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13 Colonies New England Colonies -Massachusetts-1629

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Presentation on theme: "13 Colonies New England Colonies -Massachusetts-1629"— Presentation transcript:

1 13 Colonies New England Colonies -Massachusetts-1629
-Rhode Island-1631 -Connecticut-1636 -New Hampshire-1680

2 Massachusetts Gained it name from an Indian word meaning Near Great Hill Puritans were unhappy in England – no music, less decorations, more pure, did not believe in dancing, drinking Called Great Migration – so many came at once , 17 ships, 20,000 people

3 Map

4 Massachusetts Grew Fast Type of people
different than other groups since they came in such large numbers, the Puritans were well planned, skilled, had money, education, supplies - had easy time compared to Jamestown or Pilgrims Religious Government- Had to be a member of church, male

5 Massachusetts General Court- the name of the government run by men members of church John Winthrop was the governor of Massachusetts Many people did not like Massachusetts and its rules so they left which is why the other New England colonies started. Major cities, Plymouth, Boston , Salem

6 Massachusetts (1620) Mayflower arrived at Cape Cod; Pilgrims established settlement named Plymouth (1621) Pilgrims signed treaty with Wampanoag Indians; celebrated first Thanksgiving (1628) John Endicott established settlement at Salem (1629) Masssachusetts Bay Company chartered (1630) Boston founded; later named capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1634) Boston Common first public park in U.S. (1635) Roger Williams banished from Massachusetts due to religious disputes

7 Rhode Island Named by explorer Verrazano –who sailed by this area and it reminded him of the Greek Island of Rode

8 Rhode Island William- Roger was very unhappy in Massachusetts, He felt
1-Indians should be paid for land 2-Separation of Church and Government 3-Toleration of all religious groups

9 Rhode Island True Religious Freedom
Providence- first settlement in Rhode Island- No charter yet Government- all white men could vote True Religious Freedom Gained Charter- in 1644 they went to the king and gained a charter.

10 Ann Hutchinson Ann Hutchinson- had issues with the Puritans in Mass. And spoke out about her views. The General Court were angry and she was forced to leave and she went to Rhode Island during her trial she made the mistake of claiming that she had talked to God

11 Ann Hutchinson Anne Hutchinson is a woman to be admired by any of us who believe in the rights of the individual to freedom of thought, freedom of speech, and freedom to worship. Real heroes are people who in the face of adversity, refuse to betray their ideals or ethics, no matter what the cost.

12 Time Line Rhode Island 1500's - 1600's
(1524) Giovanni de Verrazano explored Narragansett Bay and coastline ( (1625) Dutch established temporary trading post on Dutch Island, traded with local Indians (1635) William Blackstone first Rhode Island settler (1636) Roger Williams founded Providence on land received from Indians (1637) Anne Hutchison founded Portsmouth after being banished from Massachusetts for heresy

13 Connecticut Name comes from Indian word meaning –Along Tidal River

14 Connecticut Thomas Hooker- did not like Mass. He felt the Government was to powerful- he wanted to Limit the Government Views- laws to Limit the Government Hartford- the first settlement (no charter at first) 1st written Constitution- was the way he planned to limit the government –called Fundamental Orders Of Connecticut Government- this government gave the right to vote to all men who owned land, even those who were not members of the church

Gained charter from King 1662

16 New Hampshire New Hampshire -1680
Its name- comes from a city in England Was simply an outgrowth of the other areas in New England-see next slide

17 New Hampshire The territory that afterward became New Hampshire was included in a grant of land in 1622 to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and John Mason. New Hampshire grew very slowly for many years. The chief cause of this was the fact that the heirs of Mason claimed the right to the land. As with Maine will be a part of Massachusetts till it gets a charter Maine a part of Massachusetts till 1820

18 life Life- Marry very young 14 Large families 10-12 kids
Puritan was main religion Church was normally center of town Good for defense and safety Church ran every aspect of life

19 Life Industry- Fish , Lumber ,ship building, Subsistence Farms
Land- rocky, hills, short growing season, wet 1st area in the new world that passed a law requiring public school for any town that had more than 50 people-used bible as the textbook, classes held In church. --Apprentice system also used Education paid through taxes LAW 1st college-Harvard

20 Life / Terms Husband ran family / Church ran life
Church attendance was required Terms: Apprentice Stock Subsistence Farm Toleration Sabbath

21 Life he life expectancy of its citizens became longer than that of Old England, and much longer than the Southern English colonies. Children were born at nearly twice the rate in Maryland and Virginia. It is often said that New England invented grandparents, for it was here that people in great numbers first grew old enough to see their children bear children.

22 Life Literacy rates were high as well. Massachusetts law required a tax-supported school for every community that could boast 50 or more families. Puritans wanted their children to be able to read the Bible, of course. Massachusetts Bay Colony was a man's world. Women did not participate in town meetings and were excluded from decision making in the church.

23 Life The Puritans believed they were doing God's work. Hence, there was little room for compromise. Harsh punishment was inflicted on those who were seen as straying from God's work.

24 Life Puritans felt no remorse about administering punishment. They believed in Old Testament methods. Surely God's correction would be far worse to the individual than any earthly penalty.

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