Presentation on theme: "The New England Colonies New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut."— Presentation transcript:
The New England Colonies New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut
Geographical, Political, Economic, Religious, and Social Aspects
NEW territories of England, the “mother country” “Why is New England, called New England?” New England Colonies
Located in the northeast region of the USA Where is New England? Where is New England?
New England Colonies, 1650
New England Geography Harsh winters Short growing season Jagged Coastlines
subsistence farming - colonists produced just enough food for themselves. New England Geography Life in the New England colonies was not easy!
Shipbuilding Shipbuilding Lumbering Lumbering New England Economy 2,500 trees = 1 ship
New England Economy Whaling and Fishing Whaling and Fishing Fur Trading Fur Trading
Whale Oil Lamp Whale oil illuminated the homes and businesses of colonial America
Three types of trade: 1.Trade with other colonies 2.Direct exchange of goods with Europe 3.Triangular Trade New England Economy
men and women who would work for a specified period of time, usually several years, before gaining their freedom.
Dairy cattle, sheep and pigsDairy cattle, sheep and pigs –courtesy of the Columbian Exchange
New England Economy Colonists made their own clothes and shoes.
Town meetings- the act of a group of individuals gathering together to make decisions Colonial Assemblies Mayflower Compact, 1620 F.O.C., 1636 New England Government
White Protestant society –Puritans –Pilgrims (separatists) New England Society
Massachusetts Colony: Plymouth Founder: William Bradford Year: 1620 Reason: Religious freedom for Separatists
Separatists (Pilgrims) wanting to break free from the Anglican Church or the Church of England.
Mayflower Compact, 1620 The first step towards self- government in America.
Embarkation of the Pilgrims Painting by Robert W. Weir (1844) The prominence of women and children suggests the importance of the family in the community.
Massachusetts Bay Colony Colony: Massachusetts Bay Founder: John Winthrop Year: 1630 Reason: Religious freedom for Puritans ”city upon a hill"
They wanted to change the Church of England. They did not want to separate from the Church like the Pilgrims. The Puritans wanted to make the Church of England more "pure."
Puritan Values Puritans were demanding of their followers Strong work ethic Determination in the face of challenges
Rhode Island, 1636 Founder: Roger Williams Founding Year: 1636 Reason for Founding: Religious freedom
Connecticut, 1639 Thomas Hooker Most settlers were Puritans “The Constitution State”
“ Journeying through the Wilderness from Plymouth to Hartford, in 1636 ” - Frederic Edwin Church
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut The first written constitution in America. 1639
Population of the New England Colonies
Each settlement is for a specific belief.
1.What was the motivation, or reason, behind the development of the New England, colonies? A.Profit and Trade B.Religious Freedom C.To find a Northwest Passage D.None of the above Checking for Understanding B Religious Freedom
Disagreements over religious beliefs led to the formation of a number of new colonies.
Roger Williams founded the colony of Connecticut
The Protestant work ethic was important in all New England colonies.
The economy of the American colonies depended on the geography of the region.
The Middle Colonies Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania New York Also known as the Mid-Atlantic Colonies
Mid-Atlantic Geography Atlantic Coast Longer growing season
Industry –Ironworks –Shipbuilding Mid-Atlantic Economy Diversified - having a variety
New York City and Philadelphia became important ports for trading.
Ethnically and religiously diverse Mid-Atlantic Society Ethnic- Diverse- large groups of people classed according to common racial, national, religious, linguistic, or cultural background made up of distinct characteristics, qualities, or elements
People from: –Sweden –England –the Netherlands –France –Germany Mid-Atlantic Society
Puritans Quakers Anglicans Baptists Catholics Jews Mid-Atlantic Society Religious Tolerance
Quakers- Protestant branch in England The Quakers could not worship in England because they did not follow the Church of England.
Many Quakers were sent to jail for not going to the Church of England.
1.Wouldn ’ t swear or take oaths 2.No clergy 3.Men and Women are equal 4. Pacifists 5.Treated Indians fairly 6.Against slavery
Religious Freedom and Tolerance Freedom of the Press Strong Courts Middle Colonies Government Proprietary colony- owned and controlled by one or more persons
New York Founder: Year: Reason for establishment:
Pennsylvania Founder: William Penn Year: Reason for establishment:
William Penn Member of the Quakers Founded Pennsylvania
Delaware Founder: Year: Reason for establishment:
52 New Jersey Founder: Year: Reason for establishment:
Geography played a role in the success of the Middle Colonies. –Fertile soil for harvests –Mountains for iron-ore –Forests for shipbuilding –Natural harbors were perfect sites for cities