Presentation on theme: "Classifying Nouns!. The Categories Once we figure out which words are being used as nouns, we have to figure out what kind of nouns they are. Nouns can."— Presentation transcript:
The Categories Once we figure out which words are being used as nouns, we have to figure out what kind of nouns they are. Nouns can be categorized as: common OR proper singular OR plural concrete OR abstract collective possessive
Singular v. Plural Singular means that there is only ONE of something, just like when you pay in “singles,” you pay in $1 bills. Likewise, if you are “single” on Facebook, you are alone! (Wuamp wuamp…) Plural means there are MORE THAN ONE. Plural nouns often end in “s,” but not always! Foot Feet
Singular v. Plural Singular foot penguin city shoe book tooth Plural feet penguins cities shoes books teeth
Singular v. Plural If you can’t figure out if something is singular or plural, just put the word “one” in front of it. If it makes sense, it’s SINGULAR ! Class : Singular or plural? –One Class: Singular! Flock : Singular or plural? –One Flock: Singular!
Common v. Proper A common noun is a general name for a person, place, thing, or idea. They are usually NOT capitalized … –Unless they are placed at the beginning of a sentence of course! DUH! A proper noun is a particular person, place, thing, or idea. It is ALWAYS capitalized. – Hint: A proper individual may walk with more pride standing upright like a capital letter.
Common v. Proper This king is standing tall and upright, like the valiant royal individual he is! Much like this, proper nouns must also stand tall and upright, beginning with a capital letter!
Common v. Proper Common (general) city state guitarist museum lake month Proper (specific) Cleveland Ohio George Harrison Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Lake Erie September
Concrete v. Abstract Concrete nouns are nouns that can be perceived by the senses, which means they can be seen, touched, tasted, smelled, or heard. – Hint : The way I remember this is that concrete (the stuff that makes sidewalks) can be seen and touched. Abstract nouns are the “idea” nouns. They are concepts in the mind, but not something that can be detected with the senses. – For example: We can’t say, “The hatred came into the room and sat down.” We can’t see “hatred” itself. We can only see things that result from hatred, like a mean face.
Concrete v. Abstract Concrete sand fireplace song window light Ms. Uebler Abstract independence curiosity pride uncertainty sadness faith Can be seen, touched, tasted, smelled, or heard, although I don’t recommend tasting it. Ew.
Possessive Possessive nouns show ownership. This is most easily recognized by the use of an apostrophe. Because of this trick, you should be able to look at a sentence and immediately identify if it has any possessive nouns! Just look for the apostrophe! –Beware of contractions : It’s, couldn’t, won’t, etc.
Plural Possessive v. Singular Possessive Why does the apostrophe sometimes come before the s (’s) and sometimes after it (s’)? –This is how to differentiate plural v. singular possessives. The trick to determining this is to cover up the apostrophe and everything after it. If the word that is left is singular, it’s singular possessive, and vise versa.
Collective A collective noun is a singular noun that refers to a group of people or things (represents a plural concept). Remember, a noun is singular if you can put the word “one” in front of it! For example : band, choir, crew, class, herd, gaggle, staff, flock, gang, swarm
Let’s Practice Classifying Nouns! Wahoo! Train common or proper? singular or plural? concrete or abstract? collective? possessive? No.
Kittens’ common or proper? singular or plural? concrete or abstract? collective? possessive? No.
Chicago common or proper? singular or plural? concrete or abstract? collective? possessive? No.
Hope common or proper? singular or plural? concrete or abstract? collective? possessive? No.
Choir’s common or proper? singular or plural? concrete or abstract? collective? possessive?