Presentation on theme: "The North & The Industrial Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1 The North & The Industrial Revolution TCAPs IS SUPER PETTY. . .
2 EQs What is the Industrial Revolution? (8.2 spi 8) How did urbanization, technology, and social change affect the country? (8.2 spi 8)
3 Today Video on the North Notes on the North Finish comic strip Cause/Effect assignment on the North
4 Where is the Cumberland Gap located? F.O.A. (Bellwork)Where is the Cumberland Gap located?
5 Cumberland GapCumberland Gap (el. 1,600 ft (490 m)) is a pass through the Cumberland Mountains region of the Appalachian Mountains, also known as the Cumberland Water Gap, at the junction of the U.S. states of Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. Famous in American history for its role as one key passageway through the lower central Appalachians, it was an important part of the Wilderness Road and is now part of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park
8 The Industrial Revolution Rapid growth in using machines for manufacturing in the mid-1700sBegins in Britain with the textile industry
9 Slater’s MillSamuel Slater – British mechanic who secretly fled Britain and started a textile mill in Rhode Island.
10 Problem. . .Remember that in the 1790s the U.S. was about to go to war with FranceXYZ AffairU.S. didn’t help them fight against BritainAmerican guns were all handmade individually; fixing them was hard and time consuming
11 “Mass production be shakin’ it.” – Eli Whitney Good Ol’ Mr. WhitneyEli Whitney – Most famous for the cotton gin, but also:Interchangeable parts that were all the same size and fit perfectlyMass production of items using machines and interchangeable parts“Mass production be shakin’ it.” – Eli Whitney
12 Impact of War of 1812British blockades forced Americans to buy goods made in American factories; more and more factories builtMany Americans began to see how dependent on Britain and other countries they had been
13 The Rhode Island System Samuel Slater would hire entire families to work in his factories. Why?Apprentices left because the job was boringFamilies brought children who worked for little money
14 The Lowell SystemInstead of families, Francis Lowell hired young, unmarried women to work in his factoriesSpecial loom that could spin thread and weave cloth in the same millAlso offered his workers education
15 The Rise of UnionsFactories could produce goods much faster than individual craftsmen; began to lose moneyFactory workers began to get paid less as more people fought for factory jobsUnions formed to try to improve pay and working conditions
16 Transportation Revolution Rapid growth in speed and convenience of travel because of new methods of transportationRobert Fulton & the steamboat
17 Railroads & Locomotives 1840 – 2,800 miles of track in the U.S.1860 – 30,000 miles of track in the U.S.Linked most major cities to each otherBoosted America’s economy because more goods could be shipped farther and easier
18 New Fuel Coal – Burned hotter than wood; more efficient Found mostly in the northern U.S.; coal mining becomes very profitable thanks to railroadsUsed to make steel
19 Other Inventions Samuel Morse – Morse code & telegraphs John Deere – Steel plowCyrus McCormick – Mechanical reaperIsaac Singer – Sewing machine
20 Assignment We’ll make a cause and effect chart today. Copy these names/terms down:1) Richard Arkwright2) Samuel Slater3) Eli Whitney4) Francis Cabot Lowell5) Clermont6) Gibbons v. Ogden7) Samuel D. Morse (Morse Code)8) John Deere9) Cyrus McCormick
21 AssignmentUse pages to complete the assignment.