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CONFIDENTIAL 1 Adding and Subtracting Real Numbers Adding and Subtracting Real Numbers.

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Presentation on theme: "CONFIDENTIAL 1 Adding and Subtracting Real Numbers Adding and Subtracting Real Numbers."— Presentation transcript:

1 CONFIDENTIAL 1 Adding and Subtracting Real Numbers Adding and Subtracting Real Numbers

2 CONFIDENTIAL 2 Warm Up 1)x + y 2)x - y 3)y z Evaluate each expression for x = 8, y = 4, and z = 2.

3 CONFIDENTIAL 3 Adding and Subtracting Real Numbers All the numbers on a number line are called real numbers. You can use a number line to model addition and subtraction of real numbers. Addition To model addition of a positive number, move right. To model addition of a negative number, move left. Subtraction To model subtraction of a positive number, move left. To model subtraction of a negative number, move right.

4 CONFIDENTIAL 4 Add or subtract using a number line. Adding and Subtracting Numbers on a Number Line A) -3 + 6 Start at 0. Move left to -3. To add 6, move right 6 units.

5 CONFIDENTIAL 5 B) -2 - (-9) Start at 0. Move left to -2. To subtract -9, move right 9 units.

6 CONFIDENTIAL 6 Add or subtract using a number line. Now you try! 1a) -3 + 7 1b) -3 – 7 1c) -5 - (-6.5)

7 CONFIDENTIAL 7 The absolute value of a number is its distance from zero on a number line. The absolute value of 5 is written as |5|.

8 CONFIDENTIAL 8 Adding Real Numbers

9 CONFIDENTIAL 9 Adding Real Numbers A) -3 + (-16) = -3 + (-16) = 19 B) x + 7 for x = -13 x + 7 = (-13) + 7 = (-13) + 7 = -6 Add. When the signs of the numbers are the same, find the sum of their absolute values: 3 + 16 = 19. Both numbers are negative, so the sum is negative. First substitute -13 for x. When the signs are different, find the difference of the absolute values: 13 - 7 = 6. Use the sign of the number with the greater absolute value. The sum is negative.

10 CONFIDENTIAL 10 Add. Now you try! 2a) -5 + (-7) 2b) -13.5 + (-22.3) 2c) x + (-68) for x = 52

11 CONFIDENTIAL 11 Two numbers are opposites if their sum is 0. A number and its opposite are the same distance from zero. They have the same absolute value. A number and its opposite are additive inverses. To subtract signed numbers, you can use additive inverses. Subtracting a number is the same as adding the opposite of the number.

12 CONFIDENTIAL 12 Subtracting Real Numbers

13 CONFIDENTIAL 13 Subtracting Real Numbers A ) 7 - 10 7 - 10 = 7 + (-10) = -3 B) -3 - (-12) -3 - (-12) = -3 + 12 = -9 C) x - 22 for x = -11 x - 22 = -11 - 22 = -11 + (-22) = -33 Subtract. To subtract 10, add -10. When the signs of the numbers are different, subtract the absolute values: 10 - 7 = 3. Use the sign of the number with the greater absolute value. The sum is negative. To subtract -12, add 12. When the signs of the numbers are different, subtract the absolute values: 12 - 3 = 9. Use the sign of the number with the greater absolute value. The sum is positive. First substitute -11 for x. To subtract 22, add -22. When the signs of the numbers are the same, add the absolute values: 11 + 22 = 33. Both numbers are negative, so the sum is negative.

14 CONFIDENTIAL 14 Subtract. Now you try! 3a) 13 - 21 3b) -1 -(- 1) 2 2 3c) x - (-12) for x = -14 3

15 CONFIDENTIAL 15 Adding Real Numbers An emperor penguin stands on an iceberg that extends 10 feet above the water. Then the penguin dives to an elevation of -67 feet to catch a fish. What is the total length of the penguin’s dive? To subtract -67, add 67. Find the sum of the absolute values. Find the difference in the elevations of the iceberg and the fish. elevation of iceberg minus elevation of fish 10 - ( -67 ) 10 - ( -67 ) = 10 + 67 = 77 The total length of the penguin’s dive is 77 feet.

16 CONFIDENTIAL 16 4) The tallest known iceberg in the North Atlantic rose 550 feet above the ocean’s surface. How many feet would it be from the top of the tallest iceberg to the wreckage of the Titanic, which is at an elevation of -12,468 feet? Now you try!

17 CONFIDENTIAL 17 Assessment Add or subtract using a number line. 1) -4 + 7 2) -3.5 - 5 3)5.6 - 9.2 4)3 – (- 1) 4 6

18 CONFIDENTIAL 18 Add: 5)91 + ( -11) 6) 3 + ( - 3) 4 4 7) 15.6 + x for x = -17.9 4 3

19 CONFIDENTIAL 19 Evaluate each expression for a = 3, b = 4, and c = 2. 8) 23 - 36 9) 4.3 - 8.4 10) x – 4 for x = 1 5 5 21

20 CONFIDENTIAL 20 Adding and Subtracting Real Numbers All the numbers on a number line are called real numbers. You can use a number line to model addition and subtraction of real numbers. Addition To model addition of a positive number, move right. To model addition of a negative number, move left. Subtraction To model subtraction of a positive number, move left. To model subtraction of a negative number, move right. Let’s review

21 CONFIDENTIAL 21 Add or subtract using a number line. Adding and Subtracting Numbers on a Number Line A) -3 + 6 Start at 0. Move left to -3. To add 6, move right 6 units.

22 CONFIDENTIAL 22 The absolute value of a number is its distance from zero on a number line. The absolute value of 5 is written as |5|.

23 CONFIDENTIAL 23 Adding Real Numbers

24 CONFIDENTIAL 24 Adding Real Numbers A) -3 + (-16) = -3 + (-16) = 19 B) x + 7 for x = -13 x + 7 = (-13) + 7 = (-13) + 7 = -6 Add. When the signs of the numbers are the same, find the sum of their absolute values: 3 + 16 = 19. Both numbers are negative, so the sum is negative. First substitute -13 for x. When the signs are different, find the difference of the absolute values: 13 - 7 = 6. Use the sign of the number with the greater absolute value. The sum is negative.

25 CONFIDENTIAL 25 Two numbers are opposites if their sum is 0. A number and its opposite are the same distance from zero. They have the same absolute value. A number and its opposite are additive inverses. To subtract signed numbers, you can use additive inverses. Subtracting a number is the same as adding the opposite of the number.

26 CONFIDENTIAL 26 Subtracting Real Numbers

27 CONFIDENTIAL 27 Subtracting Real Numbers A ) 7 - 10 7 - 10 = 7 + (-10) = -3 B) -3 - (-12) -3 - (-12) = -3 + 12 = -9 C) x - 22 for x = -11 x - 22 = -11 - 22 = -11 + (-22) = -33 Subtract. To subtract 10, add -10. When the signs of the numbers are different, subtract the absolute values: 10 - 7 = 3. Use the sign of the number with the greater absolute value. The sum is negative. To subtract -12, add 12. When the signs of the numbers are different, subtract the absolute values: 12 - 3 = 9. Use the sign of the number with the greater absolute value. The sum is positive. First substitute -11 for x. To subtract 22, add -22. When the signs of the numbers are the same, add the absolute values: 11 + 22 = 33. Both numbers are negative, so the sum is negative.

28 CONFIDENTIAL 28 Adding Real Numbers An emperor penguin stands on an iceberg that extends 10 feet above the water. Then the penguin dives to an elevation of -67 feet to catch a fish. What is the total length of the penguin’s dive? To subtract -67, add 67. Find the sum of the absolute values. Find the difference in the elevations of the iceberg and the fish. elevation of iceberg minus elevation of fish 10 - ( -67 ) 10 - ( -67 ) = 10 + 67 = 77 The total length of the penguin’s dive is 77 feet.

29 CONFIDENTIAL 29 You did a great job today!


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