Presentation on theme: "Verbs with Prepositions Unit 1 Lesson 2. What is a preposition? A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. A preposition."— Presentation transcript:
What is a preposition? A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. A preposition usually indicates the temporal, spatial or logical relationship of its object to the rest of the sentence as in the following examples: The book is on the table. The screenwriter searched for the manuscript he was certain was somewhere in his office. The spider crawled slowly along the banister. The dog is hiding under the porch because it knows it will be punished for chewing up a new pair of shoes. Prepositions
In Spanish there are sets of verbs that need to use a preposition to convey a particular meaning Common prepositions in Spanish used with verbs are: A En Con De
Verbs with “a” Acostumbrarse a – to get used to Tú te acostumbraste a hacer mucha tarea en esta clase. You have gotten used to doing a lot of homework in this class. Atreverse a – to dare (to) No me atreví a comer más. I didn’t dare eat more. Ayudar a – to help (to) Ella nos va a ayudar a pagar el cuento. She is going to help us pay the bill. Negarse a – to refuse to Ella se negó a trabajar las horas extras. She refused to work overtime.
Verbs with “en” Confiar en – to trust Yo confio en ti. I confide in you. Consistir en – to consist of La clase consiste en apuntes y tarea. The class consists of notes and homework. Fijarse en – to notice El supervisor se fija el correo electrónico. The supervisor notices the e-mail. Pensar en – to think about Estoy pensando en ir de compras hoy. I am thinking about going shopping today.
Verbs with “con” Bastar con – to be enough (to) Para ese trabajo basta con una carta de presentación. For that job a letter of introduction is enough. Casarse con- to marry Profe. Myers se casó con su esposo en julio. Profe. Myers married her husband in July. Contar con – to count on No puedo contar con ella. I can’t count on her.
Encontrarse con – to meet (up with) ¿Vas a encontrarte con nosotros a las 7? Are you going to meet up with us at 7? Soñar con – to dream of/about Ellos soñan de ganar más dinero. They dream of making more money. Verbs with “con”
Verbs with “de” Acabar de + infinitive – to have just done something Yo acabo de archivar todos los correos electónicos. I have just filed all of the e-mails. Acordarse de – to remember to/about ¿Te acordaste de enviar los archivos? Did you remember to send the files? Alegrarse de – to be glad to/about Usted se alegró de encontrar un trabajo nuevo. You are glad that you found a new job. Darse cuenta de – to realize No me di cuenta del perro. I didn’t notice the dog.
Verbs with “de” Encargarse de – to take charge/care of Se engarga de despedir los empleados. He is in charge of firing the employees. Enterarse de – to find out about ¿Te enteraste de la vacante? Did you find out about the opening? Terminar de – to finish Siempre duermo despues de terminar de correr. I always sleep after I finish running. Tratar de – to try to Ella va a tratar de no gritar mucho. She is going to try not to yell a lot.
Let’s Practice 1.He married his best friend. 2.We remember to thank the new boss. 3.Do you have to finish talking? 4.They are used to writing courteous memos. 5.Do you realize that you got a promotion? 6.I think about hugging you. 7.I refuse to communicate with her.