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LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3 Slide 1 Constitutional Rights 3-1 3-1Foundations of Our Constitution 3-2 3-2Amendments.

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Presentation on theme: "LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3 Slide 1 Constitutional Rights 3-1 3-1Foundations of Our Constitution 3-2 3-2Amendments."— Presentation transcript:

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2 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3 Slide 1 Constitutional Rights Foundations of Our Constitution Amendments to the Constitution Division and Balance of Powers CHAPTER 3 Lessons

3 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3 Slide 2 Foundations of Our Constitution Name the documents written in the course of our nation’s founding Explain the relationship between the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution LESSON 3-1 GOALS

4 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 3 OUR NATION’S FRAMING DOCUMENTS Declaration of Independence Articles of Confederation U.S. Constitution The Bill of Rights

5 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 4 Declaration of Independence

6 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 5 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Document drafted by representatives of the 13 original colonies that asserts the rights desired by the colonists Adopted on July 4, 1776 Declared independence from Great Britain Needed to institute new government New government would derive its power from people

7 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 6 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE It declared... “all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

8 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 7 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

9 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 8 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION The 13 sovereign states united loosely in 1781 under a charter called the Articles of Confederation. Many people felt need for a stronger central government

10 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 9 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION Articles led to the calling of a special convention of delegates from the original 13 states Order of Ratification of U.S. Constitution 1Delaware12/7/1787 2Pennsylvania12/12/1787 3New Jersey12/18/1787 4Georgia1/2/1788 5Connecticut1/9/1788 6Massachusetts2/6/1788 7Maryland4/28/1788 8South Carolina5/23/ New Hampshire 6/21/ Virginia6/26/ New York7/26/ North Carolina11/21/ Rhode Island5/29/1790

11 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 10 U.S. CONSTITUTION Was drafted in the summer of 1787 Provided a workable framework for a federal government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” Was declared effective and binding by Congress on March 4, 1789

12 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 11 What’s Your Verdict? What four states took the longest to ratify? Virginia / New York / North Carolina / Rhode Island

13 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 12 What’s Your Verdict? Why did four states take longer to ratify? Deficiency in constitution - failure to protect human rights

14 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 13 THE BILL OF RIGHTS

15 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 14 THE BILL OF RIGHTS The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution Enacted as a shield against the possible violation of specified human rights Based on: Magna Carta Petition of Right Bill of Rights

16 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 15 Amendment 1 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of

17 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 16 Amendment II Right to a well regulated Militia Right to keep and bear Arms

18 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 17 Amendment III No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner,....

19 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 18 Amendment IV... Right to be secure in their persons, houses,..... Against unreasonable searches and seizures...

20 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 19 Amendment IV

21 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 20 Amendment V

22 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 21 Amendment V Held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury... be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy to be a witness against himself be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process take private property for public use without just compensation

23 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 22 Amendment VI Enjoy right to a speedy trial Impartial jury Informed of nature and cause of accusations Confront witnesses against you Assistance of counsel for your defense

24 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 23 Amendment VII In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed $20, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the U.S.,...

25 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 24 Amendment VIII No excessive bail No excessive fines No unusual punishments inflicted

26 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 25 Amendment IX The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people

27 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide 26 Amendment X The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people

28 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions The Declaration of Independence was adopted on a)July 4, 1776 b)July 4, 1789 c)July 4, 1861

29 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions a)July 4, 1776

30 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions The “inalienable rights” mentioned in the Declaration of Independence are “life, liberty, and the pursuit of _________”

31 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions happiness

32 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions The American War of Independence lasted about a)Two years b)Four years c)Eight years d)Ten years

33 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions a)Eight years

34 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions The 13 colonies originally created a common government under the “Articles of Incorporation” TRUE / FALSE

35 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions False - Declaration of Independence

36 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions Critics of the original Constitution claimed the wording failed to protect human _____________

37 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions Rights

38 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions ____________ was the thirteenth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

39 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions Rhode Island

40 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions Which of the first 10 amendments guarantees freedom of the press? a)First b)Second c)Third d)Freedom of the press is not guaranteed in the Bill of Rights

41 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions First

42 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions The original Bill of Rights contains the right of peaceful assembly. TRUE / FALSE

43 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions TRUE

44 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions Term limits on representatives were imposed by the Articles of Confederation. TRUE / FALSE

45 LAW FOR BUSINESS AND PERSONAL USE © SOUTH-WESTERN PUBLISHING Chapter 3Slide Questions TRUE


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