Presentation on theme: "OCR Resistant Materials In this presentation you will find descriptions of GCSE Coursework and Examinations. Use all this information to assist your pages."— Presentation transcript:
OCR Resistant Materials In this presentation you will find descriptions of GCSE Coursework and Examinations. Use all this information to assist your pages in coursework. Every detail you need to cover is included.
Brief introduction to OCR GCSE OCR= Oxford Cambridge and RSA Examinations Course consists of A4 Coursework folder with Practical product and 2 written Exams Exams can be taken at 2 levels, Foundation and Higher. Grades that can be achieved will depend on the level you are entered for: Foundation G-C Higher D-A* 60%/40% weighting on coursework and exam. Objectives carry different marks total 100 marks Overall mark /105 (5 marks for presentation )
GCSE Coursework You will start your coursework during year 10. You will also carry out a series of projects alongside your coursework to gain skills and understanding. The coursework folder is divided into 6 parts called objectives. Each objective has a title. Each objective must show evidence of various tasks. You will be marked on how successfully you have completed these tasks. You will be guided through the objectives one by one and then it is up to you to put your best into each section. Self-motivation is a very important process to achieving the best grade possible. You must keep up to date with deadlines and ask for help whenever you need it. You will be working on this project for approximately 40 hours. Make sure you pick a product which you are very interested in. Finally you will need to buy a plastic folder to contain your course work. (See your teacher for which type to buy)
Recommended Books Total Revision. GCSE D&T Resistant Materials By Colin Chapman. Editor Jayne de Courcey ISBN 0-00-713624-2 You can order this at: WH smith £9.99 WWW. Collinseducation.com
Page 1 Name: (Type your name here and print page) Course: OCR GCSE Resistant Materials Course Code: 1956
Resistant Materials Products are all around us. New products are always being developed and some are totally new ideas. However the majority are existing products redesigned to suit current trends and fashions. A design is a solution to a problem. The problem is our starting point. When a problem needs to be solved a Design Brief is needed. A Design Brief gives the aim of a design problem. It states the kind of item which will be designed and made. On the next slide are three different problems. You will need to choose one problem as your starting point.
The storage of small items continues to be a problem in many homes. Investigate. Cut and paste onto page 4 of your course work, (Chosen problem). Problems
Objective 1 (4 marks) ‘Identification of a need or opportunity leading to a design Brief’ Page 2 This is page 2 of your coursework. This is the Objective or Chapter heading 1. Delete this text box only then print this page and insert into your folder.
Objective One Tasks to Complete 1.Provided a description of the design need using various means of communication. NEED ‘ Why is this product needed? ’ 2. Identified the range of users for which the product is intended. USER ‘ Who will use the product? ’ 3. Identified the market for which the product is intended. MARKET ‘ Where the product will be sold? ’ 4. Develop a design brief for a marketable product. BRIEF ‘ What product are you making and who will use it? ’ Page 3 Delete this text box only and print page.
Example of Problem Problem: Educational toys can help people learn important information in a fun and pleasurable way how can this be applied to a product. To write a Design Brief from this problem, you need to generate ideas and gather information relevant to the problem.
Brain Storm Ideas Jig Saws Puzzles Ride on Toys Wooden Toys Sensory Toys Skittles Climbing Frames Educational Toy Building Blocks Draw a brainstorm for all educational toys you can think of. Think of who will use it. What themes could you incorporate. Remember this is an example. You will brainstorm the problem of your choice. Themes Cartoons Funny Animals People Users Groups Children Adults Elderly Teenagers
USER GROUP ANALYSIS A Good example of a pupils brainstorm
Gather Information on Existing Products Gather research from places such as :Photographs, Magazines, Catalogues or brochures. Produce an A4 Mood Board/Theme board with relevant images of Toys. Analyse these images and write a few notes about several of the images such as: Price, Size, Material, Age suited for etc. These pages go towards the first 3 tasks. I want your and others personal views on these. Don’t forget to talk to other people and get their thoughts.
Writing a Design Brief ‘I will d esign and make a quality educational toy for the ‘Early Learning Centre, aimed at 3-8 year olds for use in the home’ Now complete the Objective One Tasks.
Chosen Problem: In this text box you will need to insert writing detailing your chosen problem. What? Why? How? When you have completed this attach your theme board as the background. Theme board is a selection of images connected with your problem. You can delete this writing once you have understood what you need to do. Page 4 Paste the problem from slide 7 here.
The Need/Opportunity Insert a ‘Brainstorm’ on this page around the theme of your problem. See slide 11 for example. Page 5
Research into the market. Who, Where, What? 1. How much would you spend on a (insert the product/problem you have chosen.) 2. What sex are you. Male / Female 3. What age group do you come into: child, Teenager, Young Adult, 20’s-30’s, 40’s-50’s, 60’s-70’s 4. Where would you go to buy this product. Page 6 Create as simple questionnaire to find out answers to these points. Give out these questionnaires to 10 people and then display your findings using a mixture of text and charts or graphs. Delete this text box and print
Market Range In the top row of the table below place three different images of the product you are thinking of making: One cheap, one middle priced and one expensive. Under each image write the price range of each product. Delete this text box only when you have completed the task. Page 7
Design Brief In this text box write out your design breif, see slide 13. This is the end of objective one. Page 8
Objective 2 (12 marks) ‘Research into the Design Brief which leads to a detailed Specification’ This is the Objective or Chapter heading 2. Print this page and insert into your folder, don’t forget to delete this text box only. Page 9
Objective Two Tasks to Complete 1.Examined the intended purpose, form and function of the product? 2.Undertaken appropriate surveys, identifying and evaluating how existing products fulfill the needs of their intended users'? 3.Identified and collected data relevant to the product? What. 4.Identified and collected data relevant to the users of the product? Who. 5.Developed a detailed specification? 6.Does your detailed specification include the capability for batch production? Page 10 Print this page and insert into your folder, don’t forget to delete this text box only
Analysis of Brief This page explains how, where and what you will need to do now you have a design brief. I will collect images on existing products from magazines, catalogues, internet, writing letters to companies, photographs. I will compile a questionnaire/survey to find other peoples views I will use a computer/ graphs to show results I will analyse various pieces of information to enable me to design a suitable product Now write your own analysis of your brief. The following slides will show you what you need to do and how.
Examining the purpose of a product It is important now to find out why? And how? Your chosen product was used in the past or is used currently. You can then compare it to see how it is used today- is it just the same? Break down your headings into WHO? WHAT? WHERE? HOW? Purpose- What it is for? Form- What it is like? What it is made of? Function- How does it do what it does?
Identify and evaluate existing products Find 4 good quality images of existing products of similar to your product. You now need to analyse these images: Materials used to construct what type of material is it. Theme, pattern, design has it. Size Price range How it is constructed, what joining methods are used. Your view- like or dislike and why? Is it suitable for your target group? What pre manufactured components are used. How are they made.
Questionnaire/survey and results This is the 2 nd survey in this coursework. Your product, shop and target group should have been identified from objective 1 survey. This questionnaire identifies more specific design features such as what materials are used, the size, the price, colour, design, construction method etc. Remember to evaluate your findings. What does it show and how will this help you now?
Letter to Shops for research Write a letter or email a company for information. You are asking for relevant information on their products, brochures that may help you? A copy of this letter can be added to your project with a note to say why you wrote and if they replied.
Detailed Specification This is a detailed description of the product you are going to make. It will give details of materials, dimensions, colour,size etc and MUST be written as bullet points! You should try and answer the following points: Function of your product- What is the purpose of your product? Performance- How and where is the product meant to work? Appearance- Colour, shape, pattern, decoration, fixings. Materials- suitable materials. Characteristics of materials. Manufacture- it will be made in a batch of 50 (all of you will write this) Cost- use your market research to suggest your cost Target market- which group of people is your product aimed at? Size- dimensions Life in service- how long should your product last? Safety- safe regulations you may need to look at? Quality- You will use gigs, templates and or other means by which to assure quality and consistency of the production of your product.(all of you must write this)
Similar Products Insert image here of similar product and carry out tasks described on slide 23 Page 11
Similar Products Insert image here of similar product and carry out tasks described on slide 23 Page 12
Similar Products Insert image here of similar product and carry out tasks described on slide 23 Page 13
Similar Products Insert image here of similar product and carry out tasks described on slide 23 Page 14
Questionnaire Develop a questionnaire as described on slide 24 you need to find out as much relevant information as you can so make sure your questions are good ones. Also use a font size which allows you to put all the questions on one page. Hand out to 10 or more people and analyse your findings. You can use charts or graphs to display these findings in a clear way. You may need to insert more pages don’t forget to re number the pages. Page 15
Page 16 On this page write down what you have discovered. What will you include in your product and why?
1.Generate a range of design proposals; 2.Check design proposals against design specification and review and modify them if necessary; 3.Identify chosen design proposal for product development; 4.Present design solutions using a range of graphic techniques and ICT including computer-aided design (CAD), to generate, develop, model and communicate design Objective Three Tasks to Complete Page 19 Delete this text box only and print page.
Design Ideas You will now have an exact product in mind and now you need to start designing your own ideas. Use all the images collected and data to help you. You should produce at least 4 design ideas. Spread them over various pages so you have enough room to write and describe each idea. Draw at least your final idea using CAD Computer Aided Design, Pro-desktop. (You will not get full marks if some of your work is not drawn in this way.) Describe your ideas with colours, clear evaluative thoughts. Suggest decoration, material used, design features, construction methods. Annotate your images by drawing arrows to link up ideas and thoughts.
Final Design You need to draw up your final chosen design in detail and annotate clearly. You need to colour it appropriately Write an evaluative reason for choosing this design over other designs. Re-address your specification- does it meet the requirements? Write how. Make sure you have written that it is your final chosen design at the top of the page.
Design ideas Page 20
Design ideas Page 21
Design ideas Page 22
Design ideas Page 23
Objective 4 (12 Marks) Product Development Page 24
1.As a result of investigation, testing or trialling, make reasoned decisions about: materials; production methods; pre-manufactured standard components. 2.Consider how materials are prepared for manufacture and how pre-manufactured standard components are used. 3.By modeling, apply test procedures ensuring the product meets the original design brief and its fitness for purpose; 4.Consider when developing the product, the implications for quantity manufacture of: Materials and components; Tools, equipment and processes; Critical dimensions and tolerances. 5.Develop a control system to be used in the manufacture of their product. 6.Be flexible and adaptable in responding to changing circumstances and new opportunities; 7.Make any necessary modifications to the chosen design. 8.Give details of the final design including a final product specification. 9.Present design solutions using a range of graphic techniques and ICT including computer-aided design (CAD), to develop, model and communicate design proposals. Objective Four Tasks to Complete Page 25
In Objective 4 you need to: This objective is all about testing and trialling. You need to produce samples of various parts of your product appropriate to what you are designing. For example: Make a sample joints to show how you might construct your product. Test these joints for strength. Which one will you use and why? Test materials or find secondary information which tells you about materials and their uses. Write this information in your own words, it is no use if you do not show your findings. Pre-manufactured components. Which ones will you use and why. Just remember to evaluate your decisions. What, when, where, how, why you are choosing these materials and methods. (tick charts filled out with conclusion of results on the same page)
In Objective 4 You will need to cover: - materials: Wood, metal, plastic. - Pre-manufactured Components ( fixings, bolts, screws etc.) - Processes (production methods) ( Batch, one off, mass etc) You must show evidence of 3D modelling your product. Discuss what Control Systems are? What is Quality Assurance? You need to relate these 2 systems to your product- How and where will these checks come along in the making of your product? Quality Control systems
Material Investigations You need to explore all the different kinds of materials and processes for your product. All materials have different performance characteristics or properties. Which material is most suitable? What material have you chosen and why? What are the characteristics of the materials.
End of objective 4 you must have: Final specification- this may have changed while you have been testing Materials and modelling. You need to write a final specification now. It must have exactly the correct information you require to make the product. ( in industry a worker would use a specification to assist the making so it has to be exact). Final working drawing of your product with all dimensions and descriptions to complete the working drawing. This can be printed from your Pro-desktop design with all the dimension on the drawing. (If you an give this to someone and they can make your product without talking to you it is a good working drawing, if not do it again.)
Material Investigation. Write here information which is relevant to the materials you are thinking of using. Page 26
Pre-manufactured component Investigation. Write here information which is relevant to the Pre-manufactured components you are thinking of using. (look on the internet and copy paste some pics etc) Page 27 Screws, nails, hinges, clips, brackets etc… Pictures of them with brief description of each. Choose relevant components for your product and explain reasons for choices
Modelling Insert images of your modelling either actual 3D or computer generated models. Page 28 Photos from your own phones or on my camera must be added
Construction method Investigation. Write here information which is relevant to the construction methods you are thinking of using. Page 29 Look on: http://www.technologystudent.com/ http://www.technologystudent.com/ Copy paste some pics of different joints etc and write a brief description of each. (min of 4) Choose one for your product and explain why…
Control system. Gig, template or other device to control production. Take photographs and place here with descriptions. Page 30
Working drawing. Page 31 Orthographic drawing
Final Specification Page 32 My (Insert your product) will be: You must now write up your final specification with all of the additions/modifications from your original (obj 2) due to your investigations…
Objective 5 (52 marks) Product Planning and Realisation Page 33 In other words the cutting lists, time plans and the making of the product! Remember half of your coursework marks come from this objective alone!!!
Objective Five tasks Tasks to be completed: Produce a plan of action which considers: materials, pre-manufactured items, equipment, processes and health and safety issues against an order of work and the need to make products that match the design specification; Select and use tools, equipment and processes effectively and safely; Economically prepare materials/pre-manufactured items for production, allowing for waste and fine finish; Complete a quality outcome suitable for the intended user or users, ensure that their outcome functions effectively; Be prepared to adapt working procedures in response to changing circumstances; use a range of skills and techniques appropriate to the task; Where appropriate apply a range of industrial techniques when working with familiar materials and processes. Page 34
In objective 5 you need to Produce a plan of action which shows a thorough understanding of how the product should be made. You can use text and images to show the process of making. Use a flow chart or gant chart to show the step by step process of the making. Microsoft word has ‘Auto shape’ symbols to produce one of these. (Usually found at the bottom left of MS word window) Include relevant quality control points and the industrial manufacturing process. (Batch Production)
Production Methods Systems are used in industry to manage a process. A process is the way a product is made. Systems can affect quality, efficiency and cost effectiveness. Systems are made up of 3 parts Input Process Output Manpower making of product Completed Materials Product Components Machines
Flow Charts Explained
In objective 5 Tools and equipment page. You should explain each tool and each piece of equipment to say how it was used and what it did. Costing sheet (could be done on excel) you should make reference to the existing product sheets where you gathered relevant info on costs. Does yours fit your specification. Compare prices to the user. Could they afford yours?
Your final product in Objective 5 Your product is marked within objective 5 that is why this objective carries 52 marks. All products should be made to a high standard so that they can be classed as a marketable product. It must show a range of skills. List the new skills you have gained throughout this project. You must photo graph your process this proves it is your work, and show the development of your product. These only need to be small thumb nail images. (Not one to a page.) Final detail will give you a quality outcome.
Time Plan Page 35
Tools, equipment, Processes and safety. Page 36 Add both details of hand and power tools with safety rule for each. Add risk assessment sheet
Photo sheet Page 37
Objective 6 (8 marks) Evaluation and Testing Page 38
Tasks to be completed: 1.evaluate your products to ensure that they are of a suitable quality for intended users; 2.carry out testing, resulting in reasoned conclusions that suggest any necessary modifications to improve the product; 3.review whether they have used resources appropriately e.g. time, materials, equipment and production methods; 4.Analyse the performance of their manufacturing control system in the production of the prototype. Objective Six tasks Page 39
Objective 6 An Evaluation is a process used to ensure that the product matches the specification criteria that you set You need to evaluate your product against the following: Fitness for purpose Design Need Needs of the intended user(s) Quality, with the effective use of materials and resources. The process of designing and making Use the bullet point headings from your specification in objective 6 and explain each in detail.
Evaluate against Specification Write detailed description on the following from specification for example: Suitability for target Theme Quality of product Materials Life in service Cost Planning (objective 4- experimentation etc) Successes of your product and the process. Time taken Size Manufacture Environmental issues Health and safety issues Overall of whole product
Objective 6 evaluating and testing Developing your product further- suggest modifications you could make to your product to enhance its target market. Peoples opinions- you must gather peoples opinions on your product. Constructive words not just ‘Its nice, brilliant, excellent’. Descriptive words! Include a photograph of your product being used.
Evaluation against quality What quality control checks did you perform throughout the making of your product? How successful were they in the production of a quality outcome? How did you check the quality of existing products before making your own? How did you check the final quality of your product?
Evaluation Page 40
Photo of product in use. Page 41
Check !!!! Look through the objectives and check that you have completed ALL the tasks.