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The New England Colonies New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut.

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Presentation on theme: "The New England Colonies New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut."— Presentation transcript:

1 The New England Colonies New Hampshire Massachusetts Rhode Island Connecticut

2 Geographical, Political, Economic, Religious, and Social Aspects

3 NEW territories of England, the “mother country” “Why is New England, called New England?” New England Colonies

4 Located in the northeast region of the USA Where is New England? Where is New England?

5 New England Colonies, 1650

6 New England Geography Harsh winters Short growing season Jagged Coastlines

7 subsistence farming - colonists produced just enough food for themselves. New England Geography Life in the New England colonies was not easy!

8 Shipbuilding Shipbuilding Lumbering Lumbering New England Economy 2,500 trees = 1 ship

9 New England Economy Whaling and Fishing Whaling and Fishing Fur Trading Fur Trading

10 Whale Oil Lamp Whale oil illuminated the homes and businesses of colonial America

11 Three types of trade: 1.Trade with other colonies 2.Direct exchange of goods with Europe 3.Triangular Trade New England Economy

12 men and women who would work for a specified period of time, usually several years, before gaining their freedom.

13 Dairy cattle, sheep and pigsDairy cattle, sheep and pigs –courtesy of the Columbian Exchange

14 New England Economy Colonists made their own clothes and shoes.

15 Town meetings- the act of a group of individuals gathering together to make decisions Colonial Assemblies Mayflower Compact, 1620 F.O.C., 1636 New England Government

16 White Protestant society –Puritans –Pilgrims (separatists) New England Society

17 Massachusetts Colony: Plymouth Founder: William Bradford Year: 1620 Reason: Religious freedom for Separatists

18 Separatists (Pilgrims) wanting to break free from the Anglican Church or the Church of England.

19 Mayflower Compact, 1620 The first step towards self- government in America.

20 Embarkation of the Pilgrims Painting by Robert W. Weir (1844) The prominence of women and children suggests the importance of the family in the community.

21 Massachusetts Bay Colony Colony: Massachusetts Bay Founder: John Winthrop Year: 1630 Reason: Religious freedom for Puritans ”city upon a hill"

22 They wanted to change the Church of England. They did not want to separate from the Church like the Pilgrims. The Puritans wanted to make the Church of England more "pure."

23 Puritan Values Puritans were demanding of their followers Strong work ethic Determination in the face of challenges

24 Rhode Island, 1636 Founder: Roger Williams Founding Year: 1636 Reason for Founding: Religious freedom

25 Connecticut, 1639 Thomas Hooker Most settlers were Puritans “The Constitution State”

26 “ Journeying through the Wilderness from Plymouth to Hartford, in 1636 ” - Frederic Edwin Church

27 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut The first written constitution in America. 1639

28 Population of the New England Colonies

29 Each settlement is for a specific belief.

30 1.What was the motivation, or reason, behind the development of the New England, colonies? A.Profit and Trade B.Religious Freedom C.To find a Northwest Passage D.None of the above Checking for Understanding B Religious Freedom

31 Disagreements over religious beliefs led to the formation of a number of new colonies.

32 Roger Williams founded the colony of Connecticut

33 The Protestant work ethic was important in all New England colonies.

34 The economy of the American colonies depended on the geography of the region.

35 The Middle Colonies Delaware New Jersey Pennsylvania New York Also known as the Mid-Atlantic Colonies

36 Mid-Atlantic Geography Atlantic Coast Longer growing season

37 Industry –Ironworks –Shipbuilding Mid-Atlantic Economy Diversified - having a variety

38 Mid-Atlantic Economy

39 New York City and Philadelphia became important ports for trading.

40 Ethnically and religiously diverse Mid-Atlantic Society Ethnic- Diverse- large groups of people classed according to common racial, national, religious, linguistic, or cultural background made up of distinct characteristics, qualities, or elements

41 People from: –Sweden –England –the Netherlands –France –Germany Mid-Atlantic Society

42 Puritans Quakers Anglicans Baptists Catholics Jews Mid-Atlantic Society Religious Tolerance

43 Quakers- Protestant branch in England The Quakers could not worship in England because they did not follow the Church of England.

44 Many Quakers were sent to jail for not going to the Church of England.

45 1.Wouldn ’ t swear or take oaths 2.No clergy 3.Men and Women are equal 4. Pacifists 5.Treated Indians fairly 6.Against slavery

46 Religious Freedom and Tolerance Freedom of the Press Strong Courts Middle Colonies Government Proprietary colony- owned and controlled by one or more persons

47 New York Founder: Year: Reason for establishment:

48

49 Pennsylvania Founder: William Penn Year: Reason for establishment:

50 William Penn Member of the Quakers Founded Pennsylvania

51 Delaware Founder: Year: Reason for establishment:

52 52 New Jersey Founder: Year: Reason for establishment:

53 Geography played a role in the success of the Middle Colonies. –Fertile soil for harvests –Mountains for iron-ore –Forests for shipbuilding –Natural harbors were perfect sites for cities

54 Diversity helped promote tolerance. –Religious tolerance –Cultural tolerance

55 How did people from the Middle Colonies use their natural resources?

56 How was farming in the Middle Colonies different from farming in New England?

57 Who settled in the Middle Colonies?

58 What geographic features in the Middle Colonies made good locations for cities? –Natural harbors along the coast Name examples of cities that have a natural harbor? –New York City

59 In what ways did Quakers promote tolerance?

60 The Southern Colonies Virginia Maryland North Carolina South Carolina Georgia


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