2Which of the following belief systems emerged from political disorder, did not worship a deity, and remained primarily regional beliefs?Buddhism and Confucianism.Buddhism and Hinduism.Confucianism and Islam.Judaism and Islam.Confucianism and Daoism.
4Which of the following is true of both the Roman Empire and the Gupta Empire? Both had centralized governments and established infrastructures.Both depended on long-distance maritime trade.Both relied heavily on forced labor.Both were followed by centuries of global rule.Both fell to nomadic tribes pushed in their direction by migratory Huns.
5(A) Both had centralized governments and established infrastructures.
6Which of the following statements draws an accurate similarity between early agricultural societies in the Americas and those in the Eastern Hemisphere?American societies were matriarchal, while those in the Eastern Hemisphere were patriarchal.Agricultural societies in both hemispheres were polytheistic.Both groups of societies relied on human muscle rather than on technology to carry out manual labor.Societies in the Western Hemisphere relied more on the flooding patterns of rivers than did those in the Eastern Hemisphere.Societies in the Americas had larger beasts of burden than societies in the Eastern Hemisphere did.
7(B) Agricultural societies in both hemispheres were polytheistic.
8Which of the following concepts was introduced after the other four? The Four Noble Truths.The Way.The covenant relationship.The Five Pillars.The forgiveness of sins.
10Which of the following reflects a similarity between Arabic settlements of the eighth century and Viking settlements of the ninth century?Both established villages along the rivers of Russia.Both reached areas of present-day northern France.Both diminished intellectual activity in the regions they settled.Both groups created temporary settlements.Both groups established settlements in Western Europe.
11(E) Both groups established settlements in Western Europe.
12Which of the following is true of Pacific Ocean trade during the period 600 to 1450? European traders carried on active trade with Pacific islanders.It was dominated by Malay sailors.Pacific islanders concentrated on regional trade.It included active trade between Mongol China and Japan.Pacific islanders carried on trade with East Asia.
13(C) Pacific islanders concentrated on regional trade.
14A comparison of the travel routes of Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta reveals that Both traveled throughout Southwest Asia.Both traveled to North Africa.Both traveled through Central Asia.Both traveled to Islamic Europe.Marco Polo traveled to a greater number of locations than Ibn Battuta.
18Japanese and European feudalism were similar in that (A)Bushido and chivalry involved reciprocal relationships.(B)Both were based on group loyalties.(C)Neither emphasized personal ties in political relationships.(D)Both involved the receipt of contracts.(E)Both ended as their respective regions developed centralized governments.
19(E)Both ended as their respective regions developed centralized governments.
20In the period between 600 and 1450, which of the following roles were pursued by many Indian and European women?Workers in domestic industries and field workers.Political activists and public speakers.Long-distance merchants and guild leaders.Scholars and physicians.Religious leaders and legislative representatives.
21(A) Workers in domestic industries and field workers.
22By 1450, Islam had spread to all of the following regions EXCEPT Western Europe.East Asia.The Middle East.India.East Africa.
24In the period between 600 and 1450 Agriculture increased the aboriginal population of Australia.North American nations north of Mexico were more settled than the natives of Mesoamerica.North American and Mesoamerican societies were connected by trade.Asian trade networks reached to the islands of Oceania.Metallurgy was more advanced in Polynesia than in Mesoamerica and South America.
25(C) North American and Mesoamerican societies were connected by trade.
26Which is true of the Mongol Empire? It was responsible for spreading Buddhism to Japan.It was based upon tribute.The Mongols displayed their efficient administrative skills in Persia.It imposed harsh rule over Russia.It broadened the Chinese civil service examinations.
28Which of the following is true concerning trade in Eurasia and the Americas in the period 600 to 1450?Both involved overland and oceanic trade.Trade in Eurasia moved along an east-west axis, while that in the Americas moved along a north-south axis.Only Eurasian trade involved the exchange of gemstones.Both involved the interchange of major religions.Both involved nomadic peoples as trade facilitators.
29(B) Trade in Eurasia moved along an east-west axis, while that in the Americas moved along a north-south axis.
30The people of Madagascar. The Native Americans. The journals of Captain James Cook describe one of the societies that he encountered as people who placed a greater value on European tools and iron more than on anything else because the only weapons they had were stones. (Source: James Cook, The Journals of Captain Cook. Ed. by Philip Edwards. London: Penguin, 1999.)Which society is described in these journals?The Hawaiians.The people of Madagascar.The Native Americans.The Chinese under the Qing dynasty.The Japanese during the Tokugawa Shogunate.
34The Columbian Exchange Affected only Europe and the Americas.Reversed America’s disease-resistant environment.Created Native American enthusiasm for food crops of the Eastern Hemisphere.Carried diseases from the Western to the Eastern Hemisphere.Created a permanent labor force of Native Americans for the Europeans.
38Between 1450 and 1750Indian Ocean trade became dominated less by Europeans and more by Muslims.The Ottoman Empire increased production of factory goods for exports.China’s treasury was drained of silver from unequal trade with Europe.Japan changed its position of initial interest in Western goods to resistance to Western influence.African rulers relied less and less on European manufactured goods.
39(D) Japan changed its position of initial interest in Western goods to resistance to Western influence.
40All of the following are true regarding the Native Americans of North America north of the Rio Grande River and the Indians of Latin America EXCEPT thatPeoples north of the Rio Grande tended to be settled farmers more often than Indians of Mesoamerica.They were polytheistic.Natives of southwest United States traded with Mesoamerican civilizations.Both built massive ceremonial structures.While most of the natives of Mesoamerica had a written language, those north of the Rio Grande did not.
41(A) Peoples north of the Rio Grande tended to be settled farmers more often than Indians of Mesoamerica.
42Slavery and Russian serfdom were similar in that They were both forms of bondage.Both were denied personal freedoms.They were both tied to economic decline in the regions where they were utilized as a labor force.Neither offered a way to escape conditions of servitude.They were both based on skin color.
44Which of the following did NOT contribute to the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spaniards? Military assistance of Mesoamerican peoples.Epidemic disease.Mesoamerican traditions.The economic weakness of the Aztecs.Superior weaponry of the Spaniards.
48Karl Marx’s use of the term “bourgeoisie” to refer to factory management was also used to describe The ancien regime in France.The Western-educated leaders against the Qing Chinese.The free black society of Haiti.The initiators of the French Revolution.British sympathizers during the American Revolution.
50“Take up the White Man’s burden – The savage wars of peace –Fill full the mouth of FamineAnd bid the sickness cease.”(Source: Rudyard Kipling, “The White Man’s Burden”)Kipling’s poem received its rationale from which of the following nineteenth century philosophies?Laissez-faire economics.Conservatism.Romanticism.Liberalism.Social Darwinism.
52Both the wearing of corsets in Europe in the nineteenth century and the custom of footbinding in China were designedFor use among lower-class women.To deny women status in their respective society.To restrict women to work in the fields.To restrict women’s freedom of activity.To make women unattractive.
54In which of the following periods of world history did slavery NOT exist? 8000 B.C.E. – 600 C.E.600 – 1450.1750 – 1914.1914 – 2000.Slavery has existed in all periods of world history.
55(E) Slavery has existed in all periods of world history.
56Japan was more accepting of Western advances than China in the nineteenth century because Japan feared the power of Great Britain in East Asia.Japan feared the power of Korea.The Tokugawa Shogunate desired reform in Japan.Japanese leaders wanted a democracy patterned after the United States.Japan recognized the need to open up trade relations with the West in order to increase its national power.
57(E)Japan recognized the need to open up trade relations with the West in order to increase its national power.
58About 500 B.C.E., the metal that made Meroë prosperous was Iron.Copper.Bronze.Gold.Silver.
60The concept of extraterritoriality involves Unique economic privileges within a foreign country.The grant of citizenship to foreigners.The annexation of new territories.The imposition of economic imperialism.The privilege of foreigners to be tried in their own courts rather than by courts of the country where they reside.
61(E) The privilege of foreigners to be tried in their own courts rather than by courts of the country where they reside.
62Which of the following best describes the cartoon above? AIDS victims are resistant to treatment.AIDS patients are receiving adequate treatment.The World Health Organization is winning the war on AIDS.AIDS is not a significant problem in Africa.The efforts to solve the AIDS problem are insufficient in light of the problem’s severity.
63(E) The efforts to solve the AIDS problem are insufficient in light of the problem’s severity.
64Which of the following was NOT the result of colonialism in the period 1750 – 1914? Europeans, North Americans, and Japanese imperialists acquired feelings of superiority toward the peoples they dominated.Global trade increased significantly.National identities among subject peoples were eliminated.Global migration increased because of imperialist recruitment of labor forces.Sometimes imperialists built a plantation economy around a traditional crop of the colony.
65(C) National identities among subject peoples were eliminated.
66The world region most profoundly affected by AIDS is North Africa.Latin America.South Asia.Africa.Southeast Asia.
68All of the following are true concerning the nationalist struggle in Vietnam EXCEPT The French wanted to use Indochina to regain its world status.Unlike other former colonies, the Vietnamese were untouched by the Cold War.It bore similarities to the American Revolution.The Geneva Conference (1954) divided Vietnam.The new South Vietnamese government was unpopular with the general public.
69(B) Unlike other former colonies, the Vietnamese were untouched by the Cold War.
70All of the following are true of World War I EXCEPT European colonists from Africa and Asia served as military and support personnel.The territories of the former Ottoman Empire became independent.The war’s end saw the dissolution of most empires in Europe.European power declined.Ethnic tensions in the Balkans were unresolved.
71(B) The territories of the former Ottoman Empire became independent.
72One of the major problems of the current age is the unequal distribution of income and resources. One explanation for this problem isResistance to globalization by new Western nations.Lack of concern in newly independent nations in Africa and Asia.Uneven distribution of resources in spite of a worldwide surplus of resources.The overall failure of the Green Revolution.The effects of colonialism.
74During classical times Individuals did not travel the full extent of the Silk Roads.Malay merchants sailed from Southeast Asia to East Africa.Central Asians guarded trade routes but did not participate in trade themselves.There was a favorable balance of trade between Rome and China.North Africa was bypassed by Silk Roads trade.
75(B) Malay merchants sailed from Southeast Asia to East Africa.
76The map illustratesAreas of Japanese occupation in the 1930s.Spheres of influence.Locations of the Taiping Rebellion.Locations of European colonies.Locations of battles of the Opium War.
80HinduismDeveloped many of its ideas from the Vedas.Developed the caste system about the time of the birth of Jesus.Believed that reincarnation could move a person to only a higher caste.Allowed wide mobility between castes.Developed its caste system based on economic status.
82Which of the following best describes patriarchal relationships? They involve abuse of female family members.They prevent women from engaging in commercial activity in public.Women are secluded behind veils.Women’s inferior status places them under the protection of male family members.Women are denied an education.
83(D) Women’s inferior status places them under the protection of male family members.
84The mural altar is found in India.China.Latin America.Southeast Asia.Russia.
86Judaism, Islam, and Christianity share which of the following? Belief in Jesus as the Messiah.Acceptance of Muhammad as a prophet.The requirement of a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.Monotheism.Restrictions on the eating of pork.
92The Chinese halted exploration in the 1430s for all of the following reasons EXCEPT The expense of the voyages.Pressure from the scholar-gentry.Disinterest in trade.The need to reinforce the Great Wall.Fear of additional Mongol invasions.
96Which of the following is NOT true of the Mongols? Their government was organized around kinship groups.They highly regarded the work of artisans.They improved Persian infrastructure by constructing qanat irrigation systems.They tended to use local administrators to rule conquered lands.They were driven back from Japan by kamikaze winds.
97(C) They improved Persian infrastructure by constructing qanat irrigation systems.
98Conquest united all of the following cultures EXCEPT Mongols and Ottoman Turks.Nomadic Berbers from North Africa and the people of Spain.Ottoman Turks and Byzantines.Aryans and Indus valley peoples.Spaniards and Aztecs.
100Which of the following is NOT true regarding new crops in the period 1000 to 1450? Muslims introduced rice to West Africa.Europeans introduced Muslims to refined sugar.Cotton became the main textile in sub-Saharan Africa.Muslim travelers introduced citrus fruits to West Africa.Knowledge acquired during the Crusades affected the economy of the Western Hemisphere.
101(B) Europeans introduced Muslims to refined sugar.
102The Diaspora of the African population Resulted in the complete loss of African languages.Created compliant slave societies that did not resist their masters.Sometimes resulted in self-governing communities of runaways.Created slave revolts that frequently ended slavery in local areas.Produced slave communities in Latin America that depended on natural slave increase more than in North America.
103(C)Sometimes resulted in self-governing communities of runaways.
104In the sixteenth century, Mediterranean trade was dominated by North Africa and Spain.Portugal and France.Spain and Portugal.Jerusalem under Christian control.Muslim Turks and Italian city-states.
106Which of the following is NOT true regarding the Manila galleons? They linked global trade in the Pacific.Chinese merchants supplied silk goods that were traded with Mexico.Most Chinese luxury goods crossed the Atlantic to Spain.Asian luxury goods from the galleons did not remain in Mexico.European merchants exchanged silver for Chinese gold.
107(D)Asian luxury goods from the galleons did not remain in Mexico.
108Which of the following rulers held the LEAST power over his subjects during the eighteenth century? The Russian tsar.The Qing emperor.The Japanese emperor.The French king.The Ottoman sultan.
114How was India changed by foreign influence in the period 1450 to 1750? Christian missionaries from Europe were banned.The collapse of the Mughal Empire allowed Britain the opportunity to rule India.Indian Muslims objected to Mughal rule.Hindus accepted the unifying force of the Mughal rulers.Foreign trading stations and commercial colonies were forbidden under Mughal rule.
115(B)The collapse of the Mughal Empire allowed Britain the opportunity to rule India.
116In which of the following regions were plantation economies NOT established? Indian Ocean islands.North America.Europe.Southeast Asia.Atlantic Ocean islands.
118Which of the following describes the relationship between the Ottoman Empire and European nations from 1750 to 1914?The Ottomans lost their territory in Anatolia to European states.Nationalist uprisings forced the Ottomans to recognize the independence of Greece and Serbia.The Ottomans gained Egypt from France.The Ottomans gained territory from the weakening Russian Empire.Ottoman advances in technology were transferred to European nations.
119(B)Nationalist uprisings forced the Ottomans to recognize the independence of Greece and Serbia.
120Which of the following is true regarding Russia in 1914? Continuing serfdom weakened its industrial development.Its Russification policy promoted ethnic harmony.It lost territory to the Ottomans.Its economy was unable to manage the tsar’s desire for expansion.Its technological advances made it the equal of France and Great Britain.
121(D)Its economy was unable to manage the tsar’s desire for expansion.
122Which of the following is NOT true of imperialism in Southeast Asia in the period 1750 to 1914? Much of central Asia was brought under Russian control.By 1900, all of Southeast Asia was under colonial rule.The Roman Catholic Church became prominent in Vietnam.British-controlled Singapore became an active trade center.Great Britain controlled Malaysian tin and rubber.
123(B)By 1900, all of Southeast Asia was under colonial rule.
124In the nineteenth century, the Ottoman and Russian empires were examples of Nation-states.Socialist empires.Religious toleration.Religious diversity.Republican governments.
126By the middle of the eighteenth century, both China and Great Britain Experienced population decline.Had a network of banks and financial institutions.Had accessible deposits of coal.Lacked accessible water transportation.Possessed colonies to supply raw materials.
127(B) Had a network of banks and financial institutions.
128Which of the following was true of Latin American society in the period 1750 to 1914? Society was egalitarian.Few migrants came to Latin America.Intellectuals produced works based on Latin American values.Women’s role in society was one of basic equality with men.The Argentine gaucho enjoyed a type of admiration equal to that of the U.S. cowboy.
129(E) The Argentine gaucho enjoyed a type of admiration equal to that of the U.S. cowboy.
130“I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities by outside pressure.”The quotation above is taken fromThe Monroe Doctrine.The Roosevelt Corollary.The Balfour Declaration.The Truman Doctrine.The Brezhnev Doctrine.
132Nonalignment. Containment. Appeasement. Nationalism. Brinkmanship. The statement in the quotation, "I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities by outside pressure,” illustrates the policy ofNonalignment.Containment.Appeasement.Nationalism.Brinkmanship.
134Which of the following is true concerning women in the twentieth century? Women were not allowed to bear arms in World War II.Soviet women were expected to serve the Communist state by staying home and bearing children.Women in Africa and Asia fought in wars of independence, often gaining legal rights.In contrast to those in industrial societies, women in developing nations work mainly in low-paying jobs.In China, Confucian values changed to raise the status of women.
135(C) Women in Africa and Asia fought in wars of independence, often gaining legal rights.
136By 2009, the global economy was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT Increased use of alternative energy sources.Decreased energy consumption in India and China.Conflict over Russia’s energy sources.Decreased outsourcing in India.Economic recession.
137(B) Decreased energy consumption in India and China.
138Mao Zedong’s government Was unpopular with peasants.Strengthened the Chinese economy through the Great Leap Forward.Enacted policies that improved the status of women.Created a Chinese Renaissance through the Cultural Revolution.Was followed by pro-democratic policies of Deng Xiaoping.
139(C) Enacted policies that improved the status of women.
140The terms “Prague Spring” and “velvet revolution” are associated with government responses to communism inRomania.Hungary.Czechoslovakia.Yugoslavia.Bulgaria.