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INVESTIGATING ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND THEIR EFFECT ON ORGANISMAL DISTRIBUTION How to Cook a Penguin.

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Presentation on theme: "INVESTIGATING ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND THEIR EFFECT ON ORGANISMAL DISTRIBUTION How to Cook a Penguin."— Presentation transcript:

1 INVESTIGATING ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND THEIR EFFECT ON ORGANISMAL DISTRIBUTION How to Cook a Penguin

2 Galapagos Islands The Galapagos Islands is a volcanic archipelago (island chain) located 500 miles off the coast of Ecuador on the equatorial boundary. The Galapagos, made famous by Charles Darwin, compromises 18 main islands with Isabela and Fernandina as two of the largest and most western islands of the archipelago. The unique positioning of the Galapagos falls between several important ocean current convergences that greatly affect the environment and habitat of the species there.

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4 Galapagos Penguins Galapagos penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus) are an endangered species of penguin living on the Galapagos Islands. They have adapted to the climate of the Galapagos due to unique environmental factors as well as slight behavior modifications that allow them to survive and reproduce in a relatively tropical climate. 90% of the population is restricted to the islands of Isabela and Fernandina. They primarily stay in the water during the day to feed and assume normal activity, while they inhabit the dry land at night seeking shelter in rocky crevices and outcrops along the coastline. They evolved adaptive behaviors of panting and shielding their feet with flippers to cool off and reduce heat loss on land when sun is still exposed.

5 Humboldt and Cromwell Currents The Humboldt or Peru Current brings cold chilling waters from the South Pole to the southern portion of the island chain. The Cromwell or Equatorial Undercurrent is an eastern traveling upwelling current that brings cold, nutrient-rich waters to the western islands of the Galapagos.

6 Humboldt and Cromwell Currents CROMWELL EQUATORIAL COUNTER CURRENT Galapagos Penguin Distribution HUMBOLDT/PERU CURRENT

7 Picture Resources Galapagos Islands Penguin distribution map- CC by SA 3.0- Strebe (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galapagos_penguin#mediaviewer/File:Galapagos _Penguin.png) Modified by D. Gardnerhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galapagos_penguin#mediaviewer/File:Galapagos _Penguin.png World Map handout- CC by SA 3.0 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equirectangular_projection#mediaviewer/File:Eq uirectangular_projection_SW.jpg)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equirectangular_projection#mediaviewer/File:Eq uirectangular_projection_SW.jpg Galapagos Island Map- CC by SA 2.5- freeworldmaps.net (http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gal%C3%A1pagos_Islands#mediaviewer/File: Galapagos%2Bmap.jpg)http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gal%C3%A1pagos_Islands#mediaviewer/File: Galapagos%2Bmap.jpg Galapagos Penguin (Title Slide)- Flickr: Galápagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus), Galápagos Islands, EcuadorFlickrGalápagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus), Galápagos Islands, Ecuador Galapagos Penguin (Info Slide)- CC by SA 2.0-Flickr (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galapagos_penguin#mediaviewer/File:Galapagos _penguin_(Spheniscus_mendiculus)_-Isabela2.jpg)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galapagos_penguin#mediaviewer/File:Galapagos _penguin_(Spheniscus_mendiculus)_-Isabela2.jpg Boiling Water (Title Slide)-CC by SA 3.0 Unported-Free Software Foundation (GNU Free Documentation license) (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Boiling_water.jpg)http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Boiling_water.jpg Ocean Currents World Map- Public Domain (http://skyblue.utb.edu/paullgj/geog3333/lectures/oceancurrents-1.gif)http://skyblue.utb.edu/paullgj/geog3333/lectures/oceancurrents-1.gif


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