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Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, & New Hampshire

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Presentation on theme: "Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, & New Hampshire"— Presentation transcript:

1 Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, & New Hampshire
New England Colonies Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, & New Hampshire

2 Rhode Island In 1636, Rhode Island became a colony after
Roger Williams, a clergyman, obtained a charter from England to form the colony. He spoke out against the Puritans’ strictness and went to this area to settle and provide religious choice. Rhode Island also had freedom of religion. ANNE HUTCHINSON was also banished and joined Williams in Rhode Island.

3 Massachusetts Founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims.
Plymouth was the original name of the settlement. John Carver was the leader of the Pilgrims and author of the Mayflower Compact. Puritans then came and settled Boston (Mass. Bay Colony) John Winthrop was the governor of this settlement.

4 Also founded in 1636 by a clergyman by then name of Thomas Hooker.
Connecticut Also founded in 1636 by a clergyman by then name of Thomas Hooker. He led a group of people from Rhode Island to start their own colony and they had freedom of religion. Massachusetts and Connecticut had laws saying that if there were 50 families, a teacher needed to be hired and a school setup

5 New Hampshire Sold to the king of England in 1679.
Royal colony: king chooses governor and no elected government.

6 “The breadbasket colonies”
The Middle Colonies “The breadbasket colonies”

7 New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, & Delaware.
THE MIDDLE COLONIES New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, & Delaware. Society in the middle colonies was made up of settlers from many different countries, many different religious groups, and was much more tolerant than the other colonies. Settlers from all over Europe came for new opportunity and greater freedoms.

8 Because of good soil and climate people could produce crops to sell
These became known as “Cash Crops”… crops grown to sell for profit They produced so much grain they became known as the “Bread Basket” colonies

9 Middle Colony Cities By the mid 1700’s Philadelphia and New York were the two largest cities in the colonies They were important trading & manufacturing centers Cities were a contrast to the quiet countryside Streets were paved with brick or cobblestone They were lined with shops and inns Crowds of people spoke many languages

10 John Berkeley New Jersey King James of England gave his 2 friends, Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, the section of New York located between the Hudson River and Delaware Bay in 1664 Both proprietors allowed religious freedom and an assembly in addition to giving generous land offers to attract settlers

11 Dutch East India Co. hired Henry Hudson in 1609 to find northern passage around Asia
Half Moon forced to turn back by ice, so sailed across Atlantic instead Discovered Delaware Bay, then sailed up river named after him Dutch merchants began to tap into fur trade New Netherland Colony created in 1614 Dutch West India Company formed in 1621 & took over colonization New Amsterdam est. in 1625

12 Pennsylvania Native Americans lived in the Pennsylvania region when Dutch explorers first visited in 1609. Henry Hudson sent word of the area after sailing into the Delaware Bay in search of a trade route to Asia.

13 Pennsylvania In the 1600s religious clashes caused social upheaval in Europe. The Quakers upset people the most. The Quakers believed in the equality of all men and women. They were extremely tolerant and were pacifists who refused to fight in wars.

14 Pennsylvania In 1681, King Charles II granted
the land to William Penn. William Penn was a Quaker and desired religious freedom and self-government for all who settled in Pennsylvania. Shortly after arriving, Penn signed treaties with the Native Americans and paid them for the land he was given by the King of England Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly & grew rapidly. The heart of the colony was Philadelphia, a city known for its broad streets, brick houses, and busy docks.

15 New York As mixed as the people were in Pennsylvania, New York best illustrated the melting pot of America. By 1646 the population included people from Sweden, Holland, France, England, Poland, Scotland, Italy, Ireland, Germany, and many other countries.

16 New York For more than three centuries England and Holland (the Dutch) had been the closest of friends but when the England became upset that the Dutch traded with the English colonies freely. Dutch ships carried great quantities of goods such as Virginia tobacco to Holland, and thus at least £10,000 a year was lost in taxes to the English government.

17 New York The fact that Dutch traders were essentially stealing English tax dollars and that New Netherlands split the English colonies in two led the English to decide to conquer the Dutch colony. The English claimed New Netherland and King Charles II gave the entire country to his brother James, Duke of York, ignoring the claims of the Dutch colony.

18 Peter Stuyvesant, the Dutch colonial Governor, was extremely mean and unfair to the people there. He mustered his meager forces for defense but the people were not with him. They were tired of his tyrannical control where they had no say in the government and tired of enriching the colonial company at their own expense. The fort was surrendered in 1664 without bloodshed and New Amsterdam became New York (named after the Duke of York) and all of New Netherlands was under English control.

19 New Jersey In 1609, Henry Hudson claimed New Jersey and New York for the Dutch. By 1630, Dutch settlement of New Jersey began along the Hudson River but because of Indian attacks, the first permanent town, Bergen, wasn’t established until Swedish fur traders began settling southern New Jersey in 1638, but were quickly forced out of the area by the Dutch. England gained control of New Jersey in 1664 after taking New York with soldiers from the English colonies along the coast. Many settlers arrived looking for cheap land and political and religious freedom. The colony was later divided into West and East Jersey. After land disputes caused rioting in the 1690s, England again united the two colonies into one colony.

20 Delaware Two groups of Native Americans lived in the Delaware region when European explorers first visited the area. In 1610, an English ship sailed into the Delaware Bay from the colony of Virginia. Captain Samuel Argall named the bay after Virginia’s governor, Lord De La Warr. The bay, river, and land surrounding the region became known as Delaware.

21 Maryland, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia.
Southern Colonies Maryland, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia. The colonies were originally instated to compete in the race for colonies in the 12th, 13th, and 14th Decades. They then developed into prosperous colonies that made large profits off of cash crops such as tobacco, indigo dye, and rice. Over time, the region quickly became well known for its high slave population and highly stratified social class distribution.

22 Virginia Founded in 1607 (Jamestown)
Captain John Smith is given credit for starting this colony. Many people at this time wanted to leave their homeland in order to have more freedoms and to not be under the strict rule of the kings of England. John Rolfe discovered tobacco was easy to grow in the good climate it became a main cash crop for the colony

23 North Carolina Founded in 1663 by English nobles. Charter granted by Charles II. Charleston: main city was named after Charles II. Became very important port city. Bad politics forced a split of the colony into North and South.

24 South Carolina In 1729 South Carolina received its name after a political dispute and became a colony. Had large plantations for growing crops and raising livestock.

25 Georgia It became a colony in 1733.
James Oglethorpe was granted a charter to start Georgia for the poor and unfortunate who left prison. It was a colony for debtors to come have a fresh start. It was known as a buffer zone between the Spanish and the English colonies.

26 Maryland Founded in 1634 by George Calvert who started a charter but didn’t live to see it come true. He believed all people should have religious freedom. King Charles I was king and didn’t agree with the religious freedom. In 1649, the Toleration Act was passed that guaranteed equality of rights for everyone for religion.

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