We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byAustyn Barrow
Modified about 1 year ago
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 How did William secure control of England?
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 William’s early reign saw constant rebellions, especially in the North. The worst years of crisis being in It all started when William tried to raise taxes there (this area was the most independent). William crushed the rebellion in 1068 and left troops stationed in two new castles built at York. In 1069 there was further trouble as the rebels enlisted the support of the Danes. This time William dealt with them with immense cruelty, and afterwards the rebellions gradually died out.
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 “...Prince Edgar and the rebels came to York and the people of the city joined them. William came from the South and surprised them, ravaging York and killing hundreds. Then the Danes came with 240 ships into the Humber and joined the English leaders. With huge and joyful army they stormed York, killed hundreds of Normans, burned the castle…” from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle “William came to York only to learn that the Danes had fled. The King ordered his men to repair the castles. He set out to search the forests…stopping at nothing to hunt down the rebels…He cut down many, destroyed the lairs of others and burned homes. Nowhere else had William shown such cruelty…He ordered that all crops, herds and food be burned, so that the whole region north of the Humber had nothing to live on” by Orderic Vitalis 1130 What do these sources tell you about how William felt about the English by this point?
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 King Barons & Bishops Knights Peasants Domesday Book Castle Building The Feudal System Maintaining Control
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 The Feudal System In order to maintain control and keep the loyalty of those who had fought for him, William gave large estates to many of the men who had helped him conquer England. In return, these Barons had to send William Knights for his army for 40 days a year. They would also help William control England by collecting taxes and controlling the local people. These Barons usually granted some of their land to the Knights in return for their services. Under the Knights were the Peasants, they worked the land and had to pay taxes. Imagine you are an English Earl, how would you feel about this? Barons King Church English Earls
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 The Feudal System The King owned all the land, but split it up amongst his followers. Some he kept Some for the Church The Barons kept some, and shared out the rest with... Each Knight had one or more manors and divided land among... …the serfs and the freemen, each of whom had between hectares
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 Power and Wealth Think back the the Feudal System and match the text to the people below. The King gave me some land so I must be loyal to him. I must be ready to fight and train Knights for him. I have given some of my land to my Knights. I own all the land but I have given some of it to the Barons. The Knight gave me some land so I have to work on his land. I must also pay him taxes. Explain why land gave people power and wealth I am a Baron. I am the King I am a Villein.
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 The Domesday Survey By 1085, William was short of money and so decided to make a listing of property and goods in England to ensure that everyone was taxed fairly. Large numbers of men were sent out throughout the land. Counties were measured, and the amount of livestock was recorded. The operation was efficiently undertaken and nearly the whole country was surveyed. The information collected was taken to Winchester where it was put together to form the Domesday Book. No later King or Queen has achieved anything like it. The survey was done by people walking round the country and recording answers by hand. How might it be done differently today?
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 How much ploughed land is there? What is the manor called? Is there a priest and a church? How many smallholders are there? How many cows, goats, oxen, horses, pigs, beehives? How much meadow? How had it changed since the time of King Edward (1066) ? What did the Domesday Survey Ask?
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 Extract from the Domesday Book Entry for Marks Tey, Essex Geoffrey holds Marks Tey in demesne [lordship], which Wulfric held in the time of King Edward as a manor, for 1 1/2 hides and 20 acres. Then 11 bordars [unfree peasants], now 15. Always 4 slaves and 2 ploughs in demesne. Then among the men 4 ploughs, now 2 1/2. Then Geoffrey acquired 250 sheep, 8 cattle, 6 calves, 2 cobs, 28 pigs, 2 beehives. Now [there are] 67 sheep, 4 cattle, 6 calves, 2 cobs and 21 pigs. In the same place 20 sokemen [free in person but with ties to the land] held 1 1/2 hides and 20 acres. Now 30 sokemen hold that land... How had things changed in the village since the Normans took over? Do you think life was better or worse? Why?
© Boardworks Ltd 2001 William’s final method of control was to build castles around the country, especially in areas where his hold was weakest. Initially these were made of wood, but in time they were strengthened using stone. One of William’s first stone castles - The White Tower at the Tower of London
© Boardworks Ltd Which region of the country was the most difficult for William to control? A) the north B) the south C) the east D) the west
© Boardworks Ltd How did William secure the loyalty of the Barons? A) he gave them money B) he gave them land C) he gave them knights D) he gave them peasants
© Boardworks Ltd Why did William have the Domesday book compiled (put together)? A) to make sure he could raise taxes properly B) to compile information of possible enemies C) to make sure enough food and goods were being produced for the country D) to reduce the power of the Church
© Boardworks Ltd Which link is not correct? A) William destroyed food and crops…. resistance from rebels was broken B) the Domesday book was a record of life across the country….the king needed money for his battles C) William built castles of stone….in some areas William’s hold over the people was weak D) the Barons had knights to fight for them….William sent an army to defeat the rebels
© Boardworks Ltd What was the purpose of the feudal system? A) knowing what the King had in his kingdom B) controlling power in the country C) farming the land D) giving everyone a fair share in the kingdom
© Boardworks Ltd of 21 © Boardworks Ltd 2007 Britain 1066– of 21 William's Problems and his Solutions Icons key: For more detailed instructions,
How did the Domesday Book help William control England? L/O – To explain why the Domesday Book was so important.
Census 2011 What is a census? Why do we need one?.
The Peasants’ Revolt England, Why did the Peasants’ Revolt? By the end of the lesson, you will be able to... Explain why the peasants revolted Examine.
Broadwater School History Department 1 The Conqueror and the Conquered What did the English think when William took control?
Starter – True or False? The Normans built Motte and Baileys Motte and Baileys were replaced with round keep castles William introduced the Feudal System.
Feudalism and Manor Life Chapter 9, Section 3. Feudalism Governs Knights and Nobles Feudalism - the agreement between knights and nobles (vassals and.
William I – how did he make sure he was safe after Hastings ?
THE NORMAN CONQUEST. BACKGROUND TO THE CONQUEST 878 Battle of ETHANDUNE Alfred the Great of Wessex defeated the Vikings They withdrew to the DANELAW (Northern.
Medieval Life A brief look at life in the Middle Ages Miss K. Guppy.
Vikings & Saxons fought amongst themselves for 300 years William of Normandy took advantage and was crowned King after winning the Battle of Hastings…
Y7 History What happened next? Problems for William.
William I was born in 1028 in Normandy He was the Duke of Normandy from King of England from
The Middle Ages So what comes to mind when we say “Middle Ages?”
Feudalism Medieval political system where land was grated from Lord to Vassal on the condition that each would fulfill obligations to the other.
Feudalism and Manor Life Chapter 9.3. A Feudal Society.
William the Conqueror. Contents Introduction Physical appearance Early life Duke of Normandy Conquest of England Reign Death, burial and.
Write down a description of what you can see and what is happening in the correct box.
THE FEUDAL SYSTEM AND THE MANOR SYSTEM: THE REASONS FOR AND CONNECTIONS BETWEEN THEM 1.
How could William work out how much land he owned? Clue: D…m…sday B…..K.
Medieval Society. Who’s in charge? In 1066, William the Conqueror set sail and crossed 50 miles from Normandy to the coast of England. William defeated.
Clovis 486 CE King of the Franks Unites Gaul Charles Martel 732 CE Battle of Tours Defeats Muslim army in Spain.
The Domesday Book Learning Objectives All students will know what the Domesday Book was and will be able to identify reasons as to why it was created.
© Boardworks Ltd of 16 AIMS: 1)What did a medieval village look like? 2)What was a villeins life like. STARTER: Write down 3 questions AND answers.
THE FEUDAL AND THE MANORIAL SYSTEMS. Feudal system = the system of exchanging land for service Developed out of the need for protection from invaders.
Draw the feudal system. Remember how we demonstrated it last week.
Sight Words. the of and a to in is you that.
THE FEUDAL SYSTEM LO: To explain why William introduced the Feudal System to England. To describe how the Feudal system worked.
Three different factions had power during the early Middle Ages: They clashed repeatedly, trying to increase their power. The Church Nobles Monarchs.
How did the Domesday Book help King William control England?
The Battle of Hastings THE NORMAN INVASION OF ENGLAND.
Feudalism: a political system with small, local, and independent leaders (local lords) › The System: Powerful nobles (Lord) grant land (fief) to lesser.
13.2 Feudalism in Europe Feudalism, a political and economic system based on land-holding and protective alliances, emerges in Europe.
Units The Succession Crisis John and Edward S3 History class revision.
Middle Ages: Feudalism. Warm-Up 1. Get out your sensory figures of: Christians, Charlemagne and Vikings. 2. Share with your group or with a partner in.
The Normans History exercises p. 17 Millennium 1.
A.Rotolo I.T.I. Malignani - Udine THE FEUDAL SYSTEM.
The peasant’s revolt By Freddie Woodd. Why did the peasants revolt? (a) The manors and estates had fallen short of workers due to the Black Death some.
Chapter 10, Lesson 3 Kingdoms & Crusades It Matters Because: The development of law & government during the Middle Ages still affects us today.
Feudalism By Lucy Field. What was feudalism? Feudalism was based on the exchange of land for military service. King William the First (also known as William.
Put in order... n Industrial Revolution n Anglo-Saxon invasion n Magna Carta (the Great Charter) n Romans leave the country n The peasant uprising (John.
1/8/14 Focus: 1/8/14 Focus: -Feudalism is a form of government that started in the middle ages. -Feudalism only occurs when there is a weak central government.
FEUDALISM. It was a simple, but effective system, where all land was owned by the King. One quarter was kept by the King as his personal property, some.
Feudalism and the Manor System. Middle Ages – years between ancient & modern times Around AD AKA the medieval period Medieval stems from “middle.
NATIONAL CURRICULUM KEY STAGE 3 HISTORY THE NORMAN INVASION AND CONQUEST INTERACTIVE How did the Norman Invasion and Conquest change England?
Section 3 Chapter 1. The Viking Explorations The Vikings were from Scandinavia– this includes Denmark, Norway, and Sweden The curved ends of the Viking.
The Development of Feudalism in Western Europe PowerPoint #1.
Revolting Or Revolting?. Why Were the Peasants’ so Revolting? L.O: 1.Identify the causes of the Peasants’ Revolt 2.Explain how some causes are connected.
The Rise of Kingdoms in Europe. Warm-up 3/16 Describe Feudalism.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.