Presentation on theme: "APUSH The shift from Authoritarianism to Individualism in the American colonies."— Presentation transcript:
1APUSHThe shift from Authoritarianism to Individualism in the American colonies.
2African American Proverb “At first we had the land the white man had the Bible. Now we have the Bible and they have the land”Respond with references to the Native American - White relations.Pick one1662 Powhatan uprisingRoger Williams1637 Pequot War1675 King Phillips/Metacom War1676 Bacon’s RebellionIroquois nationMake sure you have a clear, concise main idea.Make sure you have Specific Factual Information to support your claim
3The shift from Authoritarianism to Individualism in the American colonies. Remember The Organizing Principal:Between 1607 and 1763, the British North Americancolonies developed experience in, and the expectationof self-government in the political, religious, economic,and social aspects of life.
4Religion, Politics, Economics Martin Luther 1517 Protestant ReformationJohn Calvin - predestination - CalvinismHenry VIII of England - Anglican Church of England
5Beer and the MayflowerThe Mayflower is headed for Virginia…but ends up putting ashore at Plymouth rock.One Pilgrim’s diary explains why: “We could not take time for further search or consideration, our victuals being much spent, especially our beer.”Once ashore, they promptly erected a brew-house…. They needed to make a beer run!
6Puritans/Separatists -Plymouth 1621 Va. Company - Mayflower Compact (squatters submitting to will of majority)Wm Bradford1691 merge w/Mass. Bay colonyKeeps the rabble from rebelling
7Covenant Theology “Covenant of Grace”: “Social Covenant”: between Puritan communities and God.“Social Covenant”:Between members of Puritan communities with each other.Required mutual watchfulness.No toleration of deviance or disorder.No privacy.
8Puritans - Mass. Bay Colony 1629 We shall be as a city on a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us. Successful. John Winthrop - City on a Hill - holy societyCovenant w/ God - “freedmen” of congregation - Congregational Church. Larger voting pop. of males than in England. Still not a “democracy”“visible saints” only eligible for church membership and they = freedmenPurpose of gov’t was to enforce God’s laws to all pplEveryone paid taxes to gov’t supported churchBIBLE COMMONWEALTHJohn Cotton - defending duty of gov’t to enforce religious rulesPower of preachers not absolute - hired/fired by congregationCan’t hold political office (historical fear) separation of church and stateProtestant work ethic
10Puritan “Rebels” & Rhode Island Rhode Island - sewer. No religious compulsory oaths. No compulsory attendance at church, no taxes to support state church - manhood suffrage. - traditional home of the other wise minded. Royal Charter 1644.Religious toleration.civil gov’t has no authority to regulate religious behavior.Threatens patriararchal societyIf holy life no sure sign of salvation then truly saved shouldn’t even bother to obey law of God and man - antinomianism -
11Connecticut 1630 Dutch and English Puritans led by Rev. Thomas Hooker 1639 Fundamental Orders
12Puritans vs. Indians1621 Plymouth befriended by Wampanoag Indians - Squanto & Massasoit1637 Pequot War English vs. Pequot tribe - Connecticut RiverPuritans criticized in Europe - conversion pushed1675 Metacom aka King Philip War - alliance among diff. tribes. Metacom captured - head displayed. He did slow the western march of settlers but natives no longer posed a threat
13Southern New England Indian Tribes, 1636 A Pequot Village Destroyed, 1637Southern New England Indian Tribes, 1636The Pequot Wars:
15Population Comparisons: New England v. the Chesapeake New England Colonies, 1650
16Unity? 1643 New England Confederation. England in civil war Purpose to band against natives, French, Dutch; also intercolonial runawaysEach member (regardless of size) 2 votes (populous Mass. didn’t like this)Puritan clubMass. BayPlymouthConnecticut New HavenConnecticut valley settlementsNo Rhode IslandNo Maine settlements
17Unity Gone?1660 English crown restored under Charles II, James II, Wm and MaryColonial defiance1662 Charles II gave rival Connecticut sea-to-sea charter1663 Rhode Island sanctioned1684 Mass Bay Colony’s charter revoked
18First American Revolution? 1686 Dominion of New EnglandNot homegrown NE Confederation - this is royalAll NE plus NY as well as E and W JerseyEngland did it to bolster defense ag. IndiansEngland did it to make efficient administration of Navigation LawsColonial rivalries; stitch colonies to motherland; no trade with non-English countriesSmuggling becomes honorableAutocratic Sir Edmund AndrosOpen affiliation with despised Church of England
19Dominion of New England Autocratic Sir Edmund AndrosCurbed town meetingsRestricted court, press, schoolsRevoked land titlesNo popular assembly - tax w/out representationSurpress smugglingGlorious Revolution in EnglandWm and MaryDominion of New England collapses
20New Mass.? Glorious Revolution didn’t mean much besides Andros leaving 1691 new royal charter again - new permanent royal gov’tLoss ancient charterNow voting not just church members but all male property owners
21Glorious Revolution Wm and Mary meant “salutory neglect” But More English officials remain due to Charles II)They were often corrupt and loyal to EnglandNot locally elected
22Settling the Middle [or “Restoration”] Colonies Founded in the 1660s by:Friends of British King Charles II.Land speculators.Middle class farmers & craftsmen.
23More Like Later America Than Other Regions! Economic diversity.Large cities à more cosmopolitan culture.Some slavery [6%-12% of the population].Ethnic and religious diversity.Religious toleration.“Bread Colonies.”
24New Netherland - New York Dutch East India company in EastAsiaHenry HudsonDutch West India company in New NetherlandNew Amsterdam was company townDon’t care for religious, political toleranceStrongly aristocratic
25New Netherland and Neighbors Hostile nativesHostile New England esp ConnecticutNew Sweden on Delaware River trespassed on New Netherland land1655 Dutch wiped out New Sweden led by Peter Stuyvesant1664 Stuyvesant surrender to Duke of YorkNew Amsterdam becomes New York
26PennsylvaniaDissenters - Quakers (Religious Society of Friends) - dissent against religious and civil authorityUse “thees and thous” rather than titlesAll children of GodAbhorred strifeThe “Holy Experiment”
27Pennsylvania 1681 William Penn granted immense territory by King Best advertised colonyLiberal land policyTraded and treated Indians fairly.Liberal regimeRepresentative assembly elected by landownersNo tax supported state church drained coffersFreedom of worship was guaranteed to all (except Jews/Catholics)
28Pennsylvania No provision for military defense No restrictions on immigrationsDid have “blue laws”Rich ethnic mixFast growing colonyLEGACY: new commonwealth. Based on civil and religious liberty. Based on freedom fo conscience and worship
30Iroquois Lands & European Trade Centers CrisisIroquois Lands & European Trade CentersKing Philip’s War, 1675 – 1676)
31From Authoritarianism to Individualism Great AwakeningEnlightenmentPowerpoint show
32From Authoritarianism to Individualism Puritan Farmer from Massachusetts in 1640Baptist seaman in Rhode Island in 1740Scholar of the Enlightenment at he College of William and Mary in Virginia in 1765.Compose paragraphs that characterize the thinking of your character on each of the points listed below:His concept of GodThe individual’s reason for existenceThe individual’s relationship to GodThe need for educationThe individual’s role in governmentThe individual’s responsibility for improving society
34HomeworkCarefully write out the question on the SFI worksheet provided.Complete the SFI for Friday“To what extent did the 3 regions of colonial America develop separate societies in the years prior to the American Revolution?”