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Presentation on theme: "COLONIAL REGIONS."— Presentation transcript:


2 Jamestown Was colonized primarily for economic reasons.

3 After initial failures as a corporate colony, the king revoked the charter and made it a royal colony.

4 New England Colonies Were colonized primarily for religious freedom reasons.

5 Puritans – Wanted to follow the beliefs of John Calvin and break away from the established English church.

6 Also called separatists.
They were fleeing religious persecution. Tried to sail to Virginia but missed badly and ended up in Massachusetts.


8 The colony began much like Jamestown began
The colony began much like Jamestown began. Colonists spent time looking for gold. Colonists not used to the “hard life”. Many died of disease and hunger.

9 Colonists saved by Squanto
First Thanksgiving


11 Rhode Island Separatists separate from the separatists.

12 Rhode Island Roger Williams wanted to pay Native Americans for their land and have separation of church and state. He and others were banned from Massachusetts Bay.

13 Three Colonial Regions

1) New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island

15 Geographic Characteristics
Rocky soil and short growing seasons.

16 Economic Characteristics
1) The New England colonies developed an economy based on ship-building, fishing, lumbering, small scale farming, and eventually, industrial manufacturing (factories)

17 Political Characteristics
They created one of the first forms of government in the colonies called the “Mayflower Compact”


19 The Mayflower Compact Agreement made by the men of the first Plymouth colony, where the majority ruled.

20 The Mayflower Compact Created a government based on town meetings, where the majority vote ruled. An example of Direct Democracy.

21 Social Characteristics
1) New England’s colonial society and government was based on religious standing (the religious leaders were also the political leaders)

22 Social Characteristics
New England communities were closed religious communities. Everyone went to the same church.

23 Social Characteristics
2) The Puritans grew increasingly intolerant of dissenters who challenged their belief in the connection between religion and government

24 Social Characteristics
“Protestant Work Ethic” – Puritans religious beliefs were closely tied to values of hard work and thrift.

25 B) The Middle Colonies 1) New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware

26 Geographic Characteristics
Average soil quality and average growing seasons.

27 Economic Characteristics
1) The Middle colonies developed economies based on ship building, small-scale farming, and trading

28 Economic Characteristics
Ports in this region such as New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore began to grow as seaports and commercial centers

29 Political Characteristics
New Netherland established by the Dutch in 1650 along the Hudson River. Established the town of New Amsterdam, but did not defend it well.

30 Political Characteristics
The British took the colony by force in 1663 and renamed it New York.

31 Social Characteristics
The Middle Colonies were home to many diverse cultural and religious groups such as Swedes, Germans and Dutch.

32 Social Characteristics
Believed in ideas of religious freedom. Quakers in Pennsylvania Catholics in Maryland

33 Social Characteristics
2) These colonies were chiefly settled by English, Dutch, and German speaking immigrants seeking religious freedom and economic opportunity 3) In the Middle Colonies there was a strong belief in religious freedom and religious tolerance

34 Social Characteristics
4) The Middle colonies had a more flexible society and they began to develop a middle class of skilled artisans, entrepreneurs (business owners), and small farmers

35 THE SOUTHERN COLONIES 1) Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia

36 Geographic Characteristics
Warm weather, good soil and long growing seasons.

37 Economic Characteristics
1) Virginia and the other Southern colonies developed economies in the Eastern coastal lowlands based on large plantations

38 Economic Characteristics
2) These plantations typically grew “cash crops” such as tobacco, indigo, and rice for export to Britain

39 Economic Characteristics
3) Further inland, however, in the mountains and valleys of the Appalachian mountain foothills (Shenandoah Valley) the economy was based on small scale subsistence farming and hunting and trading

40 Political Characteristics
Virginia House of Burgesses – Later called the General Assembly. First elected assembly in the New World Representative Democracy

41 Social Characteristics
“Cavaliers” were rich nobility from England who were given land grants by the king.

42 Social Characteristics
2) Virginia and Southern colonies had a social structure and government based on family status and the ownership of land

43 Social Characteristics
= 3) Large landowners in the Eastern lowlands dominated colonial government and society and they maintained an allegiance to the Church of England

44 Social Characteristics
3) Virginia and the Southern colonies had the closest social ties to England

45 Social Characteristics
Slaveholding elite along the coast vs. subsistence farming lower class in the interior Leads to problems in the Civil War

46 Colonial Culture

47 Cash Crops Any crop that is produced in large quantities for trade.

48 Cash Crops Usually produced with slave labor
Plantations usually focus on one type of crop.

49 Mercantilism Economic theory used by Europeans where they did the following… Acquire gold Establish colonies

50 Mercantilism If you can’t get gold straight out of the land…
Collect raw materials Trade develop industry

51 Mercantilism Maintain a “favorable balance of trade”
Sell more than you buy

52 Columbian Exchange Exchange of crops, animals, technology and diseases between the old and new worlds.

53 Triangle Trade The route through which slaves were brought to the New World.


55 Molasses, to rum, to slaves
Molasses turned into rum in New England and shipped to Africa.

56 Molasses, to rum, to slaves
Rum used in Africa to purchase slaves from warring tribes.

57 Molasses, to rum, to slaves
Slaves sent to the Caribbean to work on sugar plantations.

58 The “Middle Passage” The horrible and inhumane route where slaves were brought to the New World.


60 The “Middle Passage” Families broken up Physical beatings Poor rations
Living in your own filth Cramped living conditions





65 Slavery Exists primarily on Southern cash crop plantations.

66 Slavery Most slaves used as agricultural labor.

67 Slavery Some slaves in Northern states
Doesn’t make economic sense to farm with slaves.

68 Conditions for the average slave.
Not allowed to read or write Work from sun up to sun down Poor quality food and medical care Marriages had to be approved by slave owners Families broken up Regular beatings

69 “The Great Awakening” Religious revival in Europe and America
Many rousing sermons about people’s religious shortcomings.

70 “The Great Awakening” Religions such as Baptists and Methodists gain many followers. Challenged people’s ideas about the established religious and government order

71 The Great Awakening This laid one of the social foundations of the American Revolution

72 General feelings throughout the colonies
Private ownership of property Free enterprise Voting for qualified people “Protestant work ethic”

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