Presentation on theme: "Instructional Objectives"— Presentation transcript:
1Instructional Objectives TLW: Identify the 13 original English colonies, when they were founded, who established them, and why.TLW: Complete map activity related to establishment of 13 colonies.Classify characteristics of major historic events: colonization.Recognize the historical impacts of European settlements in North America.
2The 13 OriginalsExploring the who, when, where, and why behind the 13 original colonies of early America.
3What’s it to you? What would it be like to start a new town? What do you think?What’s it to you?What would it be like to start a new town?What kind of obstacles would you face?Would you have enough support (money and friends) to do it?Is there something you have ever tried to start in your life that might be like this?These may have been some of the questions the early settlers asked themselves when they started.
4Colony # 1: Virginia Founded in 1607 (Jamestown) Captain John Smith is given credit for starting this colony.Many people at this time wanted to leave their homeland in order to have more freedoms and to not be under the strict rule of the kings of England.Southern Colony
5Colony # 1: VirginiaA Pocahontas statue was erected in Jamestown, Virginia in 1922At Jamestown Settlement, replicas of Christopher Newport's 3 ships are docked in the harbor.Map of Virginia published by John Smith (1612)
6Colony # 2: Massachusetts Founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims.Plymouth was the original name of the settlement.John Carver was the leader of the Pilgrims and author of the Mayflower Compact.Puritans then came and settled Boston (Mass. Bay Colony)John Winthrop was the governor of this settlement.New England ColonyPlymouth Plantation, with Cape Cod Bay visible in the distanceMayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1882)
7Colony # 2: Massachusetts The first Thanksgiving.
8Colony # 3: MarylandFounded in 1634 by George Calvert who started a charter but didn’t live to see it come true. He believed all people should have religious freedom.King Charles I was king and didn’t agree with the religious freedom.In 1649, the Toleration Act was passed that guaranteed equality of rights for everyone for religion.Southern ColonyGeorge Calvert, Lord Baltimore
9Colony #4: Rhode IslandIn 1636, Rhode Island became a colony after Roger Williams, a clergyman, obtained a charter from England to form the colony.He spoke out against the Puritans strictness and went to this area to settle and provide religious choice.Rhode Island also had freedom of religion.New England ColonyRoger Williams“minister, author”
10A map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies. Colony #5: ConnecticutAlso founded in 1636 by a clergyman by then name of Thomas Hooker.He led a group of people from Rhode Island to start their own colony and they had freedom of religion.New England ColonyA map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies.
11Colony #6: North Carolina Founded in 1663 by English nobles.Charter granted by Charles II.Charleston: main city was named after Charles II. Became very important port city.Bad politics forced a split of the colony into North and South.Southern ColonyKing Charles II
12Colony #7: South Carolina In 1729 South Carolina received its name after a political dispute and became a colony.Had large plantations for growing crops and raising livestock.Southern Colony
13Colony #8: New York Started as New Netherland, a Dutch colony in 1609 James Duke of York was given it from Charles II.The English took over in 1664 and renamed it New York.Middle Colony (Breadbasket Colony)James, Duke of York
14Colony #9: New Hampshire Sold to the king of England in 1679.Royal colony: king chooses governor and no elected government.New England Colony
15Colony #10: Pennsylvania In 1681, William Penn was granted a charter for land between Maryland and New York.King Charles was in debt to Penn’s father.Penn was a Quaker and he gave the people two rights:1. Freedom of Religion2. Right to elect public officials.Middle Colony (Breadbasket Colony
16Colony #11: DelawareIn 1682, the Duke of York granted William Penn this land.It became a colony in 1704.Middle Colony (Breadbasket Colony)
17Colony #12: New JerseyThe Duke of York split this land in half for two friends. (East Jersey & West Jersey)Government quarrels caused them to be combined in 1702.Middle Colony (Breadbasket Colony)Map of New Netherland (17th century)
18Colony #13: Georgia It became a colony in 1733. James Oglethorpe was granted a charter to start Georgia for the poor and unfortunate who leave prison.It was known as a buffer zone between the Spanish and the English colonies.Southern Colony
20THE AMERICAN COLONIES NEW ENGLAND COLONIES MIDDLE COLONIES RegionGeographyGovernment & EconomyReligion & SocietyNEW ENGLAND COLONIES• Coastal areas with good harbors.• Inland areas with dense forests.• Poor rocky soil & short growing season.•Small farms. Lumber mills.Fishing, Shipbuilding and Trade flourished.•Cities developed along coast.•Most people organized as congregations. (Puritans)•Lived on farms, Merchants controlled trade.•Artisans made goods, unskilled workers and slaves provided labor.MIDDLE COLONIES•Fertile soil and long growing season.•Rivers ran into backcountry.•Colonies grew large amounts of rye, oats, barley, potatoes & wheat as cash crop.•Cities on coast.•Wealthiest people owned large farms & most business.•Most farmers produced a small surplus.•Tenants farmers rented land or worked for wages.• Religious diversity: Catholic, Quaker, ProtestantSOUTHERN COLONIES•Favorable climate and soil for agriculture.•Wide rivers made cities unnecessary. “Plantations”•Tobacco, rice & indigo grown on large plantations as cash crops.•Wealthy elite controlled most land.•Labor supply: indentured servants & African slaves.Religion: Anglican
21The New England Triangular Trade Ships followed ocean routes that formed a triangle on the world map.
22The 13 Originals (Conclusion) How do you think you would have handled trying to start a new colony?What was the three things most people wanted when these new colonies were started?Describe the New England Colonies?Describe the Middle or Breadbasket Colonies?Describe the Southern Colonies?
23The New England Colonies New HampshireMassachusettsRhode IslandConnecticut
24Life in Colonial England Most New Englanders were:FarmersTradeSailing and by the seaThey used ships called schooners were used to catch codThey also were known for whalingThey used the whales for oilBoston was the largest city in the New England colonies.
25Life in Colonial New England Schooling was very important to New Englanders.They believed that children should be able to read so they can read the Bible.Massachusetts past a law about public education in 1647.The law said every town with 50 families or more must have a school.
26The New England Colonies CLIMATEColder than the other two regionsWhy? Because they were the farthest north!
27The New England Colonies GEOGRAPHYMostly hills with rocky soil
29Life in the Middle Colonies People lived on large farms far apart from each other.Families home schooled their children.The farms produced grains such as corn and wheat.They were known as the “Breadbasket of America”.Beaver fur was common for trade.
30The Middle ColoniesThe middle colonies unlike the other colonies had settlers from all different countries:EuropeGermanyHollandSwedenHenry Hudson explored the waterway called the Hudson River.The Dutch built a settlement called New Amsterdam.New Amsterdam then became New York when it was attacked by the English.The English also took New Sweden from the Dutch and called it New Jersey.
31The Middle Colonies CLIMATE GEOGRAPHY Moderate in the wintertime, moderately long for growing cropsGEOGRAPHYHills and flat landwith fertile soil
33Life in the Southern Colonies There were few towns in the southern colonies, but several times a year families living on plantations would travel to the county seat. This was the main town for each county, or large part of a colony.People went to church and traded crops for goods at the county seat.County seats had a courthouse, church, general store, and a jailPlantation owners bought and sold slaves here.