Presentation on theme: "The English Colonies Chapter 3. Massachusetts- 1630 Founders- William Bradford (Pilgrim) John Winthrop (Puritan) Settlers- Puritans seeking religious."— Presentation transcript:
Massachusetts- 1630 Founders- William Bradford (Pilgrim) John Winthrop (Puritan) Settlers- Puritans seeking religious refuge from persecution Climate- Harsh winters and warm summers Geography- sandy coast with good ports, rich pastures, & forests Economy- Crops, livestock, lumber, shops and shipping Religion- Puritan Government- Self governing with strong religious influence
Rhode Island - 1647 Founders- Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson Settlers- People seeking religious freedom Climate- Hot, humid summers and cold snowy winters Geography- Coastal lowlands, and rocky woodlands Economy- Farming, lumber, shipbuilding, fishing, whaling, and trade on waterways Religion- Various faiths Government- Self- governing
Connecticut - 1636 Founders- Thomas Hooker Settlers- Puritans seeking a new settlement Climate- Cold winters, mild summers Geography- Forested hills, and seacoast Economy- Farming (crops and livestock) Religion- Puritan Government- Self-governing. They had a written constitution called the Fundamental Orders.
New York - 1624 Founders- Dutch West India Company (1624) James, Duke of York (1664) Settlers- Dutch and English seeking a new life Climate- Cold snowy winters, and hot humid summers Geography- Wetlands along the coast and Hudson River, forested mountains to the north Economy- Fur trapping, lumber, shipping, slave trade merchants and tradesmen, farming, iron mining Religion- Various faiths Government- British governor, council with assembly
Pennsylvania - 1682 Founders- William Penn Settlers- English Quakers, and others seeking religious freedom Climate- Cold winters, and hot, humid summers Geography- Rolling hills, trees and fertile soil Economy- Farming (crops and dairy), merchants, tradesmen, lumber and shipbuilding Religion- Various faiths Government- Self- governing
Maryland - 1634 Founders- Cecil Calvert (Lord Baltimore) Settlers- Catholics and Protestants seeking religious and political freedom Climate- Cold rainy winters and hot, humid summers Geography- Low fertile land surrounding the Chesapeake Bay Economy- Farming (crops, beef, dairy), lumber, shipping, fishing, iron mining Religion- Various faiths, mostly Catholic Government- Self- governing
Virginia - 1607 Founders- Sir Walter Raleigh The Virginia Company Settlers- English landowners, skilled laborers, and people seeking profits Climate- Mild winters and hot humid summers Geography- Coastal lowlands, and wooded mountains Economy- Farming (plantations and small farms) Religion- Church of England (Anglican) Government- Self-governing
Georgia - 1732 Founders- King George II James Edward Oglethorpe Settlers- Debtors, Europeans seeking religious freedom, and cheap land Climate- Short mild winters, and long hot, humid summers Geography- Wetlands, red clay plains, forested mountains Economy- Farming (plantations and small farms) Religion- Various faiths Government- Self- governing
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