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By Courtney Deal Table of Contents Penguins Are Birds Habitats Temperature Diet Pastimes Predators Catching Food Fasting Penguin Chicks Species Rookery.

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Presentation on theme: "By Courtney Deal Table of Contents Penguins Are Birds Habitats Temperature Diet Pastimes Predators Catching Food Fasting Penguin Chicks Species Rookery."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 By Courtney Deal

3 Table of Contents Penguins Are Birds Habitats Temperature Diet Pastimes Predators Catching Food Fasting Penguin Chicks Species Rookery

4 Penguins Are Birds Cannot fly 75% of time is spent underwater Avg. speed under water- 15 mph Cannot breathe under water

5 Habitat Habitat South America Africa Australia New Zealand Antarctica Sub Antarctic Magellanic Humboldt Gentoo Rockhopper Macaroni Galapogos African King Royal Macaroni Gentoo Rockhopper Emperor Adelie Gentoo Chinstrap Little (Blue) Fjordland Snares Island Erect-Crested Rockhopper Yellow-Eyed

6 Temperature Warm blooded Body temperature- 100  F Blubber, down, waterproof feathers Huddle together for warmth

7 Predators Leopard Seals Sea lions Orcas Australian Sea Eagle FerretsCatsSnakesLizardsFoxesRats

8 Pastimes TobogganingSurfingDiving

9 Diet Krill, squid, fish Antarctic/Subantarctic species: krill & squid Northern species: fish Different food preferences reduces competition krill

10 Catching Food At sea, ft of surface Catch prey w/bills Swallow whole while swimming Bioluminescence

11 Fasting During breeding season Annual molting period Chicks shed juvenile feathers molting

12 Penguin Chicks Female leaves male w/ eggs Female returns and male leaves After hatching, immediately calls Voice recognition

13 Rookery “reproductive areas” Same mate Same spot Mate, nest, and raise chicks King pen. Rookery in S. Georgia Island in Antarctica South African Photos Boulders beach Penguin Rookery

14 Adelie Smallest of Antarctic Named after French expl. wife in 1830s 2 ft 8-9 lbs Fight over rocks ↑2.5 million breeding prs. Live in groups of 10,000

15 African 2 ft tall 7-11 lbs Coast of S. Africa Declined to 150,000 Protected species AKA Blackfoot

16 Blue Smallest 25cm high 1 kg Come live in burrows live in burrows Live at home all year

17 Chinstrap 2 ft 10 lbs Most common-13 million Live on large icebergs Krill and fish

18 Emperor Largest-4ft 90 lbs Lay 1 egg Male cares for egg Stands w/ egg on feet for 9 wks w/o food Female returns after egg hatches

19 Erect-Crested Total popul. 200,000 breeding pairs Nest in shallow holes Can raise/lower feathers on crest “Sclater’s Penguin”

20 Fjordland 40 cm 4kg Yellow crest w/ white on cheeks 2 nd egg hatches 1 st 3,000 breeding pairs

21 Galapagos Galapagos Islands Humboldt Current Smallest warm weather penguin 1,000 breeding pairs 19 in tall 6 lbs El Niño caused 70% mortality

22 Gentoo 3ft 13 lbs Wide white stripe on head Nest in grasslands- stones, grass, sticks Fights over stones Pairs stay together throughout year

23 Humboldt Can swim at 7 kph Can sprint at 14 kph Humboldt Current “inshore” feeders Both parents care for the chicks

24 King 2 nd largest- 3ft 35 lbs Orange spots near ears & on neck Fish, squid, crustaceans 1 egg

25 Macaroni Named after an English hairstyle Largest of the Crested variety 70cm tall kg Total breeding pop.- 12,000,000 2 eggs, 1 chick

26 Magellanic Named after Ferdinand Magellan 2ft 3in 9 lbs Largest of warm weather species Form underground nesting colonies

27 Rockhopper Hop from rock to rock Able to hop 4-5 ft While at sea, roam 100 miles from land Only penguins to enter water feet first

28 Royal Breed at Macquarie Island Breed at Macquarie Island 500,000 pairs 1 st egg is discarded Chicks hatch in 30 days After molt, parents remain at sea

29 Snares 40 cm 3 kg Bare skin at base of bill Colonies of 1,500 pairs Popul.-30,000 pairs Male guards, female forages

30 Yellow-Eyed Band of yellow feathers Coast of New Zealand Rarest of all species Only estimated 1,500 breeding pairs

31 Bibliography “Diet and Eating Habits.” 4/14/04. (4/7/04) “Kidzone Penguin Facts.” 4/12/04. (4/5/04). “Oamuru Blue Penguin Colony.” 4/14/04. (4/13/04). “Fact Sheet: Humboldt Penguin.” 4/13/04. (4/13/04). “Australian Antarctic Division.” 4/14/04. (4/13/04). “Snares Crested.” 4/13/04. (4/13/04). “Penguins In Antarctica.” 5/19/03. (4/13/04). “King Penguin Rookery On South Antarctica.” 4/12/04. (4/12/04). “Oddwidget’s South African Photos: Boulders Beach Penguin Rookery.” 4/12/04. (4/12/04). “Pete and Barb’s Penguin Pages.” 4/15/04. (4/15/04).

32 Bibliography Continued Rockhopper Penguin.” 4/15/04. (4/15/04). “Galapagos Penguin.” 4/15/04. (4/15/04)


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