Presentation on theme: "13 Colonies New England Colonies -Massachusetts-1629"— Presentation transcript:
113 Colonies New England Colonies -Massachusetts-1629 -Rhode Island-1631-Connecticut-1636-New Hampshire-1680
2MassachusettsGained it name from an Indian word meaning Near Great HillPuritans were unhappy in England – no music, less decorations, more pure, did not believe in dancing, drinkingCalled Great Migration – so many came at once , 17 ships, 20,000 people
4Massachusetts Grew Fast Type of people different than other groups since they came in such large numbers, the Puritans were well planned, skilled, had money, education, supplies - had easy time compared toJamestown or PilgrimsReligious Government- Had to be a member of church, male
5MassachusettsGeneral Court- the name of the government run by men members of churchJohn Winthrop was thegovernor of MassachusettsMany people did not like Massachusetts and its rules so they left which is why the other New England colonies started.Major cities, Plymouth, Boston , Salem
6Massachusetts(1620) Mayflower arrived at Cape Cod; Pilgrims established settlement named Plymouth(1621) Pilgrims signed treaty with Wampanoag Indians; celebrated first Thanksgiving(1628) John Endicott established settlement at Salem(1629) Masssachusetts Bay Company chartered(1630) Boston founded; later named capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony(1634) Boston Common first public park in U.S.(1635) Roger Williams banished from Massachusetts due to religious disputes
7Rhode IslandNamed by explorer Verrazano –who sailed by this area and it reminded him of the Greek Island of Rode
8Rhode Island William- Roger was very unhappy in Massachusetts, He felt 1-Indians should be paid for land2-Separation of Church and Government3-Toleration of all religious groups
9Rhode Island True Religious Freedom Providence- first settlement in Rhode Island- No charter yetGovernment- all white men could voteTrue Religious FreedomGained Charter- in 1644 they went to the king and gained a charter.
10Ann HutchinsonAnn Hutchinson- had issues with the Puritans in Mass. Andspoke out about her views. The General Court were angry and she was forced to leave and she went to Rhode Islandduring her trial she made the mistake of claiming that she had talked to God
11Ann HutchinsonAnne Hutchinson is a woman to be admired by any of us who believe in the rights of the individual to freedom of thought, freedom of speech, and freedom to worship. Real heroes are people who in the face of adversity, refuse to betray their ideals or ethics, no matter what the cost.
12Time Line Rhode Island 1500's - 1600's (1524) Giovanni de Verrazano explored Narragansett Bay and coastline( (1625) Dutch established temporary trading post on Dutch Island, traded with local Indians(1635) William Blackstone first Rhode Island settler(1636) Roger Williams founded Providence on land received from Indians(1637) Anne Hutchison founded Portsmouth after being banished from Massachusetts for heresy
13ConnecticutName comes from Indian word meaning –Along Tidal River
14ConnecticutThomas Hooker- did not like Mass. He felt the Government was to powerful- he wanted to Limit the GovernmentViews- laws to Limit the GovernmentHartford- the first settlement (no charter at first)1st written Constitution- was the way he planned to limit the government –called Fundamental Orders Of ConnecticutGovernment- this government gave the right to vote to all men who owned land, even those who were not members of the church
15Connecticut GOAL – LIMIT GOVERNMENT POWER Gained charter from King 1662
16New Hampshire New Hampshire -1680 Its name- comes from a city in EnglandWas simply an outgrowth of the other areas in New England-see next slide
17New HampshireThe territory that afterward became New Hampshire was included in a grant of land in 1622 to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and John Mason.New Hampshire grew very slowly for many years. The chief cause of this was the fact that the heirs of Mason claimed the right to the land.As with Maine will be a part of Massachusetts till it gets a charterMaine a part of Massachusetts till 1820
18life Life- Marry very young 14 Large families 10-12 kids Puritan was main religionChurch was normally center of townGood for defense and safetyChurch ran every aspect of life
19Life Industry- Fish , Lumber ,ship building, Subsistence Farms Land- rocky, hills, short growing season, wet1st area in the new world that passed a law requiring public school for any town that had more than 50 people-used bible as the textbook, classes held In church.--Apprentice system also usedEducation paid through taxes LAW1st college-Harvard
20Life / Terms Husband ran family / Church ran life Church attendance was requiredTerms:ApprenticeStockSubsistence FarmTolerationSabbath
21Lifehe life expectancy of its citizens became longer than that of Old England, and much longer than the Southern English colonies. Children were born at nearly twice the rate in Maryland and Virginia. It is often said that New England invented grandparents, for it was here that people in great numbers first grew old enough to see their children bear children.
22LifeLiteracy rates were high as well. Massachusetts law required a tax-supported school for every community that could boast 50 or more families. Puritans wanted their children to be able to read the Bible, of course.Massachusetts Bay Colony was a man's world. Women did not participate in town meetings and were excluded from decision making in the church.
23LifeThe Puritans believed they were doing God's work. Hence, there was little room for compromise. Harsh punishment was inflicted on those who were seen as straying from God's work.
24LifePuritans felt no remorse about administering punishment. They believed in Old Testament methods. Surely God's correction would be far worse to the individual than any earthly penalty.