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Chapter 11: Payment Systems For Electronic Commerce.

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1 Chapter 11: Payment Systems For Electronic Commerce

2 Online Payment Basics Cash, checks, credit cards, and debit cards account for more than 90 percent of all consumer payments in the United States Most popular consumer electronic transfers are automated payments of: äAuto loans äInsurance payments äMortgage payments made from consumers’ checking accounts Scrip äDigital cash minted by a company instead of by a government äCannot be exchanged for cash äLike a gift certificate that is good at more than one store

3 Payment Cards The term payment card describes all types of plastic cards used to make purchases Credit card äHas a spending limit based on a user’s credit history Debit card äRemoves an amount from a cardholder’s bank account äTransfers it to the seller’s bank account Charge card äCarries no spending limit äAmount charged is due at the end of the billing period Advantages: äWorldwide acceptance äBuilt-in security for merchants Disadvantage: äPayment card service companies charge merchants per-transaction fees and monthly processing fees

4 Payment Acceptance and Processing Steps followed once a merchant receives a consumer’s payment card information: äMerchant authenticates payment card äMerchant checks with payment card issuer äTo ensure that credit or funds are available äPuts a hold on the credit line or the funds needed to cover the charge äSettlement occurs Closed loop systems äCard issuer pays the merchants that accept the card directly and does not use an intermediary Open loop systems äInvolve three or more parties äSystems using Visa or MasterCard are examples

5 Merchant Accounts To process payment cards for Internet transactions an online merchant must set up a merchant account New merchants must supply: äBusiness plans äDetails about existing bank accounts äBusiness and personal credit histories Why are controls needed?

6 Processing Payment Cards Online InternetSecure äProvides secure payment card services First Data äProvides merchant payment card processing services with the following programs: äICVERIFY and WebAuthorize Banks connect to an Automated Clearing House (ACH) through highly secure, private leased telephone lines

7 Electronic Cash Term that describes any value storage and exchange system created by a private entity that: äDoes not use paper documents or coins äCan serve as a substitute for government-issued physical currency Attractive in two arenas: äSale of goods and services of less than $10 äSale of goods and services to those without credit cards Concerns about electronic payment methods include: äPrivacy and security äIndependence äPortability äConvenience Advantages of electronic cash include being: äIndependent and portable

8 Micropayments and Small Payments Micropayments äInternet payments for items costing from a few cents to approximately a dollar Small payments äPayments of less than $10

9 Holding Electronic Cash: Online and Offline Cash Online cash storage äTrusted third party is involved in all transfers of electronic cash äHolds consumers’ cash accounts Offline cash storage äVirtual equivalent of money kept in a wallet äNo third party is involved in the transaction Double-spending äSpending electronic cash twice Advantages of electronic cash: äTransactions are more efficient äTransfer on the Internet costs less than processing credit card transactions Disadvantages of electronic cash: äUse provides no audit trail äProblem of money laundering arises äSusceptible to forgery

10 Providing Security for Electronic Cash Cryptographic algorithms äKeys to creating tamperproof electronic cash that can be traced back to its origins Anonymous electronic cash äElectronic cash that cannot be traced back to the person who spent it Creating truly anonymous electronic cash äRequires a bank to issue electronic cash with embedded serial numbers

11 Electronic Cash Systems CheckFree äLargest online bill processor in the world äProvides online payment processing services Clickshare äAn electronic cash system aimed at magazine and newspaper publishers PayPal äProvides payment processing services to businesses and to individuals äPeer-to-peer (P2P) payment system äFree payment clearing service for individuals

12 Electronic Wallets Hold credit card numbers, electronic cash, owner identification, and contact information Give consumers the benefit of entering their information just once Make shopping more efficient Server-side electronic wallet äStores a customer’s information on a remote server belonging to a particular merchant or wallet publisher Client-side electronic wallet äStores a consumer’s information on his or her own computer

13 Other Cards Stored Value Cards äStored-value cards can be an elaborate smart card with a microchip that records currency balance äCommon stored-value cards include: Prepaid phone, copy, subway, and bus cards Magnetic strip cards äCannot send or receive information äCannot increment or decrement value of cash stored on the card äProcessing must be done on a device into which the card is inserted Smart cards are better suited for Internet payment transactions äAre stored-value cards äCan hold private user data, such as financial facts äCan store about 100 times more information than a magnetic strip plastic card äSafer than conventional credit cards

14 Phishing Attacks Basic structure: äAttacker sends e-mail messages to a large number of recipients äMessage states that an account has been compromised and the matter should be corrected äMessage includes a link äUser enters a login name and password, which the perpetrator captures äOnce inside a victim’s account, the perpetrator can access personal information Countermeasures äMost important step that companies can take today is to educate Web site users äMany companies contract consulting firms that specialize in anti-phishing work äAnti-phishing technique is to monitor online chat rooms used by criminals

15 Group Exercise In your group research these payment systems. Visit the following sites and prepare an overview to be discussed in class: Group A -- The Fedwire system – accessible from and click on “banking information” and then “payment systems.” read the general information about the US Payment system. Group: B -- The CHIPS system Group C -- The National Automated Clearinghouse Association Group D National Securities Clearing Corporation –

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