19 The Mayflower CompactAgreement made by the men of the first Plymouth colony, where the majority ruled.
20 The Mayflower CompactCreated a government based on town meetings, where the majority vote ruled.An example of Direct Democracy.
21 Social Characteristics 1) New England’s colonial society and government was based on religious standing (the religious leaders were also the political leaders)
22 Social Characteristics New England communities were closed religious communities.Everyone went to the same church.
23 Social Characteristics 2) The Puritans grew increasingly intolerant of dissenters who challenged their belief in the connection between religion and government
24 Social Characteristics “Protestant Work Ethic” –Puritans religious beliefs were closely tied to values of hard work and thrift.
25 B) The Middle Colonies1) New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware
26 Geographic Characteristics Average soil quality and average growing seasons.
27 Economic Characteristics 1) The Middle colonies developed economies based on ship building, small-scale farming, and trading
28 Economic Characteristics Ports in this region such as New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore began to grow as seaports and commercial centers
29 Political Characteristics New Netherland established by the Dutch in 1650 along the Hudson River.Established the town of New Amsterdam, but did not defend it well.
30 Political Characteristics The British took the colony by force in 1663 and renamed it New York.
31 Social Characteristics The Middle Colonies were home to many diverse cultural and religious groups such as Swedes, Germans and Dutch.
32 Social Characteristics Believed in ideas of religious freedom.Quakers in PennsylvaniaCatholics in Maryland
33 Social Characteristics 2) These colonies were chiefly settled by English, Dutch, and German speaking immigrants seeking religious freedom and economic opportunity3) In the Middle Colonies there was a strong belief in religious freedom and religious tolerance
34 Social Characteristics 4) The Middle colonies had a more flexible society and they began to develop a middle class of skilled artisans, entrepreneurs (business owners), and small farmers
35 THE SOUTHERN COLONIES1) Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
36 Geographic Characteristics Warm weather, good soil and long growing seasons.
37 Economic Characteristics 1) Virginia and the other Southern colonies developed economies in the Eastern coastal lowlands based on large plantations
38 Economic Characteristics 2) These plantations typically grew “cash crops” such as tobacco, indigo, and rice for export to Britain
39 Economic Characteristics 3) Further inland, however, in the mountains and valleys of the Appalachian mountain foothills (Shenandoah Valley) the economy was based on small scale subsistence farming and hunting and trading
40 Political Characteristics Virginia House of Burgesses – Later called the General Assembly.First elected assembly in the New WorldRepresentative Democracy
41 Social Characteristics “Cavaliers” were rich nobility from England who were given land grants by the king.
42 Social Characteristics 2) Virginia and Southern colonies had a social structure and government based on family status and the ownership of land
43 Social Characteristics =3) Large landowners in the Eastern lowlands dominated colonial government and society and they maintained an allegiance to the Church of England
44 Social Characteristics 3) Virginia and the Southern colonies had the closest social ties to England
45 Social Characteristics Slaveholding elite along the coast vs. subsistence farming lower class in the interiorLeads to problems in the Civil War
67 Slavery Some slaves in Northern states Doesn’t make economic sense to farm with slaves.
68 Conditions for the average slave. Not allowed to read or writeWork from sun up to sun downPoor quality food and medical careMarriages had to be approved by slave ownersFamilies broken upRegular beatings
69 “The Great Awakening” Religious revival in Europe and America Many rousing sermons about people’s religious shortcomings.
70 “The Great Awakening”Religions such as Baptists and Methodists gain many followers.Challenged people’s ideas about the established religious and government order
71 The Great AwakeningThis laid one of the social foundations of the American Revolution
72 General feelings throughout the colonies Private ownership of propertyFree enterpriseVoting for qualified people“Protestant work ethic”