingly questioned WCD - an unprecedented response to the controversyWCD - an unprecedented response to the controversy

8 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Needs are intensifying … freshwater withdrawals doubled in 50 yearsfreshwater withdrawals doubled in 50 years 1 billion lack freshwater & 2 billion lack electricity1 billion lack freshwater & 2 billion lack electricity competition for water increasingcompetition for water increasing aquatic ecosystems are declining & wetlands have been lostaquatic ecosystems are declining & wetlands have been lost

9 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Major investments … 45,000 large dams worldwide45,000 large dams worldwide 2 dams commissioned per day in1970s2 dams commissioned per day in1970s total investment exceeds $2 trilliontotal investment exceeds $2 trillion $40 billion expenditure per year at peak$40 billion expenditure per year at peak estimated 40 – 80 million people displacedestimated 40 – 80 million people displaced flow in 60% of world’s rivers affectedflow in 60% of world’s rivers affected Number Of Dams s

10 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Dam projects increasingly questioned … affected populations strongly oppose damsaffected populations strongly oppose dams proponents point to urgent development demandsproponents point to urgent development demands opponents point to adverse impactsopponents point to adverse impacts uprisings against globalisationuprisings against globalisation little space for constructive dialoguelittle space for constructive dialogue

11 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Unprecedented response to the controversy … WCD created through unanimous agreementWCD created through unanimous agreement broad based mandate to review development effectiveness & assess alternatives…broad based mandate to review development effectiveness & assess alternatives… … and develop internationally acceptable criteria and guidelines address global problems through local understandingaddress global problems through local understanding

12 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Who is the Commission ? Commission ? Kader AsmalLakshmi Chand Jain Donald BlackmoreJoji Cariño Jan VeltropGöran Lindahl Judy Henderson Deborah Moore Achim Steiner José Goldemberg Medha PatkarThayer Scudder

13 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams WCD - Diverse Perspectives WCD’s authority and credibility rests on the diversity of the Commissioners which was a guiding theme throughout its inclusive, transparent and participatory work programme

14 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Independent and Legitimate … established through agreementestablished through agreement multi-stakeholder selection process of Commissionersmulti-stakeholder selection process of Commissioners no vested interest - reports to the worldno vested interest - reports to the world hands on experience with all aspects of damshands on experience with all aspects of dams 53 financiers - untied & broad based53 financiers - untied & broad based

15 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Inclusive, Participatory & Transparent … full range of perspectives – civil society to governments, private sector to NGOs, financiers to foundationsfull range of perspectives – civil society to governments, private sector to NGOs, financiers to foundations outreach through work programme and networksoutreach through work programme and networks extensive review processextensive review process WCD Forum as a reference pointWCD Forum as a reference point Studies on website on website

16 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Commissioners Stakeholders Partnerships Financiers Writers& Study teams Forum World Commission on Dams World Commission on Dams

17 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams What did the Commission accomplish ? The most comprehensive, global and independent review of dams from which it developed recommendations for future decision-making

18 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams The Process Knowledge driven review – listening and learning from the pastKnowledge driven review – listening and learning from the past Multifaceted analysis – integrated assessmentMultifaceted analysis – integrated assessment Extensive negotiations within WCD led to agreed recommendationsExtensive negotiations within WCD led to agreed recommendations

19 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Knowledge driven review … experiences from 79 countries & 1000 damsexperiences from 79 countries & 1000 dams 7 detailed case studies, 3 country studies, 125 cross check dams7 detailed case studies, 3 country studies, 125 cross check dams 17 thematic reviews, 130 contributing papers17 thematic reviews, 130 contributing papers four regional consultations peoplefour regional consultations people 950 submissions950 submissions Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

20 Multifaceted analysis … assessed performance against planned targetsassessed performance against planned targets analysed social & environmental impactsanalysed social & environmental impacts assessed alternatives for water & energy servicesassessed alternatives for water & energy services analysed planning, decision-making & complianceanalysed planning, decision-making & compliance examined how criteria have changed over timeexamined how criteria have changed over time

21 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Extensive negotiations within WCD led to agreed recommendations … linked the dam debate to development discourselinked the dam debate to development discourse nine Commission meetings – listened & debated, examined & analysednine Commission meetings – listened & debated, examined & analysed common problems – specific contextscommon problems – specific contexts

22 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams What did the Commission find from the knowledge base ? Dams have delivered considerable benefits In too many cases the price paid to secure those benefits has been unacceptable and often unnecessary

23 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Findings from WCD Knowledge base Dams have made a significant contributionDams have made a significant contribution A considerable number have fallen below targetsA considerable number have fallen below targets Economic and financial under-performanceEconomic and financial under-performance Significant impacts on riverine & downstream ecosystemsSignificant impacts on riverine & downstream ecosystems Heavy toll on affected communitiesHeavy toll on affected communities Alternatives often existAlternatives often exist Lack of complianceLack of compliance

24 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Significant contribution… 19 percent of electricity from hydropower – more than 50% in 63 countries19 percent of electricity from hydropower – more than 50% in 63 countries dams support 30-40% of irrigated area & 12-16% of global food productiondams support 30-40% of irrigated area & 12-16% of global food production 12% of all dams have a water supply function12% of all dams have a water supply function 75 countries have dams for flood control75 countries have dams for flood control Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

25 irrigation – almost half have under-performed irrigation – almost half have under-performed …opportunities for efficiency gains …opportunities for efficiency gains hydropower – on average met expectations but considerable variabilityhydropower – on average met expectations but considerable variability flood control – dams have attenuated floods, but some increased vulnerabilityflood control – dams have attenuated floods, but some increased vulnerability physical sustainability – safety improving, but dams are ageing and costs risingphysical sustainability – safety improving, but dams are ageing and costs rising …loss of storage, 0.5 to 1.0% per year Predicted vs actual generation TWh Kariba Predicted Considerable number have fallen below targets… Actual

26 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Economic & financial under-performance… average cost overruns of over 50%average cost overruns of over 50% 50% in survey with one year or more delay50% in survey with one year or more delay cost recovery in hydropower but not irrigationcost recovery in hydropower but not irrigation poor economic and financial results from irrigationpoor economic and financial results from irrigation mixed results for hydropowermixed results for hydropower

27 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Significant impacts on riverine & downstream ecosystems… loss of riverine & terrestrial biodiversityloss of riverine & terrestrial biodiversity adverse impacts on livelihoods in floodplainsadverse impacts on livelihoods in floodplains 67% of ecosystem changes in survey are negative67% of ecosystem changes in survey are negative poor record of ecosystem mitigationpoor record of ecosystem mitigation some reservoirs have created habitats for biodiversitysome reservoirs have created habitats for biodiversity reservoirs emit green-house gasesreservoirs emit green-house gases

28 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Heavy toll on affected communities… estimated million physically displacedestimated million physically displaced significant number of others affectedsignificant number of others affected failure to adequately recognise & respond to those affectedfailure to adequately recognise & respond to those affected negative impacts fall disproportionately on disadvantagednegative impacts fall disproportionately on disadvantaged inequity is not addressed in ‘balance sheet’ approachinequity is not addressed in ‘balance sheet’ approach

29 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Alternatives often exist… reduce demand by increasing end-use efficiencyreduce demand by increasing end-use efficiency defer new supply by enhancing supply & conveyance efficiencydefer new supply by enhancing supply & conveyance efficiency extend life and performance through improved land & water managementextend life and performance through improved land & water management promote alternative supply options, including small-scale & locally appropriate approachespromote alternative supply options, including small-scale & locally appropriate approaches Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

30 Lack of compliance… weak regulatory frameworks & lack of enforcementweak regulatory frameworks & lack of enforcement little public participation & scrutinylittle public participation & scrutiny top down decision-making, often politically motivatedtop down decision-making, often politically motivated past conflicts remain unresolved with no legal recoursepast conflicts remain unresolved with no legal recourse vested interests in favour of large infrastructurevested interests in favour of large infrastructure no incentives or sanctionsno incentives or sanctions

31 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Summary findings… lack of systematic evaluation of dam projectslack of systematic evaluation of dam projects considerable scope to improve performanceconsiderable scope to improve performance economic profitability is elusive – many externalitieseconomic profitability is elusive – many externalities all too often impacts on people & ecosystems are unacceptable and avoidableall too often impacts on people & ecosystems are unacceptable and avoidable alternatives to dams exist that are acceptable & viable – depends on locationalternatives to dams exist that are acceptable & viable – depends on location the means to improve development outcomes exists but are not yet common practicethe means to improve development outcomes exists but are not yet common practice

32 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams To improve development outcomes, the Commission presents a new framework for decision-making based on recognising rights and assessing risks of all interested parties The way forward – New framework for decision-making

33 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams The Way Forward Move beyond the simple “balance –sheet approach”…Move beyond the simple “balance –sheet approach”… …to shared values, objectives and goals Internationally accepted norms are basis for WCD recommendationsInternationally accepted norms are basis for WCD recommendations Adopt a rights and risks approachAdopt a rights and risks approach Define whose rights and what risksDefine whose rights and what risks

34 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Move beyond the simple “balance-sheet” approach that… trades off losses and gains between groupstrades off losses and gains between groups impoverishes some peopleimpoverishes some people excludes people and limits awarenessexcludes people and limits awareness overlooks sustainability aspectsoverlooks sustainability aspects induces conflict and higher costsinduces conflict and higher costs Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

35 Towards shared values, objectives & goals… equityequity efficiencyefficiency participatory decision-makingparticipatory decision-making sustainabilitysustainability accountabilityaccountability

36 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Internationally accepted norms are basis for WCD recommendations… UN Declaration of Human RightsUN Declaration of Human Rights Declaration on the Right to DevelopmentDeclaration on the Right to Development Rio PrinciplesRio Principles

37 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Adopt a rights & risks approach… Future planning & decision-making should be guided by - – a recognition of rights – an assessment of risks to determine who has a legitimate place in negotiating outcomes

38 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Define whose rights & what risks… Risks Move beyond considering voluntary risk takers to include involuntary risk bearersMove beyond considering voluntary risk takers to include involuntary risk bearers Rights No party’s rights should extinguish another’sNo party’s rights should extinguish another’s Where rights compete – negotiated agreements are neededWhere rights compete – negotiated agreements are needed

39 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Turning Conflict Into Consensus Gain public acceptanceGain public acceptance Assess optionsAssess options Address existing damsAddress existing dams Sustain rivers and livelihoodsSustain rivers and livelihoods Recognise entitlements and share benefitsRecognise entitlements and share benefits Ensure complianceEnsure compliance Share rivers across boundariesShare rivers across boundaries Seven Strategic priorities

40 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Gaining public acceptance… dams affect existing rights & create wide range of risksdams affect existing rights & create wide range of risks opportunities exist for achieving a higher level of equityopportunities exist for achieving a higher level of equity recognise rights of indigenous & tribal peoplesrecognise rights of indigenous & tribal peoples achieve outcomes through binding formal agreementsachieve outcomes through binding formal agreements Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

41 failure to adequately define needs & assess options led to disputefailure to adequately define needs & assess options led to dispute an early and open examination of options can avoid poor projectsan early and open examination of options can avoid poor projects raise the significance of social & environmental aspectsraise the significance of social & environmental aspects increase the effectiveness of existing systems as a priorityincrease the effectiveness of existing systems as a priority Comprehensive options assessment… Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

42 Address existing dams… most dams that will operate in the 21 st century already existmost dams that will operate in the 21 st century already exist considerable scope exists for improving benefitsconsiderable scope exists for improving benefits remedy outstanding social issues & …remedy outstanding social issues & … …enhance mitigation, restoration & enhancement of ecosystems use licences to formalise operating agreementsuse licences to formalise operating agreements

43 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Sustain rivers and livelihoods… rivers support millions of livelihoodsrivers support millions of livelihoods dams cause significant and often irreversible effects on ecosystemsdams cause significant and often irreversible effects on ecosystems value rivers, ecosystems & endangered speciesvalue rivers, ecosystems & endangered species emphasise avoidance of impactsemphasise avoidance of impacts maintain ecosystem integrity through environmental flowsmaintain ecosystem integrity through environmental flows

44 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Recognise entitlements & share benefits … many people displaced - many more unrecognisedmany people displaced - many more unrecognised including those who depend on a river’s resourcesincluding those who depend on a river’s resources recognise rights and assess risks as a basis for negotiationsrecognise rights and assess risks as a basis for negotiations agree legally enforceable entitlementsagree legally enforceable entitlements adversely affected people become first among beneficiariesadversely affected people become first among beneficiaries

45 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Ensure compliance … many policies and guidelines exist..many policies and guidelines exist.. but often a failure to fulfil obligationsbut often a failure to fulfil obligations need a compliance plan covering all commitments to people and the environmentneed a compliance plan covering all commitments to people and the environment introduce initiatives to reduce corruptionintroduce initiatives to reduce corruption develop incentive framework for compliancedevelop incentive framework for compliance

46 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Share rivers across boundaries… conflicts over transboundary rivers due to power imbalanceconflicts over transboundary rivers due to power imbalance experience suggests disputes can be resolvedexperience suggests disputes can be resolved endorse the UN Convention principlesendorse the UN Convention principles go beyond sharing water - to sharing the benefitsgo beyond sharing water - to sharing the benefits encourage consistent policies for financing agenciesencourage consistent policies for financing agencies Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

47 Civil Society International Agreements Government Private Sector International Standards Professional Organisations Multilateral & Bilateral Organisations The Commission’s Criteria & Guidelines… …in a wider framework

48 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Five key decision points… Needs assessment Criteria 1 Selecting Alternatives Criteria 2 Policy, programme, projects Project Preparation Criteria 3 Project Implementation Criteria 4 Project Operation Criteria 5 Dam Options Investigative Studies Criteria 2a Non-Dam Options

49 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Guidelines for good practice… Environmental flow flow Which include: Stakeholderanalysis PriorInformedconsent Multi-criteriaanalysis Greenhouse gas emissions Performance bonds bonds Projectbenefit-sharing Complianceplan

50 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Dams in the pipeline - general Establish a stakeholder forum based on rights and risks approachEstablish a stakeholder forum based on rights and risks approach Undertake distribution analysisUndertake distribution analysis Promote development opportunities and benefit sharingPromote development opportunities and benefit sharing Provide for an environmental flowProvide for an environmental flow Include recourse and compliance mechanismsInclude recourse and compliance mechanisms

51 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Dams in the pipeline - it’s not too late Feasibility - assess all options - gain public acceptance - gain public acceptance Design - prepare Compliance Plan - contractualise benefit sharing - contractualise benefit sharing - determine environmental flow - determine environmental flow Construction - formalise commitments Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams

52 Improve Development outcomes Using the WCD’s framework will reduce cost, save time and avoid conflicts while achieving more equitable outcomes

53 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Implementing the Report Improved outcomes for nation, affected people and the environmentImproved outcomes for nation, affected people and the environment Improved outcomes for decision-makers & developersImproved outcomes for decision-makers & developers 5 generic points of entry5 generic points of entry Stakeholders chart specific actionsStakeholders chart specific actions

54 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Improved outcomes for nation, affected people & the environment… respecting human rightsrespecting human rights meeting development needs for water, food & energymeeting development needs for water, food & energy sustainable resource usesustainable resource use Development opportunities for all by..

55 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Improved outcomes for decision-makers & developers … time, money & conflict reducedtime, money & conflict reduced greater certainty in an evolving global & national contextgreater certainty in an evolving global & national context benchmarks against which to assess compliancebenchmarks against which to assess compliance

56 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams 5 generic points of entry… review the report objectivelyreview the report objectively issue public statements & feedback public statements & feedback review dams currently under developmentreview dams currently under development ensure evaluation, monitoring & learningensure evaluation, monitoring & learning promote capacity building to meet planning needspromote capacity building to meet planning needs

57 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Stakeholders should take specific action… GovernmentsGovernments Civil societyCivil society Affected peoplesAffected peoples Professional associationsProfessional associations Private sectorPrivate sector Bilateral and multilateral agenciesBilateral and multilateral agencies

58 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams The WCD has … conducted first comprehensive review of performanceconducted first comprehensive review of performance focused on options and compliancefocused on options and compliance shown that conflict is not inevitableshown that conflict is not inevitable promoted a rights, risks approach to negotiate outcomespromoted a rights, risks approach to negotiate outcomes shown that common ground can be reachedshown that common ground can be reached

59 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams “Dams and Development” presents a unique opportunity to turn development conflicts of the past… …into consensus for the future

60 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams we have told our story… …what happens next is up to you

61 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Don’t plan, build, protest, operate, decommission, propose, oppose or discuss a dam without it

62 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Report of the World Commission on Dams

63 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Announcing the unveiling of the Clearinghouse for Dam Removal Information The Clearinghouse for Dam Removal Information is the result of a 5 year joint effort by the Aspen Institutes Dialogue on Dams and Rivers - Clearinghouse Task Committee and the University of California, Berkeleyís Water Resources Center Archives (WRCA). The creation of a neutral clearinghouse to centralize and improve access to information on dam removal was recommended as part of two years of dialogue on Dams and Rivers that resulted in the publication of the Aspen Institute report, Dam Removal: A New Option for a New Century. Where is the Clearinghouse housed? The Clearinghouse for Dam Removal Information has been developed by and is housed at the University of California, Berkeleyís Water Resources Center Archives and can be found at: Click on the Clearinghouse link above now and download a FREE copy of the NOAA Restoration Centerís video "Relics and Rivers: Dismantling Dams in New England" What is the Clearinghouse? The Clearinghouse is an unbiased living receptacle of information about technical, fiscal and social aspects (pro and con) of dam removal, including cases where a decision is made to retain the dam. The purpose of the Clearinghouse is to allow all parties involved in dam removal decisions to share experiences, learn successful techniques and avoid repeating mistakes. In particular, it is trying to capture the "gray literature" that is transiently available when a dam removal is taking place or being considered. How can the Clearinghouse help you? If you are working on a dam removal project and are looking for information to help guide you, such that you can learn from other projects and find hard-to-find references to ensure the quality of your project, then the Clearinghouse was developed specifically for you. The Clearinghouse will help keep you up-to-date on the state- of-the practice and state-of-the-science regarding the removal of dams. The goal of this clearinghouse is to serve as a repository of literature and a place to access electronic information and resources for those making decisions about, or carrying out, a dam removal. The Clearinghouse also provides resources, such as an ongoing compilation of related Web sites, Case Studies, and Priority Issues. The Clearinghouse has been designed to eventually serve as a platform for posting events and become a forum for carrying on discussions for those interested in dam removal issues. What type of information is available? The Clearinghouse allows users to find and submit summaries/case studies of completed or proposed projects, lessons learned, engineering design plans, dam removal estimates and final costs, permitting documents/ applications, monitoring plans and results, modeling data and analyses, scientific studies, project reports, images, conference/symposium/workshop announcements and proceedings, presentations, papers, and more. How can you help build the Clearinghouse? The Clearinghouse is merely a repository. It needs help from you to become the largest source of published and "gray" literature on dam removal in the world. We are already well on our way to making this happen, and submissions made by you will help make the difference. Please submit any dam removal project information that you feel may be valuable. In addition help keep the Clearinghouse managers informed of upcoming events, conferences, workshops and courses that relate to the removal of dams, so that these can be posted on the site. Questions? Please contact us with any questions What The Experts Are Saying-- "I would like to congratulate you on a successful launch of the Dam Removal Clearinghouse. I am sure the Clearinghouse will be of great value to federal, state, local, and private interests, and I hope to help populate it with current and future Bureau of Reclamation dam removal projects." -- Tom Hepler, Chairman of the USSD Dam Decommissioning Committee "Removing dams and subsequent ecological restoration efforts are based upon a combination of scientific knowledge and empirical observations that need to be documented. The Clearinghouse for Dam Removal provides a centralized archive for valuable technical, social, and economic information plus post construction monitoring data that will help guide future decision making." -- Jim MacBroom, Vice President, Milone & MacBroom -- :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: Lori Pottinger, Director, Africa Program, and Editor, World Rivers Review International Rivers Network >< 1847 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, California 94703, USA Tel. (510) Fax (510) :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: _________________________________________________________________ You received this message as a subscriber on the list: To be removed from the list, send any message to:

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65 Dams and Development - Report of the World Commission on Dams Katrina slides from McPhee -Narmada -3 Gorges -- indigenous rights, big Development, the energy paradigm and green house gases


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