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Suddhodan Baidya 4 Oct 2013 Canada’s Labour Market Overview www.successbc.ca.

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Presentation on theme: "Suddhodan Baidya 4 Oct 2013 Canada’s Labour Market Overview www.successbc.ca."— Presentation transcript:

1 Suddhodan Baidya 4 Oct 2013 Canada’s Labour Market Overview

2 Canada Population Ontario 13,372,996 Quebec 7,979,663 British Columbia 4,573,321 Alberta 3,779,353 Manitoba 1,250,574 Saskatchewan 1,057,884 Nova Scotia 945,437 New Brunswick 755,455 Newfoundland 510,578 Prince Edward Island 145,855 Ontario 13,372,996 Quebec 7,979,663 British Columbia 4,573,321 Alberta 3,779,353 Manitoba 1,250,574 Saskatchewan 1,057,884 Nova Scotia 945,437 New Brunswick 755,455 Newfoundland 510,578 Prince Edward Island 145,855 New Immigrants/year? Overseas Canadian Population ? Overseas Canadian Population ? 35,056, ,000 Persons/Year Chinese immigrant Population ? 2.8 million 1.8 million

3 80% export rely on USA Major resources – Forestry, Oil, Mining, Fishing, Agriculture, Energy Major industry – Auto, Real Estate, Finance, High Tech, Tourism GDP Total-1.4 Billion USD-rank 11th in the World  3% - Energy  13% - Manufacturing Industry  70% - Service Industry

4 2013 March Unemployment Rate Source: Stat Canada Saskatchewan 3.9 Alberta 4.8 Manitoba 5.0 British Columbia 7.0 Ontario 7.7 Quebec 7.7 Nova Scotia 9.5 New Brunswick 10.5 Prince Edward Island 12.1 Newfoundland 12.3 Saskatchewan 3.9 Alberta 4.8 Manitoba 5.0 British Columbia 7.0 Ontario 7.7 Quebec 7.7 Nova Scotia 9.5 New Brunswick 10.5 Prince Edward Island 12.1 Newfoundland 12.3

5 ain Menu

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7 More Job Opportunities….. Baby Boomers -> Retiring -> More jobs will be available Source: Statistics Canada Born between ain Menu

8 Canada Employment Numbers on different Industry (2010) BC-27,600BC- 40,600 BC-15,300 BC-197,300

9 BC-122,200 BC-145,700 BC-172,600 BC-91,000 Canada Employment Numbers on different Industry (2010)

10 BC-164,700 BC-370,000 BC-170,800BC-260,800 Canada Employment Numbers on different Industry (2010)

11 BC-108,100 BC-169,500 BC-300,700 BC-115,400 Canada Employment Numbers on different Industry (2010) ain Menu

12 BC is 3 rd largest province 13% of Canada’s population 12.45% of Canada’s GDP Have Canada’s 13.5% working population 80%of employments are in Small Business 80% - Service Industry B.C. is the third-largest film and production centre in North America after Los Angeles and New York B.C. is the world’s largest supplier of softwood lumber B.C. is Canada’s largest producer of copper, coal BC is 3 rd largest province 13% of Canada’s population 12.45% of Canada’s GDP Have Canada’s 13.5% working population 80%of employments are in Small Business 80% - Service Industry B.C. is the third-largest film and production centre in North America after Los Angeles and New York B.C. is the world’s largest supplier of softwood lumber B.C. is Canada’s largest producer of copper, coal Small business is Big business ain Menu

13 BC Industry Overview Service VS Manufacturing Industry

14 Only half of BC population are working Source: Stat s Canada Unemployment Rate: the percent of the labor force that is without jobs Employment rate: number of persons employed expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over.

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21 80% - Service Industry 80% - Approx Population live in BC+ Quebec + Ontario 80% - Hidden Job Market 80% - Small business in Canada 80% - BC small businesses has less than 5 staff 80% - approx BC population are immigrants ain Menu

22 Resumes 简历

23 Goals of a Resume 简历的目的 Capture the attention of the person looking at the resume, “sell” yourself to the employer “ 取得雇主的关注 ” 和 ” 推销 ” 自己 A potential employer takes less than 20 seconds to choose whether your resume should be considered for further review 雇主会用不到 20 秒的时间来扫描你的简历 The visual impact of your resume is almost as important as the words written on it 简历的视觉冲击力是很重要的 Give the employer a reason to ask you for an interview 给雇主一个面试你的理由

24 Effective Resume Writing 有效的简历写作 Clarity 清晰 Accurate Information 准确的信息 Use simple words 使用简单的词语 Write in point form instead of sentences and paragraphs 用点的形式写,而不是句子和段落 Use 1inch borders on Letter size paper 1 英寸边界、使用 Letter 尺寸的纸张

25 Effective Resume Writing 有效的简历写作 Consistent 一致性 Use the same font throughout the resume 使用相同的字体 Use the same size font (11 or 12) except for Headings 除了标题以外,使用同样大小的字体( 11 或 12 ) Use the same tense e.g. present tense for current jobs, past tense for previous jobs 使用相同的时态 Arrange information logically and in order 信息要安排得有逻辑和秩序

26 Effective Resume Writing 有效的简历写作 Concise 简洁 Be focused and truthful 要有重点和真实性 Use specific descriptions of your duties 你的职责要使用具体的描述 Highlight information in your resume that best matches the requirements of the job description 最匹配职位的信息要突出的显示 Keep resumes to appropriate length 1-3 pages 保持在 1-3 页以内

27 Resume Formats 简历的格式 Chronological (or Time Oriented 按时间来排顺序 ) Most recent experience shown first 最近的经验排最先 Use when you can clearly show you can show growth and development in your career ladder and want to proceed to the next step 显示你的职业生涯阶梯的增长和发展 Usually a good first resume to work on 通常这是一个为写好的简历所作的准备 Disadvantage: More difficult to highlight what you did best 难以突出你什么做得最好

28 Resume Formats cont… 简历的格 式。。 Functional (or Relevant Skills) 功能性(或相关技能性) Identify and highlight specific skills (3 to 6) 识别性和突出性特殊技能( 3 至 6 ) Use if you are changing occupations 如果你经常改变职业时使用 If there are gaps in your work history 如果你的工作经历有空白 If you worked in the same job for an extended period of time 如果你长时间从事同一个工作 A recent graduate with no experience but have knowledge and skills 一个没有工作经验的应届毕业生 Disadvantage: 缺点: Difficult to distinguish which skill was obtained at which employer 雇主很 难区分哪类技能在哪里获得

29 Resume Formats cont… 简历的格 式。。 Combination (Functional/Chronological) 组合(功能 / 年代) Highlight specific skills in a chronological order 用时间顺序安排来突出特定的技能 If you have a variety of job titles and positions 如果你有多种职称和职务 If you have the same job title for a number of different employers 如果你是同一职位但不同的雇主 Disadvantage: 缺点: You may be repeating the same information on your skills and work history sections 在技能和工作的历史部分可能会重复相同的信息, Usually results in a longer resume 通常会导致简历太长

30 The Heading 3615 West 4th Avenue Vancouver, BC V6R 1P2 604 – 456 – 7890 Do not include: 不要包括: Pictures, SIN, marital status, weight & height, the title RESUME or CV, religion, salary expectations 图片,工卡号码,婚姻状况,体重与身高,简历标题, 宗教,期望的薪水,生日,国际 等等 John Smith

31 An Objective Job Objective: Should be Clear, Concise & Relevant to the position you are applying for. 工作目标:应该是清晰,简洁和你正在申请的位置有关。 Objective: Premier with over 20 years of community leadership 工作目标:总理,拥有超过 20 年的社区领导 Objective: Project Manager with 10 years experience leading innovative ventures 工作目标:用 10 年的项目经理,体验领先的创新企业

32 Highlights/Summary of Qualifications Your Highlights should include: 你的重点应该包括: 5 to 7 points that clearly and briefly matches your skills with the employers needs 5 至 7 点,清楚,简要地匹配您的技能与雇主需求 Pay special attention to the Duties of the job posting 要特别注意招聘启事的职责部分 What makes you unique 是什么使你独一无二 Personality qualities that is important for the opening 人格特质在开头部分很重要

33 Highlights/Summary Employers tend to hire people on the following criteria points listed below: 雇主倾向于雇用下列标准的人: - Attitude – Reliable/Dependable 态度 - 可信 / 可靠 - Communication Skills 沟通技巧 - Team Player 团队精神 - Flexibility, willing to have an open mind and learn new skills 灵活性,有一个开放的心态和学习新技能的愿望 - Ability to solve problems 解决问题的能力

34 Skills Section Used for Functional and Combination Resumes 用于功能性和组合性简历 Recognize skill sets for the job (i.e. management, customer service, technical/computer, organizational, administrative, communication) 3 – 6 个工作技能(即管理, 客户服务, 技术 / 电脑, 组织, 行政, 沟通) List relative points under each skill set 列出在每个技能下的工作经历 Do not use personal pronouns like “I” or “my” 不要使用人称代词,如 “ 我 ” 或 “ 我的 ” Use strong ACTION words like Coordinated, Organized, Managed, Directed, Conducted 用强有力的行为动词

35 Work Experience List your work experiences from most recent to your very first paid job after you left school 列出你的工作经验,从离开学校后你的第一 份工作开始 Job Title, Company Name, Location, Dates 职位,公司名称,地点,日期 State what you did in that position relevant to the job applying for in Chronological and Combination resumes: 说明你在哪个职位、年代和组合简历申请的工作有关 Increased revenue, projects worked on, customer satisfaction, reduced costs 增加了的收入,工作过的项目,客户的满意度,降低了的成本 Add an accomplishment/achievement section to highlight something significant ,加一个显著成绩 / 成就部分

36 Education & Training Formal education up to and including University 正规教育,包括大学 Degree/Diploma/Certificate/etc and major/minor/honor, Educational Institution, Location, Date 学位 / 文凭 / 证书等主要 / 次要 / 荣誉,教育机构,地点,日期 Any education or training that you took on your own or provided to you by your employer 提供任何教育或培训 Any specialized courses that are required by your profession or association 行业或协会所需要的专业课程 Highlights in coursework relevant to position 申请职位相关的课程

37 References “References are available upon request” 提供推荐联系人 this is understood and may be left out Ask for reference from your previous (volunteer) supervisor/manager 推荐联系人可以是你以前(志愿者)主管 / 经理 Make sure they will give you a good reference 确保他们会给你一个很好的推荐 Remind your reference after you forward their name to an employer 提醒推荐联系人关于申请的工作 Avoid surprises! “ 避免意外 ”

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41 成功面试要诀 Effective Interview Skills 成功面试要诀

42 Communication Skills 沟通技巧 Presentation Skills 演讲技巧 Multitasking Skills 多任务技巧 Time Management 时间管理 Problem Solving Skills 解决问题的能力 Organizational Skills 组织技能 Learning Skills 学习技能 Purpose of Interview Questions 面试的目的 Future Plan 未来计划 Stability 稳定性 Teamwork Skills 团队合作技巧 Motivation Skills 激励技巧 Research Skills 研究技巧 Stress Relieving Skills 压力缓解技 巧 Overall 总而言之 Capable of doing the job 出色完成工作的能力

43 Things to do before the Interview Knowing the job you applied for 了解你申请的工作 Get prepared with Questions 准备面试问题 Telephone Interview Preparation 电话面试准备 Physical Interview Preparation 物理面试准备 Appearance preparation 外观准备

44 Knowing the job 了解工作 Review the job posting 查看招聘启事 (make sure you have one) Take special attention to the job duties and requirements 要特别注意工作职责和要求 Research the company 研究职业, 研究公司 Visit their website 访问他们的网站 Go to the library and look up the company 去图书馆和查找公司 Know recent and past events/news 了解最近的和过去的事件 / 新闻 Mission statement Company goals

45 Questions Preparation Can’t predict what will be asked 无法预测 Have a few good stories showing outstanding examples of multiple requirements / duties 准备好几个表现出多种 需求 / 工作突出的例子的故事 Get Interview Q & A list from Internet or from Library - job interview – job interview

46 Prepare yourself for the questions Practice 练习 Write your answers down 你的答案写下来 Edit, then read it to a friend, edit some more 编 辑,然后读给一个朋友 Talk in front of a mirror / friends / video recorder 在镜子 / 朋友 / 录像机前练习 You should sound natural 声音应该自然

47 Tell me about yourself. Describe your personality. Which three words describe you the best? Reliable, friendly, honest, cooperative, creative, dedicated, energetic, skilled, responsible, respected, enthusiastic, loyal and likable Where do you see yourself in 5-10 years What are your strengths/weaknesses Do you have any questions? Popular Interview Questions 热门面试问题

48 How to Handle Questions C.O.R.E C = Clarify the Question O = Organize the Answer R = Respond to the Question E = Examples

49 How to Answer “Tell me about yourself” P.A.W.S P = Personal A = Academic W = Work Experience S = Skills

50 How to Answer Work Experience/Skills Related Questions Don’t talk about your last job in a negative way Think of the transferable skills you learned from your last position Be ready with 3 strengths Give examples of when and how you use them Stay away from saying you’re reliable and responsible Tell the truth about your weakness & Let them know how you are improving on it

51 Situational & Behavioural Questions Questions to test how you handled situations or problems in your past 测试你如何处理难题 Questions that may challenge your ethics 挑战你的道德 问题 A good opportunity to showcase your accomplishments 一个很 好的机会展示你的成就 Have good examples of past experiences with your strengths 过去的很好的例子展示自己的长处

52 Situational & Behavioural Questions Give an example of a time you took meaningful action to solve a problem. How do you tackle comprehensive projects? Describe a time handling exceptional customer service. How do you function in a high pressure situation?

53 How to Handle Behavioural or Situational Questions? S.T.A.R.R. S = Situation T = Task A = Action R = Result R = Relevance

54 Summary Questions  C.O.R.E General Questions  P.A.W.S Situational & Behavioural Questions  S.T.A.R.R.

55 Inappropriate (Illegal) Questions How old are you? Are you married? Single? Do you have any children? Will you be starting a family? Do you live with your significant other? Are you religious? Do you have any disabilities? How are you doing financially?

56 Answering inappropriate questions “I try not to get into personal issues during an interview.” 我尽量不把个人问题接受面试。 “I’m sorry, I don’t see the relevance of the question to the job I am applying for, did I miss the point?” “ 对不 起,我没觉得我的工作申请跟这个问题相关,我可以 不回答吗? ”

57 Last Impressions Closing statement Thank the Interviewer for the Interview Show the Interviewer your interest in the Job Ask Interviewer for business card “Thank you for your time, I think I will be a wonderful candidate for this job. If you don’t mind, may I ask you for your business card.” Shake hand with eye contact and a smile

58 Thank You Letter Once you get home from the interview… Write a thank you note, or card to the person that interviewed you Ensure that you address the person by name Let them know that you appreciate that they took the time to meet with you Reaffirm your interest in the position!

59 Follow Up If a week has passed since the interview… Take the initiative to call the person that interviewed you Ask them if they have made a decision on your candidacy for the position If you did not get the job, ask the employer how you could have improved Nothing to Lose

60 1.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VFTNOF77bMs (18min)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VFTNOF77bMs 2.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bq_hQQ4uzAo&feature=related (6min)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bq_hQQ4uzAo&feature=related Some Youtube Videos

61 Suddhodan Baidya ext 2046 Thank You


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