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JPRC MATERIALS FOR CIVIC EDUCATION JANUARY -MARCH 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "JPRC MATERIALS FOR CIVIC EDUCATION JANUARY -MARCH 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 JPRC MATERIALS FOR CIVIC EDUCATION JANUARY -MARCH 2013

2 Elective Positions 6 elective positions ◦ President ◦ Governor ◦ Senator ◦ Member of Parliament ◦ Women Representative ◦ County Representative 2 levels of Government – National & County

3 NATIONAL GOVERMENT COUNTY GOVERNMENT NATIONAL EXECUTIVE NATIONAL PARLIAMENT JUDICIARY SERVING BOTH GOVERNMENTS COUNTY ASSEMBLY COUNTY EXECUTIVE CABINET PRESIDENT + DEPUTY MEMBERS NATIONAL ASSEMBLY 349 MEMBERS + SPEAKER SENATE 67 MEMBERS + SPEAKER SUPREME COURT COURT OF APPEAL HIGH COURT SURBODINATE COURTS ASSEMBLY MEMBERS ELECTED FROM NEW WARDS COMMITTEE MEMBERS: NOT MORE THAN 1/3 OF ASSEMBLY

4 PRESIDENT Where is the President situated? ◦ National Government in the Executive ◦ National Executive :  President  Deputy President  Cabinet Secretaries :

5 ROLE OF PRESIDENT Head of State and Government Commander in Chief of the Kenya Defence Forces Chairperson of the National Security Council Symbol of national unity Nominates, appoints and dismisses (with NA approval) Attorney General, cabinet secretaries, principal secretaries, ambassadors, high-commissioners

6 ROLE OF PRESIDENT Directs and coordinates the functions of ministries and government departments Ensures the protection of human rights, fundamental freedoms and rule of law Promotes respect for the diversity of the people and communities of Kenya Promotes and enhance the unity of the nation Ensures that the international obligations of the republic are fulfilled

7 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION First round + = More than Half of all the votes cast in the election.(50%+1) At least Twenty-five per cent of all votes cast in more than 24 counties Winner Top Two Candidates Election within 30 days Most votes in the fresh election Winner RUN OFF

8 SENATOR One of the 4 new elective positions Where is the senator situated? ◦ National Government in Parliament ◦ Parliament has two houses: National Assembly & Senate

9 COMPOSITION OF SENATE 47 MEMBERS ELECTED IN THE COUNTIES BY REGISTERED VOTERS 16 WOMEN MEMBERS NOMINATED BY POLITICAL PARTIES SPEAKER APPOINTED FROM NON-ASSEMBLY MEMBERS 2 MEMBERS representing PWDs 2 MEMBERS representing Youth

10 ROLE OF THE SENATOR Represents the county – “Ambassador” Making laws for the county government Budgeting process – allocation of national revenue among counties Oversight over revenue allocated to county Oversight of state officers – final vote in impeachment of President and Deputy President

11 MEMBER OF NATIONAL ASSEMBLY One of the old elective positions Where is the Member of National Assembly situated? ◦ National Government in Parliament ◦ Parliament has 2 houses – National Assembly and Senate

12 COMPOSITION OF NATIONAL ASSEMBLY composition 290 Members elected by voters per Constituency 47 Women Elected per County 12 Members Nominated to represent special interests 1 SPEAKER

13 ROLE OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY Represent the people at the Constituency and special interests in the National Assembly Makes national laws Decide on allocation of national revenue between national govt & county govt Oversight over state organs, revenue & expenditure Review conduct of President, Deputy President & other state officers and may initiate removal process

14 GOVERNOR One of the new elective positions Where is the Governor situated? ◦ County government in the Executive ◦ County Executive:  Governor  Deputy Governor  County executive committee

15 ROLE OF THE GOVERNOR Chief executive of the county – “Manager” Makes laws for the county government Exercise oversight over county executive organs Receives and approves plans for the county Head of members of county executive committee

16 WARD REPRESENTATIVE One of new elective positions Where is the county representative situated? ◦ In the County Government – Legislature ◦ Legislature 1 house- County Assembly

17 COMPOSITION OF THE COUNTY ASSEMBLY composition 1 person elected per ward Members nominated by political parties to ensure 2/3 gender principle 4 persons with disability 4 youths SPEAKER ELECTED BY MEMBERS FROM NON-MEMBERS

18 ROLE OF THE WARD REPRESENTATIVE County assembly - Make laws for the county govt Exercise oversight over county executive organs Receive and approve plans and policies for the counties

19 Leadership Consequences of: Good LeadershipBad Leadership Protection of political and civil rightsNo protection of civil and political rights Equal opportunities for allDiscrimination /unequal opportunities Confidence in the state and its organsThere is no respect for the rule of law in the state Democracy is strengthenedDemocracy is eroded The economy grows, poverty is reduced Poverty and Corruption levels continue to increase Health, education and social welfare are improved Health, education and social welfare becomes worse National cohesion and unity improvesNegative ethnicity increases Levels of unemployment are reducedThe economy does not grow, resulting in high levels of unemployment

20 Leadership Qualities of a good leader Accountable to the people Available for consultation by the people Responsive to the needs of the people Honest Of integrity Approachable and understanding Open and accessible Principled and tolerant Fair and just in handling dispute

21 The Role of Citizens in the Electoral process Understanding political rights and obligations provided for in the constitution Actively participating in electoral activities like voter registration, being a candidate in an election, joining /supporting a political party, or independent candidates Interrogating party and candidate’s manifestos and campaign messages Turning out to vote Accepting official elections results

22 The Role of Citizens in the Electoral process-cont’ Refraining from acts that may cause or create breach of peace e.g violence, intimidation and bribery Promoting peace and tolerance to different/competing political opinions Reporting any form of election malpractices tp relevant authorities.

23 ELECTION OFFENCES Develop or be in a possession of a register of voters, a voters card or supply a voters card or ballot paper without authority Be in possession of another person’s voters card Destroy, damage or alter anything in the voters card, ballot paper or any other election material Sell or purchase a voters card or ballot paper Register more than once Vote or attempt to vote more than once

24 ELECTION OFFENCES Put into the ballot box anything other than ballot paper Be in possession of ballot paper or other election materials outside a polling station Mark on another persons ballot paper when not authorized Interfere with another persons right to secrecy of the ballot Pretend to be unable to read or write or pretend to be visually impaired in order to be assisted

25 ELECTION OFFENCES Chant or wear election materials into a polling station Obtain information from voter on their preferred candidate Communicate with a voter once given a ballot paper except the presiding officer Accept any food staff or monies or any other rewards from candidates or their agents Compel, intimidate or force a person to vote or support a particular candidate or political party

26 ELECTION OFFENCES Impersonate anybody in the electoral process Treat,unduly influence or bribe in the electoral process Interfere in campaigns using abusive language, inciting to violence, use of force or preventing the conduct of any political meeting A candidate use of public resources to campaign. A candidate trying to influence the result of an election

27 THANK YOU & GOD BLESS!!


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