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Administrative Segregation: A Snapshot from Five Jurisdictions Johanna Kalb, Megan Quattlebaum, Hope Metcalf, and Judith Resnik Arthur Liman Public Interest.

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Presentation on theme: "Administrative Segregation: A Snapshot from Five Jurisdictions Johanna Kalb, Megan Quattlebaum, Hope Metcalf, and Judith Resnik Arthur Liman Public Interest."— Presentation transcript:

1 Administrative Segregation: A Snapshot from Five Jurisdictions Johanna Kalb, Megan Quattlebaum, Hope Metcalf, and Judith Resnik Arthur Liman Public Interest Program at Yale Law School ASCA Meeting, Salt Lake City, Utah August 15, 2014 Preliminary Responses to a Pilot Questionnaire from Colorado, Connecticut, Mississippi, Ohio, and Rhode Island Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014 1

2 Questions What, in practice, is administrative segregation? What variations and convergences exist across states? Who are the inmates in administrative segregation and how long do they stay? What are the degrees of isolation? What forms of sociability are facilitated? Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014 As of Summer 2014 2

3 Adult Male Population Reported in AdSeg Colorado 16,336 215 Connecticut 16,489 81 Mississippi 20,599 539 Ohio 46,522 1,490 Rhode Island 3,323 26 As of Summer 2014 3 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

4 Gender and AdSeg MaleFemale Colorado 215 0 Connecticut 81 5 Mississippi 539 5 Ohio 1,490 33 Rhode Island 25 0 As of Summer 2014 4 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

5 Race and AdSeg Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg August 11, 2014 5 White African American Latino/ Hispanic Colorado 59 38110 Connecticut 12 51 20 Mississippi 133404 1 Ohio 625866 - Rhode Island 5 13 7 As of Summer 2014

6 Duration of Detention of Men in AdSeg (from state facility with largest AdSeg population) Less than 90 days 90-180 days 6 mos – 1 yr 1 – 3 years 3 or more years Colorado 49 55 110 1 0 Connecticut 4 7 12 14 3 Mississippi 33 29 47 69 31 Ohio 62 80 173 116 5 Rhode Island 4 7 1 11 2 As of Summer 2014 6 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

7 Age Distribution of Men in AdSeg Under 1819-2526-3536-55Over 55 Colorado 0 51 119 41 4 Connecticut 1 24 29 26 5 Mississippi 1 134 246 150 8 Ohio 0 510 635 351 27 Rhode Island 0 7 8 10 1 As of Summer 2014 7 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

8 Experiencing AdSeg Hours in cell Weekdays: 22 CT, OH 23 CO, MS, RI Hours in cell Weekends: 22 CT 23 CO, MS, OH 24 RI Single celled: CT, MS, OH, RI Double celled: CO As of Summer 2014 8 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

9 Interactions Among Inmates Group Programs: MS, RI Group Meals: None Group Exercise: CT, MS, OH, RI Between cells: CO, CT, MS, OH, RI (through doors, vents, etc.) As of Summer 2014 9 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

10 Access to Technology While In Cells Radios: permitted CO, OH, RI provided CO Television: permitted CO, OH, RI provided CO, OH Digital or CD music players: permitted OH DVD, Skype, Computers: Not Permitted As of Summer 2014 10 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

11 Visiting All five jurisdictions permit social visits Frequency of visits: 2/week OH 1/week CT, RI 1/month CO 4/year MS Means: Contact RI Non-contact CO, CT, MS, OH, RI Video OH Sanctions: Permit loss of visits as a sanction CO, OH, MS Do not permit loss of visits as sanction CT As of Summer 2014 11 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

12 Transitioning from AdSeg Use of “Step-Down” Approach: CO, CT, OH, MS, RI Minimum Times in Particular Phases: Yes CO, CT, MS No OH, RI As of Summer 2014 12 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

13 Changing AdSeg Policies Reviewed in the Last Three Years: CO, CT, OH, RI Planning a Review: MS, RI As of Summer 2014 13 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014

14 Research Agenda The scope and utility of questions The clarity of questions and method of collection Obtaining staff perspectives As of Summer 2014 14 Liman ASCA Salt Lake City 2014 AdSeg, Revised August 11, 2014


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