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Development and Transfer of Technologies UNFCCC Expert Workshop on Technology Information Tsinghua University Beijing, China 8- 19 April, 2002 Experiences.

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Presentation on theme: "Development and Transfer of Technologies UNFCCC Expert Workshop on Technology Information Tsinghua University Beijing, China 8- 19 April, 2002 Experiences."— Presentation transcript:

1 Development and Transfer of Technologies UNFCCC Expert Workshop on Technology Information Tsinghua University Beijing, China April, 2002 Experiences and Challenges Technology Information Clearinghouse Under the Montreal Protocol Rajendra Shende, Chief Energy and OzonAction UNEP DTIE

2 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Road Map of the Presentation 1. Past Decade of the Experience: Implementing an MEA 2.Lessons Learned: Messages for other MEAs 2. Lessons Learned: Messages for other MEAs 3.Future Decade of Challenges: End Game under MEA 3. Future Decade of Challenges: End Game under MEA

3 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Uniqueness of the Montreal Protocol MEA : RIO “minus” Five Product First MEA to : > show signs of success > enter compliance regime > Develop integrated clearinghouse > Set up network of the national focal points

4 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Distinct Nature of Montreal Protocol’s Technology Clearinghouse Mandated by the PartiesMandated by the Parties An essential precursor to enable universal complianceAn essential precursor to enable universal compliance Financially supported by PartiesFinancially supported by Parties UN agency renders transperancy and neutralityUN agency renders transperancy and neutrality Regular evaluation and impact assessmentRegular evaluation and impact assessment

5 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Getting There: Progressive Ratification Getting There: Progressive Ratification 183 countries representing 99.99% of the global population Source: Ozone Secretariat, April 2002

6 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Getting There: Financial Assistance under the Multilateral Fund Source:Inventory of Approved Projects, as of 35th ExCom

7 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Getting There: ODS phased out under the Multilateral Fund Source:Inventory of Approved Projects, as of 35th ExCom

8 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Getting There: Global CFC Consumption Source: National Geographic, February 2002

9 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Is this experience relevant? ? Montreal Protocol is smaller/focussed ?Limited market place ?Grant Mechanism, Increamental cost. ? Pilot plant syndrome: Small successes have big messages ? Small Lessons for the Giant Kyoto ? Lessons from willing ants to the eager elephants

10 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Hierarchy of Needs WHY change: Awareness tools WHAT options: Catalogues of options WHERE to source:Technology source books, Inventory database HOW to assess Case studies, guidelines and deploy:Resource Modules, Manuals, Handbooks

11 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Conceptual Shifts during the Decade Supply Driven Demand Driven Providing informationPromoting change Technology transferTechnology cooperation Conveying the messageCommunicating the message ‘Ad-hoc’ating data Advocating Policies Technology for changePolicies that enable technological change Stand-alone Clearinghouse Integratead Network

12 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Policy Assistance and Technology Transfer: China Source:Inventory of Approved Projects, as of 35th ExCom

13 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Information Exchange Networks Country Programme Training Institutional Strengthening Global Management Plans Regional National Pillars of the CH

14 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Clearinghouse Strategy: Targets and Focus OzonAction Information Clearinghouse Clearinghouse DevelopedCountries Other Implementing Agencies NationalOzoneUnits RegionalNetworks Nat’l Target Users/Stakeholders Developing Countries

15 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Digital Drive Main Web Site Discussion forums & news services OZONEWS Electronic news services Partnership sites Daughter sites

16 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Regional Networks of the Focal Points

17 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Results and Outcomes/Impacts: Activities Implemented Jointly (AIJ) Source: Report on Clearinghouse Evaluation, 2002

18 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Lessons Learned: ?Should be demand driven: Demand is dynamic ?Identify the patterns of needs: Patterns will vary from LVCs to HVCs ?Formulate a strategic approach: Strategy is necessary to find the niche Design of the Clearinghouse

19 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Lessons Learned: Establish Informal Advisory Group of Experts:Establish Informal Advisory Group of Experts: Experts should include clients as well Decide on benchmarks/performance indicators:Decide on benchmarks/performance indicators: External reviews are best improvements Overall Management

20 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Lessons Learned: Create a network of experts:Create a network of experts: Experts are motivated to work for UN bodies Cast a wide net by encouraging National ClearinghousesCast a wide net by encouraging National Clearinghouses Diffusion is effective through national hubs Promote and outreach the services:Promote and outreach the services: What is not known is not used Regular Operations

21 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Future Challenges for OzonAction Clearhinghouse Reaching and assisting SMEs:Reaching and assisting SMEs: Numerous and informalNumerous and informal Information on cross-linked issues:Information on cross-linked issues: HFCs/PFCs, energy efficienciesHFCs/PFCs, energy efficiencies Digital divide:Digital divide: Need to continue Multimedia dissnNeed to continue Multimedia dissn Languages:Languages: Multilingual dissiminationMultilingual dissimination

22 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Lessons for other MEAs Promote and support policy setting before technology transferPromote and support policy setting before technology transfer The 3 axis of a clearinghouse-The 3 axis of a clearinghouse- Adaptability, flexibility and scalability People power is more important than digital power

23 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Ozone Depletion Global Warming Source: Gary Larson

24 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Chronology of the Protection of the Ozone Layer 1985 : Vienna Convention 1987 : Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete Ozone Layer 1996 : CFC Phase Out in Developed Countries 1999 : Developing countries begin compliance 1990 : Financial Mechanism and Clearinghouse

25 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Chronology and Evolution of Clearinghouse MOU with USEPA to use the platform/database Development of the e-database Handing over the database by the industries Formulation of the compliance driven strategic approach Integrated clearinghouse with networks of the NOUs Mix of the multimedia tools for HVCs and LVCs

26 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Where can we partner? Cross-linked issues: HFCs, energy efficienciesCross-linked issues: HFCs, energy efficiencies Cross-linked institutions: Networks of NOUs andCross-linked institutions: Networks of NOUs and CC-officers CC-officers Cross-linked concepts: advice from ‘getting there’Cross-linked concepts: advice from ‘getting there’ Protocol to ‘getting ready’ Protocol Protocol to ‘getting ready’ Protocol

27 Energy and OzonAction Rajendra Shende; Results and Outcomes/Impacts: Did CH has Positive Impact on the implementation? Source: Report on Clearinghouse Evaluation, 2002


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