Presentation on theme: "The English Colonies in America. Goals Distinguish between the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies Understand the causes of regional differences."— Presentation transcript:
The English Colonies in America
Goals Distinguish between the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies Understand the causes of regional differences between the colonies Work collaboratively to create a booth to promote the best features of a colony including economic, political, and religious freedoms
Word Wall Words Capitalism Utopia Quaker Fertile Slave Trade Convict Puritan Plantation Democratic Assembly Cash Crop Debtor Indentured servant
People to know Adam Smith James Oglethorpe Cecil Calvert William Penn House of Burgesses Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson William Bradford John Winthrop Thomas Hooker
Preview 3 4 details of map How many regions are the 13 colonies divided? Which region had tobacco plantations? In which region was fishing important? In which region would you find iron works? Why do you think many large farms were located in the Southern Colonies? Why do you think so much shipbuilding took place in the New England Colonies?
Points to Ponder Sections 3.1 and 3.2. What are the three regions into which the colonies have been grouped? What was the climate like in the New England Colonies? Middle Colonies? Southern Colonies? How would you describe the land in the Southern Colonies? What do assemblies do? Who was denied the right to vote in the colonies?
Spoke Diagram What is at the hub of the diagram? What are on the spokes? What do the spokes tell you about New Jersey?
English Colonies in America Indentured servants: served 3 to 6 years as slave labor in order to get passage to America Indentured servants Slave labor from Africans and Indentured servants needed for plantations Debtors, criminals, and capitalist
3 Classes of Colonies New England: Mass. Rhode Island, Conn. And New Hampshire Middle Colonies: New York, Penn., New Jersey, and Delaware Southern Colonies: Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland Cash crops of tobacco, rice, cotton, sugar and indigo
Governing the Colonies Charter: document defining the land and how the colony would be governed Assembly: elected group of law makers Democratic: decisions made by people Not a “true” democracy for women, servants, or slaves
Colonial Fair Project Sell your colony Checklists and due dates Fair itself
Themes Religious Freedom Money Self Government
Tasks to be completed workday 1 1. Decide on roles 2. Read the section about your colony 3. Decide as a group what the strong selling points of your colony should be 4. Brainstorm a slogan, saying or theme to use throughout all of your products 5. Begin work on your part 6. Remember you are earning 5 pts today!
Day 2 Tasks to be completed Banner finished by Monday Handout/flyer/brochure/newsletter by Monday Song written by Monday Sales gimmick decided on and finalized on Monday * If your song is finished it needs to be typed by the advertising director
Day 3 Workday 1 copy of handout to Mr. Ibbotson 1 copy of song to Mr. Ibbotson Banner completed and colored (read rubric) Practice singing song Head realtor writes speech *Note: 3 minutes long, you are verbally explaining the banner and handout trying to sell your colony. This 3 minutes does not include the song or passing out the gimmick!
Massachusetts Puritans: Purify the Church of England Separatists: separate from the Church of England 1620, 50 separatists set sail on the Mayflower led by William Bradford Mayflower Compact First Thanksgiving a large group of Puritans follow the separatists to form the Massachusetts Bay Colony led by John Winthrop
Rhode Island and Connecticut Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson Religious Freedom “Forced worship stinks in God’s nostrils” Slave trade and pirates Thomas Hooker Disagreements with the law and leadership Fundamental Orders Right to vote to all men in the Puritan church
New York New Amsterdam then New York 1664 Part was given to make N.J. Poor vs. Rich Taxes and capitalism Rights of the colonists vs. the royal governor
Pennsylvania Pacifist Repayment of a debt and get rid of William Penn All people treated equally Jobs, peace, prosperity, tolerance, self government
Maryland Refuge for English Catholics Cecil Calvert and the need for Protestants and Catholics Religious protection for Christians but no other faiths Self government and agriculture based
Virginia Roanoke, Jamestown, and tobacco Plantations for cash crops with slaves and indentured servants 1661 House of Burgesses pass a law making African slaves for life By 1700, 16,000 Africans (1/4 of the population of Virginia)
Georgia James Oglethorpe and the utopia Need to compete with Florida Bans on alcohol and slavery An army of the poor Strong farm economy and eventually slave trade