Presentation on theme: "150% Direct Subsidized Loan Limit The Basics Heather Fountain."— Presentation transcript:
150% Direct Subsidized Loan Limit The Basics Heather Fountain
Agenda Terminology and Definitions Determining Eligibility CPS and NSLDS School Reporting Updating Loan Records
Agenda Beginning Attendance Return of Title IV Aid Cost of Attendance Proration Award Proration 150% Subsidized Loan Limits 600% Pell Limit Satisfactory Academic Progress Scholarships Terminology and Definitions
First-Time Borrowers Affects only first-time borrowers as of July 1, 2013. First-time undergraduate borrowers who have no outstanding balance of principal or interest on a Direct Loan or FFEL loan –On July 1, 2013 OR –On the date the borrower obtains a Direct Loan after July 1, 2013 Example: Borrower had a balance on July 1, 2013 but paid it off in full prior to receiving loans after July 1, 2013.
Loss of Subsidized Loan Eligibility First-time undergraduate borrowers are no longer eligible for Direct Subsidized Loans once the borrower has received Direct Subsidized Loans for a period that is 150% of the published length of the borrower’s current educational program. No effect on Unsubsidized Loan or PLUS Loan eligibility. No change to lifetime loan limits. 150% is in addition to, not in place of.
New Acronyms Maximum Eligibility Period (MEP) - 150% of the published length of the educational program in which borrower is currently enrolled. Subsidized Usage Period (SUP) - Period of time for which a borrower received a Direct Subsidized Loan. Remaining Eligibility Period (REP) - Difference between the Maximum Eligibility Period and the total of all Subsidized Usage Period.
Agenda Beginning Attendance Return of Title IV Aid Cost of Attendance Proration Award Proration 150% Subsidized Loan Limits 600% Pell Limit Satisfactory Academic Progress Scholarships Determining Eligibility
Maximum Eligibility Period Minus Subsidized Usage Period Equals Remaining Eligibility Period MEP-SUP=REP
Determining Eligibility 150% limit is reached when Remaining Eligibility Period equals zero (or less than zero) ED calculates these components based on the information schools provide Timely reporting of information and corrections is important!
Subsidized usage period Period of time during which the borrower receives subsidized loans. SUP does not take into account the amount borrowed, only the period of time for which subsidized loans are received. Result is rounded up or down (as appropriate) to the nearest tenth of a year. Calculated by COD based on school provided information. Number of days in the borrower’s loan period Number of days in borrower’s academic year
Example Scheduled Academic Year –Smith College has a semester-based academic year made up of fall and spring terms. The fall term begins on August 29 and the spring term ends on May 18. There are 267 days in the loan period and academic year. –The student received a subsidized loan for both terms. How many days are in the loan period? How many days are in the academic year? What is the subsidized usage period? 267 days in the loan period __________________________ 267 days in the academic year = 1.0 SUP
Exceptions Student’s SUP will be adjusted for enrollment less than full time. SUP will be multiplied by –0.75 for three-quarter time enrollment –0.50 for half-time enrollment Example: Smith College has 267 days in their loan period and academic year. If a student receives a subsidized loan for three-quarter time enrollment for both terms, the SUP would be adjusted accordingly. 267 days in loan period 267 days in academic year = 1.0 SUP 1.0 SUP x 0.75 enrollment adjustment = 0.75 SUP 0.75 SUP would then be rounded up to equal 0.8 adjusted SUP
Exceptions For standard term programs or non-standard term programs with substantially equal and at least nine- week terms –If the full annual subsidized loan limit is borrowed for a loan period that is shorter than a full academic year, the SUP would be considered 1.0. Example: A freshman student attending full-time at Smith College receives $3500 in subsidized loans for the fall semester only. There are 119 days in the loan period and 267 days in the academic year. Because student received full annual subsidized loan amount for fall only and was enrolled full-time, SUP is considered to be 1.0. 119 days in loan period 267 days in academic year = 0.45 SUP 0.45 would be rounded up to 0.50, but SUP is 1.0
Exceptions Example: A freshman student attending half- time at Smith College receives $3500 in subsidized loans for the fall semester only. There are 119 days in the loan period and 267 days in the academic year. Because student received full annual subsidized loan amount for fall only, SUP is considered to be 1.0. However, because student was only enrolled half-time, we must prorate based on enrollment. 119 days in loan period 267 days in academic year = 0.45 SUP 0.45 would be rounded up to 0.50, but SUP is 1.0 1.0 x 0.5 enrollment adjustment = 0.5 SUP
Exceptions Example: A graduating senior attending full- time at Smith College receives his maximum prorated eligibility of $2750 in subsidized loans for the fall semester only. There are 119 days in the loan period and 267 days in the academic year. Because the student is enrolled in his final period of enrollment and is subject to proration of his loans, he is not considered to have borrowed the full annual loan limit and therefore not subjected to the increased SUP of 1.0. 119 days in loan period 267 days in academic year = 0.45 SUP 0.45 would be rounded up to 0.50 SUP
Loss of Interest Subsidy Benefits A first time borrower who has no remaining eligibility for subsidized loans; loses interest subsidy on subsidized loans if the borrower –Received subsidized loans to fund enrollment for 150 percent of the length of the program of study AND –Did not complete the program AND –Continues enrollment on at least half-time basis in the same program OR –Enrolls in another program of the same or shorter length on at least a half-time basis.
Loss of Interest Subsidy Benefits Borrower responsible for interest triggered from the date of continued or subsequent (at least half-time) enrollment in an eligible undergraduate program of equal or lesser length. –Whether or not student continues Direct Loan borrowing. Unpaid accrued interest is capitalized in same manner as for Direct Unsubsidized Loans. Responsible for loans accruing interest during Periods of at least half-time enrollment Grace Period Deferment Periods Certain periods when repaying under Pay As You Earn or Income- Based Repayment plans –Loan remains a Direct Subsidized loan. Lost interest subsidy on a loan cannot be regained.
Changing Programs ED will re-calculate the MEP and REP based on criteria related to the borrower’s new program as reported by the school. How might this affect a student’s eligibility?
Changing Programs Example Transferring to a longer program –Meredith receives 3 full years of subsidized loans while she was enrolled in a 2 year program. She then transfers to a 4 year program. –What is her MEP in the 4 year program? –Does she have any remaining eligibility? 4 year program x 150% = 6 year Maximum Eligibility Period 6 year Maximum Eligibility Period - 3 year Subsidized Usage Period ______________________________ 3 year Remaining Eligibility Period
Changing Programs Example Transferring to a shorter program –David receives 3 full years of subsidized loans while he is enrolled in a 4 year program and does not complete that program. He then transfers to a 2 year program. –What is his MEP for the 2 year program? –Does he have any remaining eligibility? –Has he lost interest subsidy? 2 year program x 150% = 3 year Maximum Eligibility Period 3 year Maximum Eligibility Period - 3 year Subsidized Usage Period ______________________________ 0 year Remaining Eligibility Period
Agenda Beginning Attendance Return of Title IV Aid Cost of Attendance Proration Award Proration 150% Subsidized Loan Limits 600% Pell Limit Satisfactory Academic Progress Scholarships CPS and NSLDS
ED/FSA will track, calculate, and inform students and institutions. Schools will report accurate data about student’s program, enrollment and loan period; and will update when needed. Direct Loan Servicers will inform students of loss of subsidy benefits.
CPS CPS – Codes and comments on SARs and ISIRs beginning with 2014-15 FAFSA processing.
NSLDS New Borrower Subsidized Usage Period Loss of Subsidy Indicator
Agenda Beginning Attendance Return of Title IV Aid Cost of Attendance Proration Award Proration 150% Subsidized Loan Limits 600% Pell Limit Satisfactory Academic Progress Scholarships School Reporting
Each time a school submits an origination or disbursement record COD will: –Calculate SUP including the new loan –Inform the school of the borrower’s maximum eligibility period, subsidized usage period, and remaining eligibility period. –Reject loan if student has no remaining eligibility period. COD will also inform borrower in a disclosure statement.
School Reporting Loan Date Reporting to COD – Effective for all 2013-2014 loans, schools must –Correctly report to COD a direct loan’s academic year and loan period dates; and –Update these dates when necessary Incorrect reporting could result in borrower losing eligibility for subsidized loans or receiving a subsidized loan incorrectly.
Reporting loan period & academic year Loan Period – period of enrollment for which the borrower received the loan. Academic Year – period to which the annual loan limit applies. Determines the Subsidized Usage Period
School reporting Beginning with 2014-2015 schools will report to COD and to NSLDS additional student and program information –Student’s Enrollment Level (FT, TQT, HT) –CIP Code –Credential Level (Certificate, Diploma, Degree) –Program Length –Length of Title IV Academic Year –Flags for Prep Coursework –Flags for Teacher Certification –Payment Period Begin Date
Enrollment reporting Schools will need to work with Registrar and/or servicers to report current enrollment information. ED reminder: Schools are liable for enrollment reporting even if a third party servicer is used for tracking. Deadline for new enrollment reporting was October 1.
Maximum eligibility period Schools must report the academic program length in years, months or weeks MEP will display in the COD system in academic years Program Length150 Percent (MEP) 5 years7.5 years 4 years6 years 2 years3 years 20 weeks30 weeks Number of days in the month or weeks of program length Number of days in the school’s academic year
Example A school’s defined academic year is 32 weeks, or 224 days (32 weeks x 7 days per week = 224 days). Every month is considered to have 30 days.
Maximum Eligibility Period Exceptions Certain 2 year bachelor’s degree programs that meet specific criteria are considered equivalent to those bachelor’s degree programs that are 4 years in length. –Bachelor’s degree program AND –Requires associate degree OR –Successful completion of at least two years of postsecondary coursework from an eligible program as a prerequisite for admission. Must report program length as 4 years. –Ensures 6 years of maximum eligibility.
Maximum Eligibility Period Exceptions Associate degree programs that are designed specifically to confer a more specialized credential after completion of two years or postsecondary coursework. –Must require as a pre-requisite to admission Student successfully completed an associate degree OR At least two years of postsecondary coursework in an eligible program AND Program must be a selective admission program AND Provide academic qualifications necessary for a profession that requires licensure or a certification by the State in which the program is offered. – Must report program length as 4 years.
Preparatory Coursework Undergraduate preparatory coursework –Can receive Federal Direct loans for up to 12 consecutive months, beginning on the first day of the first loan period. –Loans received while taking preparatory coursework are included when determining if a student has received loans for 150% of the program length. Graduate preparatory coursework –Enrolling will not cause loss of interest subsidy on previous loans. –MEP based on most recent undergraduate program in which they received subsidized loans. May borrow subsidized loans for any REP, up to 12 months. –If MEP has been reached May not receive subsidized loans for graduate preparatory coursework. Will retain interest subsidy on previously obtained loans, if not previously lost.
Examples Undergrad Preparatory Coursework –Nicholas previously enrolled in preparatory coursework for one year and received a subsidized loan for which ED calculated a SUP of 1.0. He then enrolls in a 2 year undergraduate program. What is his MEP for the 2 year undergraduate program? Does the preparatory coursework count toward this eligibility period? Graduate Preparatory Coursework –Sarah used the 6 year MEP to complete a 4 year degree. She is returning to school to complete preparatory coursework to enroll in a graduate program. Does she have any remaining eligibility for subsidized loans? Is she eligible for unsubsidized loans? Does she lose her interest subsidy on previously received subsidized loans?
Teacher Certification Teacher certification programs in which the school offers no academic credential are limited to subsidized loan eligibility equivalent to 150% of the length of the program. Unique aspects to consider –Only subsidized loans received for teacher certification coursework are counted; no subsidized loans borrowed for prior enrollment are taken into consideration. –Borrowers in these programs who exceed 150 percent Will not lose interest subsidy on loans obtained for this coursework. Cannot receive additional subsidized loans for the remainder of their program. –Subsidized loans received while taking teacher certification coursework are not taken into consideration when determining eligibility for any other eligible program the student may enroll.
Example Matthew has used 6 years of subsidized loan eligibility to complete a 4 year program. He decides to enroll in teacher certification coursework, which he is scheduled to complete in 1 academic year. Is his eligibility for subsidized loans affected by his enrollment in a prior program? What is his MEP for the teacher certification coursework? What are the consequences if he exceeds 1.5 years of enrollment in the teacher certification coursework?
Agenda Beginning Attendance Return of Title IV Aid Cost of Attendance Proration Award Proration 150% Subsidized Loan Limits 600% Pell Limit Satisfactory Academic Progress Scholarships Updating Loan Records
Loan Periods Student does not enroll for a payment period covered by the originally reported loan period. Student withdraws from a payment period and all loan funds associated with the period are returned (R2T4). Student cancels an entire payment period’s disbursement. Student is no longer eligible for a loan for a payment period covered by the loan period. Applies to all Direct Loan types for all students.
Example Student Enrollment Pattern AnticipatedActual Fall and SpringFall Only School’s Reporting to COD InitialUpdated Begin DateEnd DateBegin DateEnd Date Loan Period August 26, 2014May 9, 2015August 26, 2014December 20, 2014 Academic Year August 26, 2014May 9, 2015No Update Borrower withdraws after completing one semester.
Academic Years Student is attending a program for which summer is not a required term. Attends summer and receives a loan for summer. The student (in clock hour programs, non- term programs, and non-standard term NSE9W programs) is not progressing to the next payment period as scheduled.
Example Student Enrollment Pattern AnticipatedActual Fall and SpringFall, Spring, Summer Borrower initially attends fall and spring semesters and then plans to attend for the summer term (trailer). The school has two options.
Option 1 School’s Reporting to COD for Fall-Spring Loan InitialUpdated Begin DateEnd DateBegin DateEnd Date Loan Period August 26, 2014May 9, 2015No Update Academic Year August 26, 2014May 9, 2015August 26, 2014August 1, 2015 Originate a new loan for the summer term and extend the academic year ending date for the existing fall- spring loan to include the summer term. School’s Reporting to COD for Summer-Only Loan InitialUpdated Begin DateEnd DateBegin DateEnd Date Loan Period May 24, 2015August 1, 2015No Update Academic Year August 26, 2015August 1, 2015No Update
Option 2 School’s Reporting to COD for Fall-Spring-Summer Loan InitialUpdated Begin DateEnd DateBegin DateEnd Date Loan Period August 26, 2014May 9, 2015No UpdateAugust 1, 2015 Academic Year August 26, 2014May 9, 2015August 26, 2014August 1, 2015 Increase the loan amount of the existing fall-spring loan and extend both the loan period and the academic year ending dates to include the summer loan.
Eligibility for Direct Unsubsidized Loans Student can only receive an unsubsidized loan (base or additional) for a loan period if the student has received the full amount of his or her eligibility for a subsidized loan. Student who does not receive his or her full subsidized loan eligibility may not receive any unsubsidized loan for the same loan period.
Eligibility for Direct Unsubsidized Loans Example: Based on COA and EFC a second year dependent student is eligible for the full annual subsidized loan amount. Base amount Subsidized loan Base amount Unsubsidized loan Additional amount Unsubsidized loan $4500 $0 $2000
Eligibility for Direct Unsubsidized Loans Example: Based on COA and EFC a second year dependent student is eligible for the full annual subsidized loan amount. –Base amount Subsidized loan –Base amount Unsubsidized loan –Additional amount Unsubsidized loan $4000 $0
Eligibility for Direct Unsubsidized Loans Example: Based on COA and EFC a second year dependent student is eligible for less than the full annual subsidized loan limit. –Base amount Subsidized loan –Base amount Unsubsidized loan –Additional amount Unsubsidized loan $4000 $500 $2000