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Chapter 18 Section 2 Progressive Legislation. Summarize the Progressives’ views on regulating business. Progressives sought government regulation to protect.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18 Section 2 Progressive Legislation. Summarize the Progressives’ views on regulating business. Progressives sought government regulation to protect."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 18 Section 2 Progressive Legislation

2 Summarize the Progressives’ views on regulating business. Progressives sought government regulation to protect workers’ rights and business competition. They opposed government control – Except in the cases of companies that supplied services like water and electricity

3 Social Welfare Program Progressives believed that government ought to increase its responsibility for the well-being of people Social welfare programs would help insure a minimum standard of living – Unemployment benefits – Accident and health insurance – Social security for disabled and elderly

4 Municipal Many of the earliest Progressive reforms were made at the city, or municipal, level

5 Give examples of government reforms and social welfare programs at the municipal and state levels during the progressive era. Municipal- public baths in Detroit; free kindergarten in Toledo State- workers’ accident insurance, child labor legislation

6 Home Rule A system that gives cities a limited degree of self-rule – Allows cities to escape domination by state governments controlled by political machines or by business or rural interests

7 Direct Primary An election in which citizens vote to select nominees for upcoming elections

8 Initiative A process in which citizens can put a proposed new law directly on the ballot in the next election by collecting voters’ signatures on a petition

9 Describe the effect of each of these reforms: a.)home rule; b.)direct relief; c.) initiative. Home rule- frees cities from domination by state governments Direct primary– voters, not party leaders, choose candidates Initiative- voters introduce a bill, then vote on it in the next election

10 Referendum A process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by the legislature

11 Recall Procedure that permits voters to remove public officials from office before the next election

12 Holding Company A firm that buys up stocks and bonds of smaller companies In doing so, it creates a monopoly Railroads tended to do this

13 What reforms did Theodore Roosevelt achieve under his square deal? Antitrust activism; railroad regulation; transforming Interstate Commerce Commission into first regulatory agency; Pure Food and Drug Act; Meat Inspection Act; protecting the environment

14 Choose 2 constitutional amendments passed during the Progressive Era and explain how they expanded the role of government in citizens’ lives. 16 th Amendment- Congress could create an income tax 17 th Amendment- direct election of senators 18 th Amendment- Prohibition 19 th Amendment- Women’s suffrage


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