2 Between 1650-1750 3 distinct regions developed within the colonies. Each region faced different challenges due to various climate, locationand natural resources.The New England ColoniesThe soil in the NE colonies was unsuitable for large scale farming.Many people of the NE colonies turned to ship building, fishing and trading astheir major occupations and source of income.Natural ResourcesThe forest and sea offered other opportunities for makinga living. Many NE worked in the lumber industry, cutting down trees, buildingsaw mills, and shipping lumber to other colonies. The wood was used for ships,houses, and furniture.
3 The Middle ColoniesThe population was diverse. Ireland, Netherlands, Sweden,Finland, Germany, EnglandThe Middle Colonies contained the most fertile farm land. The majority ofpeople made their living by farming. These were larger farms then in the north.Slave labor as well as hired labor worked these lands.The Southern Coloniesthere were two ways of life in the SC. Coastal and Backcountry.Southern PlantationsMany of the English settlers established plantations on the coast-raising rice,tobacco and indigo. Plantations used a combinations of free and slave labor.Later the pressure to increase production lead to plantations usingnothing, but slave labor.Backcountry farmers claimed small plots inland. They had no need for slave labor.
6 13 Colonies COLONY NAME YEAR FOUNDED FOUNDED BY BECAME ROYAL COLONY Virginia1607London Company1624Massachusetts1620Puritans1691New Hampshire1623John Wheelwright1679Maryland1634Lord BaltimoreN/AConnecticut1635Thomas HookerRhode Island1636Roger WilliamsDelaware1638Peter Minuit and New Sweden CompanyNorth Carolina1653Virginians1729South Carolina1663Eight Nobles with a Royal Charter from Charles IINew Jersey1664Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret1702New YorkDuke of York1685Pennsylvania1682William PennGeorgia1732James Edward Oglethorpe1752
7 New England ColoniesMassachusettsFounded by the Puritans.prosperous, but religious differences forced some settlers to moveRhode IslandThis was the first colony to promote religious freedom. In 1658, aa group of Jewish settlers came to the colony.Connecticut and New HampshireThe founders set up the Fundamental Orders. This set up restrictionson the Gov. and allowed all men with property the right to voteregardless if they went to churchMiddle ColoniesNew YorkA Dutch colonyNew JerseyRich soil allowed for profitable farms.PennsylvaniaSet up by the Quakers. A religious group that is againstwar and killing. They also promoted religious toleration and equality.DelawareSet up by the Swiss
8 Southern Colonies Maryland Colony started to give Roman Catholics a place to worship in peace. Theywere denied rights in other colonies.VirginiaSee Jamestown notes.The CarolinasMany that settled here were English from the West Indies. As they came theybrought with them their slaves. My there planted tobacco and indigo.GeorgiaThe last English colony to be settled. It was set up as a place for those withdebts in England to work them off.