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Emergency Purchasing: When You Don’t Have Time To Bid Norma Houston 2013 NCEMA Fall Conference.

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Presentation on theme: "Emergency Purchasing: When You Don’t Have Time To Bid Norma Houston 2013 NCEMA Fall Conference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emergency Purchasing: When You Don’t Have Time To Bid Norma Houston 2013 NCEMA Fall Conference

2 Tornado Damage

3 Recovery Needs Roof Repair / Equipment Replacement Vehicle Replacement Debris Removal Water Main Repair / Potable Water

4 BASIC PUBLIC CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS

5 What is a Valid Public Contract?OfferAcceptanceConsiderationOfferAcceptanceConsideration Budget / Pre-audit Pre-auditWritingWriting Proper Procurement Methods Other Legal Requirements

6 PROCUREMENT METHODS

7 Which Procurement Method? Type of Contract Cost Procurement Method

8 Type of Contract

9 1. Purchase Apparatus, supplies, materials, & equipment

10 Type of Contract 2. Construction or Repair New buildings, renovations, “non- vertical” construction (utility lines, roads, etc.)

11 Type of Contract 3. “Mini-Brooks Act” design services architectural, engineering, survey, CMR, DB, BDD, P3

12 Type of Contract 4. Everything Else Includes service contracts and land purchases

13 Cost Type of Contract Cost $0 No statutory requirements $30,000 Informal Purchase & Construction $90,000 Formal Purchase $500,000 Formal Construction Bidding Thresholds

14 Procurement Method Type of Contract Cost Procurement Method 1. Informal Bidding Applies to purchases and construction/repair within a certain cost range Has minimal requirements to ensure competition with focus on getting the lowest cost

15 Procurement Method Type of Contract Cost Procurement Method 2. Formal Bidding Applies to purchases and construction/repair above a certain cost Has very specific requirements to ensure competition with focus on getting the lowest cost

16 Procurement Method Type of Contract Cost Procurement Method 3. Qualifications Based Selection (QBS) Required for selection of “Mini-Brooks Act” services - architect, engineer, survey, CMR, DB, DBB, P3 Contract award based on qualifications of responder rather than price Local government can exempt itself in writing if contract is under $50,000.

17 Procurement Method Type of Contract Cost Procurement Method 4. Requests for Proposals (RFP) Optional for IT purchases Can be used (but is not mandated) for other service contracts

18 Procurement Methods – State Law Formal Bidding Informal Bidding Qualifications-Based Selection No Method No Method Required $500,000 $90,000 $30,000 $0 Mini-Brooks ActEverything Else * * Use of RFP optional, but not required Purchase Construction & Repair Type of Contract Cost of Contract (Bid Thresholds)

19 Procurement Methods – GMCR (federal) Sealed Bidding Small Purchase Competitive Proposals (price not considered) Competitive Proposals $150,000 $0 Mini-Brooks ActEverything Else* * May use competitive proposals when sealed bidding not appropriate; may use non- competitive proposals under special circumstances. Purchase* Construction* Type of Contract Cost of Contract Small Purchase

20 Procurement Methods – State Law Formal Bidding Informal Bidding Qualifications-Based Selection No Method No Method Required $500,000 $90,000 $30,000 $0 Mini-Brooks ActEverything Else * * Use of RFP optional, but not required Purchase Construction & Repair Type of Contract Cost of Contract (Bid Thresholds)

21 PROCUREMENT REQUIREMENTS

22 Procurement Requirements InformalFormalQBSRFP Solicitation / Advertisement Not required Newspaper/ electronic at least 7 days before bid opening Must “announce” requirements Not required (IT—must advertise like formal bid) Form / Minimum # Any form; keep record; no minimum # Sealed bids; 3-bid minimum for construction contracts No specific form required; no minimum # No form required (IT – sealed proposals) Public bid openingNot requiredRequiredNot required Standard of Award Lowest responsive, responsible bidder Best qualified, regardless of cost Best meets criteria set in the RFP Board ApprovalNot required Required (may delegate for purchases only) Not required Public Record Record of bids not public until contract award Bids public when opened Proposals public when opened Public when opened (IT – not public until contract award)

23 Construction Contract Requirements Informal / Formal Bidding Requirements Formal Construction & Repair ($500,000+) Bid Bond Performance / Payment Bonds Retainage Limits BUILDING Construction & Repair ($300,000+) Separate Specs for Trades Authorized Delivery Methods HUB Requirements

24 EXCEPTIONS

25 Competitive Bidding Exceptions 1. Special Circumstances a. Sole Source b. Emergencies c. Fuel d. Force Account Work 2. Existing Contracts a. State and Federal Contracts b. Piggybacking c. Change Orders 3. Direct Purchases a. Purchases From Other Units of Government b. Group Purchasing Programs c. Used Items

26 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Special Circumstances Existing Contracts Direct Purchases Sole Source GS (e)(6)  Applies to formal and informal purchases (not construction)  Only one source of supply (not only one manufacturer)  Competition not available  Standardization/compatibility is overriding consideration  Board approval is required

27 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Existing Contracts Special Circumstances Direct Purchases Emergencies GS (e)(2)  Applies to purchases and construction/repair  Must be special emergency involving public health and safety or property  Emergency must be imminent or existing  Cannot be generally anticipated to occur in the future  Cannot use if competitive bidding requirements can be used without exacerbating harm  Competitive bidding requirements still required for FEMA reimbursement  Board approval not required

28 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Fuel Purchases GS (e)(5)  Applies to purchases of:  Must use informal bidding process for purchases $30,000 or more (formal bidding not required for purchases above $90,000)  Board approval not required Existing Contracts Special Circumstances Direct Purchases GasolineMotor Fuel Diesel FuelFuel Oil Alcohol FuelNatural Gas

29 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Force Account Work GS  Applies to construction/repair (not purchases)  Construction work performed by unit’s own officers or employees  Total cost of project under $125,000 or  Total cost of labor under $50,000  Must file owner-builder affidavit  Board approval is required Existing Contracts Special Circumstances Direct Purchases

30 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Special Circumstances Existing Contracts Direct Purchases State and Federal Contracts GS (e)(7),(e)(9),(e)(9a)  Applies to formal and informal purchases (not construction)  Purchasing same item from same vendor  Vendor must agree to sell at the same or more favorable prices, terms, and conditions  Includes state P&C contracts, IT purchases through ITS, and federal agency contracts  Board approval not required

31 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Piggybacking GS (g)  Applies to formal purchases only  Purchasing same item from same vendor  Vendor must agree to sell at the same or more favorable prices, terms, and conditions  Contract competitive bid within previous 12 months  Board approval is required with 10 days public notice Special Circumstances Existing Contracts Direct Purchases

32 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Change Orders GS (e)(4)  Applies to construction and repair purchases only  For work undertaken after the contract is awarded  Not allowed for project needs identified prior to contract award  Cannot be used by bidder to correct mistakes  Board approval not required Special Circumstances Existing Contracts Direct Purchases

33 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Special Circumstances Existing Contracts Direct Purchases Purchases from other units of government GS (e)(1)  Applies to formal and informal purchases  Purchase directly from federal, state, or local governments anywhere in the US (not purchasing from vendor)  Includes bidding on surplus sales  Board approval not required

34 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Special Circumstances Existing Contracts Direct Purchases Group Purchasing Programs GS (e)(3)  Applies to formal and informal purchases  Formally organized program  Purchases obtained through competitive process  Items offered at discount prices  To at least two public agencies  Board approval not required

35 Competitive Bidding Exceptions Special Circumstances Existing Contracts Direct Purchases Used Items GS (e)(10)  Applies to formal and informal purchases  Can purchase from public and private entities  Does not include:  Remanufactured  Refabricated  Demo  Board approval not required

36 Do You Have To Bid? Roof Repair / Equipment Replacement Vehicle Replacement Debris Removal Water Main Repair / Potable Water

37 Do You Have To Bid? Equipment Replacement: Probably so, unless necessary for immediate restoration of public safety capabilities Hiring An Architect: Mini-Brooks Act QBS process still applies (can only exempt if fees are under $50,000) NO: Temporary repairs to stabilize structure and prevent further damage YES: Permanent repairs and reconstruction REMEMBER GMCR Bidding Requirements! Roof Repair / Equipment Replacement

38 Do You Have To Bid? YES: Complying with bidding requirements will not unduly delay purchase, especially in informal bidding range ($30,000-$90,000) REMEMBER GMCR Bidding Requirements! Vehicle Replacement Other Options: 1. Purchase from another unit of government 2. Donation from other unit of government 3. Buy off state/federal contract

39 Do You Have To Bid? NO: Potable water and temporary repairs to stabilize system YES: Permanent repairs and reconstruction REMEMBER GMCR Bidding Requirements! Water Main Repair / Potable Water Hiring An Engineer: Mini-Brooks Act QBS process still applies (can only exempt if fees are under $50,000)

40 Do You Have To Bid? NO: Debris removal is a service contract; service contracts not subject to state competitive bidding requirements YES: For FEMA reimbursement REMEMBER GMCR Bidding Requirements! Debris Removal What About Debris Monitoring? Same as for debris removal

41 Tips for Emergency Purchasing  Preposition contracts using a competitive bidding process  Secure temporary supplies and equipment through mutual aid instead of purchasing  Remember minimal requirements for informal bidding process: – Purchase = $30,000-$90,000 – Construction/Repair = $30,000-$500,000) – No formal advertisement – No sealed bid/public bid opening – No 3-bid minimum – Can get price quotes in any form (phone, fax, , etc.) – Keep record of bids

42 RESOURCES

43 SOG Purchasing Website

44 SOG Coates’ Canons Blog

45 THANK YOU FOR WHAT YOU DO! Norma Houston (919)


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